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Session 31: The Community Impact Assessmemt

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Community Input in Creating Sustainable Communities: Successful use of CIA process can result in a transportation corridor that benefits adjacent communtiies; project support despite impacts; and …

Community Input in Creating Sustainable Communities: Successful use of CIA process can result in a transportation corridor that benefits adjacent communtiies; project support despite impacts; and improved relationships with communitities.


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  • 1. The Community Impact Assessment Community Input for Creating Sustainable Communities
  • 2. Session Hosts • Laura Dawood NEPA Group Leader 14 years experience in NEPA, public involvement, environmental justice issues, and ecology • Lenor Bromberg, PE, LEED AP Associate VP – Environmental and Design 15 years experience in transportation design, NEPA, public involvement
  • 3. Agenda • The Community Impact Assessment (CIA) Definition and Overview • Completed Case Study Example • Work Session – Group Break Outs • Idea Sharing
  • 4. Community Impact Assessment • What is CIA? • Where did CIA come from? • Why is CIA important? • How can CIA help your project?
  • 5. Community Impact Assessment • A process to identify and evaluate impact of an action on: – Community – Quality of life • Should be used to help shape project outcomes • Continual process • Assessment should include all items of importance to people in the community
  • 6. Community Impact Assessment • Began with NEPA of 1969 • Continues to develop with a number of influences
  • 7. Influences of CIA 1964 Title VI of Civil Rights Act 1969 NEPA 1970 Federal-aid Highway Act 1990/1994 FHWA Environmental Policy Statements 1996 CIA: Quick Reference for Transportation 1997 National CIA Design Team 1998 Community Impact Mitigation Case Studies 1998 1st National CIA Workshop 1999 CIA Strategic Plan
  • 8. Influences of CIA 2000 2nd National CIA Workshop 2001 TRB CIA Joint Subcommittee 2002 3rd National CIA Workshop 2003 Regional CIA Workshops 2004 4th National CIA Workshop 2005 Penn. DOT Hosts 1st FHWA CIA Course 2005 5th National CIA Workshop 2005 TRB Forms a CIA Related Subcommittee 2006 6th National CIA Workshop
  • 9. Legal Backing • Intermodal Surface Transportations Efficiency Act of 1991 • National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 • Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964 • 23 USC 109(h), Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1970 • 23 CFR 771, Environmental Impact and Related Procedures of 1987
  • 10. Legal Backing • TA 6640.8A Guidance for Preparing and Processing Environmental and Section 4(f) Docs • Executive Order 12898 on Environmental Justice of 1994 • DOT Order on Environmental Justice 1996 • Farmland Protection Policy Act of 1981/1994 • Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970
  • 11. Legal Backing • FHWA Environmental Policies Statements of 1990 and 1994 • Recommendations of the President’s Council on Sustainable Development
  • 12. CIA Philosophy Public Outreach Inclusive Integrated Collaborative Innovative Credibility Networking Proactive Accountability Partnering Continuous
  • 13. Importance of CIA • Allows project consequences to be realized • Affected people receive appropriate attention • Leads to higher quality of life • Responsive decision-making and policies • Project integration with land use, economics • Ensures environmental justice is achieved
  • 14. Completing CIA • Define the Action and Study Area • Develop a Community Profile • Collect Data • Analyze Impacts • Identify Solutions • Partner with the Public • Document
  • 15. How Can CIA Help You? • Community consensus improves communications • Open dialog leads to sustainable solutions • Planning tool assists in decision-making • Creates a sense of community ownership
  • 16. Case Study • Pearson, GA • DOT widening of US 441 from 2 lanes to 4 lanes for 35 mile corridor • Environmental Assessment under NEPA
  • 17. NRHP Eligible Historic Resources NRHP Eligible Historic District Utility N Wetlands Auto Shop Gas Station Sub Shop B Wetlands Rec Center NRHP Eligible VACANT LOT Historic District Mobile Mobile NRHP Eligible Home Home Historic District SUBDIVISION A
  • 18. Case Study • Alternatives Considered – Widening along existing (symmetrical/east/west) – One Way Pair in town – Eastern Bypass – Eastern In town Bypass – Western Bypass – Western In town Bypass
  • 19. Case Study • Situation – General support for project due to economic development/anticipated local growth – In town Bypass preferred by local government • Reduced Cost • Reduced Environmental Impacts • Keep through traffic near existing businesses
  • 20. Case Study • Identifying Low Income/Minority Community – Phone calls – Old Community – Previously disenfranchised – Level of Engagement – Define the Community • Physical limits • Data acquisition • Community Representatives • Best Interests
  • 21. Case Study Lessons Learned • CIA as Iterative Process • Use Best Available Information • Talk to People… Visit Project Location • Keep going • Do the right thing
  • 22. Breakout Sessions Activity • Who are the Stakeholders? • How do you Identify them? • How do you reach out to them? • Identify some potential community issues and why they are important?
  • 23. Contact Information • Laura Dawood – ldawood@keagroup.com – (678) 904-8591 Ext. 29 • Lenor Bromberg – lbromberg@keagroup.com – (678) 904-8591 Ext. 27