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Themes and issues overview and approach 2011 version


Introductory Lecture

Introductory Lecture

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  • 1. “ Themes and Issues in Psychology” First year module: 2011 / 12
  • 2. Module structure?
    • Detailed description on ‘blackboard’.
    • Year long. 30 credits.
    • 4 Assessments.
      • Class presentation; ‘time controlled assessment’ (multiple choice questionnaire); 1 essay – 2 submissions.
    • Subjects will be explored in seminars before a lecture:
      • Priority on exploration, supporting the development of your own views, and demonstrating ‘research’ in action. (You know more than you think.)
    • The distribution of notes is ‘electronic’.
  • 3. Intended Learning Outcomes
    • On successful completion of the module the student will be able to:
      • Summarise the origins of science and psychology and their impact on our conceptions and practice of psychology
      • Explore a range of aspects of human experience from a psychological perspective
      • Identify the characteristics of different disciplines of psychology and their gains and limitations in studying selected topics.
      • Explore selected topics of general and historical psychological interest .
      • Demonstrate an appreciation of some of the major debates in psychology.
  • 4. Module Overview “ The mind is not a vessel to be filled, but a fire to be kindled” (Plutarch)
  • 5. Overview: History of psychology Psychology as ‘science’? Internal & external causes of behaviour Hereditary & environment? Traits and Situations? Attachment? Attribution? Normality and Abnormality. Free-will vs. determinism. Psychological research methods and perspectives Ideographic or nomothetic approaches to the study of experience. Nature & characteristics of consciousness. Challenging existing theories and approaches Overview of primary theoretical approaches Psychodynamics - Behaviourism - Humanistic Psychology - Positive Psychology
  • 6. Module background?
    • New in 2008/9.
    • Acts as a preparation for material, ideas and modules in year 2 and 3.
    • Some similarities with A2 and AS syllabus.
      • Therefore, builds on what you may know.
    • Feedback is welcome. E.g. ‘Speed up’? ‘Slow down’? Recap? Clarify content?
    • You will be coached on assessment requirements.
  • 7. Potential contribution to you as psychology students?
    • Influences of history, society and disciplines like science and philosophy on psychology. (‘External fingerprints’.)
    • Overview of 4 psychological approaches (often described as the four ‘Forces’.
      • Behaviourism, Psychodynamics, Humanistic, and Positive Psychology.
    • Strengths and limitations of psychological approaches (and when they may overlap).
    • Cross-disciplinary thinking
  • 8. Potential contribution to you as psychology students (2)
    • Developing the skill to think and write across disciplines in psychology.
    • “ What part of ‘psychology’ is yours?”
      • You will start to learn where you are most ‘at home’ in psychology – and how you can ‘think’ in a way that will make that ‘home’ more open and effective.
    • “ How do I become who I am?”
      • We will ‘map’ or diagram together over the year what we can learn about personal functioning and development.
    • Module resources in different media.
  • 9. ‘ Employability’: Self Awareness
    • What do I want and what am I capable of achieving?
    • Students need to:
    • Identify knowledge, abilities and employability skills developed by the degree
    • Identify personal skills and how these can be utilized
    • Identify interests, values and personality within the framework of vocational and life planning
    • Develop the ability to reflect and make better use of any particular skill set (strengths and weaknesses)
    • Awareness that ‘self-concept’ can change during their degree course.
  • 10. ‘ I ‘ Interior individual ‘ IT ’ Exterior Individual ‘ We ’ Collective Cultural ‘ ITS ’ Social system Environment (Adapted and developed from different writing of Ken Wilber.)
  • 11. How do I become who I am?
  • 12. The focus of our interaction?
    • A movement between several levels or types of learning:
      • Psychological ‘approaches ’; e.g. social, cognitive etc.
      • ‘ Thinking skills ’: utility or usefulness; evaluation, positioning, limitation etc.
      • Contextual influences : Cultural – historical – professional awareness.
      • Academic discipline : Writing.
      • Coaching – increasing your skills. Focus on ‘employability’?
  • 13. The focus of our interaction? (2)
    • Exploration
    • Talking ideas through we will go ‘beyond the books’.
    • ‘ Low risk’, high gain.
  • 14. Seminars
    • Balance of approaches
      • Reflection. Notes. Discussion.
    • You learn in conversation and activity.
      • Seminars = ‘speaking’
      • Exploring. Discussing. Building a ‘map’ or key points. A summary of each topic.
      • Resource for year 2 and 3.
  • 15. Lectures
    • ‘ Wordy’ notes
    • Intended to act as ‘essence’ or study guide.
    • Pace will leave time for questions
  • 16. ‘ Standards of Behaviour’
    • Key assumption :
    • You are adults.
    • You want to learn.
    • You are here to participate in this work.
    • “ I am not here to manage your behaviour”
  • 17. If you want to ….
    • … sit and talk with friends.
    • … sit and work on your mobile phone.
    • You are welcome to do so …. SOMEWHERE ELSE.
  • 18. Books
  • 19. Books? Key Text(s): Author Title Date Publisher 1. Gross, R. Themes, Issues and Debates in Psychology (Third edition). 2009 HodderArnold 2. Glassman, W.E. Approaches to Psychology 2009 Open University Press
  • 20. Sources of books?
    • Blackwells (Ground floor North wing)
      • Check the book title …
      • … then look under ‘used and new’. Often some good deals.
      • More competitive prices than ‘Amazon’.
      • Free postage? Approx 1 week for delivery.
  • 21. Support as a Student?
  • 22. Are you experiencing difficulties?
  • 23. Are you experiencing difficulties?
  • 24. ‘ ARC’ – Ground Floor Corridor - NorthWing
  • 25. Key locations for Support
    • Student Services – N1
      • Careers, Counselling, Disability Service.
    • Learning Development Unit – G3.06
    • Please remember – you do not need to be ‘in crisis’ to get support!
  • 26. Self-care? Care for your colleagues?
    • Difficulties in reading, writing, concentration, memory?
      • Student Support / Learning Development Unit (e.g. Dyslexia screening? Counselling Service? Mentoring? Careers? Money Advice?)
    • The module is year-long.
      • Sustained attendance is necessary.
      • If you are struggling, or see someone struggling (not attending), please say something.
      • Let’s seek ways to solve problems together.