&quot;Qigong&quot; has existed for a long time, but it did not become popular until the 1950s when it gained public acceptance over other traditional and more abstruse terms until recently. However, there is still much misunderstanding of Qigong due to some conceptual confusion.
These terms are self-explanatory and are indicative of Qigong’s origins in internalized self-care exercises and life-nurturing activities.
Let me give two examples of early proof of qigong meditation in Chinese history… The description on the jade pendant is very similar to the Daoist art of Internal-Elixir qigong, practiced in modern time.
Adjustment also implies regulating or alignment.
To understand the differences among various qigong, there are different ways to classify qigong: Confucian qigong – e.g. sitting and forgetting; Buddhism qigong – Zen, Min, Tiantai Daoism – Taiji, art of inner elixir, Cosmo Circulation Qigong Medical --- Six healing sounds, lowering blood pressure qigong, eye-brightening qigong, Martial-art – eight peace of brocade, E Mei 12 Stances, Shaolin Inner Boxing, Difference traditionals have different purpose of cultivation, with different technique or combination of breathing-mind-body integrations.
Shorten to the essence – medical qigong is qigong directed by the teacher and student toward health
It is important for a beginner to know what s/he want from qigong before starting or choosing the right form.
(2) relaxation (completely relax without falling asleep), tranquility (quite and concentrate, ignore surroundings) and naturalness (follow the natural way both physically and emotionally, without wants and strong intentions).
Until today scientists still have problem detecting properly with all the advanced equipment…
Is Qigong meditation more effective in reducing stress than regular relaxation exercise?
Delete – you already said a lot of this
Distinguish here between external and internal qigong studies – easy to find control for external qigong studies.
If you have this slide, I would take out slide above of effects on cancer/rats.
What are the known mechanism of meditative therapy for stress management?
Drop – how many people and who are doing qigong of all these – this slide is really misleading Kevin – who are these people?
Nice ending slide!
Introduction to Qigong: Mysteries & Wonders of Chinese Medicine Kevin W Chen, Ph.D. MPH Center for Integrative Medicine University of Maryland School of Medicine Email: [email_address]
Although Qigong is considered as a self-training method (see definition), the emission of Qi (or external Qi therapy) has always been part of the medical qigong practice so as to help patients to regain health or qi balance.
Need to distinguish between internal qigong training and external Qi therapy
Most reports not on stress per se, but on the stress-related symptoms or illnesses (e.g. hypertension, headache, asthma, allege, pain, heart disease….)
Report on the improved heart rate variability & increased brain alpha activities – hard evidence.
Most qigong forms apply relaxation, breathing work, inward attention, guided imagery, biofeedback, meditation & mindfulness into one exercise – which we know helps in stress management through separate applications
He et al. (1999) applied a “stress meter” (equipment measuring body conductivity under 5 volts of DC with 128-pin sensors) to evaluate degree of relaxation by Qigong meditation vs. a non-Qigong relaxation technique
Applied 10 separate measures during meditation state, 73 Ss in Qi meditation, & 56 Ss in non-Qigong relaxation
Ss in Qi meditation able to reach deeper level of relaxation than those in regular relaxing exercise (by skin conductance and other electronic sensors).
He et al. (1999). Frontier Perspectives . 8(1): 37-42.
Qigong Meditation for Stress – Mind Management
Work on relaxing, or relieving your mind – less worry and less attachment….
“ No-action” means less attached to things around that stress you…
An attitude change
slow breathing and
and mind-body exercise
Counting breaths method
Qigong -- an Optimal Method for Stress Management
When breath-mind-body are integrated into “oneness”, one would breathe at the near “resonant-frequency” – optimal state of autonomic nervous system
TCM believes that “Qi” goes with “Yi” – when meditation with inward attention, one can gain energy, and recover much rapidly than other relaxation methods.
Mayer (1999) reviewed 30 studies, explored the effects of qigong for hypertension, including a 30-year longitudinal study, concluded that qigong is an effective way to control hypertension without any adverse effects.
Lee et al. (2007) did a systematic review of 12 RCTs -- a ll reported positive results in at least some of the relevant outcome measures.
The meta-analysis suggested beneficial effects in favor of qigong: WM difference -- systolic BP -12.1 mmHg, 95% CI -17.1 to -7.0; diastolic BP -8.5 mmHg, 95% CI -12.6 to -4.4. ( J hypertension . 2007; 25(8): 1525-32)
Mayer M, 1999. Journal of Alt & Complimentary Med, 5(4): 371-382.
Compared to sham-treated cells, the closest control, in all 8 trials (4 BC cells in two trials) the Qi-treated cells had slower growth than all sham group (p = .0038 in cumulative binomial probability distribution)