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Visual Dictionary - Pylon
 

Visual Dictionary - Pylon

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    Visual Dictionary - Pylon Visual Dictionary - Pylon Presentation Transcript

    • Visual Dictionary
    • Air Barrier Paper
      Commonly known as a “house wrap”, this white sheet material is permeable to water vapor but not liquid water.
      Air barrier paper serves as temporary protection from weather elements during the construction of a building.
    • Attic Ventilation Materials
      Soffit Vent- ideal for drawing cool, fresh air into the attic
      Ridge Vent- installed at the peak of a sloped roof which allows warm, humid air to escape the attic
    • Attic Ventilation Materials (Cont’d)
      Gable Vent- mounted in the top of the gable to allow the passage of air through the attic.
      Roof Turbine- Exhaust moist, hot air from the attic
    • Back Hoe
      a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part arm
      Bucket width was 4 feet
    • Batter Boards
      is one of a pair of horizontal boards nailed to posts set at the corners of an excavation, used to indicate the desired level, also as a fastening for stretched strings to indicate outlines of foundation walls.
    • Brick Arches
      Roman Arch- a brick structure that spans a space while supporting weight
      Segmental Arch- an arch with inner bricks that form a semicircular pattern
      Arch with a Keystone- a keystone is the stone at the top of the arch that connects the arch
      Centering- the structure upon which the stones of arches are laid during construction.
    • Brick Bonds
      Running Brick Bond- bricks are simply laid out in rows end to end, in the running bond pattern
      Flemish Brick Bond- it is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course
    • Brick Bonds (Cont’d)
      Rowlock
      Stretcher
      Soldier
    • Brick Bonds (Cont’d)
      Header
      Sailor
    • Brick Sizes
      Modular Brick- were introduced to make it easier to insert standard sizes of doors and windows into walls; Dimensions: 3.5 x 2.25 x 7.5 inches
      Standard Brick- typical mortar brick; Dimensions: 3.625 x 2.25 x 8 inches
    • Bulldozer
      Caterpillar tracked tractor that is equipped with a substantial metal plate, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, and rubble during construction work
    • Cladding
      • Brick-Clad Structure
      • EIFS Clad Structure
    • Cladding (Cont’d)
      • Stone Clad Structure with Random Rubble Course Pattern
      • Wood Shingle- wooden roof coverings
      • Wood Shakes- wooden shingles made from split logs
      • We think this picture is shingles
    • Code Requirements
      Egress Window-
      Width- 31’’
      Height- 22’’
      Area- 4.74 ft^2
      Still Height AFF- 29’’
      IBC Requirements:
      Width- > 34 ¼’’
      Height- > 24’’
      Area- > 5.7 ft^2
      Still Height AFF- < 44’’
      This window does not meet IBC requirements
      Stair-
      Tread Dimension- 10 ½’’
      Riser Dimension- 7 ½’’
      IBC Requirements:
      Tread Dimension- >10 ½’’
      Riser Dimension- <7 ¾’’
      These stairs meet IBC requirements
    • Concrete Joints
      Control Joint- a groove cut into the surface of the concrete that allows some cracking to occur in the joint and not be readily visible
      Isolation joint- Joints that isolate the slab from a wall, column or drainpipe
      This isolation joint was separating a beam
    • Concrete Masonry Unit
      CMU is a large rectangular brick used in construction
      Typical Dimensions:
      8’’ x 8’’ x 16’’
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
      Split Block
      Ribbed Block
    • Doors
      Sidelight
      Flush
      Transom
    • Doors (Cont’d)
      • 2 Panel Door
      Panel
      Top Rail
      Lock Rail
      Stile
      Bottom Rail
    • Electrical Components
      Power Pole- used to support both electric power distribution lines and telecommunications cables, as well as their associated equipment
      Transformer Box- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors—the transformer's coils
      Service Head- is a weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
      Meter- is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine
    • Electrical Components (Cont’d)
      Service Panel- a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits
      Duplex Receptacle- connectors used for mains electricity
    • Framing Elements
      1) Anchor Bolt
      2) Sill Plate
      3) Floor Joists
    • Framing Elements (Cont’d)
      4) Subflooring
      5) Sole Plate
      6) Stud
    • Framing Elements (Cont’d)
      7) Top Plate
      8) Ceiling Joist
      and
      9) Rafter
      10) Roof Decking
    • Framing Elements (Cont’d)
      11) Sheathing
      12) Stringer
    • Front End Loader
      is a heavy equipment machine (often used in construction) that is primarily used to "load" material into or onto another type of machinery
    • Gypsum Board
      Gypsum Board- constructing interior walls and ceilings using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.
    • Heat Pump
      Advantage: can change conditions rapidly and also control humidity
      Disadvantage: they are noisy and difficult to zone
      Compressor/Condenser- the exterior unit of heat pump. A fan pulls air across a line of refrigerant and changes temperature. This adds heat for the winter and is reversed in the summer to let heat out
      Air Handling Unit- moves and conditions air through duct work. A fan sucks in new and return air and re-circulates it
    • Insulation
      Insulation: A material that has a low thermal conductivity. Used to reduce heat flow in a building. Keeps building warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
      Batt Blanket
      Loose Fill
    • Insulation (Cont’d)
      Foamed
      Rigid Board
    • Lintel
      Lintel: A beam that carries the load of a wall over the opening such as a door or window
    • Mortar
      Mortar #1:
      Extruded Tooled Joint
      ½ ‘’ Joint
      Apartment Building
      Possibly Type N Mortar
      Mortar #2:
      Concave Troweled Joint
      ¼’’ Joint
      Retaining Wall on Campus
      Possibly Type O Mortar
    • Oriented Strand Board
      A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions bonded together under pressure.
    • Plumbing
      Lavatory-
      1 ½’’ Drainage Pipe
      Water Closet-
      3’’ Drainage Pipe
      Shower and Tub Unit
    • Plumbing (Cont’d)
      VTR (Vent Through Roof)- Part of drainage system, the vent allows air to flow and noxious gases to escape
      Sink- Flush mount sink
    • Plywood
      Plywood: a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bound together under pressure
      Veneer: a thin layer, sheet, or facing. Made from slicing thin pieces from a tree
    • Radiant Barrier
      Radiant Barrier: a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
      This barrier reduces heating and cooling costs.
    • Rebar
      The rebar shown is #4 ½’’
      The deformations on the bars are made so that when the bars are embedded in concrete, there is more surface area for the concrete to hold onto, increasing the strength of the bond
    • Steep Roof Drainage
      Gutter- channel that collects rainwater runoff
      Downspout- metal tube that carries rainwater from gutter to ground
    • Seep Roof Drainage (Cont’d)
      Splashblock- a piece of plastic or other durable material that is laid under downspout. Diverts water from base of the house
    • Steep Roof Materials
      Roof Underlayment: protects the roof sheathing and structure from moisture
      Wood Shingle Roof:
      Shingle- small units of water resistant materials laid onto roof in overlapping patterns to make roof watertight
    • Steep Roof Materials (Cont’d)
      Clay Tile Roof
      Performed Metal Roof: typically made from galvanized or aluminum steel
    • Steep Roof Shapes
      Gable Roof
      Hip Roof
    • Steep Roof Shapes (Cont’d)
      Gambrel Roof
      Mansard Roof
    • Steep Roof Terms
      Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof
      Fascia – horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns
      Eave- the horizontal edge of a sloping roof slope
    • Steep Roof Terms (Cont’d)
      Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
      Ridge- where two roof panels meet
      Soffit – the horizontal underside of an overhang
    • Stone
      Random Rubble
      Coursed Rubble
      Random Ashlar
      Coursed Ashlar
    • Vapor Retarder
      Vapor Retarder- a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly
      Most commonly put on the warm side of the building during the winter
    • Waterproofing
      Waterproofing: an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. Used to prevent water from leaking into the building.
      The waterproofing here is fully adhered
    • Weep Hole
      Weep Hole- a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or wall assembly
    • Weld Wire Fabric
      This weld wire fabric measures 6” x 6”
    • Windows
      Awning- This is an awning because it swings open from bottom up
      Casement: this is an out-swinging casement window because it is hinged along the side of the window
      Single-Hung- this is single-hung because one panel can move up and down. One window slides up and down on track