Teaching grammar

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Teaching grammar

  1. 1. Teaching Grammar By Puspita Yudaningrum
  2. 2. What Is Grammar? Grammatical Terms The Place of Grammar Teaching Presenting and Explaining Grammar Grammatical Mistakes Grammar Practice Activities
  3. 3. What is Grammar? • Grammar in General, grammar is sometimes defined as ‘the way words are put together to make correct sentences’. • Grammatical Structure is patterns to make a correct sentences. Every language has different grammatical structures. • Grammatical meaning, grammar does not only affect the form of the sentence but also must have a precise meaning.
  4. 4. The Place of Grammatical Teaching Comments : the place of grammatical teaching • Extract 1 -> Grammar not taught directly, but indirectly with oral teaching like mother tongue. • Extract 2 -> The teacher help their students to study grammar by providing and practice in the classroom. • Extract 3 -> Learning grammar does not help in a real conversation. • Extract 4 -> Don’t too focused to learn grammar because not all students are interested if only to learn about grammar.
  5. 5. Grammatical Term • Unit of language -> smaller units of language are sentence, clause, phrase, word, morpheme. • Parts of the sentence -> the most common part of sentence are subject, verb and object. • Part of speech -> part of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, auxilia ry verbs, modal verbs, determiners, and prepositions.
  6. 6. Presenting and explaining grammar • • • • • Stage 1 -> presentation Stage 2 -> check and re-check our explanation Stage 3 -> feedback with discuss with our students Stage 4 -> Make guideline Stage 5 -> Compare our guideline with other guideline • Stage 6 -> Using another guideline.
  7. 7. Grammar Practice Activities Type of grammar practice: form accuracy to in fluency: • Awareness • Controlled drills • Meaningful drills • Guided, meaningful practice • (structure-based) free sentence composition • (structure-based) discourse composition • Free discourse
  8. 8. Grammatical mistakes • Terminology -> errors ( which are consistent and based on a mis-learned generalization) and mistakes (occasional inconsistent slips). • What is a mistake? -> mistake is something sounds or looks ‘wrong’.

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