Conditional clauses

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Conditional clauses

  1. 1. Conditional Clauses
  2. 2. Conditional Sentence Type 0 <ul><li>“ If the sum of the digits of a number is divisible by three, the number is divisible by three” </li></ul><ul><li>(Pres. tense) </li></ul><ul><li>Form: if + Simple Present , Simple Present </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you see Mr Fox tonight, tell him I am ill.” (imperative). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conditional Sentence Type 1 <ul><li>-> It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled. </li></ul><ul><li>Form: if + Simple Present , will-Future </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conditional Sentence Type 2 <ul><li>-> It is possible but very unlikely , that the condition will be fulfilled. </li></ul><ul><li>(poco probable) </li></ul><ul><li>Form: if + Simple Past , Conditional I (= would + Infinitive) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. For the second conditional <ul><li>For the second conditional, were replaces was: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I were a rich man...” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conditional Sentence Type 3 <ul><li>-> It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Form: if + Past Perfect , Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “If I had studied I would have passed my exams” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ If you help me with the dishes (if + pres), I will help you with your homework. (will + inf)” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If I had enough money, I would go to Japan.” </li></ul><ul><li> “ If we had checked the equipment carefully, I’m sure the experiment would have been successful” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>provided (that)    </li></ul><ul><li>providing (that)   </li></ul><ul><li>on condition (that)    </li></ul><ul><li>as long as    </li></ul><ul><li>only if </li></ul><ul><li>Unless = If not </li></ul>

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