The study of a person, a small group, a single situation, or a specific "case," is called a case study. It involves extensive research, including documented evidence of a particular issue or situation, symptoms, reactions, affects of certain stimuli, and the conclusion reached following the study.
Questionnaire allowed testing for certain motivational constructs which the researcher could predict to be relevant on the basis of the existing theory and the researcher’s own prior experience of the context.
Open questionnaire items and semi-structured interviews with the focal learners enabled the researcher to identify and follow up issues and concepts which the researcher had not anticipated in the survey but which were clearly significant in this particular context.
Meeting learners regularly and observing them in class allowed the researcher to develop a more trusting relationship with the learners but also ultimately to develop richer and more complex portraits of individuals.
The interviews were recorded, transcribed in note form, and then analyzed through multiple listening, coding, and the construction of a media to facilitate direct comparison of learners’ comments to each other and to themselves at the three different points in time.
Learner M: Sometimes I get a bit bored, but only occasionally, not all the time. You know in B____(his place of origin), over there we didn’t have any English lessons but in J_____(site of school) we need English, if you don’t have any English, it’s difficult. Wherever we go here we need English.
Interviewer: When do you need English?
M: What I mean is, if we’ve already progressed, got success, started working, we’re tested in English, everywhere we need English.
James Dean Brown, & Theodore S. Rodgers (2002). Doing Second Language Research.
Palena Neale, Shyam Thapa, & Carolyn Boyce (2006). PREPARING A CASE STUDY: A Guide for Designing and Conducting a Case Study for Evaluation Input. PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL: SAMPLE INFORMED CONSENT FORM.