Session 20: Incorporating Health into Trans. Planning at the Regional and State Levels


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Metropolitan Planning Organizations and state Departments of Transportation are two examples of regional and state government where the relationship between health and transportation can be brought in to the transportation planning and project prioritization process. The Nashville Area MPO has several projects related to health and transportation. These include but are not limited to: prioritizing bicycle and pedestrian projects according to areas with populations with highest amounts of health disparities, conducting a Health Impact Assessment of a Transit Oriented Development Project, providing Safe Routes to School bicycle and pedestrian education training to P.E. teachers throughout the MPO area, and conducting a study with Vanderbilt University on energy expenditure by mode of transportation.
The Tennessee Department of Transportation will discuss state level efforts to link transportation and health including adopting language addressing the safety of bicyclists and pedestrians in the State Strategic Highway Safety Plan, adding language and a test question on non-motorized modes to the state Drivers’ License Manual and exam, adopting a rumble stripe policy that addresses the comfort and safety of bicyclists, and training law officers across the state on bicycle and pedestrian laws.
The MPO and TDOT will also discuss efforts to include transportation into the statewide plan to address obesity in Tennessee.

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Session 20: Incorporating Health into Trans. Planning at the Regional and State Levels

  1. 1. Mayor Karl Dean, Chairman Incorporating Health in Regional Transportation Planning Leslie A. Meehan, AICP Pro Walk/Pro Bike September 14, 2010
  2. 2. Nashville Area MPO City of Brentwood City of Fairview Regional Transportation Authority City of Franklin Metropolitan Transit Authority City of Gallatin Franklin Transit Authority City of Goodlettsville City of Hendersonville Murfreesboro Public Transportation City of LaVergne Metro Nashville Airport Authority City of Lebanon TN Dept of Environment & Conservation City of Millersville Federal Highway Administration City of Mt. Juliet City of Murfreesboro Federal Transit Administration City of Portland Town of Smyrna City of Spring Hill City of Springfield City of White House Metropolitan Nashville Rutherford County Sumner County Williamson County Wilson County Tennessee DOT Greater Nashville Regional Council
  3. 3. Growing Issues to Address Unmanageable Congestion Longer Travel Times & Trip Lengths Increasing Energy Consumption / Costs Declining Air & Water Quality Aging Population/ Dispersed Families Worsening Personal Health / Increasing Costs Lost Habitat / Natural Areas Unsustainable Costs/ Revenue Sources Lack of Housing Choice
  4. 4. How Should We Invest in  Our Future?
  5. 5. Three Major Policy Initiatives #1 A Bold, New Vision  for Mass Transit #2 Support for Active Transportation &  Walkable Communities #3 Preservation & Enhancement of Strategic  Roadways
  6. 6. #2 Support for Active Transportation and Walkable Communities
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Why a Regional Bicycle & Pedestrian Study? To establish a comprehensive  vision and strategies for bikeway  and pedestrian  accommodations that enhance  mobility through connectivity  and accessibility, improved  safety, and quality of life.
  9. 9. Regional Study: Purpose & Objectives Provide a comprehensive inventory of  existing and planned bicycle and  pedestrian facilities.  Demonstrate how improving walking and  bicycling connectivity increases individual  mobility, enhances transit options, and  promotes active living. Recommend policy and funding strategies  for the Regional Transportation Plan. Serve as a framework for identifying and  selecting bicycle/pedestrian projects for  the Regional Transportation Plan. Provide guidance for engineering,  education, enforcement, encouragement,  and evaluation activities to help improve  the safety of walking and bicycling.
  10. 10. What We Learned – Potential Demand The proximity of land uses such as  residential housing, employment,  shopping, schools, transit, parks, and  other activities influence walking and  bicycle travel demand. The Nashville Regional Non‐Motorized  Model accounts for eight trip types for  both walk & bicycle travel: ‐ School ‐ Shop ‐ Work ‐ Recreation ‐ Transit (to) ‐ Transit (from) ‐ Errand ‐ Parking (CBD)
  11. 11. What We Learned – Safety Analysis • 2,076 reported crashes within the MPO between 2003-2007 • 107 resulted in a fatality (99 pedestrian & 8 cyclist) High Crash Corridors include: • Nolensville Road • Dickerson Pike • Murfreesboro Road • West End Ave • Charlotte Ave These data are for planning purposes only and are protected by USC 409.
  12. 12. What We Learned – Health Analysis There is a strong link between the lack of physical activity and health (e.g. heart disease, obesity, and other chronic conditions). Research has also shown  certain population groups  have a higher disparity.  These  groups include: ‐ Low Income ‐ Minority ‐ Older Adults (over 65)
  13. 13. What We Learned – Public/ Stakeholder Input Potential Solutions Facilities Connectivity Awareness, Support, & Collaboration Policies & Programs Mapping & Information Education & Enforcement
  14. 14. What We Accomplished 5 Key Components: Regional Sidewalk & Bikeway Recommendations Project Evaluation System Policies & Programs Funding for Sidewalk and Bikeway Improvements Design Guidelines
  15. 15. What We Accomplished: A Regional Vision Bikeways Sidewalks
  16. 16. What We Accomplished: Prioritization Tools 7 Criteria and 48 total points Level of Service – 12 pts Potential for Walking/Bicycling – 12 pts Safety – 6pts Connectivity – 6pts Health Impact – 6pts Congestion – 6pts Local Plans – 3pts
  17. 17. What We Accomplished: Policies/ Programs Policy and Programs Goals: Regional Bikeway Network Regional Sidewalk Accommodations Policy Maintenance & Spot Improvement Program School Siting Policy Website & Maps Annual Regional Summit on Walking & Biking Annual Bicycle and Pedestrian Count Program  Complete Streets Policy Outreach, Training, & Enforcement Programs
  18. 18. What We Accomplished: Funding Strategies Key Highlights Recommendations Cost Funding Gap & Recommended Funding Level Funding Level Annually 25 Year Horizon Study Recommendations Funding Gap Current $14.37 Million $359 Million $793 Million $433 Million 2.21 Times Current Level $31.70 Million $793 Million $793 Million ‐ $149 Million – Sidewalk Recommendations $644 Million – Bikeway Recommendations
  19. 19. New Regional Policy &  Strategies
  20. 20. Guiding Principles Livability ‐ MPO plans and programs shall work to enhance the quality of  life in the region by supporting initiatives that increase opportunities for  affordable housing, education, jobs, recreation, and civic involvement without  increasing the burden on citizens to enjoy their community. Sustainability – MPO plans and programs shall strive to support growth  and prosperity without sacrificing the health, environment, natural and socio‐ cultural resources, or financial stability of this or future generations. Prosperity – MPO plans and programs shall contribute to the continued  economic well‐being of the greater Nashville area by investing in  transportation solutions that increase access to education, jobs, and amenities,  reduce the cost of living and doing business, and attract new investment to the  region. Diversity – MPO plans and programs shall recognize the multitude of  needs and the variety of perspectives and backgrounds of the people that live  and work in the greater Nashville area by promoting a range of transportation  choices that are designed with sensitivity to the desired context.
  21. 21. Regional Goals Maintain and Preserve the Efficiency, Safety, and Security of the  Region’s Existing Transportation Infrastructure; Manage Congestion to Keep People and Goods Moving; Encourage Quality Growth and Sustainable Land Development Practices; Protect the Region’s Health & Environment; Support the Economic Competitiveness of the Greater Nashville Area; Offer Meaningful Transportation Choices for a Diverse Population  including the Aging; Encourage Regional Coordination, Cooperation, & Decision‐Making;  and Practice Thoughtful, Transparent Financial Stewardship by Ensuring  that Transportation Improvements meet Regional Goals.
  22. 22. Regional Goals Maintain and Preserve the Efficiency, Safety, and Security of the  Region’s Existing Transportation Infrastructure; Manage Congestion to Keep People and Goods Moving; Encourage Quality Growth and Sustainable Land Development Practices; Protect the Region’s Health & Environment; Support the Economic Competitiveness of the Greater Nashville Area; Offer Meaningful Transportation Choices for a Diverse Population  including the Aging; Encourage Regional Coordination, Cooperation, & Decision‐Making;  and Practice Thoughtful, Transparent Financial Stewardship by Ensuring  that Transportation Improvements meet Regional Goals.
  23. 23. MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy 15% minimum investment in Active Transportation  & Walkable Communities Sidewalks, bicycle lanes, greenways, transit stops,  amenities – MPO BPAC PRIORITIZATION! 10% minimum flexed to Transit Combined with FTA funds to help implement  regional vision for mass transit 5% minimum reserved for stand‐alone ITS/  Incident Management Upgrades Support for smaller projects that make our system  smarter and more efficient
  24. 24. MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy Remainder (approx. 70%) to Location Specific  Roadway Improvements System Preservation & Enhancement – 15% Quality Growth and Sustainable Development – 15% Multi‐Modal Options – 15% Health & Environment – 10% Safety & Security – 10% Freight & Goods Movement – 10% Congestion Management – 10% State & Local Support/ Investment – 15%
  25. 25. Roadway Project Candidates
  26. 26. Support for Active Transportation
  27. 27. More to come:  Linking Transportation & Health
  28. 28. The Future of Transportation Planning Future Mandates Transportation projects will be held accountable for  impact on personal health as they are already held  accountable for impact on environmental health (air and  water quality). Wide‐Spread Adoption of Complete Streets Concept  Transportation projects will be required to provide  transportation choices that include active transportation  and serve all ages/ability levels of users.
  29. 29. Three Themes How can we make the Health Choice the easy choice? Streets Are for Communities ….Not Just for Cars Everyone is a Pedestrian…
  30. 30. Being Aware of Our Health What We Eat and How We Move •Access to Healthy Foods •Physical Activity through Active Transportation
  31. 31. Linking Health and Transportation Food Access and Transportation Physical Activity Travel Study Health Impact Assessment project Agency Collaboration – Policy and Education Education – Safe Routes to School,  Regional  Symposiums
  32. 32. Food Access and Transportation 10 grocery stores  and 1 emergency  food source located  within one mile of  project 12 schools within 2  miles Community and  religious centers Corridor has  planned bike/ped  facilities but road  widening project  does not include  those facilities.
  33. 33. Physical Activity/ Travel Behavior Data will show which mode of travel allows for most energy expenditure and physical activity
  34. 34. Health Impact Assessment Health Impact Assessment of  proposed Transit  Oriented  Development (2‐year project) Includes active transportation,  environmental assessment  and food access  recommendations Collaboration with CPPW  grant to create HIA criteria as  part of land development  project review process
  35. 35. Agency Collaboration Training law enforcement officers on bike/ped laws Bicycle/Ped Laws included in Drivers License Manual and Test
  36. 36. Safe Routes to Schools Safe Routes to Schools P.E. Teacher Training Program for all P.E. Teachers  in MPO Region SRTS multi‐year Data Collection Effort with MTSU Partner with SRTS State Network Project for Tennessee
  37. 37. Regional Symposiums Complete Streets Symposium 2‐Day Workshop National Experts from Complete Streets Coalition Keynote Luncheon – Mayor Floyd, Decatur, GA January 2010 School Siting Symposium  1‐Day Workshop National Experts from EPA and UNC Public Decision Makers and Private Firms January 2010
  38. 38. Tennessee Obesity Taskforce Advocacy Breastfeeding Built Environment/Transportation/ Parks & Recreation Early Childhood Evaluation Coordinated School Health Tennessee Cancer Coalition Food Systems Healthy Memphis Common Table Community Food Advocates/Food Trust Health Systems Knoxville Childhood Obesity Coalition Chattanooga Partnership for Healthy Living Network Schools YMCA Pioneering Healthier Communities (in 6 jurisdictions of Tennessee) Vulnerable Populations Metropolitan/Rural Planning Organizations Worksites ECO – Every Child Outdoors MPO and YMCA Co‐Chairs 2011‐2012
  39. 39. Livability. Sustainability. Prosperity. Diversity.