Battle of Britain

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Battle of Britain

  1. 1. Starter What is the link between the 6 images? Label what each picture is, and what the connection is between them?
  2. 2. Starter PLOT onto the map where a) Most of the RAF bases were, b) Where the Luftwaffe bombed
  3. 3. Starter What is the link between the 6 images? Label what each picture is, and what the connection is between them? Answer: All are forms of Amphetamines – or more commonly known as speed. Current prison sentence for supplying these class A drugs illegally is 10 years. The link is that amphetamines were commonly prescribed to British fighter pilots during World War 2 because they are stimulants that will keep people awake for long periods of time (48 hours +) this was necessary because the German planes outnumbered British planes and British pilots needed to be in the air constantly.
  4. 4. W.A.L.T.? Bubles
  5. 5. It’s not Little Britain…..
  6. 6. How was the Battle of Britain won? Lesson 3
  7. 8. Lesson objectives: <ul><li>To understand what the Battle of Britain was. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how important the Battle of Britain was. </li></ul>
  8. 9. What was the Battle of Britain and what was Hitler aiming to achieve? <ul><li>Directive No.17 from Hitler, 1 August 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to establish the conditions necessary for the final conquest of England, I intend to continue the air and naval war against the English homeland more intensively. </li></ul><ul><li>The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) is to overcome the British Air Force as soon as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s aim was therefore to bomb British airfields to try to destroy the British Air Force. When this became hard to achieve he attempted to bomb Britain’s major cities such as London, Coventry, Birmingham, Liverpool etc. The Battle of Britain was the battle between German pilots and British pilots for control of the skies over Britain. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Task 1 <ul><li>Look at pages 282 and 283 in the GCSE text books </li></ul><ul><li>Take 5 minutes to read why Britain won the Battle of Britain. (P282 and p283) </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Battle of Britain: a turning point? 1 Hitler’s idea was that German bombers would attack British airfields and destroy all the RAF’s aircraft. In fact, the Spitfire and the Messerschmitt were more evenly matched than the Germans thought. Many British pilots were reservists and part-timers. They had not received training like their German counterparts.
  11. 12. The Battle of Britain: a turning point? 2 The air war that raged during the Summer of 1940 has become known as the Battle of Britain. Throughout August the German attacks increased – on airfields, radar stations, factories, towns and ports. The RAF lost large numbers of planes. However the Germans had problems. They could only carry enough fuel to fly for 30 minutes at a time.
  12. 13. The Battle of Britain: a turning point? 3 Britain switched from producing bomber planes to fighter planes in their factories. They were making an average of 563 planes per month. Britain also invested in radar – meant that their planes were not caught on the ground when the Germans invaded. RAF were organised into regions so could match any attack quickly
  13. 15. Source 5 – A German bomber over Dover, Summer 1940.
  14. 16. Source 5 – A German bomber over Dover, Summer 1940.
  15. 20. 5 4 3 2 How does it explain why the Battle of Britain was lost by Germany? Source Primary/ Secondary
  16. 21. Task 2 <ul><li>Now use the information that you have just read to complete the following table in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to think about British success in the different categories and German failures. </li></ul>
  17. 22. How did the British beat the Germans? Leadership – How each of the Air Forces were run by the people in charge. Tactics – methods used to plan and fight the battles. Weapons - Technology – new equipment that helped with the fighting. How were the Germans unsuccessful in this area? How were the British successful in this area? Factor.
  18. 23. How did the British beat the Germans? Herman Goering led the Luftwaffe – He was not good at tactics. He did not really understand how modern warfare worked. Leadership – How each of the Air Forces were run by the people in charge. Tactics – methods used to plan and fight the battles. German bombers were too small. They did not cause enough damage to their targets. Weapons - <ul><li>The British had introduced new bullet proof windscreens – these prevented many British pilots being killed and injured in battle. </li></ul>Technology – new equipment that helped with the fighting. How were the Germans unsuccessful in this area? How were the British successful in this area? Factor.
  19. 24. How did the British beat the Germans? Herman Goering led the Luftwaffe – He was not good at tactics. He did not really understand how modern warfare worked. Leadership – How each of the Air Forces were run by the people in charge. RAF fighters were organised into regions so that they could meet attacks quickly and could respond to any German attacks. Tactics – methods used to plan and fight the battles. German bombers were too small. They did not cause enough damage to their targets. Weapons - <ul><li>The British had introduced new bullet proof windscreens – these prevented many British pilots being killed and injured in battle. </li></ul>Technology – new equipment that helped with the fighting. How were the Germans unsuccessful in this area? How were the British successful in this area? Factor.
  20. 25. How did the British beat the Germans? Teacher copy. <ul><li>Herman Goering led the Luftwaffe – He was not good at tactics. He did not really understand how modern warfare worked. </li></ul><ul><li>Goering kept changing the focus of attacks which led to confusion and misunderstandings amongst German pilots. </li></ul><ul><li>The RAF was led by Air Marshall Sir Hugh Dowding. He had been planning Britain’s air defences for nearly 4 years and was willing to introduce many technological changes and try new things. </li></ul>Leadership – How each of the Air Forces were run by the people in charge. <ul><li>Larger planes were needed and more of them would have allowed the Germans to be successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Also German fighters only had enough fuel to guarantee 30 minutes of flying time over England - the Germans did not come up with tactics that suited this scenario. </li></ul><ul><li>RAF fighters were organised into regions so that they could meet attacks quickly and could respond to any German attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>British tactics were also quite advanced – they managed to involve early warning with good planning and quality fighter pilots. </li></ul>Tactics – methods used to plan and fight the battles. <ul><li>German bombers were too small. They did not cause enough damage to their targets. </li></ul><ul><li>The Stuka’s that the German’s had were not the right sorts of planes to gain control over the enemy in an air battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Radar had been introduced – experienced radar communicators could easily and quickly know the size of incoming German attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>British Spitfires and Hurricanes were better fighter planes than the German Messerschmitt 109’s. </li></ul>Weapons - <ul><li>German intelligence was poor. The Germans did not recognise the importance of radar and failed to develop it until later in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The British had introduced new bullet proof windscreens – these prevented many British pilots being killed and injured in battle. </li></ul><ul><li>The British Command and Communications system was also a lot better than the German one. – planes could be scrambled very quickly. </li></ul>Technology – new equipment that helped with the fighting. How were the Germans unsuccessful in this area? How were the British successful in this area? Factor.
  21. 26. Task 3 EXT <ul><li>Which of the four areas do you think was most important in leading to British success and German Failure? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain your answer, in a paragraph, using examples from your table and the handout. </li></ul>
  22. 27. Task 4 H/W <ul><li>Read the arguments for and against the Battle of Britain being a turning point in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a brief statement containing your views on the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. do you think it was a turning point or was not and explain why. </li></ul>
  23. 28. Task 4 H/W <ul><li>Read the arguments for and against the Battle of Britain being a turning point in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a brief statement containing your views on the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. do you think it was a turning point or was not and explain why. </li></ul>

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