Nazi control in 1933


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Nazi control in 1933

  1. 1. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45
  2. 2. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 The SS Jewish women killed by the SS during World War II <ul><li>Formed in 1925 from fanatics loyal to Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually destroyed the SA in 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Heinrich Himmler </li></ul><ul><li>Had primary responsibility for destroying opposition to Nazism and carrying out racial policies of the party </li></ul><ul><li>Two important sub-divisions were the Death Head’s Unit and Waffen-SS </li></ul><ul><li>Waffen SS fought alongside the regular army </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 How is this clip from ‘Flash Gordon’ similar to life in Nazi Germany?
  4. 4. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 Gestapo Warrant disc <ul><li>Most feared by ordinary Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Commanded by Reinhard Heydrich </li></ul><ul><li>Power to arrest citizens on suspicion and send them to concentration camps without trial or even explanation </li></ul><ul><li>Modern research shows that Germans thought the Gestapo were much more powerful than they were </li></ul>Official secret Police of the Nazi state – under the overall administration of the SS
  5. 5. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45
  6. 6. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 The Police and Courts also helped to prop up the Nazi dictatorship. Top jobs were given to high-ranking Nazis reporting to Himmler. The Nazis controlled magistrates, judges and the courts which meant that opponents of Nazism rarely received a fair trial.
  7. 7. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45
  8. 8. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 Concentration camps were the Nazis’ ultimate sanction against their own people. They were set up as soon as Hitler took power. Many were in make-shift prisons, but soon they were purpose built. Food was very limited and prisoners suffered harsh discipline. By the late 1930s, deaths in the camps became increasingly common place – very few people emerged from them.
  9. 9. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45
  10. 10. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 THINK – what may being said, RATHER than being thought in this image of church leaders in Nazi Germany?
  11. 11. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 Think – what is this image from Low trying to say?
  12. 12. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 How do these two images of the SS differ?
  13. 13. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 <ul><li>It’s all for the good of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi successes </li></ul><ul><li>Economic recovery was deeply appreciated </li></ul><ul><li>Many felt Nazis were bringing much needed discipline back to Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1933-38 Hitler’s FP success made Germans feel they were a great power again after the TOV </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t want to lose my job </li></ul><ul><li>German workers feared losing their jobs if they did express opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses that didn’t contribute to Nazi coffers risked going bust </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping your head down became a national obsession </li></ul><ul><li>The SS even went about listening to people and what they were saying in coffee shops </li></ul><ul><li>Have you heard the good news? </li></ul><ul><li>Underlying the whole regime was the propaganda machine </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda was particularly important in maintaining the image of Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Personal support for Hitler remain high in the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>He was still respected in 1944 even though GER was losing the war </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 1. Log onto the school system and go to student public/history 2. Open up ‘Nazicontrol1933’ PowerPoint 3. Work through each of the hyperlinked buttons before returning to answer the questions. You will have return to the them to complete the tasks. You may need the headphones for each task and every person in the group must view and listen to the clips. Complete the questions on your sugar paper. 4. What does the SS insignia tell us about the organisation? 5. It is 1934 and after the NOTLK your group has been chosen to produce a new logo for the SS. Produce something that commemorates the event. You must draw this onto sugar paper – but it must only be completed using black pen. 6. What can we learn from the image of German judges swearing their loyalty at the criminal courts in Berlin? 7. Go to ttp://   and produce a newspaper for an underground Nazi newspaper published in the late 1930s talking about concentration camps.
  15. 15. Nazi control of Germany 1933-45 8. Re-read through the poem by Niemoller. How accurate a picture does it paint for a ‘normal’ German family? 9. Modern research suggests that the Nazi regime was not this well-oiled machine – but Hitler was extremely disorganised. He was not hard-working and disliked paperwork and decision making. He thought that things sorted themselves out in time without his intervention. Officials competed with each other to get his approval for particular policies. The result was often a jumble of different government departments competing with each other and getting in each other’s way. I want you to log onto the above site, and join it. Once accepted then I want you to create a cartoon that represents the chaotic situation that Hitler approved of. You will have to upload a picture of Hitler which you can find in student public/history. Username is qbhistory , password is mrlee 10. Go to and answer the question ‘Why was there little opposition?’ using the software. Make sure you save it, and print it out to come and show me.