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Urban Search And Rescue ( U& S

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  • 1. Urban search-and-rescue (US&R
    • Urban search-and-rescue (US&R) involves the location, rescue (extrication), and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in confined spaces.
    • Urban search-and-rescue is considered a "multi-hazard" discipline,
  • 2. Urban search-and-rescue (US&R
    • US&R task force, every US&R task force, there are 62 positions, four canines, and a comprehensive equipment cache
    • US&R task force members work in four areas of specialization: Search; rescue; technical, medical,
    • Totally self-sufficient for the first 72 hours of operation.
    • Full equipment cache to support the task force's operations
  • 3. USAR operation The three phases of a USAR operation Sizeup ,, Search Rescue
  • 4. STRATEGIC CONSIDERATIONS
    • Rescue Team Composition, Personnel Deployment, Task Force Equipment Cache, Rescue Site Management, Rescue Site Communications ,Non-Task Force Resource Requests
  • 5. COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS
    • Task forces are structured to safely operate on the scene for up to 10 days
    • Management
    • Composition: Task Force Leader Safety Officer Planning Search Manager Rescue Manager Logistics Medical Manager
    • Functions: Provides overall management and coordination of task force operations.
    • Search ,Rescue, Medical, Planning, Logistics (Composition, Functions)
  • 6. CAPABILITIES
    • Capable of round-the-clock search and rescue operations (two 12-hour shifts).
    • Capable of search and rescue
    • Capable of operating equipment
  • 7. Transportation
    • Transportation, Communications
    • Vehicles/aircraft needed for the movement of the task force and cache
    • Medical transport required for extricated victims
    • Evacuation required for any injured task force member.
  • 8. Communications
    • The task force's radios are set to frequency
    • It would be advantageous to provide the task force with a radio from the host jurisdiction
    • Reporting requirements need to be identified (how/when)
    • Secure communications with the medical transport and to member evacuation systems.
    • Initial strategic/tactical briefing
    • If available, copies of past/current/future Incident Action Plans should be provided
    • Strategic/tactical assignment clearly identified for the task force.
    • Media considerations
  • 9. SAR Operation
    • Preparedness Phase
    • to include the use of cranes and other heavy equipment.
    • Support Services
    • Activation Phase
    • In Transit Phase ( Arrival at the Assigned Locality/Jurisdiction)
    • Operations Phase
    • Composition
    • ____-person tactical unit for search and rescue operations
  • 10. Search,
    • search strategy
    • search plan
    • search operations,
    • buddy system or two-in, two-out system
    • Initial search,
    • Main search
  • 11. Rescue
    • Rescue operations follow search operations,
    • 4/6-person rescue squads
    • Rescue operations are conducted under the five phases,
    • Rescue Strategy.
    • Rescue plan
    • The triage system
  • 12. Equipment
    • Electric hammer-drills, preferably battery-operated. If not, a small electric generator, fuel, and cord are required.
    • Electronic viewing equipment.
    • Electronic listening devices.
    • Atmospheric monitoring equipment.
    • Marking materials (orange spray paint/surveyors tape and fire line tape, etc.).
    • Alerting devices (bullhorn for hailing, aerosol horns for emergency signaling).
    • Medical gear (physician or paramedic backpack).
    • Personal gear (safety equipment, food, water, etc., for each person).
  • 13. Marking Systems
    • Common identification system:
    • Marking.
    • Signaling.
    • Structure Assessment:
    • Go/no go.
  • 14. Security,
    • Team Management should ensure that:
    • The security function is assigned.
    • General and specific security issues are identified and included in the initial Team briefing.
    • Security procedures are in place for all equipment (personal and team).
  • 15. Safety
    • The Team Management should ensure that:
    • The safety function is assigned.
    • General and disaster-specific safety issues are identified and included in the initial Team briefing.
    • Environmental conditions at the disaster area are identified
  • 16. thanks
    • M Qaddafi
    • ARC Allai

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