วิวัฒนาการคอมพิวเตอร์

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วิวัฒนาการคอมพิวเตอร์

  1. 1. 1UNIVAC I 1Vacuum tubes) IBM 650magnetic drum) machine language) binary digit) 2 1959 Solid state, semiconductor 1 Magnetic cores) magnetic disk packs) low-level language)assembly) assembler) 3 1964 IBM system/360 3 (IC: integrated circuits) IC chip) Time-sharing multi-programming Operating system)FORTRAN, COBOL PDP-8 the Digital Equipment Corporation 1969
  2. 2. 4 1970 LSI (large-scale integration) logic) (memory) 2 3)1971 Microprocessor) Intel 4004 1974 Intel8080 Altair 8800 1978 Steve Jobs Steve Wozniak Apple II 1981 IBM 1980 Keyboard ( electronic mouse (light pen ( touch screen ( data tablet ( 4 electronic spreadsheet( , word processing ( 1979 (VisiCalcelectronic spreadsheet program) WordStar word processing)1982 DBASE II Lotus1-2-3 5 21 4 Parallel) Serially) artificial intelligence: AI) optical computer photonic optoelectronic
  3. 3. biocomputer (Electronicmail) voice mail) teleconferencing) Fiber optics technology)Robotics)
  4. 4. 1 2488 2501 MARK I),(ENIAC), UNIVAC) 2 2502 2506 3 2507 2512 Integrated Circuit : IC) 4 2513 Very Large Scale
  5. 5. Integration : VLSI) 5 Artificial Intelligence :AI)[ 2,600Abacus) 2158 ] John Napier Napier’s Bones
  6. 6. [ 2173 ] William Oughtred) Slide Rule)[ 2185 ] Blaise Pascal) 0-9[ 2214 ] Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz ) Binary number)[ 2288 ] Joseph Marie Jacquard)[ 2365 ] Charles Babbage)Difference Engine) Analytical Engine 3 Storeunit), Control unit) Arithmetic unit)Lady Ada Augusta Lovelace ) [ 2508 ]Integrated Circuit: IC)
  7. 7. [ 2514 ] Intel LargeScale Integrated Circuit :LSI ) CPU) Microprocessor) 2506] IBM 1620[ 2507] 2507
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