my humanity is caught up, is inextricably bound up, in theirs. We belong in a bundle of life. We say, “a person is a person through other people.
IDENTITY AND INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION PROSPER YAO TSIKATA P.Y. TPpppppsPPpPPPPP
SOME BASICS Under standing who we are Approaches and Concepts The Self and the other Social Science Recall encounter with Dr.Winsome, Interpretivethe Jamaican lady who came to speak Critical with us (mother Jamaican and father DialecticalIndian, grew up in Jamaica). Who do people think she is in the US? Is she Gender, race/ethnicity, class, confirmed or disconfirmed? religion, and nationalityhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Stereotype, prejudice, and P7nuGpSQUj4 discrimination
IDENTITY MANAGEMENT Fluid and Static Constant Interaction Impression management (spin control, damage control, frontstage and backstage behaviors).Can you identify which parts of your identity are fluid and which are static? Whose label matters?
PERSPECTIVES Social Science I n t e r p r e t ive nationality, race, ethnicity, religion, gender Self arises in interaction with others constant and unchanging Negotiated, co-created, reinforced, and challenged through communication with self in relation to group membership othersCross-Cultural: the individualistic verses the Avowal and ascription (professor-student collectivistic; independence verses encounter, doctor-patient, and courtship).interdependence; “I am because you are” orUbuntu; Ascribed (ibn) status verse achieved Core symbols : African America status emphasizes sharing, uniqueness, realism; while European American emphasizesSpiritual identity through religious groups, we individualism define the self Labels – African-American, Latino, White,Identity negotiation theory – constant tension etc. between inclusion and differentiation
PERSPECTIVES Critical Dialectical Dynamic nature of identity (the How would you use the dialectic emergence of the EU) approach in understanding identity?Contextual and conflictual nature ofidentity - economical, historical, andpolitical (we were pigeonholed before we were born). Attention to social structures and institutions Socially constructed by social forces Louis Althusser and interpellation
LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY L ab e l s L ab e l s f r o m H i s t o r i c a l F i g u r e s They exist in intercultural What do you think about the following claims?communication (with relational Civil Rights Right Movement Self- meanings). Identification:They are both interpersonal and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x social DXPpfGAZrU Popular Culture:They can be singular or multiple.Compare these labels – Spanish, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W PriRdOpENw Mexican America, Latina, and Fluid and relational (fragments and Chicana contradictions of them all).
IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT ISSUESM i n o r i t y I d e n t i t y D e ve l o p m e n t M a j o r i t y I d e n t i t y D e ve l o p m e n tStage 1: unexamined identity – lack of Stage 1: unexamined identity (awareness of exploration of identity, be it gender, being male or female, but unaware of its social consequences racial, ethnic, or sexual orientation Stage 2: internalization (conscious or Stage 2: internalization of values and unconscious) of a racist ideology. The norms of the dominant and social hierarchy is experienced as normal deprecating attitude towards own Stage 3: Resistance – naming and blaming group minority groups for their condition Stage 4: Redefinition – recognition of own Stage 3: Resistance and separatism privileges and attempts to eliminate often triggered by negative events oppressionStage 4: Welcome home – integration Stage 5: Recognize their identity but into own group (an achieved identity appreciate other groups.
QUESTIONSWho are you – how do you define yourself and how do people define you? Are you confirmed or disconfirmed by others? Does that influence the way you communicate with others?You can continue to ponder over these things as you prepare for our next encounter….