Session 69 - Incorporating Health in Regional Transportation Planning


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This session will orient the audience to the CDC guidance, which recommends that transportation policy include a balanced portfolio of transportation choices that support health and reduce health care costs.
In addition the session will highlight the work of innovative practitioners who are already putting these strategies to work in Tennessee and California. In regional projects in Tennessee, transportation planners have synthesized data to build frameworks for guiding future transportation investments, such as the Nashville Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Study. The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization has also incorporated a new health element into its project selection criteria.

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Session 69 - Incorporating Health in Regional Transportation Planning

  1. 1. Mayor Karl Dean, Chairman Incorporating Health in Regional Transportation Planning Leslie A. Meehan, AICP Pro Walk Pro Bike September 16, 2010
  2. 2. Support for Active Transportation and Walkable Communities
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Provide a comprehensive inventory of  existing and planned bicycle and  pedestrian facilities.  Demonstrate how improving walking and  bicycling connectivity increases individual  mobility, enhances transit options, and  promotes active living. Recommend policy and funding strategies  for the Regional Transportation Plan. Serve as a framework for identifying and  selecting bicycle/pedestrian projects for  the Regional Transportation Plan. Provide guidance for engineering,  education, enforcement, encouragement,  and evaluation activities to help improve  the safety of walking and bicycling. Regional Study: Purpose & Objectives
  5. 5. What We Learned – Safety Analysis These data are for planning purposes only and are protected by USC 409. • 2,076 reported crashes within the MPO between 2003-2007 • 107 resulted in a fatality (99 pedestrian & 8 cyclist) High Crash Corridors include: • Nolensville Road • Dickerson Pike • Murfreesboro Road • West End Ave • Charlotte Ave
  6. 6. What We Learned – Health Analysis There is a strong link between the lack of physical activity and health (e.g. heart disease, obesity, and other chronic conditions). Research has also shown  certain population groups  have a higher disparity.  These  groups include: There is a strong link between the lack of physical activity and health (e.g. heart disease, obesity, and other chronic conditions). Research has also shown  certain population groups  have a higher disparity.  These  groups include: ‐ Low Income ‐ Minority ‐ Older Adults (over 65)
  7. 7. 5 Key Components: Regional Sidewalk & Bikeway Recommendations Project Evaluation System Policies & Programs Funding for Sidewalk and Bikeway Improvements Design Guidelines What We Accomplished
  8. 8. What We Accomplished: A Regional Vision Bikeways Sidewalks
  9. 9. What We Accomplished: Prioritization Tools 7 Criteria and 48 total points Level of Service – 12 pts Potential for Walking/Bicycling – 12 pts Safety – 6pts Connectivity – 6pts Health Impact – 6pts Congestion – 6pts Local Plans – 3pts
  10. 10. What We Accomplished: Funding Strategies Key Highlights Recommendations Cost Funding Gap & Recommended Funding Level Funding Level Annually 25 Year Horizon Study Recommendations Funding Gap Current $14.37 Million $359 Million $793 Million $433 Million 2.21 Times Current Level $31.70 Million $793 Million $793 Million ‐ $149 Million – Sidewalk Recommendations $644 Million – Bikeway Recommendations
  11. 11. New Regional Policy &  Strategies 
  12. 12. Regional Goals Maintain and Preserve the Efficiency, Safety, and Security of the  Region’s Existing Transportation Infrastructure; Manage Congestion to Keep People and Goods Moving; Encourage Quality Growth and Sustainable Land Development Practices; Protect the Region’s Health & Environment; Support the Economic Competitiveness of the Greater Nashville Area; Offer Meaningful Transportation Choices for a Diverse Population  including the Aging; Encourage Regional Coordination, Cooperation, & Decision‐Making;  and Practice Thoughtful, Transparent Financial Stewardship by Ensuring  that Transportation Improvements meet Regional Goals.
  13. 13. MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy 15% minimum investment in Active Transportation  & Walkable Communities Sidewalks, bicycle lanes, greenways, transit stops,  amenities – MPO BPAC PRIORITIZATION! 10% minimum flexed to Transit Combined with FTA funds to help implement  regional vision for mass transit 5% minimum reserved for stand‐alone ITS/  Incident Management Upgrades Support for smaller projects that make our system  smarter and more efficient
  14. 14. Remainder (approx. 70%) to Location Specific  Roadway Improvements System Preservation & Enhancement – 15% Quality Growth and Sustainable Development – 15% Multi‐Modal Options – 15% Health & Environment – 10% Safety & Security – 10% Freight & Goods Movement – 10% Congestion Management – 10% State & Local Support/ Investment – 15% MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy
  15. 15. Roadway Project Candidates
  16. 16. Support for Active Transportation
  17. 17. More to come:  Linking Transportation & Health 
  18. 18. The Future of Transportation Planning Future Mandates Transportation projects will be held accountable for  impact on personal health as they are already held  accountable for impact on environmental health (air and  water quality). Wide‐Spread Adoption of Complete Streets Concept  Transportation projects will be required to provide  transportation choices that include active transportation  and serve all ages/ability levels of users.
  19. 19. Being Aware of Our Health What We Eat and How We Move •Access to Healthy Foods •Physical Activity through Active Transportation
  20. 20. Linking Health and Transportation Food Access and Transportation Physical Activity Travel Study Health Impact Assessment project Agency Collaboration – Policy and Education Education – Safe Routes to School,  Regional  Symposiums
  21. 21. Food Access and Transportation 10 grocery stores  and 1 emergency  food source located  within one mile of  project 12 schools within 2  miles Community and  religious centers Corridor has  planned bike/ped  facilities but road  widening project  does not include  those facilities.
  22. 22. Data will show which mode of travel allows for most energy expenditure and physical activity Physical Activity/ Travel Behavior
  23. 23. Health Impact Assessment Health Impact Assessment of  proposed Transit  Oriented  Development (2‐year project) Includes active transportation,  environmental assessment  and food access  recommendations Collaboration with CPPW  grant to create HIA criteria as  part of land development  project review process
  24. 24. Agency Collaboration TN Strategic Highway Safety Plan – first bike/ped language Bicycle-friendly Rumble Strip Policy Bicycle/Ped Laws included in Drivers License Manual and Test Training law enforcement officers on bike/ped laws
  25. 25. Safe Routes to Schools Safe Routes to Schools P.E. Teacher Training Program for all P.E. Teachers  in MPO Region SRTS multi‐year Data Collection Effort with MTSU Partner with SRTS State Network Project for Tennessee
  26. 26. Regional Symposiums Complete Streets Symposium 2‐Day Workshop National Experts from Complete Streets Coalition Keynote Luncheon – Mayor Floyd, Decatur, GA January 2010 School Siting Symposium  1‐Day Workshop National Experts from EPA and UNC Public Decision Makers and Private Firms January 2010
  27. 27. Tennessee Obesity Taskforce MPO and YMCA Co‐Chairs 2011‐2012 Advocacy Breastfeeding Built Environment/Transportation/ Parks & Recreation Early Childhood Evaluation Food Systems Health Systems Schools Vulnerable Populations Worksites Coordinated School Health Tennessee Cancer Coalition Healthy Memphis Common Table Community Food Advocates/Food Trust Knoxville Childhood Obesity Coalition Chattanooga Partnership for Healthy Living Network YMCA Pioneering Healthier Communities (in 6 jurisdictions of Tennessee) Metropolitan/Rural Planning Organizations ECO – Every Child Outdoors
  28. 28. Livability. Sustainability. Prosperity. Diversity.
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