How does Linked
Open Data change
the publishing
landscape?
9/5/2013
Quentin Reul
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
About Quentin
 Academic Background
— PhD in Computing S...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Overview
 Introduction
 The new competition
 Not all ...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
INTRODUCTION
4
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Remember Blockbuster?
5
Blockbuster didn’t manage to kee...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Digital
 Can be accessed worldwide;
 Does not take phy...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Digital vs. Print Media (II)
7
Comparison of print vs. d...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Digital vs. Print Media (III)
8
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
2...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
THE NEW COMPETITION
9
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Open Data
Open data is data that can be freely used, reu...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Open Gov Data (I)
 Principles:
— Data must be complete,...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Open Gov Data (II)
12
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
D...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Germany: Offener Haushalt
13
Source: http://bund.offener...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Open Gov Data in Legal Domain
14
How much of your
publis...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
U.S.: GovTrack.us
15
Enables citizens to track proposed
...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
U.S.: Ravel
16
Source: https://www.ravellaw.com/
Ravel f...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
E.U.: Parltrack
17
Source: http://parltrack.euwiki.org/
...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
NOT ALL DOOM AND GLOOM
18
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Leveraging Open Data - OpenCorporates
19
API to retrieve...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Linked Data (I)
"The Semantic Web is not a separate Web ...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Linked Data (II)
21
Source: http://www.w3.org/DesignIssu...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Linked Data Cloud
22
Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I)
23
Documents index...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I)
24
United States
C...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I)
25
List of documen...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (II)
 Which person is...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
CONCLUSION
27
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems
Traditional publishers will survive if they
 Leverage o...
I-Semantics 2013
9th International Conference on Semantic Systems 29
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How does Linked Open Data change the publishing landscape?

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Presentation at the I-Know / I-Semantics 2013 conference on the role of open linked data for publishers.

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How does Linked Open Data change the publishing landscape?

  1. 1. How does Linked Open Data change the publishing landscape? 9/5/2013 Quentin Reul
  2. 2. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems About Quentin  Academic Background — PhD in Computing Science, 2012  Applied Semantic Web technologies to enable jet engine designer to retrieve service information  Developed a new approach to map entities in different ontologies based on their definition [http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.558665]  Involved in the development of the W3C SKOS Standard — BSc in Computing Science and AI, 2005  Work Experience (2008-Present) — Content Semantics Architect @ Wolters Kluwer  Maintains and extends the Platform Content Interface (PCI) standard  Help in the development of auto-classification and enrichment solutions — Researcher @ Vrjie Universiteit Brussels  Developed semantic models for enabling the exchange of personal data across the web; 2
  3. 3. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Overview  Introduction  The new competition  Not all doom and gloom  Conclusion 3
  4. 4. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems INTRODUCTION 4
  5. 5. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Remember Blockbuster? 5 Blockbuster didn’t manage to keep up with market shifts and technical advances in the movie rental business.
  6. 6. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Digital  Can be accessed worldwide;  Does not take physical space (beyond device);  Easy to make correction and update;  Can include structure for machine interpretation;  Interactive user feedback;  Personalized on-demand content (e.g. RSS, Flipboard) Print  Tend to be focused on (and only available in) a single region;  Takes up physical space;  Difficult to make correction and update;  Difficult for machine to interpret content;  Many users still prefer the feel of paper 6 Digital vs. Print Media (I)
  7. 7. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Digital vs. Print Media (II) 7 Comparison of print vs. digital advertisement in newspapers over last decade shows a significant reduction in advertising in print, while a small increase in digital advertising. Source: http://tinyurl.com/bu35hlg
  8. 8. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Digital vs. Print Media (III) 8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Internet/Online Print WK Revenue over the last 10 years show an increase in digital subscription, but a decrease in terms of overall subscription to our content. Source: http://www.wolterskluwer.com/Press/Reports/
  9. 9. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems THE NEW COMPETITION 9
  10. 10. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Open Data Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike. 10 Source: http://opendefinition.org/okd/
  11. 11. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Open Gov Data (I)  Principles: — Data must be complete, primary, timely, accessible, machine processable, non-discriminatory, non-proprietary, and license- free.  Main benefits: — to provide transparency to increase governmental accountability by releasing data produced by governments; — to increase citizen engagement and participation in governance process; — to reduce government costs. 11
  12. 12. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Open Gov Data (II) 12 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Data should be available online? Data should be free? Entrepreneurs will create new products? citizens government employees Source: 2010 Open Government Data Benchmark Study, 2011. http://www.socrata.com/benchmark-study
  13. 13. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Germany: Offener Haushalt 13 Source: http://bund.offenerhaushalt.de/ Offener Haushalt is a project to access and visualize expenditure data from German Federal agencies.
  14. 14. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Open Gov Data in Legal Domain 14 How much of your published content is “primary source”? How much of the primary source content you publish is freely available on the web? What are the most significant OpenGov initiatives in your geography / business area? L&B US 60% 90% FOIA, e-Gov act, FDSys, data.gov, uniform law (states) WK Belgium 40%; for legal market 68% 90%, but not consolidated Staatsblad.be; Juridat.be; FOD WK Deutschland 50% 80% Currently mostly local govt data. Fed initiative in 2012 WK Espana 65% 100% Improved public access to CENDOJ (off. case law DB) WK Italy 40% 30% Normattiva WK France Lamyline: 50 % ; Lamylexplus:100 % 90 % lot of initiatives WK Portugal 40% 100% None WK Nederland 56% 75-80% legislation 80-90% case law Wetten.overheid.nl Rechtspraak.nl
  15. 15. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems U.S.: GovTrack.us 15 Enables citizens to track proposed laws in the U.S. Congress and contains data from 1979 onwards. It was developed by civic hackers based on open data.
  16. 16. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems U.S.: Ravel 16 Source: https://www.ravellaw.com/ Ravel focuses on delivering a new way to visualize on federal and state court decisions. It was developed by Stanford Law School graduates based on open data.
  17. 17. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems E.U.: Parltrack 17 Source: http://parltrack.euwiki.org/ Aggregates data from distributed open repositories enabling citizens engagement.
  18. 18. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems NOT ALL DOOM AND GLOOM 18
  19. 19. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Leveraging Open Data - OpenCorporates 19 API to retrieve information (e.g. company name, address, trademark registration, etc.) about companies in 65 jurisdictions. Source: http://opencorporates.com/ The content is available under the ODC Open Database License, which allows free re-use of the data.
  20. 20. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Linked Data (I) "The Semantic Web is not a separate Web but an extension of the current one, in which [data] is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation.“ - Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler and Ora Lassila; Scientific American, May 2001 20
  21. 21. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Linked Data (II) 21 Source: http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  22. 22. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Linked Data Cloud 22 Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  23. 23. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I) 23 Documents indexed against WK topics could be retrieved using topics defined in external knowledge organization systems.
  24. 24. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I) 24 United States Codified Tax Regulation (26 CFR) structure to navigate content Source: http://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/26
  25. 25. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (I) 25 List of documents in WK publication (Internal Revenue Code) that are related based on nodes
  26. 26. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Leveraging Linked Data on the Web (II)  Which person is one of the contributor of Abbey Road? 26 InstanceRelationship SELECT ?img WHERE { ?name a foaf:Person . ?name dc:contributor dbpedia:Abbey_Road . ?name foaf:depiction ?img . } Class Natural language queries can be converted in SPARQL to retrieve answers from one or more repositories.
  27. 27. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems CONCLUSION 27
  28. 28. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems Traditional publishers will survive if they  Leverage open data as much as possible;  Leverage structured data to provide new functionality to consumers;  Leverage software to generate new structured data from unstructured data (e.g. text);  Be aware that traditional publishers are no longer your main rivals;  Promote innovation by — Enabling employees to explore new technologies and concepts; — Having a group dedicated to innovation; and — Having hackathons. 28
  29. 29. I-Semantics 2013 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems 29
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