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Visual Dictionary - Pylon
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  • 1. Visual Dictionary
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    Commonly known as a “house wrap”, this white sheet material is permeable to water vapor but not liquid water.
    Air barrier paper serves as temporary protection from weather elements during the construction of a building.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation Materials
    Soffit Vent- ideal for drawing cool, fresh air into the attic
    Ridge Vent- installed at the peak of a sloped roof which allows warm, humid air to escape the attic
  • 4. Attic Ventilation Materials (Cont’d)
    Gable Vent- mounted in the top of the gable to allow the passage of air through the attic.
    Roof Turbine- Exhaust moist, hot air from the attic
  • 5. Back Hoe
    a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part arm
    Bucket width was 4 feet
  • 6. Batter Boards
    is one of a pair of horizontal boards nailed to posts set at the corners of an excavation, used to indicate the desired level, also as a fastening for stretched strings to indicate outlines of foundation walls.
  • 7. Brick Arches
    Roman Arch- a brick structure that spans a space while supporting weight
    Segmental Arch- an arch with inner bricks that form a semicircular pattern
    Arch with a Keystone- a keystone is the stone at the top of the arch that connects the arch
    Centering- the structure upon which the stones of arches are laid during construction.
  • 8. Brick Bonds
    Running Brick Bond- bricks are simply laid out in rows end to end, in the running bond pattern
    Flemish Brick Bond- it is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course
  • 9. Brick Bonds (Cont’d)
  • 10. Brick Bonds (Cont’d)
  • 11. Brick Sizes
    Modular Brick- were introduced to make it easier to insert standard sizes of doors and windows into walls; Dimensions: 3.5 x 2.25 x 7.5 inches
    Standard Brick- typical mortar brick; Dimensions: 3.625 x 2.25 x 8 inches
  • 12. Bulldozer
    Caterpillar tracked tractor that is equipped with a substantial metal plate, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, and rubble during construction work
  • 13. Cladding
    • Brick-Clad Structure
    • 14. EIFS Clad Structure
  • Cladding (Cont’d)
    • Stone Clad Structure with Random Rubble Course Pattern
    • 15. Wood Shingle- wooden roof coverings
    • 16. Wood Shakes- wooden shingles made from split logs
    • 17. We think this picture is shingles
  • Code Requirements
    Egress Window-
    Width- 31’’
    Height- 22’’
    Area- 4.74 ft^2
    Still Height AFF- 29’’
    IBC Requirements:
    Width- > 34 ¼’’
    Height- > 24’’
    Area- > 5.7 ft^2
    Still Height AFF- < 44’’
    This window does not meet IBC requirements
    Tread Dimension- 10 ½’’
    Riser Dimension- 7 ½’’
    IBC Requirements:
    Tread Dimension- >10 ½’’
    Riser Dimension- <7 ¾’’
    These stairs meet IBC requirements
  • 18. Concrete Joints
    Control Joint- a groove cut into the surface of the concrete that allows some cracking to occur in the joint and not be readily visible
    Isolation joint- Joints that isolate the slab from a wall, column or drainpipe
    This isolation joint was separating a beam
  • 19. Concrete Masonry Unit
    CMU is a large rectangular brick used in construction
    Typical Dimensions:
    8’’ x 8’’ x 16’’
  • 20. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
    Split Block
    Ribbed Block
  • 21. Doors
  • 22. Doors (Cont’d)
    • 2 Panel Door
    Top Rail
    Lock Rail
    Bottom Rail
  • 23. Electrical Components
    Power Pole- used to support both electric power distribution lines and telecommunications cables, as well as their associated equipment
    Transformer Box- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors—the transformer's coils
    Service Head- is a weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
    Meter- is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine
  • 24. Electrical Components (Cont’d)
    Service Panel- a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits
    Duplex Receptacle- connectors used for mains electricity
  • 25. Framing Elements
    1) Anchor Bolt
    2) Sill Plate
    3) Floor Joists
  • 26. Framing Elements (Cont’d)
    4) Subflooring
    5) Sole Plate
    6) Stud
  • 27. Framing Elements (Cont’d)
    7) Top Plate
    8) Ceiling Joist
    9) Rafter
    10) Roof Decking
  • 28. Framing Elements (Cont’d)
    11) Sheathing
    12) Stringer
  • 29. Front End Loader
    is a heavy equipment machine (often used in construction) that is primarily used to "load" material into or onto another type of machinery
  • 30. Gypsum Board
    Gypsum Board- constructing interior walls and ceilings using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.
  • 31. Heat Pump
    Advantage: can change conditions rapidly and also control humidity
    Disadvantage: they are noisy and difficult to zone
    Compressor/Condenser- the exterior unit of heat pump. A fan pulls air across a line of refrigerant and changes temperature. This adds heat for the winter and is reversed in the summer to let heat out
    Air Handling Unit- moves and conditions air through duct work. A fan sucks in new and return air and re-circulates it
  • 32. Insulation
    Insulation: A material that has a low thermal conductivity. Used to reduce heat flow in a building. Keeps building warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
    Batt Blanket
    Loose Fill
  • 33. Insulation (Cont’d)
    Rigid Board
  • 34. Lintel
    Lintel: A beam that carries the load of a wall over the opening such as a door or window
  • 35. Mortar
    Mortar #1:
    Extruded Tooled Joint
    ½ ‘’ Joint
    Apartment Building
    Possibly Type N Mortar
    Mortar #2:
    Concave Troweled Joint
    ¼’’ Joint
    Retaining Wall on Campus
    Possibly Type O Mortar
  • 36. Oriented Strand Board
    A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions bonded together under pressure.
  • 37. Plumbing
    1 ½’’ Drainage Pipe
    Water Closet-
    3’’ Drainage Pipe
    Shower and Tub Unit
  • 38. Plumbing (Cont’d)
    VTR (Vent Through Roof)- Part of drainage system, the vent allows air to flow and noxious gases to escape
    Sink- Flush mount sink
  • 39. Plywood
    Plywood: a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bound together under pressure
    Veneer: a thin layer, sheet, or facing. Made from slicing thin pieces from a tree
  • 40. Radiant Barrier
    Radiant Barrier: a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
    This barrier reduces heating and cooling costs.
  • 41. Rebar
    The rebar shown is #4 ½’’
    The deformations on the bars are made so that when the bars are embedded in concrete, there is more surface area for the concrete to hold onto, increasing the strength of the bond
  • 42. Steep Roof Drainage
    Gutter- channel that collects rainwater runoff
    Downspout- metal tube that carries rainwater from gutter to ground
  • 43. Seep Roof Drainage (Cont’d)
    Splashblock- a piece of plastic or other durable material that is laid under downspout. Diverts water from base of the house
  • 44. Steep Roof Materials
    Roof Underlayment: protects the roof sheathing and structure from moisture
    Wood Shingle Roof:
    Shingle- small units of water resistant materials laid onto roof in overlapping patterns to make roof watertight
  • 45. Steep Roof Materials (Cont’d)
    Clay Tile Roof
    Performed Metal Roof: typically made from galvanized or aluminum steel
  • 46. Steep Roof Shapes
    Gable Roof
    Hip Roof
  • 47. Steep Roof Shapes (Cont’d)
    Gambrel Roof
    Mansard Roof
  • 48. Steep Roof Terms
    Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof
    Fascia – horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns
    Eave- the horizontal edge of a sloping roof slope
  • 49. Steep Roof Terms (Cont’d)
    Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
    Ridge- where two roof panels meet
    Soffit – the horizontal underside of an overhang
  • 50. Stone
    Random Rubble
    Coursed Rubble
    Random Ashlar
    Coursed Ashlar
  • 51. Vapor Retarder
    Vapor Retarder- a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly
    Most commonly put on the warm side of the building during the winter
  • 52. Waterproofing
    Waterproofing: an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. Used to prevent water from leaking into the building.
    The waterproofing here is fully adhered
  • 53. Weep Hole
    Weep Hole- a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or wall assembly
  • 54. Weld Wire Fabric
    This weld wire fabric measures 6” x 6”
  • 55. Windows
    Awning- This is an awning because it swings open from bottom up
    Casement: this is an out-swinging casement window because it is hinged along the side of the window
    Single-Hung- this is single-hung because one panel can move up and down. One window slides up and down on track