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On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations [slides]
 

On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations [slides]

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On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations; Pieter van der Hijden; ISAGA 2006.

On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations; Pieter van der Hijden; ISAGA 2006.

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    On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations [slides] On the Development of Asynchronous Workflow-based Group Simulations [slides] Document Transcript

    • sofos consultancy Pieter van der Hijden, ISAGA 2005, Atlanta, USAOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 1© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Introduction real world game learning experienceOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 2© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 1
    • Introduction Synchronous GamesOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 3© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Introduction Asynchronous Games  On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 4© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 2
    • Introduction Synchronous Asynchronous Central Training games (not really used) (at the same Classroom place) Games Distribited Multi-user E-mail games (not at the same entertainment place) games via InternetOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 5© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Introduction Contribution of ICT Accepts inputs from participant Presents resources, status, and results Calculates feedback Enforces rules and workflow Creates logbook entries Connects to peripheral devices Connects to the rest of the worldOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 6© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 3
    • Introduction Workflow (order of activities associated with a particular task) “Hard-wired” with fixed content “Hard-wired” with replaceable content Programmable by the userOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 7© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Frame of ReferenceOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 8© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 4
    • Synchronous games Educational aspects Motivation Communication Roles Organisational aspects Technological aspectsOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 9© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Asynchronous games Educational aspects Motivation Communication Roles Organisational aspects Technological aspectsOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 10© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 5
    • On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 11© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Comparison Category Synchronous Asynchronous Educatio- • Peer pressure • Participants have nal • Session is not control over their aspects interrupted physical environment • External disturbances • Roles may vary in load can be avoided and attractiveness • Face to face meetings • Roles can be played • Formal and informal by external communication professionals • Roles cannot block the progress of the game • Speed of play is high, intensiveOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 12© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 6
    • Comparison Category Synchronous Asynchronous Organisa- • Facilitator has full • Participants do not tional control over physical have to travel aspects environment • Participants can • Easy overview choose when to • Easy interventions participate • Participants can combine game with other activities • Facilitator or external professionals may run concurrent sessionsOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 13© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Comparison Category Synchronous Asynchronous Technolo- • Information and • All communication can gical communications be logged aspects technology is not necessaryOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 14© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 7
    • Blended solutions Example I: Synchronous Briefing Asynchronous Session Synchronous Debriefing Example II: Synchronous Team in Asynchronous GameOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 15© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Recommended PracticeOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 16© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 8
    • Educational Practice Peer Pressure Personal Visibility (picture, home page)On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 17© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Educational Practice Peer Pressure Motivating & Attractive E-mails (rich media)On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 18© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 9
    • Educational Practice Peer Pressure Wake-up Calls, MonitoringOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 19© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Educational Practice Concentration Status Info, Personal WebLogOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 20© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 10
    • Educational Practice Meetings Collaborative Workspace, Forums, Voting, Polling, BrainstormingOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 21© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Educational Practice Informal Free exchange Communication of e-mails, Help SystemOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 22© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 11
    • Educational Practice Game Board Statistical BulletinsOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 23© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Educational Practice Progress Maximum Time, Exception HandlingOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 24© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 12
    • Educational Practice Speed Pseudo ActivitiesOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 25© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Organisational Practice Physical Environment Briefing, ParaphernaliaOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 26© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 13
    • Organisational Practice Monitoring LogbookOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 27© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Organisational Practice Interventions Email to role, Role SwitchOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 28© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 14
    • Technical Practice Architecture Client – Server server client simulation workflow open acs aol web server internet postgresql web browser linux op.system operating system hardware hardwareOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 29© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Technical Practice System Development Workflow EngineOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 30© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 15
    • Technical Practice System Use Professional System Management developing hosting of editing writing administering participating in sieberdam sieberdam sieberdam sieberdam sieberdam sieberdam rocs rocs rocs rocs rocs rocs system system city content sim. models sim. sessions sim. sessionsOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 31© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Development ProcessOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 32© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 16
    • Definition phase Context Educational Organisational Technical Purpose Synchronous / Asynchronous / BlendedOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 33© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Design Phase Specification of the Workflow Specification of all Learning ResourcesOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 34© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 17
    • Realisation Phase Programming the Workflow Creating Learning Resources (Rich Media)On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 35© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Implementation Phase Acceptance Test System Management Transfer to ClientOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 36© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 18
    • ConclusionOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 37© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) Conclusion Asynchronous games have great potential for Training-on-demand Distance education Their drawbacks can be compensated during the development processOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 38© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 19
    • ConclusionOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 39© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) ReferencesOn the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 40© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 20
    • References On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations; Pieter van der Hijden; ISAGA 2005; (www.sofos.nl) Picture of Hex (© R. Duke) Session Screenshots Moodle at Learning Networks (moodle.learningnetworks.org) Sieberdam/ROCS (www.rechtenonline.nl Support) BSCW – Basic Support for Cooperative Work (http://www.bscw.de)On the Development of Workflow-based Asynchronous Group Simulations 41© 2005 - Sofos Consultancy (Pieter van der Hijden) 21