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Conditional clauses
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Conditional clauses

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  • 1. Conditional Clauses
  • 2. Conditional Sentence Type 0
    • “ If the sum of the digits of a number is divisible by three, the number is divisible by three”
    • (Pres. tense)
    • Form: if + Simple Present , Simple Present
    • “ If you see Mr Fox tonight, tell him I am ill.” (imperative).
  • 3. Conditional Sentence Type 1
    • -> It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.
    • Form: if + Simple Present , will-Future
    • Example: “If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.”
  • 4. Conditional Sentence Type 2
    • -> It is possible but very unlikely , that the condition will be fulfilled.
    • (poco probable)
    • Form: if + Simple Past , Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)
    • Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.
  • 5. For the second conditional
    • For the second conditional, were replaces was:
    • “ If I were a rich man...”
  • 6. Conditional Sentence Type 3
    • -> It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.
    • Form: if + Past Perfect , Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)
    • Example: “If I had studied I would have passed my exams”
  • 7.
    • “ If you help me with the dishes (if + pres), I will help you with your homework. (will + inf)”
    • “ If I had enough money, I would go to Japan.”
    • “ If we had checked the equipment carefully, I’m sure the experiment would have been successful”
  • 8.
    • provided (that)   
    • providing (that)  
    • on condition (that)   
    • as long as   
    • only if
    • Unless = If not

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