Perfect tenses
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Perfect tenses

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Perfect tenses Perfect tenses Presentation Transcript

  • PERFECT TENSES By : Jawid Qaumi & Mashooq Jami
  • CONTENT • Present perfect tense • Present perfect progressive tense • Past perfect tense • Past perfect progressive tense • Future perfect tense • Future perfect progressive tense • Exercises
  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE • Formation • S+HAVE/HAS+V3+C • Exp. • He has visited Kabul.  Usage 1  Present perfect tense is used to show an action which started and finish at some unspecified or inexact time in the past  Note  When the present perfect tense is used in this way, it is usually followed by the adverbs of time such as(already , before , recently , yet … etc. )
  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE • Exp. • She has already finished the chores. • Ahmad and Fowad have not gone to school yet. • I have passed the exam successfully.  Usage 2  The present perfect tense is used with ( since ) and ( for ) ti show an action which started in the past and continued up to present.  Exp :  She has studied English for four months .  Behroz has lived in Kabul city since 2001.
  • PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • Structure • S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + VING + C . • EXP: • I have been studying my lessons .  Usage  Present perfect progressive tense is used to show the duration of an action which started in the pas , continued up to now and still continuing .  Note :  Present perfect progressive tense is usually followed by ( since )&( for ).
  • PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • Exp. • Samim has been providing the application since one o,clock. • Nasima has been washing the clothes for tow hours. • I have been living in Kabul since 2007. • I have been living in Kabul for 4 years. • Note • Since : show the length of time. • For : show the duration of time.
  • PAST PERFECT TENSE • Structure • S + HAD + V3 + C . • EXP. • I had fixed the picture on the wall  Usage  Past perfect tense is used to show an action which was completed before another action or before some specified time in the past.
  • PAST PERFECT TENSE • Note : • A ( before clause ) is usually used with the past prefect tense to specify the past action .  EXP :  She had cooked the lunch before we arrived home.  Ahmad had finished school by the time he got twenty.
  • PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • Structure • S + HAD + BEEN + VING + C . • EXP : • I had been studying math  Usage  Past perfect progressive tense is used to show the duration of an action which was in progress before another action in the past.
  • PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • EXP : • They ad been living in Mazzar before coming to Kabul. • Ahmad had been studying the lessons before he participated in the exam.
  • FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • Structure • S + WILL/SHALL + HAVE + V3 + C. • EXP . • I will have finished the work  Usage 1  Future perfect tense is used to show an action which will have been completed before some specified time or before another action in the future  Exp .  I will have prepared every thing when you arrive home .  She will have dressed up when the time we come here .
  • FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • Usage 2 • Future perfect tense is used to show an action that will be competed at some unspecified time in the future . • Exp . • We will have completed the home work by 7 : 00 in the morning . • They will have been at home by four o’ clock in the afternoon .
  • FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • Structure • S + WILL/SHALL + HAVE + BEEN + VING + C • EXP • The student will have been playing soccer .  Usage  The future perfect progressive tense is used to show the duration of an action which will be continuing before some specified time or before another action in the future
  • FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE • Exp . • They will have been painting the apartment by Friday . • Yama will have studying his lessons by the time he goes to fifth semester . • All our classmates will have been getting ready for the exam by the time the teacher comes to class .
  • TASHAKOR EVERY ONE ;)