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Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah
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Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah

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Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah …

Jejak Sejarah Di Dalam Folklore, Mitologi, Legenda, Upacara Dan Lagu Di Berbagai Daerah

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  • Picture and text with reflection(Basic)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.17” and the Width box is set to 10”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide. Click Align Top.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Reflections, and then under Reflection Variations click Half Reflection, touching (first row, second option from the left). On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Impact from the Font list and then enter 42 in the Font Size box.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Right to align the text right in the text box.Select the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Half Reflection, touching (first row, second option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Text Fill in the left pane, select Solid fill in the Text Fill pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors, click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 12%.On the slide, drag the text box onto the picture to position as needed. To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following: Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 0⁰.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 10%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).
  • Picture-filled text with reflection(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Franklin Gothic Heavy from the Font list, select 36 from the Font Size list, and then click Bold.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the Home tab, in the Font group, click Character Spacing, and then click More Spacing. In the Font dialog box, on the Character Spacingtab, in the Spacing list, select Expanded. In the By box, enter 2.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click the arrow next toText Fill, and then click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations select Tight Reflection, touching (first row, first option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Angle (second row, first option from the left). To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 90%. Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter64%.Click the button next to Color, and thenunder Theme Colorsclick Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter65%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (sixth row, second option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: buttons grow and turn on path(Advanced)To reproduce the curved shape on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform (11th option from the left).On the slide, do the following to draw the freeform line:Click the first point on the upper left corner of the slide. Click the second point on the bottom edge of the slide, slightly to the left of the middle. Click the third point on the lower left corner of the slide. Double-click the fourth and final point on the first point, on the upper left corner of the slide.Right-click the freeform shape, and then click Edit Points. Right-click the diagonal line, and then click Curved Segment. (Note: Your segment may not look as curved as in the example above.)Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Diagonal(second row, third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 230, Green: 230, Blue: 230.To reproduce the picture and text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Shape, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first option from the left).With the picture still selected, under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.2” and the Width box is set to 1.2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the arrow next to Picture Effects, point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left).Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Bevel, and then click 3-D Options. In the Format Picture dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane, under Surface:Click the button next to Material, and then under Standard click Metal (fourth option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Contrasting (second row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 25°.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Diagonal Bottom Left (first row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 77%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 10 pt.In the Angle box, enter 141°.In the Distance box, enter 10 pt.On the slide, drag the picture onto the curve, near the top. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box and select it. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size box, enter 22.Click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box to the right of the picture. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:It will help to zoom out in order to view the area off the slide. On the View tab, in the Zoom group, click Zoom. In the Zoom dialog box, select 33%.On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the picture. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then clickMoreEffects. In the AddEntrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the animation effect (grow & turn effect for the picture). Under Modify: Grow & Turn, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Fast. On the slide, select the picture. In the CustomAnimation task pane, click AddEffect, point to Motion Paths, point to Draw Custom Path, and then click Curve.On the slide, do the following to create the custom motion path:Click the first point in the center of the picture. Click the second point in the middle of the curve. Double-click the third point off the bottom edge of the slide. In the CustomAnimation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Custom Path, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speedlist, select Fast.On the slide, right-click the motion path and then click Reverse Path Direction.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then clickMoreEffects. In the AddEntrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade.Select the third animation effect (fade effect for the text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectAfter Previous.In the Speed list, select Fast. To reproduce the other animated pictures and text boxes on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. On the slide, press and hold CTRL and then select the picture and the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the duplicate picture and text box. On the slide, drag them onto the curve below the first group. In the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Drag the starting point below the bottom edge of the slide, to the same position as the starting point for the first motion path. (Note: The endpoint of the second motion path should still be in the middle of the second picture.)On the slide, right-clickthe second picture and then click ChangePicture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. With the picture still selected, under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.2” and the Width box is set to 1.2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Click in the text box and edit the text.Repeat steps 1-7 two more times to reproduce the third and fourth pictures and text boxes with animation effects.
  • Custom animation effects: descending text levels(Basic)To reproduce the rectangleon this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.08”. In the Shape Width box, enter 4.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner in the Shapes Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 25%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 20%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 69%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Diagonal Bottom Left (first row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 72%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 11.81 pt.In the Angle box, enter 141°.In the Distance box, enter 19.7 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box,click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 7 pt, in the Height box, enter 7 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMetal (fourth option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Contrasting (second row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 75°.On the slide, drag the rectangle into the bottom right corner. To reproduce the rectangle animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate,click Ascend. Select the animation effect (ascend effect for the rectangle). Under Modify: Ascend,do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In theSpeed list, selectMedium. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter three lines of text with paragraph breaks in the text box. Select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Candara.In the Font Size list, select 28. Click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click Aqua, Accent 5; Darker 50% (sixth row, ninth option from the left). On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align TextLeft to position the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box onto the rectangle. To reproduce the text animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate,click Descend. Select the second animation effect (descend effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Descend dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart box, selectWith Previous. In theSpeed box, select1 seconds (Fast). On the Text Animation tab, in the Group text list, select By 1st Level Paragraphs.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the double arrow under the second animation effect to expand the list of effects, and then do the following:Select the new second animation effect in the list (descend effect for the first line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.Select the third animation effect (descend effect for the second line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 1.5.Select the fourth animation effect (descend effect for the second line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 2.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the bottom right corner of the Background group, click the Format Background dialog box launcher.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane, and then under Insert from click File.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.
  • Custom animation effects: horizontal scrolling text(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects.In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Fly In. Select the animation effect (fly-in effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the select effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:On the Effect tab, in the Direction list, select From Right.On the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.In the CustomAnimation task pane, select the second animation effect (fly-in effect for the second text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fly In dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 8. (Note: You may need to adjust the delay time if the length of your text is different than the example above.)On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.On the Home Tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row, fourth option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, (first row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. On the Home Tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row, third option from the left).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Custom animation effects: spinning clip art with text(Intermediate)To reproduce the clip art on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Clip Art.In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter j0435540. In the Search in list, select Everywhere, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)On the slide, select the clip art. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 5.83”.In the Shape Width box, enter 8.12”.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press CTRL+A to select all of the objects on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.Select the group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shape Effects, point to Preset, and then under Presets click Preset 8 (second row, fourth option from the left). With the group still selected, under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher, and do the following:On the Size tab, in the Height box, enter 6.27”.On the Size tab, in the Width box, enter 6.27”.On the Position tab, in the Horizontal box, enter 3.89”. On the Position tab, in the Vertical box, enter 1.55”To reproduce the text on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox.Drag to draw a text box on the slide.In the text box, enter text and select it. On the Home tab, in the Font group do the following:In the Font list, select Candara.In the FontSize box, enter 32 pt.In the FontColor list, under StandardColors select Orange (third option from the left). Click Italic. Select the text box on the slide, and then under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the ShapeHeight box, enter 7.29”.In the ShapeWidth box, enter 7.29”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the WordArtStyles group, click TextEffects, point to Transform, and under FollowPath select ArchUp (first option from the left).To wrap the text upside down, at the bottom of the text box, drag the pink adjustment diamond from the center left position in the text box to the lower right corner of the text box. With the text box still selected, under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher, and then on the Position tab do the following:In the Horizontal box, enter 3.38”. In the Vertical box, enter 1.04”.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animation tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.Select the circle clip art on the slide, and then in the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis effect and select MoreEffects. In the AddEmphasisEffect dialog box, under Basic select Spin, and then click OK.Click the arrow to the right of the spin emphasis effect, select Effect Options,and do the following:On the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Amount list, select QuarterSpin.On the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Amount list, select Counterclockwise.On the Timing tab, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Timing tab, in the Speed box enter4.0 seconds.Click OK.On the slide, select the text box, and then in the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click the AddEffect, point to Entrance and select MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Subtle select Fade, and then click OK.Select the fade entrance effect (second effect), and under Modify: Fade do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Slow. With the text box still selected, click AddEffect, point to Emphasis and select MoreEffects. In the AddEmphasisEffect dialog box, under Basic select Spin, and then click OK.Select the spin emphasis effect (third effect), and under Modify: Spin do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Amount list, select HalfSpin.In the Speed list select Slow. With the text box still selected, click AddEffect, point to Emphasis and select MoreEffects. In the AddEmphasisEffect dialog box, under Basic select Spin, and then click OK.Click the arrow to the right of the spin emphasis effect (fourth effect), select Effect Options,and do the following:On the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Amount list, in the Custom box enter 30°, and then press ENTER.On the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Amount list, select Counterclockwise.On the Timing tab, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Timing tab, in the Delay box enter 3.0 seconds.On the Timing tab, in the Speed box enter1 seconds (Fast).Click OK.To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Direction, list click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left)Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: shrink transparent shapes(Intermediate)Tip: You will need to use drawing guides to reproduce the effects on this slide. To display and set the drawing guides, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, do the following:Under Snap to, select Snap objects to grid.Under Gridsettings, in the Spacing box, enter 0.25.Under Guide settings, select Displaydrawingguideson screen.On the slide, press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it left to the 2.00 position. (Note: One horizontal and one vertical guide will display on the slide at 0.00, the default position. As you drag the guides, the cursor will display the new position.) Press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it left to the 2.00 position. Press and hold CTRL, select the horizontal guide, and then drag it up to the 2.00 position. Press and hold CTRL, select the horizontal guide, and then drag it down to the 1.25 position. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, under Snap to, clear Snap objects to grid.To reproduce the animated shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Diagonal Corner Rectangle (ninth option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 8.1”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10.5”.Under the Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.Click Align Middle.On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Grow/Shrink.Select the animation effect (grow/shrink effect for the rectangle). Click the arrow next to the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow/Shrink dialog box, do the following:On the Effect tab, in the Size list, in the Custom box, enter 37%, and then press ENTER. On the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Speed box, enter 1.5 seconds.On the slide, select the rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Motion Paths,and then click Left. Select the second animation effect (left motion path for the rectangle). Click the arrow next to the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Left dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Delay box, enter 0.7.In the Speed box, enter 0.8 seconds.On the slide, select the motion path. Point to the endpoint (red arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow, and then drag the endpoint to the intersection of the 2.00 top horizontal and the 2.00 left vertical drawing guides. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Center.Click Align Middle.With the second rectangle still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Solid fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 50%.In the Custom Animation task pane, select the fourth animation effect (motion path for the second rectangle). On the slide, point to the endpoint (red arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow, and then drag the endpoint to the intersection of the 1.25 bottom horizontal and the 2.00 left vertical drawing guides.To reproduce the animated text effects on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size box, enter 26.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box until it is centered at the intersection of the 2.00 top horizontal and the 2.00 left vertical drawing guides. On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.With the text box still selected, in the Custom Animation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade.Select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In the Start list, select After Previous.In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Click in the second, duplicate text box, and then edit the text. Select the text in the second text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).On the slide, drag the second text box until it is centered at the intersection of the 1.25 bottom horizontal and the 2.00 left vertical drawing guides.With the second text box still selected, in the Custom Animation task pane, select the sixth animation effect (fade effect for the second text box). Click the arrow next to the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1. Right-click off the slide, and then click Grid and Guides. In the Grid and Guides dialog box, under Guide settings, clear Display drawing guides on screen. To modify the color of the objects on the slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the first rectangle you created on the slide. Under the DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner in the Shapes Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Solid fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Colors, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.On the slide, select the text in the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the slide, select the text in the second text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the bottom right corner of the Background group, click the Format Background dialog box launcher.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane, and then under Insert from, click File.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.
  • Custom animation effects: title fade-in on path and text fade by letter(Intermediate)Tip: For the effects on this slide, use a picture that measures 7.5” high (the height of the slide) and 2.61” wide.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theDrawing group, clickShapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the ShapeHeight box, enter 3.17”.In the ShapeWidth box, enter 9.5”.Drag the rectangle slightly above the middle of the slide. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Under DrawingTools, on theFormat tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the next to ShapeOutline, and then click NoOutline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row, fourth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Orange, Accent 6, Darker 50% (fifth row, 10th option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Orange, Accent 6, Darker 25% (fourth row, 10th option from the left).To reproduce the “heading” text box on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, select TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter the heading text, and then select text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Calibri.In the FontSize box, enter 38.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under ThemeColors click Orange, Accent 6, Darker 25% (fourth row, 10th option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click AlignTextLeft.Drag the text box just above the rectangle, in the right half of the slide. To reproduce the second text box on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter three lines of text with paragraph breaks, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Calibri.In the FontSize list, select 28.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click AlignTextLeft.Drag the second text box onto the rectangle, below the “heading” text box. To reproduce the full-color picture on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, clickPicture. In the InsertPicture dialog box, select the 7.5” x 2.61” picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,in the Bottom box, enter 2.43”. (Note: Under Size and rotate, the Height should now be 5.08”.)On the slide, select the picture. UnderPicture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Glow, and then under Glow Variations click Accent color 1, 5 pt glow (first row, first option from the left).Also under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the PictureStyles group, click PictureEffects, point to Glow, point to MoreGlowColors, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Drag the full-color picture on top of the rectangle, to the left of the text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Top. To reproduce the second picture on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the InsertPicture dialog box, select the same 7.5” x 2.61” picture, and then click Insert. On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Crop from,in the Top box, enter 5.08”. (Note: Under Size and rotate, the Height should now be 2.43”.)On the slide, select the second, smaller picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the PictureStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture in the left pane, and in the Picture pane do the following:In the Brightness box, enter 70%.In the Contrast box, enter -70%.On the slide, drag the smaller picture until it is directly underneath the larger full-color picture.Select the smaller picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Bottom. Press and hold CTRL, and then select both pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Center. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. On the slide, select the “heading” text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade.Select the animation effect (fade effect for the “heading” text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected text box, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 1.5.In the Speed list, select 2 seconds (Medium).On the slide, select the “heading” text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:ClickAddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Left.Select the second animation effect (left motion path for the “heading” text box). Under Modify: Left,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Medium. On the slide, right-click the left motion path and click ReversePathDirection. With the motion path still selected,point to the starting point (green arrow) of the motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting pointabout 1.5” off the left edge of the slide. (Note: It may help to display the ruler. On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler. If your lines of text are longer than in the example above, you may need to further increase the length of the motion path. )On the slide, select the second text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade.Select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Fade dialog box, do the following:On the Effect tab, do the following:In the Animate text list, select By Letter.In the % delay between letters box, enter 5.On the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the TextAnimation tab, in the Grouptext list, select By 1st Level Paragraphs.To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 40%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 232, Green: 227, and Blue: 216.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Kelompok 3 Abistha E. Shabila Andrey Purwanto Assa Putri Nur A. Dwinita Apritasari Fabian Dheano A. Putriana Sofia S. Haloooo
    • 2. 8
    • 3. 7
    • 4. 6
    • 5. 5
    • 6. 4
    • 7. 3
    • 8. 2
    • 9. 1
    • 10. • PENGERTIAN: Folklore adalah tradisi lisan masyarakat yang tersebar atau diwariskan turun temurun • CIRI-CIRI: - Diciptakan, disebarkan, dan diwariskan secara lisan dari generasi ke generasi berikutnya - Bersifat tradisional, tersebar, dan relatif tempat (paling sedikit penyebaran adalah 2 generasi) - Milik bersama dari suatu kelompok, tidak diketahui pencipta awalnya - Kegunaannya alat pendidik; protes sosial; dan proyeksi keinginan yang terpendam
    • 11. LANJUTAN… 2. FOLKLORE BUKAN LISAN Bentuknya bukan lisan tetapi cara pembuatannya diajarkan secara lisan. Biasanya berbentuk artefak Contoh: - Arsitektur Rakyat (Prasasti, Bangunan- bangunan, dll) - Kerajinan Tangan Rakyat - Pakaian/Perhiasan, Obat-obatan, dan Masakan Minuman Tradisional
    • 12. Mitologi adalah ilmu yang memiliki bentuk sastra dan yang mengandung konsepsi serta dongeng suci mengenai kehidupan dewa dan makhluk halus di suatu kebudayaan. Mite berarti cerita yang memiliki latar belakang sejarah, dipercayai oleh masyarakat sebagai cerita yang benar-benar terjadi, dianggap suci, banyak mengandung hal-hal gaib, dan umumnya ditokohi oleh dewa atau setengah dewa. Mite sarat dengan peristiwa keajaiban yang jauh dari fakta sejarah
    • 13. Mite dapat hidup secara lisan, dan jika suatu bangsa yang bersangkutan mengenal tulisan tradisional, dapat juga secara tertulis. Cerita yang dimilki setiap suku bangsa di indonesia biasanya terkait dengan sejarah kehidupan masyarakat di suatu daerah, seperti awal mula masyarakat menempati suatu daerah. Pada umumnya mite menceritakan kisah tentang terjadinya alam semesta, dunia, manusia pertama, terjadinya maut, bentuk khas binatang, bentuk topografi, dan gejala alam serta petualangan para dewa, kisah percintaan, hubungan kekerabatan, kisah perang mereka, dunia dewata, makanan pokok.
    • 14. • Mite Indonesia biasanya mengisahkan terjadinya alam semesta, susunan para dewa, dunia dewata, terjadinya manusia pertama, dan tokoh pembawa kebudayaan. • Contohnya adalah Dewi Sri dari Jawa Tengah dan Bali, Nyai Pohaci dari Jawa Barat, Nyai Roro Kidul Laut Selatan dari Yogyakarta, Mado-Mado (lowalangi) dari Nias, Joko Tarub dari Jawa Tengah. Berdasarkan asal-usulnya di Indonesia, ada dua macam mite yang tersebar di kalangan masyarakat. Yaitu, mite yang berasal dari Indonesia dan dari luar negeri. • Berasal dari luar negeri terutama dari India, Arab, dan kawasan Laut Tengah. • Mitos dari luar negeri umumnya sudah mengalami pengolahan lebih lanjut sehingga tidak terasa lagi keasingannya, karena telah mengalami proses adaptasi. • Contohnya: Ramayana dari India, Mahabrata dari India, Oedipus dari Yunani, Romulus dari Roma.
    • 15. Ada banyak mite yang hampir sama di belahan dunia. Persamaan ini hanya dapat dijelaskan dengan dua kemungkinan berikut :
    • 16. Monogenesis adalah suatu penemuan yang diikuti oleh proses difusi atau penyebaran. Contoh teori yang tergolong monogenesis adalah teori Gimm bersaudara, teori mitologi matahari Max Muller, dan teori Indianist Theodore Benfey. Teori Gimn Bersaudara, dongeng yang telah mereka kumpulkan di Jerman, sebenarnya adalah mite yang sudah rusak dan berasal dari rumpun Indo-Eropa kuno. Teori Mitologi Matahari Max Muller, mite adalah kisah pengulangan kejadian pagi dan malam. Yang menganut teori ini beranggapan bahwa semua mite di dunia berasal dari India. Teori Indianist Theodore Benfey, beranggapan bahwa semua dongeng Eropa berasal dari India. Kemungkinan Monogenesis terlihat pada kenyataan bahwa banyak mite jawa yang berasal dari epos Ramayana dan Mahabrata.
    • 17. Poligenesis, yakni akibat adanya penemuan-penemuan sendiri atau yang sejajar terhadap motif-motif cerita yang sama di tempat-tempat yang berlainan serta dalam masa yang berlainan atau pun besama. Contoh teori yang tergolong poligenesis : Teori Survival Kebudayaan, mempunyai paham bahwa setiap kebudayaan di dunia ini mempunyai kemampuan untuk berevolusi. Masing –masing negara mampu menciptakan motif ceritanya sendiri, oleh karena itu ini memungkinkan, adanya motif cerita yang sama antar negara. Teori Psikoanalisa, melhat bahwa mite-mite yang tersebar di berbagai tempat, bukan karena penyebaran, melainkan disebabkan oleh penemuan- penemuan yang berdiri sendiri. Mite-mite itu dapat mirip satu sama lainnya karena adanya kesadaran bersama yang terpendam (mimpi yang bertema universal). Inilah yang memungkinkan ada banyak persamaan mite-mite dari berbagai bangsa. Teori Euhemerisme, manusia menciptakan dewanya berdasarkan wajah dirinya sendiri. Menurutnya, para dewa dari mitologi adalah manusia yang didewakan. Mite sebenarnya adalah kisah nyata orang–orang yang hidup, tetapi kisah itu telah mengalami distorsi.
    • 18. LEGENDA  PENGERTIAN: Cerita prosa rakyat yang dianggap sebagai suatu cerita yang benar- benar terjadi  CIRI-CIRI: - Bersifat sekuler (keduniawian) terjadi pada masa sangat lampau dan bertempat didunia - Ditokohi manusia, walau kadang memiliki sifat luar biasa dan dibantu makhluk gaib - Sering dianggap sejarah kolektif namun tidak tertulis - Diwariskan secara turun temurun dan biasanya berisi petuah
    • 19. * * LEGENDA KEAGAMAAN: Berisi tentang legenda-legenda orang suci, tidak tertulis namun masih merupakan folklor karena versi asalnya tetap hidup sebagai tradisi lisan * LEGENDA ALAM GAIB: Berbentuk kisah yang dianggap benar terjadi dan pernah dialami seseorang, berfungsi untuk meneguhkan kebenaran takhyul * LEGENDA SETEMPAT: Legenda yang berhubungan dengan suatu tempat, nama tempat, dan bentuk permukaan suatu daerah * LEGENDA PERSEORANGAN: Cerita mengenai tokoh tertentu yang dianggap pemilik cerita kalau benar-benar terjadi
    • 20. LAGU PENGERTIAN: Genre atau bentuk folklore yang terdiri dari kata-kata yang memiliki banyak varian CIRI-CIRI: - Bentuk dan isi lagu/nyanyian rakyat bisa berubah/diubah - Tempat persebaran nyanyian rakyat sangat luas dari yang melek huruf sampai yang buta huruf - Penyebarannya melalui lisan jadi banyak terdapat varian-varian
    • 21. JENIS LAGU RAKYAT  Nyanyian rakyat terbagi menjadi 3  Nyanyian Rakyat yang Berfungsi  Nyanyian Rakyat yang bersifat liris  Nyanyian Rakyat yang berkisah  FUNGSI NYANYIAN RAKYAT: - Membebaskan orang dari kebosanan sehari-hari - Membangkitkan semangat - Memelihara sejarah setempat dan klen - Mengungkapkan suatu bentuk proses sosial
    • 22. UPACARA  PENGERTIAN: Rankaian tindakan atau perbuatan yang terikat pada aturan-aturan tertentu (adat istiadat, agama, dan kepercayaan)  Contoh: Upacara Penguburan, Mendirikan Rumah, Sebelum Berperang, dll

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