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Teaching grammar
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Teaching grammar

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  • 1. Teaching Grammar By Puspita Yudaningrum
  • 2. What Is Grammar? Grammatical Terms The Place of Grammar Teaching Presenting and Explaining Grammar Grammatical Mistakes Grammar Practice Activities
  • 3. What is Grammar? • Grammar in General, grammar is sometimes defined as ‘the way words are put together to make correct sentences’. • Grammatical Structure is patterns to make a correct sentences. Every language has different grammatical structures. • Grammatical meaning, grammar does not only affect the form of the sentence but also must have a precise meaning.
  • 4. The Place of Grammatical Teaching Comments : the place of grammatical teaching • Extract 1 -> Grammar not taught directly, but indirectly with oral teaching like mother tongue. • Extract 2 -> The teacher help their students to study grammar by providing and practice in the classroom. • Extract 3 -> Learning grammar does not help in a real conversation. • Extract 4 -> Don’t too focused to learn grammar because not all students are interested if only to learn about grammar.
  • 5. Grammatical Term • Unit of language -> smaller units of language are sentence, clause, phrase, word, morpheme. • Parts of the sentence -> the most common part of sentence are subject, verb and object. • Part of speech -> part of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, auxilia ry verbs, modal verbs, determiners, and prepositions.
  • 6. Presenting and explaining grammar • • • • • Stage 1 -> presentation Stage 2 -> check and re-check our explanation Stage 3 -> feedback with discuss with our students Stage 4 -> Make guideline Stage 5 -> Compare our guideline with other guideline • Stage 6 -> Using another guideline.
  • 7. Grammar Practice Activities Type of grammar practice: form accuracy to in fluency: • Awareness • Controlled drills • Meaningful drills • Guided, meaningful practice • (structure-based) free sentence composition • (structure-based) discourse composition • Free discourse
  • 8. Grammatical mistakes • Terminology -> errors ( which are consistent and based on a mis-learned generalization) and mistakes (occasional inconsistent slips). • What is a mistake? -> mistake is something sounds or looks ‘wrong’.