Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Kegley chapter 10
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Kegley chapter 10

708
views

Published on

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
708
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Sovereignty is the foundation of modern international law. Nations work to reserve the right to perform within their own territories in any manner they choose.
  • Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) was an influential Dutch scholar and diplomat who wrote about international law, basing his writings on natural law. Grotius believed that nations should resolve their conflicts using judicial procedures, rather than war.
  • The Bush Doctrine promotes acting preemptively against rogue states and terrorists, leading to the assumption of preemptive war as just. Does this doctrine justify undertaking preventive war?
  • Legal restraints against war have increased steadily since World War I. However, U.S. actions (promoting preemption as a legal right) in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks have been questioned by many nations.
  • The 1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) is the most symbolic multilateral arms agreement, with 189 signatory countries. Five of these countries possess nuclear weapons: United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, China and France. Four recognized sovereign states are not part of the treaty: India, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea.
  • The International Court of Justice is also known as the World Court. Established by the charter of the United Nations, it is the highest judicial body on earth, and is located at the Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands.)
  • Normative disagreements are those based on personal values.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 10: International Law and Organization as Alternative Paths to Peace
    • 2. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      The Annual Frequency of New International Crises Since World War I
      2
    • 3. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      International Law
      The set of rules and obligations that states recognize as binding on each other.
      Trade (WTO)
      The environment (Kyoto Protocol)
      The conduct of war
      3
    • 4. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      History of International Law
      Grotius’ Just War
      There must be just cause for going to war
      War must be declared by legitimate authorities
      The means used in war must not be inhumane
      The means used in war must be proportional to the ends obtained
      Jus ad bellum: The justice of a war
      Jus in bello: Justice in a war
      4
    • 5. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Amending the Just War Doctrine
      How to deal with weapons of mass destruction?
      War on terrorism
      Bush Doctrine
      Revolution in military affairs
      Doctrine of military necessity
      5
    • 6. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      The Legal Prohibition Against Initiating Wars, 1815-2008
      6
    • 7. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      The Changing Status of the Nonintervention Norm in International Law Since 1820
      7
    • 8. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      International Law in the Twentieth Century
      League of Nations
      The Kellogg–Briand Treaty of 1928
      The 1925 Geneva Protocol
      Universal Declaration of Human Rights
      1968 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
      GATT
      WTO
      8
    • 9. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Sources of International Law
      International conventions
      International custom
      The general principles of law recognized by civilized nations
      9
    • 10. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Enforcement of International Law
      The International Court of Justice (ICJ)
      Enforcement by specific treaty organizations
      (i.e., WTO Dispute Settlement Body)
      Self-enforcing
      10
    • 11. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      International Norms
      Ethical principles about how actors should behave
      Mutual expectations about how actors will behave in certain situations
      Social identities, indicating which actors are considered to be legitimate
      11
    • 12. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Four Paths by which Norms Spread
      12
    • 13. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Normative Disagreement
      Death Penalty
      The U.S.–Iraq War
      The Bush Doctrine
      Terrorists?
      13
    • 14. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Human Rights
      International Criminal Court
      Genocide
      Crimes against humanity
      War crimes
      14
    • 15. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning
      Web Links
      Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs
      The International Court of Justice
      Fletcher-Ginn Multilaterals Project
      United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
      15