Dance Drugs & Harm ReductionLisa Campbell Salazarlisa@tripproject.ca<br />CAMH– October 14th 2011<br />
TRIP! was founded in 1995, by partiers, for partiers!<br />
Our Approach:<br />We can never stop the use of drugs, but we CAN keep people safe<br />Drug use is a health issue, not a ...
Who We Serve:<br />The majority of youth respondents (46.2%) are under 19, with triple the rates of drug use of general yo...
What do we do?<br />Bag and Booth Harm Reduction Outreach<br />Festivals<br />Advocacy <br />Blogging & Social Media <br /...
Social Media Outreach<br />
Creative Workshops<br />24 creative arts workshops planned in 4 categories: dance, music, visual arts,  fashion to build r...
Cupcakes, Cosplay and Beatz!<br />
Zines<br />
Why is TRIP! important?<br />Research shows that, next to the internet, TRIP! is the most trusted source of information on...
Outcomes for Volunteers<br />Better knowledge about the safer drug use (98%)<br />Better knowledge about safer sex (80%)<b...
“Alcohol, cannabis, and the medicine cabinet…”<br />One in four Ontario teens is a binge drinker<br />One in four Ontario ...
TRIP! Survey Data 2007/08<br />
2010 TRIP! Survey<br />Drug use rates were significantly higher in TRIP! youth versus all of the results reported in the 2...
Navigating Risky Behaviours<br />47% of TRIP! youth surveyed reported having unprotected sex, with 24% reporting having se...
Emerging Challenges<br />Rise in Ketamine<br />Global Rise of Amphetamines <br />Legal Highs and Research Chemicals<br />
Ketamine<br />Special K, K, kitty<br />Price: ~$30 vial (Toronto 2011)<br />White powder<br />Looks similar to table salt ...
Harms from Chronic Use<br /><ul><li> Disturbed sleep (66%) and memory loss (56%) were noted as primary consequences common...
Common health problems and concerns associated with ketamine use such as bladder problems, ulcers,  k-pains, sleep disturb...
Ketamine users were also poly-drug users: MDMA (99%), alcohol (97%), pot (95%), mushrooms (90%), coke (88%), acid (80%), o...
80% of k users wanted to know more about mental health
Less than 47% of ketamine users felt comfortable accessing safer sex and drug information from their doctor, and less than...
Ketamine Risk Reduction<br />Be careful using in public environments (e.g., nightclubs) so that you don’t “K-out”.<br />Te...
Global Rise of Amphetamines<br />
Global Rise of Amphetamines<br />
Methamphetamine<br />Crystal, Meth, Jib, Crank, Ice, Tina<br />Price = $ 50-60 / bag (0.25 – 0.3 gram)<br />White to off w...
Methamphetamine<br />Strong stimulant; “upper”<br />Releases dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine (adrenalin)<br />Can be s...
Methamphetamine<br />Immediate risks:<br />Dehydration<br />Lack of food / sleep<br />Loss of inhibitions<br />Paranoia / ...
Methamphetamine Risk Reduction<br />Plan ahead before partying; you may need a few days to recover. <br />Limit what you b...
Ecstasy<br />E, X, pills, Molly<br />Specific pills named based on colour, size, shape, stamp/logo<br />Can come as powder...
Ecstasy<br />MDMA and/or other chemicals<br />Main neurotransmitter: Serotonin <br />Though with adulterated pills others ...
Ecstasy<br />Immediate risks:<br />Not knowing what you get<br />Ecstasy pills are one of the most adulterated illicit sub...
Ecstasy<br />Longer-term concerns:<br />Tolerance<br />Many longer-term users report taking more to get a similar effect (...
Ecstasy Risk Reduction<br />It’s nearly impossible to know the purity and quality of the pill until after you take it.<br ...
What goes up, must come down…<br />Lack of sleep. Lack of food. Physically exhausted.<br />Accept the comedown; chill out ...
Ecstasy: Pills vs. MDMA<br />MDMA = “pure” Ecstasy.<br />Historically found pressed into a pill form, but now commonly fou...
Ecstasy Pills<br />Observations and conversations with partiers and clubbers using E, show a wide variety of experiences.<...
Good to see the variety of pill contents.<br />Cost prohibitive.<br /><ul><li>Lots of local reports.
Subjective experiences can vary – be careful!
Similar looking pills can have different ingredients.</li></li></ul><li>Canadian results from ecstasydata.org<br />
Most recent tests from ecstasydata.org<br />(not all Canadian results)<br />
Home Testing Kits<br />Home testing kits do NOT demonstrate an accurate picture of what is in pills and capsules. They onl...
 www.eztest.com (Europe)</li></li></ul><li>MDMA Purity<br />New substances are being developed all the time – some of thes...
Pure Pillz<br />Piperazine class of drugs.<br />Combination of BZP and TFMPP.<br />First popularized as “Social Tonics” in...
Pure Pillz<br />
Health Canada Advisory – Pure Pillz<br />
Ecstasy takers in hospitalCBC News Posted: Apr 8, 2011 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2011/04/08/ns-ecsta...
Media<br />Ajax teens hospitalized after buying drugs online<br />Toronto Star, Published On Tue Nov 30 2010<br />	 http:/...
Media<br />Ecstasy takers in hospital (Halifax)<br />	CBC News Posted: Apr 8, 2011 <br />	 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/n...
Research Chemicals<br />Popularized by “fringe scientist” and doctor, Alexander Shulgin.<br />Examples<br />2CI, 2CB, 2CT2...
Research Chemicals<br />Scheduling of these substances causes ‘blow-out sales’ by manufacturers. <br />They are often sold...
Research Chemicals<br />Little is known of these substances, their long-term effects, potential contraindications with med...
More Challenges!<br />
Pillars of Safer Nightlife<br /><ul><li>Info!
Peer Education
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Dance Drugs and Harm Reduction

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Addictions Rounds

Dance Drugs & Harm Reduction

Presented by:
Lisa Campbell Salazar,
TRIP! Project Coordinator
Central Toronto Community Health Centre

Learning Objectives:

1. To share the TRIP! model of harm reduction and peer education.

2. To raise awareness about new trends in dance drug use and health impacts.

3. To present alternative approaches to treatment

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • Program Rollout and Delivery (the HOW)General questions to help you reflect on your work:What do you do?What is your involvement in the program?What happens in the program? How do you do it?How do you prepare for it?Why do you do this? (i.e. Why did you think that seven workshops was the right number?)
  • Staff and Volunteers:What types of human resources are required to delivery your program? Do you utilize the help of volunteers or other staff? How to you train these people?Formal evaluation:How have you evaluated your program?What did you learn from your evaluation?
  • Program adaptation:Have you ever adapted your program? How have you adapted it?Barriers, challengesWhat are the key challenges you face in delivering this program effectively?What are the key lessons that you have learned that would be useful for someone else who was tasked with delivering this program?And finally…if I was to do this program over again, I would….XXX, XXX and XXX.
  • 3-Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) Benzylpiperazine (BZP)
  • Many of you are likely very familiar with the issues surrounding some of these substances. Mail-order sales of grey-market research chemicals began in the early 1970s, and gained ground with the popularization of the Internet. Currently, popular ones have effects profiles similar to stimulants, empathogens, hallucinogens, and cannabis.Little or no formal research has been done on the toxicology or pharmacology of these drugs.
  • …yet theymay have quickly found its way into the hands and bloodstreams of hundreds of thousands of people…
  • Not every incident is as tragic as the bromo-dragonfly-related deaths, but mislabeling, misidentification, mis-measuring and inconsistency in synthesis or product formulations can create a confusing picture of a substance’s dose and effects, and this is all too evident in self-reports.
  • Dance Drugs and Harm Reduction

    1. 1. Dance Drugs & Harm ReductionLisa Campbell Salazarlisa@tripproject.ca<br />CAMH– October 14th 2011<br />
    2. 2. TRIP! was founded in 1995, by partiers, for partiers!<br />
    3. 3. Our Approach:<br />We can never stop the use of drugs, but we CAN keep people safe<br />Drug use is a health issue, not a legal one<br />Non-judgmental education approach based on facts, not opinions/morals<br />Providing information (for and by youth drug users) so that users can make their own informed choices<br />
    4. 4. Who We Serve:<br />The majority of youth respondents (46.2%) are under 19, with triple the rates of drug use of general youth population<br />44% of TRIP! respondents identified as LGBTQ (33% bi-sexual, 8.8% gay and 3% identifying as transgendered)<br />9% of TRIP! respondents identifying as homeless, under housed or transient <br />71.3% identified their use as casual/non-problematic<br />70% first trying drugs between ages 12-16, with the average age being 13 <br />43% of survey respondents indicated they experience negative health effects from their drug use<br />
    5. 5. What do we do?<br />Bag and Booth Harm Reduction Outreach<br />Festivals<br />Advocacy <br />Blogging & Social Media <br />Creation of New Literature<br />Multimedia Design<br />Volunteer Trainings & Workshops<br />Community-Based Research<br />
    6. 6. Social Media Outreach<br />
    7. 7. Creative Workshops<br />24 creative arts workshops planned in 4 categories: dance, music, visual arts, fashion to build resilience<br />
    8. 8. Cupcakes, Cosplay and Beatz!<br />
    9. 9. Zines<br />
    10. 10. Why is TRIP! important?<br />Research shows that, next to the internet, TRIP! is the most trusted source of information on drugs, sex and high-risk activities; while schools, media and family come in last!<br />
    11. 11. Outcomes for Volunteers<br />Better knowledge about the safer drug use (98%)<br />Better knowledge about safer sex (80%)<br />Access to Safer Use Kits(43%)<br />Building a sense of community – caring for each other (78%)<br />Referrals to other supports and services (55%)<br />Work experience and connections to employment possibilities (35%)<br />
    12. 12. “Alcohol, cannabis, and the medicine cabinet…”<br />One in four Ontario teens is a binge drinker<br />One in four Ontario teens have smoked pot in the last year<br />42% of Ontario students reported use of any drug other than alcohol or tobacco<br />About 18% of Ontario students report using a prescription opioid pain reliever non-medically in the year<br />
    13. 13. TRIP! Survey Data 2007/08<br />
    14. 14. 2010 TRIP! Survey<br />Drug use rates were significantly higher in TRIP! youth versus all of the results reported in the 2009 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS). <br />Alcohol 98% vs. 58%<br />Cannabis 94% vs. 25%<br />Salvia 50% vs. 5%<br />While between 5-7% of OSDUHS reported using hallucinogens and/or stimulants, 84% of TRIP! youth report using MDMA, 79% Magic Mushrooms, 70% Ketamine, 68% LSD and 48% reported using Crystal Meth. <br />
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Navigating Risky Behaviours<br />47% of TRIP! youth surveyed reported having unprotected sex, with 24% reporting having sex with multiple partners. <br />21% of youth drug users reported sharing straws with 42% saying that it depended on the situation.   <br />9% identified as injection drug users, with 3% saying that they planned to try it in the near future<br />
    17. 17. Emerging Challenges<br />Rise in Ketamine<br />Global Rise of Amphetamines <br />Legal Highs and Research Chemicals<br />
    18. 18. Ketamine<br />Special K, K, kitty<br />Price: ~$30 vial (Toronto 2011)<br />White powder<br />Looks similar to table salt or a fluffy powder<br />Typically snorted<br />Can be smoked or injected (IM or IV)<br />
    19. 19. Harms from Chronic Use<br /><ul><li> Disturbed sleep (66%) and memory loss (56%) were noted as primary consequences commonly associated with drug use
    20. 20. Common health problems and concerns associated with ketamine use such as bladder problems, ulcers, k-pains, sleep disturbance and memory problems, as well as paranoid / delusional thoughts in longer-term chronic users
    21. 21. Ketamine users were also poly-drug users: MDMA (99%), alcohol (97%), pot (95%), mushrooms (90%), coke (88%), acid (80%), oxies (80%), and 64% crystal meth
    22. 22. 80% of k users wanted to know more about mental health
    23. 23. Less than 47% of ketamine users felt comfortable accessing safer sex and drug information from their doctor, and less than 8% from their schools</li></li></ul><li>Ketamine Risk Reduction<br />Caution with eating before or during using.<br />Anesthetics often make people throw-up.<br />Caution should be exercised when measuring doses.<br />Best to start with small doses, working your way toward the desired levels.<br />Drinking lots of water to flush out the salts from your system. Users report that this prevents ulcers and scaring.<br />Mixing with alcohol often results in nausea, vertigo, and "the spins“.<br />K often “over-powers” the high (but not necessarily the physical effects) of other drugs.<br />Better to use your own straws and bumpers.<br />Better to IM than IV. NEVER SHARE EQUIPMENT!<br />
    24. 24. Ketamine Risk Reduction<br />Be careful using in public environments (e.g., nightclubs) so that you don’t “K-out”.<br />Tell friends you are doing K and try to have a sober friend that can help if you do too much.<br />Anaesthesia-levels of ketamine in certain settings could lead to serious accidents, such as falling from balconies or bathtub drownings.<br />Tolerance builds quickly; take breaks from use to bring it back down. <br />Long term chronic use can cause serious bladder damage!<br />
    25. 25. Global Rise of Amphetamines<br />
    26. 26. Global Rise of Amphetamines<br />
    27. 27. Methamphetamine<br />Crystal, Meth, Jib, Crank, Ice, Tina<br />Price = $ 50-60 / bag (0.25 – 0.3 gram)<br />White to off white powder; crystal shards (like glass)<br />
    28. 28. Methamphetamine<br />Strong stimulant; “upper”<br />Releases dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine (adrenalin)<br />Can be swallowed, snorted, smoked or injected<br />Smoking and injecting potentially more addictive<br />Long half-life (12 hours)<br />Physical effects:<br />Increase in heart rate, body temperature; decreased appetite and sleep; dry mouth; loss of erection<br />Psycho/behavioural effects:<br />Increase in alertness, confidence, euphoria<br />Paranoia; anxiety; decreased self control / inhibitions<br />
    29. 29. Methamphetamine<br />Immediate risks:<br />Dehydration<br />Lack of food / sleep<br />Loss of inhibitions<br />Paranoia / psychosis<br />Longer-term risks:<br />Physical/psychological dependency<br />Weight loss<br />Tooth decay<br />Strains on heart<br />Depression<br />Loneliness<br />Loss of friends, school, job<br />
    30. 30. Methamphetamine Risk Reduction<br />Plan ahead before partying; you may need a few days to recover. <br />Limit what you buy.<br />The longer you party, the rougher you’ll feel after.<br />Smoking and injecting seem to be more common in people entering addiction treatment.<br />Try to avoid sharing pipes and injection equipment.<br />Try to eat something while you're high<br />Protein shakes or fruit juices with healthy supplements are better than nothing. Feed your body the fuel it needs.<br />Keep hydrated<br />Use extra lube if having sex.<br />Lack of sleep. Lack of food. Physically exhausted.<br />Accept the comedown<br />Spread out the partying… not every week.<br />Dopamine and all those other neurotransmitters take time to be replaced.<br />
    31. 31. Ecstasy<br />E, X, pills, Molly<br />Specific pills named based on colour, size, shape, stamp/logo<br />Can come as powder in a gel cap<br />$5-$15 a pill (Toronto 2011)<br />Predominately swallowed<br />Pills may be crushed in to powder and snorted<br />Rarely hooped or smoked<br />
    32. 32. Ecstasy<br />MDMA and/or other chemicals<br />Main neurotransmitter: Serotonin <br />Though with adulterated pills others maybe effected (e.g., more dopamine if methamphetamine is in pills)<br />Primarily stimulant effects; “upper” <br />Though overwhelming sense of “bliss” may leave you feeling lethargic<br />Physical effects:<br />Increases in heart rate, body temperature and energy<br />Jaw clenching/tightening, dilated pupils, nausea<br />Psycho/behavioural effects:<br />+ve: empathy, openness, peace, caring, open-hearted communication<br />–ve: anxiety, paranoia, “bad mood”<br />
    33. 33. Ecstasy<br />Immediate risks:<br />Not knowing what you get<br />Ecstasy pills are one of the most adulterated illicit substances<br />Dehydration; overheating; stroke<br />Particularly when used in hot nightclubs and parties<br />Say or do something you regret<br />Tendency to talk openly and “feel connected” may not last the next day<br />Rough comedown<br />Can be hard to fall asleep<br />You may feel sad, blue, and easily irritated for a couple of days after<br />
    34. 34. Ecstasy<br />Longer-term concerns:<br />Tolerance<br />Many longer-term users report taking more to get a similar effect (e.g., “½ a pill used to get me high, now I take 2 in a night”).<br />Psychological Dependency<br />If you have always taken ecstasy when going out dancing, it may be hard to not think about using when going out, even though your body isn’t physically needing it. <br />Depression<br />What goes up, must come down. Serotonin, one of the neurotransmitters ecstasy effects, is part of your eat/sleep patterns and mood cycles - it may be depleted after use.<br />Anxiety & panic attacks<br />Stimulant drugs can create a sense of urgency or paranoia in some people, especially with the more you take or the longer you stay high.<br />May affect ability to perform complex cognitive tasks and memory in “chronic users”.<br />
    35. 35. Ecstasy Risk Reduction<br />It’s nearly impossible to know the purity and quality of the pill until after you take it.<br />Kicks in, 20-60 minutes when swallowed (wait to get high!)<br />Start with half a pill. Wait about 45 minutes after you’ve dosed before deciding to do more.<br />Less is more. You will likely feel worse after using if:<br />You do more at one time (e.g., 2 ½ pills vs. 1 pill)<br />You stay high longer (e.g., 20 hrs vs. 7 hrs)<br />Stay hydrated:<br />YES: water; Gatorade<br />NO: alcohol; energy drinks<br />If dancing or having sex, take breaks and chill out for a while.<br />Fruits (esp. bananas), protein shakes, juices, yogurt, are all good (and easier) to eat.<br />
    36. 36. What goes up, must come down…<br />Lack of sleep. Lack of food. Physically exhausted.<br />Accept the comedown; chill out with friends.<br />Depressed; irritable; cranky<br />Need time for recovery<br />Eat! Sleep!<br />Spread out the partying… not every weekend.<br />Serotonin takes a few weeks to be replaced.<br />
    37. 37. Ecstasy: Pills vs. MDMA<br />MDMA = “pure” Ecstasy.<br />Historically found pressed into a pill form, but now commonly found in caps<br />Pills are usually “cut” with other drugs.<br />Never know what you are getting!<br />Each pill is different, even if it looks the same. <br />Duration of high: 4-6 hrs (pure MDMA), 2-10 hrs (Ecstasy pills)<br />MDMA currently waiting approval for Canadian clinical trials for PTSD. (Jan 2011)<br />
    38. 38. Ecstasy Pills<br />Observations and conversations with partiers and clubbers using E, show a wide variety of experiences.<br />Toronto, 2004:<br />7 of 21 Ecstasy users showed methamphetamine in hair samples.<br />BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS and UBC Dept. of Health Care and Epidemiology, 2004:<br />94 pills <br />44 (47%) contained methamphetamine<br />Drug analysis report on designer drugs seized in Quebec, June 2007 to July 2008 (Health Canada; RCMP).<br />
    39. 39. Good to see the variety of pill contents.<br />Cost prohibitive.<br /><ul><li>Lots of local reports.
    40. 40. Subjective experiences can vary – be careful!
    41. 41. Similar looking pills can have different ingredients.</li></li></ul><li>Canadian results from ecstasydata.org<br />
    42. 42. Most recent tests from ecstasydata.org<br />(not all Canadian results)<br />
    43. 43. Home Testing Kits<br />Home testing kits do NOT demonstrate an accurate picture of what is in pills and capsules. They only serve to indicate the SUSPECTED presence, or non-presence, of certain chemicals. The kits do not show a complete chemical picture and in no way show the quantity (or dose) or any ingredients. <br /><ul><li> www.dancesafe.org (US)
    44. 44. www.eztest.com (Europe)</li></li></ul><li>MDMA Purity<br />New substances are being developed all the time – some of these are easier to make than MDMA; some are easy to acquire through the internet; and some are not illegal, though can be quite harmful. <br />Increased global restrictions on the pre-cursor chemicals used in the synthesis of MDMA are making production more difficult and, therefore, people are turning to new substances as substitutes for MDMA, or mixing them with poor quality MDMA to achieve more potent results.<br />
    45. 45. Pure Pillz<br />Piperazine class of drugs.<br />Combination of BZP and TFMPP.<br />First popularized as “Social Tonics” in New Zealand and marketed as a “harm reduction” alternative to street laced ecstasy pills. <br />Were available in Canada online and in Toronto store-fronts around 2007/2008.<br />Did not become too popular as decent quality MDMA was widely available and Pure Pillz only crudely mimiced effects of MDMA.<br />BZP and TFMPP often show up in lab analysis of current ecstasy pills. <br />
    46. 46. Pure Pillz<br />
    47. 47.
    48. 48. Health Canada Advisory – Pure Pillz<br />
    49. 49. Ecstasy takers in hospitalCBC News Posted: Apr 8, 2011 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2011/04/08/ns-ecstasy-halifax.html<br />
    50. 50. Media<br />Ajax teens hospitalized after buying drugs online<br />Toronto Star, Published On Tue Nov 30 2010<br />  http://www.thestar.com/news/article/898878--ajax-teens-hospitalized-after-buying-drugs-online<br />Police warn of rise of club drug 'meow-meow' following GTA bust<br />The Globe and Mail, February 17 2011<br />  http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/toronto/police-warn-of-rise-of-club-drug-meow-meow-following-gta-bust/article1910877/<br />Young people treated in Halifax hospital after taking bad ecstasy<br />Global Maritimes: Thursday, April 7, 2011<br />http://www.globaltvbc.com/Young+people+treated+Halifax+hospital+after+taking+ecstasy/4578060/story.html<br />
    51. 51. Media<br />Ecstasy takers in hospital (Halifax)<br /> CBC News Posted: Apr 8, 2011 <br />  http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/story/2011/04/08/ns-ecstasy-halifax.html<br />RCMP issue warning about party drug BZP (Edmonton)<br /> Global News: Tuesday, May 3, 2011<br />http://www.globaltvbc.com/RCMP+issue+warning+about+party+drug/4719466/story.html<br />Teen relives trip on killer ecstasy (Calgary)<br />Sun Media: Monday, June 6, 2011<br />http://www.torontosun.com/2011/06/06/teen-relives-trip-on-killer-ecstasy<br /> <br /> <br />
    52. 52.
    53. 53. Research Chemicals<br />Popularized by “fringe scientist” and doctor, Alexander Shulgin.<br />Examples<br />2CI, 2CB, 2CT2, 2CT7, 5-meo-DiPT, 5-meo-AMT, BZP, TFMPP, mephedrone<br />Some are legal, many are increasingly scheduled.<br />Have been easily obtained over the internet the last few years.<br />Often the ones with psychedelic properties are sought.<br />Some mimic amphetamine type substances.<br />
    54. 54. Research Chemicals<br />Scheduling of these substances causes ‘blow-out sales’ by manufacturers. <br />They are often sold over the internet and marketed “bath salts” or “plant fertilizer” and labeled “not for human consumption”.<br />Come in ‘waves’ through the dance music scene or drug user networks. <br />
    55. 55. Research Chemicals<br />Little is known of these substances, their long-term effects, potential contraindications with medications and other drugs.<br />Not a very high success rate: with several of the substances, only 50% of users will get the desired high, the other 50% will have vomiting and diarrhea.<br />Some people have suggested they should be referred to as “un-researched chemicals” or “experimental chemicals”.<br />
    56. 56.
    57. 57.
    58. 58. More Challenges!<br />
    59. 59. Pillars of Safer Nightlife<br /><ul><li>Info!
    60. 60. Peer Education
    61. 61. Free Water / Fruit
    62. 62. Gum and Earplugs
    63. 63. Medics
    64. 64. Safer Consumption Kits
    65. 65. Sexual Health
    66. 66. Drug Testing</li></li></ul><li>Party Packs<br />
    67. 67. Club Drug Clinic<br />
    68. 68. Safer Consumption<br />
    69. 69. Helpful Resources<br />www.erowid.org<br />www.bluelight.ru<br />www.wikipedia.org<br />www.dancesafe.org<br />
    70. 70. Keep in touch!<br /><ul><li>www.tripproject.ca
    71. 71. Purerave.com - tripproject
    72. 72. Facebook.com/tripproject
    73. 73. Twitter.com/tripproject
    74. 74. Email us at info@tripproject.ca</li>

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