How far does this image show that the Potsdam Conference was a success? [ 5 marks ]
How far does this image show that the Potsdam Conference was a success? [ 5 marks ] Level 1 [1 mark] Simplistic description of the image – mentions Churchill, Truman, Stalin shaking hands and agreeing Level 2 [2-3 marks] Shows publically an agreement. The War was nearly over(over in Europe), the three Allied leaders had agreed at Yalta OR Away from the cameras there was distrust. USA had a new leader. Truman and Stalin didn’t get on. US developed an atomic bomb. Soviet troops in most of Eastern Europe. Both sides didn’t trust each other Level 3 [4-5 marks] BOTH Level 2 answers AND must include Truman told the USSR about the atomic bomb Historical knowledge:- Add 1 mark in Levels 2+3 for the following:- Date of Potsdam – July /Aug 1945 Yalta Date Feb 1945 Any quotes from Truman/Molotov re- both opinions on the emergence of the Atomic Bomb
Learning outcome Discussed the impact of the atomic bomb
Coursework Tuesday 8 th January 2008
Mock Exams Wed 12 th December 0900-1100 Paper I Tues 18 th December 1300-1430 Paper II
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YALTA (in the USSR) Date: Feb 1945 Present: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin
POTSDAM (Germany) Date: July 1945 Present: Churchill, Truman and Stalin
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The nuclear bomb gave America a lead which was expected to last at least 5 years. The rapid Russian development of nuclear technology, helped by the work of the “atom spies” was a shock. Significantly, Russia hurriedly declared war against Japan at the beginning of August 1945 and rushed to advance into Asia to stake out a position for the post-war settlement. This helped make both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts more likely.
Background information:- The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S Truman. After six months of intense firebombing of 67 other Japanese cities, the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed on August 9, 1945 by the detonation of the "Fat Man" nuclear bomb over Nagasaki. These are to date the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. Source A – The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of the Little Boy. The bombs killed as many as 140,000 people in Hiroshima and 80,000 in Nagasaki by the end of 1945, roughly half on the days of the bombings. Since then, thousands more have died from injuries or illness attributed to exposure to radiation released by the bombs. In both cities, the overwhelming majority of the dead were civilians Source B Six days after the detonation over Nagasaki, on August 15, Japan announced its surrender to the Allied Powers, signing the Instrument of Surrender on September 2, officially ending the Pacific War and therefore World War II. (Germany had signed its Instrument of Surrender on May 7, 1945, ending the war in Europe.) The bombings led post-war Japan to adopt Three Non-Nuclear Principles, forbidding that nation from nuclear armament. Source C Source D Map of Japan Source E – The energy released was enough to burn through clothing. The dark portions of the garment were emblazened onto the flesh as scars.
What were the effects of the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
How successful was Truman in making Japan surrender?
What would Stalin be thinking after these events. Justify your answer.
‘ The end justifies the means.’ How far do you agree with this quotation in relation to Hiroshima and Nagasaki
‘ Many more lives were saved by the detonation of the bombs, than by not using it.’ How far do you agree with this quotation in relation to Hirsohima and Nagasaki