L’Anse aux Meadows Newfoundland, Canada Pam Chamberlain-Clouser 20 April 2010
Located on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland in Canada Discovered in 1960 and excavated 1961-1968 by Richard ...
Who settled the site?
 
Unfortunately not.
<ul><li>The settlers were Vikings who came from Norway (via Iceland and Greenland) on longships that would have looked muc...
Oldest European Settlement in North America   <ul><li>Carbon dating of material recovered indicates that the site was sett...
<ul><li>Eight buildings were discovered that were the same construction as those in use in Iceland and Greenland around th...
 
Parks Canada excavation,  1973-1976 <ul><li>Three housing complexes – blacksmiths, carpenters, ship repair </li></ul><ul><...
Furnace pit/smithy Reconstructed smithy
Other occupiers <ul><li>Site inhabited since at least 6,000 years BP </li></ul><ul><li>Five or six different cultures have...
Sources: <ul><li>http://www.exploretravelcanada.com/Viking_Ships_Longhouses_Vinland.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mnh.s...
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L anse aux-meadows

  1. 1. L’Anse aux Meadows Newfoundland, Canada Pam Chamberlain-Clouser 20 April 2010
  2. 2. Located on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland in Canada Discovered in 1960 and excavated 1961-1968 by Richard and Anne Stine Ingstad with assistance from local fisherman George Decker
  3. 3. Who settled the site?
  4. 5. Unfortunately not.
  5. 6. <ul><li>The settlers were Vikings who came from Norway (via Iceland and Greenland) on longships that would have looked much like the one above </li></ul><ul><li>Erik the Red settled in Greenland; his son Leif Eriksson is thought to have been the first to lead an expedition to Newfoundland </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Icelandic Sagas, Thorfinn Karlsefni brought over three ships with over 100 settlers, farm tools and livestock. His son, Snorri, was born soon after and was the first European child born in the New World </li></ul>
  6. 7. Oldest European Settlement in North America <ul><li>Carbon dating of material recovered indicates that the site was settled nearly 500 years before Columbus reached the Americas </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Eight buildings were discovered that were the same construction as those in use in Iceland and Greenland around the year 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>A Norse cloak-pin was found inside one of the buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Iron boat nails, rivets and slag from ironworking were also evidence that the settlers were Norse </li></ul><ul><li>An assortment of “women’s tools” (spindles and knitting needles) were also found </li></ul>
  8. 10. Parks Canada excavation, 1973-1976 <ul><li>Three housing complexes – blacksmiths, carpenters, ship repair </li></ul><ul><li>Blacksmiths lived nearest to the smithy </li></ul><ul><li>2000+ fragments of worked wood found in the site </li></ul><ul><li>It was probably not a long-term settlement, but a waypoint and ship repair station for explorers </li></ul><ul><li>The complexes were buried and covered with turf to protect them from further deterioration </li></ul>
  9. 11. Furnace pit/smithy Reconstructed smithy
  10. 12. Other occupiers <ul><li>Site inhabited since at least 6,000 years BP </li></ul><ul><li>Five or six different cultures have been identified </li></ul><ul><li>No other cultures were there concurrently with the Vikings </li></ul><ul><li>Norse did have conflicts with native groups – referred to as Skraelings; “skraeling” translates (arguably) as “coarse fellow” or “sub-human” </li></ul><ul><li>These possibly made the Norse decide to return to Europe </li></ul>
  11. 13. Sources: <ul><li>http://www.exploretravelcanada.com/Viking_Ships_Longhouses_Vinland.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mnh.si.edu/vikings/voyage/subset/vinland/archeo.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/nl/meadows/natcul/bref_brief.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/North_American_exploration.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e4/L%27Anse_aux_Meadows_map.png </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/vinland.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://users.wolfcrews.com/toys/vikings/ </li></ul>

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