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Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
Looking East - Sophia Harding
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Looking East - Sophia Harding

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Looking East - Innovations in EI campaigning in Asia …

Looking East - Innovations in EI campaigning in Asia

May 24 - "Innovations in the International Context - linkages and impacts on Africa"

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  • PWYP was launched in June 2002 by a small coalition of mostly UK-based NGOs (including Global Witness, CAFOD, CARE, Save the Children UK and Open Society Institute). Eight years on, PWYP has become a global movement of civil society organisations, with more than 600 members in almost 60 countries. Our common goal is to campaign for greater transparency and accountability in the extractive industries (oil, gas and mining).PWYP believes that transparency should be pursued through a number of diverse, but complementary mechanisms – at national, regional and at international levels. PWYP members worldwide are championing greater transparency on a number of fronts.
  • PWYP believes that transparency should be pursued through a number of diverse, but complementary mechanisms – at national, regional and at international levels. PWYP members worldwide are championing greater transparency on a number of fronts.
  • Coalition work typically begins at national level – its mandate is determined by issues that emerge on a national context basis. Coalitions at the national level overlap on common advocacy targets, exchanges, and capacity-building opportunities within and across regions. Different activities may also operate sub-nationally based on different issues areas within regions of a country, with activities centrally coordinated.
  • Transcript

    • 1. LOOKING EAST:
      INNOVATIONS IN EI CAMPAIGNING IN ASIA
      Sophia Harding,
      Programme Officer, Publish What You Pay
      Kinshasa, May 2011
    • 2. W
      OUTLINE
      • Global overview: PWYP in the regions
      • 3. Regional highlights:
      - Central Asia and Caucasus
      -Middle East
      - Asia-Pacific
      • Snapshot:
      -Timor-Leste: talking transparency with communities
      - Advocating EITI in ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations)
    • 4. Canada,
      USA
      North
      America
      Afghanistan, Azerbaijan,
      Kazakhstan,
      Kyrgyz Republic
      Mongolia
      Belgium, Denmark,
      France, Spain, UK
      Europe
      Central Asia,
      Caucuses
      PWYP
      Sub-Saharan
      Africa
      Latin
      America
      Angola, Burkina Faso,
      Cameroon, Chad,
      Congo, DRC, Cote d’Ivoire,
      Gabon, Guinea,
      Guinea Bissau, Ghana,
      Kenya, Liberia, Mali,
      Mauritania, Mozambique,
      Nigeria, Niger, Sierra Leone,
      Tanzania, Uganda,
      Zambia, Zimbabwe
      Bolivia,
      Ecuador,
      Mexico,
      Peru
      Asia-Pacific
      Middle East,
      North Africa
      Algeria,
      Iraq, Yemen
      Australia
      Bangladesh
      Cambodia, Indonesia,
      Papua New Guinea,
      The Philippines,
      Timor Leste, Vietnam
      PUBLISH WHAT YOU PAY IN THE REGIONS
    • 5. www.publishwhatyoupay.org/en/where
    • 6. REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
      • CENTRAL ASIA and CAUCASUS
      Afghanistan,Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz. Republic and Mongolia (plus Albania, Georgia, Tajikistan, Ukraine?)
      – “Eurasia” regional network
      • MIDDLE EAST
      Iraq, Yemen
      • ASIA-PACIFIC
      Australia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Timor-Leste (plus Burma, Vietnam, South Korea?)
    • 7. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
    • 8. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
      Background:
      • Timor-Leste gained independence in 2002
      • 9. 1.2 million population (approx.)
      • 10. 41% of population living below the poverty line
      (UNDP Human Development Report, May 2011)
      • > 90% of government revenues from oil and gas.
      • 11. The third country to become EITI “compliant” (1 July 2010)
    • SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
      EITI innovations:
      • An advanced system established for monitoring and receiving petroleum revenues:
      – National Petroleum Regime (Petroleum Tax Law, Petroleum Fund Law, Model PSCs for TL Exclusive Area / Joint Development Production Area)
      – ‘Sustainable Income Benchmark’ (for withdrawals from the Petroleum Fund)
      – Ongoing efforts to improve accountability and sustainable use of funds
    • 12. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
    • 13. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
      EITI innovations:
      • Taking transparency to all communities
      – 404 villages, 13 districts
      – >16 languages
    • 14. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
    • 15. SNAPSHOT: TIMOR-LESTE
      Talking transparency: Luta Hamutuk
      • National-level advocacy
      – Oil transparency (engagement with EITI, monitoring TL Petroleum Fund system)
      – Budget monitoring (planning, allocation and execution of state budget)
      • Community Networking Initiative
      - District focal points
      - Community briefings
      - Multi-stakeholder monitoring committees
      • Local – National synergies
    • SNAPSHOT: ADVOCATING EI TRANSPARENCY IN ASEAN
      ASEAN at a glance:
      • 10 nations in South East Asia, 580 million people
      • 16. GNP of about US $312 billion and per capita of US $496
      • 17. Economic development: HDI (2004): Rank 25/133, GDP (2006): $208 to $29,499
      • 18. Diversity of political systems (and power dynamics)
    • SNAPSHOT: ADVOCATING EI TRANSPARENCY IN ASEAN
      Increasing integration of ASEAN:
      1976: Bali Concord I – formally adopted political co-operation as part of ASEAN regular activities
      1992: ASEAN Free Trade Agreement
      1997/98: Economic crisis – acceleration of economic integration initiatives – ASEAN Vision 2020
      2003: Bali Concord II – agreement to launch ‘ASEAN Community’ by 2020 (incl. a single market for ASEAN)
      2005: Launch of ASEAN Charter process
      2006/07: Decision to establish ASEAN Community by 2015
      2008: Ratification of ASEAN Charter
    • 19. SNAPSHOT: ADVOCATING EI TRANSPARENCY IN ASEAN
    • 20. SNAPSHOT: ADVOCATING EI TRANSPARENCY IN ASEAN
      ASEAN EI TRANSPARENCY CAMPAIGN:
      • WHAT: i) ASEAN to endorse the EITI; ii) ASEAN to adopt a comprehensive Framework for Extractive Industry Transparency, which serves as the basis for the harmonization of policies and practices of oil, gas, and minerals in all ASEAN member states.
      • 21. WHO: CSO representatives from Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam (plus Timor-Leste)
      • 22. WHEN: By 2015
      • 23. HOW: National level campaigns complemented by engagement with regional ASEAN mechanisms (e.g. AICHR)
    • SNAPSHOT: ADVOCATING EI TRANSPARENCY IN ASEAN
      Opportunities:
      • Indonesia Chairmanship of ASEAN (2011)
      • 24. Indicators of interest in the Philippines and Vietnam?
      • 25. Stock market listings Campaigns (Europe, US, South Korea)
      • 26. Australia pilots the EITI
    • For more information
      Visit the PWYP website
      www.publishwhatyoupay.org
      Email:
      info@publishwhatyoupay.org

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