Budidaya ikan nila di tambak

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Budidaya nila di tambak dengan sistem tradisional dan semi intensif

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Budidaya ikan nila di tambak

  1. 1. BUDIDAYA NILA PADA KOLAM AIR PAYAU DI SULAWESI SELATAN* a a b,c, aNana S.S.U. Putra , Guno Gumelar , Michael A. Rimmer , Sugeng Raharjoa. Balai Budidaya Air Payau Takalar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesiab. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Field Support Office, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesiac. Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, 425 Werombi Road, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia*Kegiatan Project ACIAR FIS/2007/124 Diversification of Smallholder Coastal Aquaculture In Indonesia Balai Budidaya Air payau Takalar Sulawesi Selatan 92254 Jl. Perikanan, Desa Mappakalompo, Kecamatan galesong, Kabupaten Takalar E-Mail : nana_ssup@yahoo.com AbstraksLahan tambak yang luas di Sulawesi Selatan merupakan modal dasar untuk meningkatkanproduksi hasil perikanan budidaya. Nila dengan karakteristiknya merupakan komoditas yangberpeluang untuk bisa dikembangkan di lahan tambak, sehingga dapat memberikan alternativekomoditas budidaya, mendorong peningkaan produktivitas lahan tambak dan sekaligusperekonomian masyarakatnya. Nila yang digunakan adalah nila hasil persilangan Gesit(Genetically Enhanced Supermale Indonesian Tilapia) dan GIFT (Genetic Improvement ofFarmed Tilapia) dengan sistem budidaya semi intensif . Sedangkan sistem tradisionalmenggunakan anakan nila Nirwana. Sistem semi intensif dilakukan dengan padat penebaran 3ekor/m2 dan pemberian pakan komersial sedangkan system tradisional 1 ekor/m2 tanpamemberikan pakan tambahan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pada sistem semi intensifmenghasilkan 2,780 kg dengan size 3-10 ekor/kg dan kelangsungan hidup 73.03%. Pada polatradisional menghasilkan 298 kg dengan size 10-15 ekor/kg dengan kelangsungan hidup70.30%. Dari hasil ini memperlihatkan bahwa nila berpotensi cukup besar untuk dikembangkandi tambak dan sekalgus menjadi alternative komoditas selain udang dan bandeng.Kata Kunci : Nila, gesit, nirwana, tambak payau NILE TILAPIA CULTURE ON BRACKHISWATER PONDS IN SOUTH SULAWESI AbstractsThe large pond area in South Sulawesi is a main factor to increase the production ofaquaculture. Nile tilapia is a commodity with their characteristics of potential to be developed inbrackhiswater pond, so as to provide alternative option in pond culture, and boost pondproductivity as well economics and it’s community. Strain used is juvenile of GeneticallyEnhanced Supermale Indonesian Tilapia (GESIT) × Genetic Improvement of Farmed Tilapia(GIFT) cross with semi-intensive aquaculture system while the traditional aquaculture systemused Nirwana. Stocking density for Semi-intensive aquaculture system are 3 fish/m2 with
  2. 2. additional feed. Result showed that the semi-intensive aquaculture system was produced 2,780kg with a size between 3-10 fish/kg and survival rate 73,03%. Traditional aquaculture systemwas produced 298 kg a size 10-15 fish/kg. From these results demonstrated that considerablepotential for nile tilapia in brackhiswater pond and as well developed as an alternativecommodities in addition to shrimp and milkfish.Key Words : Nile, GESIT, GIFT, Nirwana, Brackhiswater ponds

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