Ted Curtis<br />Bike/Ped Program Manager<br />City of Columbia, MO<br />(573) 442-7189 x 25 <br />ctcurtis@GoColumbiaMo.com<br />www.getaboutcolumbia.com<br />
Columbia is a small university city<br />Population 100,000 - hills - weather extremes<br />Not densely populated: urban area 8 x 8 miles (twice the footprint of San Francisco proper)<br />Downtown grid area + urban sprawl + barriers (interstates)<br />University of Missouri – 30,000 students<br />Bicycle mode share 1.5% +<br />
Approach<br />Create an integrated, City-wide system<br />Add bike lanes wherever possible<br />System should be self-explanatory, understandable by bicyclists and motorists<br />Where possible, markings for the bike system should be on the street<br />Innovate and “borrow” ideas from other cities<br />
2007<br />Red: crushed limestone Shared Use Paths<br />Blue: Streets with bike lanes<br />Red: Shared use Path<br />Blue: Lanes<br />Brown: Pedways<br />
2010 <br />Red: 30 miles of Shared Use Paths – (6 miles concrete)<br />Blue: 50 miles streets with bike lanes<br />Green: 30 miles routes with SLM’s (Sharrows)<br />
Bike/Ped Innovations in Columbia, MO<br />1. On-Street wayfinding symbols<br />2. loop detector markings<br />3. BLIP - Bike Lane Infrequent Parking<br />4. Programs: early concentration<br />5. Pedways, use of sidewalks, intersection treatments<br />6. Green Merge areas<br />7. Bike Blvd with centered “Advisory” bicycle lanes (bike priority lane)<br />
Bike/Ped Innovations in Columbia, MO(Continued)<br />8. Buffered Bike Lane: dual stripe on arterial (Stadium)<br />9. Bike Climbing Lane: Uphill bike lane, downhill shared lane (Old 63)<br />10. 6’7” low clearance culvert underpass (MKT at Flatbranch)<br />11. Converting parallel parking to Back-in-Diagonal (Ash street downtown) <br />
1. On-Street Wayfinding<br />Wayfinding symbols uses with bike lanes, SLM’s (routes)<br />18” thermoplastic on asphalt<br />12” “concrete graphics” @<br />
Wayfinding for Route on Pedway-sidewalk<br />4” symbols for bike routes through campus (6” would be better)<br />
3. BLIP - Bike Lane w/ Infrequent Parking<br />Choice is not “parking or no parking” in bike lanes, it is “bike lanes or SLM’s” <br />Considered only when parking is infrequent<br />Informal assessment of novice riders behavior:<br />Before striping: hug curb, swing out around parked cars<br />After striping: ride in bike lane (near curb) look before crossing the line into the vehicle lane<br />Added benefit: fewer cars park there after striping<br />Look behind!<br />
Programming: 4 Step Process<br />Create Awareness: <br />mass media, controversy<br />2. Foster Understanding of the program, <br />Create positive attitude: mass media<br />3. Entice individuals to Try It! <br />events, “Personal Travel Planning”<br />4. Encourage, Instill change to <br />become Normal Behavior –<br />Create-a-Commuter<br />
6. MUTCD experiment – green colorations<br />Solid Green Bike Lane- used where bike lane extends between thru and right turn lanes: Cars yield to bikes<br />GMA – Green Merge Area - used where bike lane ends before intersection: Bikes yield to cars<br />Status – first GMA implemented in 2009. Rest in 2010<br />
7. 6’ Advisory Bicycle Lanes on Bike Blvd.<br />Heavy “traffic calming” on bike blvd:<br />Street murals at several intersections<br />Yellow center striping added<br />Center 6’ bike lanes created with white skip striping (“Advisory” or “Priority” lane)<br />Will have SLM (Sharrows) centered in bike lane<br />
Summary<br />Public Works Department in charge of Implementation<br />Substantial Promotion and Education effort<br />Major capital trail and sidewalk projects just over half of budget (and most difficult to implement) <br />Bike lanes are the preferred treatment for on-street treatments (considered even when light parking exists)<br />Experimenting with approaches – currently just site specific. Determining what should be city-wide treatments<br />
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