The Great Harmony


Published on

The Great Harmony, a future age predicted in Chinese philosophy.

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Great Harmony

  1. 1. The Great Harmony has Already Begun
  2. 2. The Great Harmony has Already BegunA. The Great Harmony as Described in Chinese PhilosophyB. All History has been a Preparation for The Great HarmonyC. The Great Harmony needs One Common FaithD. China’s Contribution to The Great Harmony
  3. 3. The Great Harmony has Already BegunA. The Great Harmony as Described in Chinese PhilosophyB. All History has been a Preparation for The Great HarmonyC. The Great Harmony needs One Common FaithD. China’s Contribution to The Great Harmony
  4. 4. Confucius 孔子 551 - 479 BCI have never seen the realization of the Great Tao and the eminent sage rulers of the Threedynasties, but I have always envisioned them. When the Great Tao is realized, the spirit ofopenness and fairness will prevail all under the sky. The men of talents, virtue, and ability shallbe chosen equally, and sincerity and harmony shall be cultivated. Therefore, men did not onlylove their parents and not treat their children as only children. A sufficient provision shall besecured for the aged till their death and competent employment for the able bodied andadequate means of upbringing for the young. Kindness and compassion shall be shown towidows, orphans, childless people, and those who are disabled by disease, so that they willhave the wherewithal for support. Men will have their proper works and women will have theirhomes. They shall hate to see the wealth of natural resources under-developed, but also disliketo see the hoarding of wealth for their own pleasures. They shall regret of not exertingthemselves (of their given talents) but also hate to exert themselves only for their own benefit.Thus, the selfish schemes shall be repressed and found no development. Robbers, filchers,and the rebellious traitors shall not appear, and hence the outer doors shall be left open. Thisshall be the period of what I called the Great Unity (Da Tong).
  5. 5. Mo Zi 墨子 470 - 391 BCSuppose that everyone in the world practiced universal love,so that everyone loved every other person as much as he loved himself.Would anyone then be lacking in filial devotion? If everyone regarded his father,his elder brother, and his ruler just as he does himself,towards whom could he be lacking in devotion?Would there then be anyone who was not affectionate....Would there be any thieves and robbers? If everyone looked upon othermen’s houses as if they were his own, who would steal?...Would noble clans contend among themselves? Would states attack eachother...then the whole world would enjoy peace and good order.
  6. 6. Du Fu 杜甫 721-770 呜 吾 呼 大 The Roof Whirled Away by Winds 庐 !风庇安长 When will this long night of drizzle come to an end? 独 何雨天得夜 Now I dream of an immense mansion, tens of thousands of 破 时不下广沾 rooms,—受 眼动寒厦湿 Where all the cold creatures can take shelter, their faces alight;—冻,前安士千何 Not moved by the wind or the rain, a mansion as solid as the杜死 突如俱万由 mountain甫亦 兀山欢间彻 Alas, when shall I see such a majestic house? 足 见!颜,! If I could see this, even though my poor house were torn down, ! 此 , Even though I were frozen to death I would be content. 屋
  7. 7. Zhang Zai 张载 1020-1077"Heaven is my father and earth is my mother..all people are my brothers and sisters,and all things are my companions...”
  8. 8. Li Zhi 李贽 1527-1602All people are equal, and do not consider position or rank as an honour either. Onlywisdom and humanity are promoted and encouraged. Wisdom is to initiate things,accomplish undertakings, promote utility and benefits and advance people, while humanityis to confer benefits extensively on all the people and to bring salvation to them, to lovepeople and to benefit things. There is no honour outside of wisdom and humanity...In the Age of Great Peace, since man’s nature is already good and his ability andintelligence is superior, they only rejoice in matters of wisdom and humanity. Newinstitutions appear every day. Public benefits increase every day. The human mind getsstronger every day. And knowledge becomes clearer every day. People in the whole worldtogether reach the realm of humanity, longevity, perfect happiness, and infinite goodnessand wisdom...Water and fire possess power but no life, grass and trees have life but cannot know, birdsand animals know but are without the sense of righteousness. Man has power, life,knowledge and the sense of righteousness. Therefore, he is the most precious of allspecies. His strength is not equal to that of an ox. He cannot run as fast as a horse. Yethorse and oxen are used by man. Why? Because man has the ability and intelligence fororganization and community.
  9. 9. Kang You Wei 康有爲 (1858-1927)Kong You Wei wrote the first draft of Da Tong Shu in 1884-5. He finished it in 1902,changing the name from “Universal Principles of Mankind” to “The Book of GreatUnity.“In the first of these (three stages of social evolution) , the Disorderly Stage,primitive civilization is just rising from chaos, and the social mind is still veryrude….In the second, the Advancing Peace Stage (Lesser Peace), there is adistinction only between all the civilized countries and the barbarians….in the third,the Extreme Peace Stage (The Most Great Peace), there is no distinction at all….thewhole world is one unit, and the character of mankind is on the highest plane.Ta T’u ng Shu, The One World Philosophy of Kang You Wei, Translated by Laurence Thompson, George Allenand Unwin, 1958, p. 49.
  10. 10. Sun Zhong Shan (Sun Yat Sen) The World Belongs to the People
  11. 11. Song Qing Ling 1893 –1981),Madame Sun Yat Sen“Fraternity is the as yet unrealized ideal of humanity.Liberty has no safe foundation except human brotherhood.Equality can never be anything but a dream untilwe feel towards each other as brothers.It may be for China, to point the way to this fraternity.Napoleon Bonaparte said, ‘When China moves,she will move the world’.For centuries, the Chinese have been a peace-loving people.China with its multitudinous population and its love of peacecannot but be instrumental in bringing about Universal Peace –when rights need not be backed by armies and dreadnoughts.Song Qing Ling, Woman in World History: Song Qing Ling,Israel Epstein, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 2003, p.5.In June 1947, Song Qing Ling wrote to Nehru saying,referring to the civil war in China and pre-independenceconvulsions in India,“Perhaps this is the tempering process from which our peoples will emergewith awareness and new spirit for their task in the future civilization.” 1950 – Establishment of the United NationsShe suggests the suffering of China has helped it acquire capacity.
  12. 12. 同一个世界 同一个梦想Beijing 2008 Olympic Theme: One World One Dream
  13. 13. The Great Harmony has Already BegunA. The Great Harmony as Described in Chinese PhilosophyB. All History has been a Preparation for The Great HarmonyC. The Great Harmony needs One Common FaithD. China’s Contribution to The Great Harmony
  14. 14. 0
  15. 15. 500
  16. 16. 1000
  17. 17. 1500
  18. 18. 1750-1918
  19. 19. After 1919
  20. 20. World Community Globalization Empire/Nation City/City-State Tribe FamilyThe Evolution of Social and Political Order Greater and greater release of human capacity
  21. 21. “It would be better if the nations and peoples of the world hada clearer understanding of each other, allowing the mental chasm between East and West to be bridged.After all they are, and have been for several centuries,intimate partners in the business of building a world civilization.The technological world of today is a product of both East and West to an extent which until recently no onehad ever imagined. It is now time for the Chinese contribution to be recognized and acknowledged,by East and West alike. And, above all, let this be recognized by today’s school children, who will bethe generation to absorb it into their fundamental conceptions about the world. When that happens,Chinese and Westerners will be able to look each other in the eye,knowing themselves to be true and full partners.Robert Temple, The Genius of China, 1998, p. 12 Modern Science & Technology European Industrial Revolution European Agricultural Revolution The Islamic world was a vital link between China and Europe. Chinese Ideas and Inventions The Evolution of Science and Technology
  22. 22. Robert Temple, The Genius of China, 1998.AgricultureAstronomyEngineeringTechnology Medicine
  23. 23. Robert Temple, The Genius of China, 1998. Mathematics MagnetismPhysical Sciences Transportation Sound & Music Warfare
  24. 24. The Maturation of HumanityAll created things have their degree or stage of maturity.The period of maturity in the life of a tree is the time of its fruit-bearing...The animalattains a stage of full growth and completeness, and in the human kingdom manreaches his maturity when the light of intelligence attains its greatest powerand development... Similarly there are periods and stages in the collective life ofhumanity. At one time it was passing through its stage of childhood, at another itsperiod of youth, but now it has entered its long predicted phase of maturity, theevidences of which are everywhere apparent...That which was applicable to humanneeds during the early history of the race can neither meet nor satisfy the demands ofthis day, this period of newness and consummation. Humanity has emerged from itsformer state of limitation and preliminary training. Man must now become imbued withnew virtues and powers, new moral standards, new capacities. New bounties, perfectbestowals, are awaiting and already descending upon him. The gifts and blessings ofthe period of youth, although timely and sufficient during the adolescence of mankind,are now incapable of meeting the requirements of its maturity.
  25. 25. Arnold J. ToynbeeThis British historian referred to civilization as aprocess, an endeavor...“….to create a state of society in which the whole ofmankind will be able to live together in harmony asmembers of a single all-inclusive family.This is, I believe, the goal at which all civilizations so farhave been aiming unconsciously, if not consciously.“Arnold Toynbee, A Study of History, abridged one-volume edition, p.44.
  26. 26. The trend of social, political, scientific, and technologicalevolution is toward a global community.This global community has been referred to as:• Da Tong, Tian Xia Yi Jia, Tian Xia Wei Gong, Majestic House• He Xie (Harmony)• The Most Great Peace, The New World Order (Baha’u’llah)• Maturation of Humanity (Abdu’l-Baha)• The reign of righteousness and justice upon the earth (Shoghi Effendi)• All-inclusive Family (Toynbee)• Omega Point of Evolution (de Chardin)• Global Village (McLuhan)• Grand Synthesis (Lazlo)•The “Return” mentioned in all the great religions."The Age of Nations is past. The task before us now, if we would not perish, is to build the Earth.”T. de Chardin “The Earth is One Country and Mankind its Citizens” Baha’u’llah
  27. 27. MaitreyeIs the name of the Future Buddha“Another Buddha will arise in the world….,How shall we know Him?The Blessed One replied:He will be known as Maitreya,which means He Whose name is "kindness”.Bahaullahs given name, Husayn, is Arabic for "kindness.“Bah’u’llah is the Maitreye, the fifth Buddha, the FutureBuddha.AmitabhaAmitabha is the main object of devotion of thePure Land (Jing Tu/Holy Land) School of Chinese Buddhism.He is considered to preside over a Pure Land to the west.The name "Amitabha" can be translated as“Light of the Infinite”--very similar to the title "Bahaullah““Glory or Light of God”. The word "ABHA"("most glorious") is the superlative formof the word BAHA (Glory).Chinese people often repeat:“Na Mo Amitofu” or “Praise Amitabha” (Praise Baha’u’llah) Statue of Maitreye, the Future Buddha At Yong He Gong, Beijing.Note: The Hindu language has the same source as Persian, The statue is 18 meters high andboth belong to Arian language. is made from one piece of wood
  28. 28. The New World Order: A Turning Point….new goals"...the earths inhabitants are now challenged to draw on their collective inheritance• to take up, consciously and systematically, the responsibility for the design of their future…..• to..."erect.....a social system at once progressive and peaceful, dynamic and harmonious, a systemgiving free play to individual creativity and initiative but based on co-operation and reciprocity.[2]The challenge of maturity is to:• Accept that we are one people,• Free ourselves from the limited identities and creeds of the past,• Build together the foundations of global civilization."Today, humanity has entered on its collective coming-of-age,endowed with the capacity to see the entire panorama of its development as a single process."The primary question to be resolved is how the present world, with its entrenched pattern ofconflict, can change to a world in which harmony and co-operation will prevail. [2] To the Peoples of the World: A Baha’i Statement on Peace, Introduction, The Universal House of Justice, October 1985. [3] Ibid, Part 3.
  29. 29. If the trend ofSocialPoliticalScientificTechnologicalevolutionis toward a global community,Then why are we having such difficulty achieving Peace andSecurity?
  30. 30. Mencius 孟子 372 - 289 BC“When heaven is about to bestow a great mission or chargeupon someone, it invariably begins by exercising his mind withsuffering, toughening his sinews and bones with toil, exposinghis body to hunger, subjecting him to extreme poverty, andfrustrating all his plans. All these methods are meant to stimulatehis mind, strengthen his nature, and increase his abilities.”
  31. 31. The Great Harmony has Already BegunA. The Great Harmony as Described in Chinese PhilosophyB. All History has been a Preparation for The Great HarmonyC. The Great Harmony needs One Common FaithD. China’s Contribution to The Great Harmony
  32. 32. Our One World needs a Common Faith“….religion is an indispensable source of knowledge and motivation - a wellspring of values,insights, and energy without which social cohesion and collective action are difficult if notimpossible to achieve.Through the teachings and moral guidance of religion, great segments of humanity havelearned to discipline their baser propensities and to develop qualities that conduce to socialorder and cultural advancement.Such qualities as trustworthiness, compassion, forbearance, fidelity, generosity, humility,courage, and willingness to sacrifice for the common good have constituted the invisible yetessential foundations of progressive community life.Religion provides the bricks and mortar of society - the ethical precepts and vision that unitepeople into communities and that give tangible direction and meaning to individual andcollective existence.Overcoming Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity in Public Institutions: A Bahá’í Perspective
  33. 33. Muhammad Abraham MosesZoroaster Jesus ChristKrishna Buddha The Founders of the world’s great religions are the sources of civilization
  34. 34. God’s UniversityA Process of Spiritual EducationProgressive RevelationReligion is OneHumanity is One
  35. 35. The Manifestation of God The Manifestations of God reveal the Word and Will of God and to listen to Them is to respond to the Call of God. The Manifestations of God are like perfect Mirrors that reflect the Light of God in all its Splendor. And all these Mirrors reflect the same Light. While God is beyond our reach, these perfect Beings come to us from time to time, live among us, give us guidance, and fill us with the energy we need to progress, materially and spiritually.
  36. 36. 克 利须 那 Krishna
  37. 37. 亚伯拉罕 Abraham
  38. 38. 摩西 Moses
  39. 39. 琐罗亚斯得 Zoroaster
  40. 40. 佛陀 Buddha
  41. 41. 耶稣 Jesus
  42. 42. 穆罕默德 Mohammed
  43. 43. 巴孛 The Bab
  44. 44. 巴哈欧拉 Baha’u’llah
  45. 45. Muhammad Abraham Moses Zoroaster Jesus Christ The Bab Krishna Baha’u’llah BuddhaReligion must berenewed, refreshedHistory is the record Truth is Relativeof our response, to the capacityand lack of response, of humanityto the Manifestations of God. to understand. The Founders (the Manifestations) of the world’s great religions are the sources of civilization
  46. 46. Spiritual Vision provided by the ManifestationsThe Elements of Civilization were all Present in China’s History
  47. 47. China’s Cycle of Civilization
  48. 48. Dialogue between science and religion
  49. 49. Dialogue needed between Scientific and Spiritual Knowledge "When words and action are not directed by a moral force, scientific knowledge and technical know-how conduce as readily to misery as they do to prosperity and happiness.1“....the challenge is the empowerment of humankind through a vast increase inaccess to knowledge, the strategy that can make this possible must beconstructed around an ongoing and intensifying dialogue between science andreligion......the insights and skills that represent scientific accomplishment mustlook to the force of spiritual commitment and moral principle to ensure theirappropriate application.” 21. Position Statement on Education, prepared by Baha’i International Task Force on Education, 1989.• Bahai International Community, Office of Public Information, The Prosperity of Humankind, Part 4, 1995. 1950 – Establishment of the United Nations
  50. 50. Religion must be renewed.The sacred literature of the pastmay resonate with the present, but its power to inspire andto govern behaviour has waned.
  51. 51. “Baháulláh, like the Manifestations before, has: Imbued mankind with a new and regenerating Spirit, Enunciated certain universal principles, and Propounded a particular philosophy.In addition, unlike the Manifestations before, He has: Clearly and specifically laid down a set of Laws, Established definite institutions, and Provided for the essentials of a Divine Economy.
  52. 52. A Divine Design for Unity“Baháulláh has drawn the circle of unity, He has madea design for the uniting of all the peoples, and for thegathering of them all under the shelter of the tent ofuniversal unity. This is the work of the Divine Bounty,and we must all strive with heart and soul until we havethe reality of unity in our midst, and as we work, so willstrength be given unto us.”
  53. 53. All Peoples – One Common Faith The Bahá’í Faith is a world religion whose purpose is to unite all the races and peoples in one universal Cause and one common Faith. Bahá’ís are followers of Baha’u’llah, Who they believe is the Promised One of all Ages.“That which the Lord hathordained as the sovereign remedyand mightiest instrument for thehealing of all the world is the unionof all its peoples in one universalCause, one common Faith.”
  54. 54. Baha’i Administrative Order
  55. 55. Spiritual and Administrative World Center
  56. 56. The Universal House of JusticeThe Baha’is of the world elected the Universal House of Justice,as envisioned by Baha’u’llah and clearly described by ‘Abdu’l-Baha and the Guardian.The Universal House of Justice is the supreme institution of theFaith to which all the Baha’is of the world now turn.
  57. 57. The World (except China) God Jesus “Render unto Caesar what is Caesars” Abuses of the Popes, resistance to knowledge, beginning of split between science and religion TheGod-King Reunion The Enlightenment, The Rise of Science of Moral & American Revolution. Rejection of Kings, Temporal Separation of Church and State, God is Dead Division of Powers, Party Systems. Authority Russian Revolution. Rejection of God and Kings King The Cultural Revolution Challenges to Authority May 4 Movement Lu Xun China Chinese Ancient Governance: One Center, one Leader, Spiritual and temporal ruler combined Mandate of Heaven (not Mandate of the People), Hierarchical Organization One country, one script, Poets and philosophers (Learned Individuals) as their conscience. A Brief History of Authority
  58. 58. Institutions Building a World Civilization 个人First Participant – IndividualIt is the duty of an individual Baha’i to remainfirm in the Covenant, to strive daily to bring hisor her life in line with Baha’u’llah’s Teachings,and to serve humanity, always conscious of thefact that life does not end with death and thatone’s relation with God is eternal.After death, our souls become free and continue Individualto progress towards God for all eternity.
  59. 59. Second Participant – CommunityHuman beings were not createdto exist alone. We live incommunities and must worktogether to build the newcivilization.The community closest to us isthe local one which consists ofthe Baha’is of our village or town.It is in the local community wherewe learn to cooperate with oneanother, to grow together andbecome united.
  60. 60. Diagram of the Confucian “Great Learning” Add an institutional layer at the community levelto channel safely, productively, and creatively the increasing capacity of humanity.
  61. 61. Third Participant –Institutions Baha’u’llah has brought His own Administrative Order, which means that He has told us what institutions we must create, how they should function, and how humanity should be governed. There are no priests or clergy in the Baha’i Faith, and it is the Local Spiritual Assembly that guides the affairs of the local community. A Local Spiritual Assembly consists of nine members elected in a prayerful atmosphere by secret ballot by all the adult believers in the community.
  62. 62. The Great Harmony has Already BegunA. The Great Harmony as Described in Chinese PhilosophyB. All History has been a Preparation for The Great HarmonyC. The Great Harmony needs One Common FaithD. China’s Contribution to The Great Harmony
  63. 63. Abdu’l-Baha “China has the most great capability.The Chinese people are most simple-hearted and truth-seeking…Truly, I say, the Chinese are free from any deceit and hypocrisies and are prompted with ideal motives. China is the country of the future. Abdu’l-Baha, Reported in "Star of the West", vol. 8, April 28, 1917, No.3, p.37
  64. 64. Shoghi Effendi “China, a land which has its own world and civilization, whose people (in 1923) constitute one-fourth of the population of the globe, which ranks foremost among all nationsin material, cultural, and spiritual resources and potentialities, and whose future is assuredly bright. Letter from Shoghi Effendi to the Bahais of the East, 23 January 1923. 1950 – Establishment of the United Nations China Pop: 1.3 billion (2007) World Pop: 6.6 billion (2007) China = 19.7%
  65. 65. Chinese Philosophical-Spiritual Resources• Mahayana Buddhism taught the unity and oneness of all beings.• Confucius: Reciprocity. Moral order is the foundation of social order.• Lao Ze (Daoism): Balance, the unity of opposites• Poets (for example: Li Bai, Du Fu), themes of justice
  66. 66. A Selection of Some of China’s Spiritual Concepts & Characteristics• Love of justice expressed in the words of its poets and philosophers.• Daoism: Belief in harmony through dynamic balance, complementary poles: male-female, material-spiritual, inside-outside, light-dark, logic-intuition….capacity to merge opposites and resolve paradoxes,balanced ying and yang, an attitude toward systems, such as in healing and the human body, that allows itto see “wholes” more than dichotomies.• The long Confucian tradition that moral order is the foundation of social order and harmony. The well-being of society depends on the spiritual health of the individual. Confucius said if he had to summarize histeachings in one word it would be “reciprocity”. “Do not impose on others what you do not wish foryourself.” “In hearing litigation, I feel, like anybody else, the necessity to cause the people to have nolitigation”. An appetite for consensus-seeking, not litigation, to resolve conflicts.• From Buddhism, China has a received high-minded spirituality and a keen sense of the coherencebetween the material and the spiritual. An emphasis on the importance of the group.• Love of perfection that generated so many centuries of civilized beauty.• Capacity for obedience.• Open-mindedness, tolerance, a lack of prejudice, desire to learn and "seek truth from facts“.• Love for the practical application of knowledge; the admiration for deeds not words.• Importance given to family relationships, especially respect for parents and elders.• A belief in the harmony between man and nature, as seen in Chinas art, much of its poetry, and, inparticular, its garden design. These prefigure the essential concerns of sustainability.• Belief in "Tian Xia Yi Jia" (All under heaven is one family).• Freedom should not overstep "the boundaries of right".• Moderation• Modesty
  67. 67. Confucianism“From the son of Heaven down to the mass of the people, all must considerthe cultivation of their person as the root of everything besides.“From the Confucian text, “The Great Learning”.A related passage from a Baha’i source:Such qualities as trustworthiness, compassion, forbearance, fidelity,generosity, humility, courage, and willingness to sacrifice for the common goodhave constituted the invisible yet essential foundations of progressive community life.]“Social advancement, we know, arises from the ideals and shared beliefs thatweld society together.Meaningful social change results as much from the development of qualities and attitudesthat foster constructive patterns of human interactionas from the acquisition of technical capacities.True prosperity - a well-being founded on peace,cooperation, altruism, dignity, rectitude of conduct and justice –flows from the light of spiritual awareness andvirtue as well as from material discovery and progress.Overcoming Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity in Public Institutions:A Baha’i Perspective "Global Forum on Fighting Corruption II", May 2001, the Hague, Netherlands.
  68. 68. Confucianism“Wo Bu Pa Ben, Wo Pa HuaiI don’t fear stupid (behaviour); I fear bad (behaviour).Miss Zhang, Grade 3 teacher, Black Sesame Lane Elementary School, Beijing, 1997.A related passage from a Baha’i source:“…unless the moral character of a nation is educated, as well as its brain and itstalents, civilization has no sure basis."Abdu’l-Baha, Paris Talks, Baha’i Publishing Trust, London, 1979, p. 31.
  69. 69. Confucianism“In hearing litigation, I feel, like anybody else, the necessity to cause thepeople to have no litigation.” ConfuciusIf a relationship descended to the need for litigation, it was a sign of a lack of moraleducation.A related passage from a Baha’i source:“….the communities are day and night occupied in making penal laws, and inpreparing and organizing instruments and means of punishment. They buildprisons, make chains and fetters, arrange places of exile and banishment, anddifferent kinds of hardships and tortures, and think by these means to disciplinecriminals, whereas, in reality, they are causing destruction of morals andperversion of characters.The community, on the contrary, ought day and night to strive and endeavor withthe utmost zeal and effort to accomplish the education of men, to cause them dayby day to progress and to increase in science and knowledge, to acquire virtues,to gain good morals and to avoid – Establishment of the United Nations not occur. 1950 vices, so that crimes mayAbdul-Baha, Some Answered Questions, p. 270
  70. 70. ConfucianismFREEDOM"At fifteen my heart was set on learning;at thirty, I stood firm in the society;at forty I had no more doubts;at fifty, I knew the mandate of heaven;at sixty, my ear can tell the good from the bad;at seventy I could follow my hearts desire without transgressing the norm”.(Another translation of this last part: "At seventy, I could follow the dictates of my own heart, for what Idesired no longer overstepped the boundaries of right.)This quotation from Confucius is so well known to Chinese people that they often identify the age of aperson not by years, but by the maturity of his relationship to freedom.Someone in their thirties is referred to as being in the "er li" - "stand firm" stage of development; in theirforties, the "hu huo" - "not confused" stage; in their fifties, "zhi tian ming" - "understand the meaning oflife"; sixties, "er shun", "can distinguish good from bad"; and in their 70s, "er cong xin suo yu" - "followdesire from the heart without transgressing the norm". It is understood that real freedom is attained aftera life-long learning process, that it has limits. Freedom should not overstep "the boundaries of right".A related passage from a Baha’i source:– Establishment of the United Nations 1950“The quality of freedom and of its expression -- indeed, the very capacity to maintain freedom in asociety -- undoubtedly depends on the knowledge and training of individuals and on their ability to copewith the challenges of life with equanimity."[1]“This (individual-society) relationship, so fundamental to the maintenance of civilized life,calls for the utmost degree of understanding and cooperation between society and the individual;
  71. 71. Confucianism“All within the four seas are brothers”Confucius, Analects 12:5 A related passage from a Baha’i source: “The Earth is One Country and Mankind its Citizens” Baha’u’llah 1950 – Establishment of the United Nations
  72. 72. Daoism"No calamity is greater than not knowing what is enoughNo fault worse than wanting too muchWhoever knows what is enoughHas enough.Attachment comes at wasteful cost;Hoarding leads to a certain loss;Knowing what is enough avoids disgrace;Knowing when to stop secures from peril.Only thus can you long last.Lao Zi, Dao De Jing, ch. 46 and 44"The sage does not hoard,The more he does for others,The more he has himself.The more he gives,The more he gets. 1950 – Establishment of the United Nations[1] Lao Zi, Dao De Jing, ch. 8.
  73. 73. Poets Du Fu (AD 713-770)"Behind the red-painted doors wine and meat are stinking.On the wild roads lie corpses of people frozen to death.A hair breadth divides wealth and poverty.This strange contrast fills me with unappeasable anguish.”The Roof Whirled Away by Winds"When will this long night of drizzle come to an end?Now I dream of an immense mansion, tens of thousands of rooms,Where all the cold creatures can take shelter, their faces alight;Not moved by the wind or the rain, a mansion as solid as the mountain.Alas, when shall I see such a majestic house?If I could see this, even though my poor house were torn down,Even though I were frozen to death I would be content.
  74. 74. Yan Yang Chu".....through the last forty centuries China must have maturedher thought and learned many lessons in the art of living.Maybe China has something to contribute.Surely there must be a better way, a more humane way of settlinginternational disputes than just by cutting each others throats.Surely, with Chinas four hundred million people (in 1930),four thousand years of culture and vast resources,she must have somethingto contribute to the peace and progress of mankind.“Yan Yang Chu (James Yen) was the founder, in China of the Mass Education Movement.In the 1930s, of a rural development education program in Ding Zhou, south of Beijing.In 1943, he was awarded a Copernicus Citation, on the occasion of the400th anniversary of Copernicus. The awards were given in Carnegie Hall, New York City,to ten outstanding modern revolutionaries; the others included:Albert Einstein, Orville Wright, Henry Ford, and John Dewey.
  75. 75. What are China’s Material, Cultural, and Spiritual Resources and Potentialities for ? Social evolution has arrived at the beginning of its maturity, to be expressed in a New World Order, a global civilization. China has been prepared through its long history to make its own valuable contributions to that Order. The best of Chinese culture will be preserved, renewed and refreshed to the extent that China helps build the New World Order. The parts of the world will not grow until the whole is formed.
  76. 76. What will China’s contribution be to the New World Order?John FairbankThis noted Sinologist, in the introduction to his recent book,China: A New History, refers to China as a latecomer to modernity.And, he asks whether China has emerged from isolation just in timeto participate in the demise of the world or,with millennia of survival experience,to rescue it?
  77. 77. Fear Hope Cynicism DespairSense of superiority PromptedIndifference with ideal motivesFanaticism TASK Simple-heartedDoubt Build together Truth-seeking the foundations ofRigidity Free from deceit global civilizationFlexibility (True Modernism) and hypocrisiesSuspicion Open-mindednessSense of Purpose Magnanimity Chauvinism Tolerance Moderation Examples of qualities and attitudes to the great task before us Qualities in green above are Chinese characteristics identified by Abdu’l-Baha “In the world there are many different roads but the destination is the same. There are a hundred deliberations but the result is one. The Book of Changes, cited in Legge, The Four Books, pt. 2, ch. 5
  78. 78. "As China becomes more and more involved with other nations, it can, through its own example and its concerted efforts to foster world peace,become a most effective participant in the development of a new, world civilization. China does not need to follow the same path already trodden by other nations; it can open a new path that will lead it directly to an honored position in a New World Order that China, itself, will have helped to build.” Dr. Farzam Arbab It may be a confirmation and a joy, lifting the hearts of the Chinese people, to find so much of their vast cultural, philosophical, and spiritual heritage is in tune with the genuine requirements of this new age, to find they have valuable contributions to make to “true” modernization.
  79. 79. True Modernization“O Thou Provider! The dearest wish of this servant of Thy Threshold is to behold the friends of East and West in close embrace; to see all the members of human society gathered with love in a single great assemblage, even as individual drops of water collected in one mighty sea; to behold them all as birds in one garden of roses, as pearls of one ocean, as leaves of one tree, as rays of one sun.” Abdu’l-Baha
  80. 80. Thank you!