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Mericio Akara - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009
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Mericio Akara - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009


Civil Society Successes and Challenges: Stories from the Ground …

Civil Society Successes and Challenges: Stories from the Ground

Mericio Akara, Luta Hamutuk, Timor-Leste

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  • Petroleum Fund Based on Norwegian model Principle of ‘sustainable income’ (complex calculation but essentially interest) designed to preserve real petroleum wealth for future economic development of TL. Oversight mechanisms Consultative Council, reports to parliament and provides advice on management of PF and public expenditure of oil revenues IAB


  • 1. CSO and EITI Process in Timor Leste?
    • Luta Hamutuk Institute
    • Timor-Leste
    • Publish What You Pay International Conference
    • Montreal, November 16-18, 2009
  • 2. Outline
    • EITI Process in Timor Leste?
    • Challenges?
    • Roles of Civil Society and Successes in Timor-Leste
    • Closing remark
  • 3. Fundamental reasons of Timor Leste joining EITI:
    • Consistent with new country’s commitment to transparency and good governance
    • Reinforces Government of Timor-Leste’s recognition of the critical importance of proper, accountable management of petroleum revenues
    • Reinforces Government of Timor-Leste’s acknowledgement of the important role civil society plays in this regard
  • 4. EITI – Timor Leste process?
    • 2003 Timor-Leste announces its commitment in first EITI Global Conference in London
    • 2004-05 Establishment of petroleum regime, incl. Petroleum Fund system
    • Nov 06 Gov. announces EITI Coordinators (Member of Government Focal Point and Public Servant Focal Point)
    • Jan 07 Gov. invites civil society, industry and government members to form EITI National Working Group
    • May 07 First working group meeting, monthly meetings follow
    • Aug 07 Gov. presents EITI Work Plan and draft ToR to EITI Secretariat
    • Sept 07 Working Group agree ToR and deliver revised work plan to EITI Board
  • 5. EITI – TL Process?
    • Feb 08 Timor-Leste achieved its status an EITI Candidate Country
    • Feb-June 09 agreed on a template for EITI Report (disaggregate template)
    • Aug- Oct 09 Preparation of 1 st Timor-Leste EITI Report
    • Nov 09-Jan10 Disclosure and dissemination of 1 st Timor-Leste EITI Report
    • Dec 09-Mar 10 Preparation for a Validation (to complete by March 2010)
  • 6. Challenges?
    • EITI is a new issue in Timor Leste
    • Only few peoples that has knowledge on EITI
    • Oil company not really cooperative at the early stage of EITI (Conoco, ENI and Woodside – main operators)
    • Week position of the Timor Leste government in front of oil companies when discussing whether aggregate or disaggregate for the first report
    • Time constraint for Civil Society to give more feedback on EITI final report as well as for dissemination process
    • Lack of means for dissemination process (ex limited access of telecommunication in Timor Leste)
  • 7. Civil Society Successes
    • Became an active member of EITI Working Group since the early stage of EITI process in Timor Leste
    • Has a strong voice at the EITI working group
    • Became a central of Media coverage on EITI issues (it was an asset for media advocacy)
    • Strong in international networking via PWYP, RWI, CAFOD in doing advocacy (ex. organizing international pressure such a statement toward oil companies in Timor Leste as regard to the disaggregate report demanding.
    • CSO has conducted an international workshop on validation and dissemination process in Timor Leste which in cooperation with RWI, PWYP, EITI Regional Secretariat and the Timor Leste government.
    • CSO has more progress in implementing EITI work plan then Government and Oil companies in Timor Leste
  • 8. Closing:
    • CSO’s roles in Timor Leste was important to guaranty a systematic process of EITI so far
    • CSO TL became an important bridge between publics/communities voices and the EITI working group
    • Considering EITI Working group as a systematic framework for collaboration between government, industry and civil society
  • 9. In general:
    • By joining EITI the potential negative impacts of mismanaged revenues can be mitigated, and these revenues can instead become an important engine for long-term economic growth that contributes to sustainable development and poverty reduction in TL
    • Implementing EITI in Timor-Leste is in line with Timor-Leste’s commitment in transparency and in managing its oil and gas sector
    • It helps to promotes accountability, and;
    • EITI has been a model as well as a means for communities and Civil Society to hold government accountable.
  • 10. A LUTA CONTINUA!!!
            • OBRIGADU
            • TERIMA KASIH
            • THANK YOU