Yes... I cant believe the news todayOh, I cant close my eyes and make it go away How long... How long must we sing this song? How long? how long... cause tonight...we can be as one Tonight... Broken bottles under childrens feet Bodies strewn across the dead end street But I wont heed the battle call It puts my back up Puts my back up against the wall
Sunday, bloody sunday (tonight) Tonight Sunday, bloody sunday (tonight) (come get some!) Wipe the tears from your eyes Wipe your tears away Wipe your tears away I wipe your tears away (sunday, bloody sunday) I wipe your blood shot eyes (sunday, bloody sunday)Sunday, bloody sunday (sunday, bloody sunday)Sunday, bloody sunday (sunday, bloody sunday) (here I come!) And its true we are immune When fact is fiction and tv reality And today the millions cry We eat and drink while tomorrow they die
the term used to describe an incident in Derry, Northern Ireland, on 30 January1972 in which 26 civil rights protesters were shot by members of the 1stBattalion of the British Parachute Regiment during a Northern Ireland Civil RightsAssociation march in the Bogside area of the city.
Bloody Sunday• term used to describe an incident in Derry, Northern Ireland, on 30 January 1972 in which 26 civil rights protesters were shot by members of the 1st Battalion of the British Parachute Regiment during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in the Bogside area of the city. Thirteen people, seven of whom were teenagers, died immediately, while the death of another person 4½ months later has been attributed to the injuries he received on the day.
• Lets forget the politics, lets• Thats an incident, the most stop shooting each other and famous incident in Northern sit around the table and talk Ireland and its the strongest about it. (...) There are very way of saying, How long? How few bands that say, why dont long do we have to put up you just put down the guns? with this? I dont care whos there are a lot of bands taking who - Catholics, Protestants, sides saying politics is crap, whatever. You know people etc. Well, so what! The real are dying every single day battle is people dying, thats through bitterness and hate, the real battle. Politics and and were saying why? Whats music I find very hard to the point? distinguish, where do you draw the line?10
• [T]he sight of Bono singing the anti- violence anthem "Sunday Bloody Sunday" while waving a white flag through crimson mist (...) became the defining image of U2s warrior-rock spirit .
was a military organization descended from the Irish Volunteers,established 25 November 1913 and who in April 1916 staged the EasterRisingPhysical force Irish republicanism as an ideology had a long history,from the United Irishmen of the 1798 and 1803 rebellions, to theYoung Irelander Rebellion of 1848 and the Irish RepublicanBrotherhood rebellion of 1867The acronym IRA was first used by the IRB organization in America(also known as the Fenian Brotherhood). This "Irish RepublicanArmy" of the 1860s comprised the American Fenians paramilitaryforces, organized into a number of regiments. Fenian soldiers wearingIRA insignia fought at the Battle of Ridgeway on 2 June 1866.
BACKGROUND—HOME RULE AND THE VOLUNTEERS led to the formation of unionist and nationalist armed militias, respectively, the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Irish Volunteers. The Government of Ireland Act 1914 The standoff was temporarily averted by the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914. The Irish Volunteers split.A smaller organization, the Irish Citizen Army—originally a workersdefense association under socialist James Connolly—independentlyplanned their own rebellion.
From 1916 to 1918, the two dominant nationalist movements, SinnFéin and the Irish Parliamentary Party, fought a tough series ofbattles in by-elections.In this new position of strength, the Irish Volunteers, who had beenswollen to over 100,000 men in the conscription crisis, were re-organised as the army of this Republic. Hence they began to refer tothemselves as the Irish Republican Army.
The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion staged in Ireland in Easter Week, 1916. The Rising was an attempt by militantIrish republicans to win independence from Britain. It was the most significant uprising in Ireland since the rebellion of 1798. Casualities The British Army reported casualties of 116 dead, 368 wounded and 9 missing. 16 policemen died and 29 were wounded. Irish casualties were 318 dead and 2,217 wounded. The Volunteers and ICA recorded 64 killed in action, but otherwise Irish casualties were not divided into rebels and civilians
Organised by the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Rising lasted from EasterMonday April 24 to April 30, 1916. Members of the Irish Volunteers, seized keylocations in Dublin and proclaimed an Irish Republic independent of Britain.The Rising was suppressed after six days of fighting, and its leaders were court-martialled and executed, but it succeeded in bringingphysical force republicanism back to the forefront of Irish politics. In the1918 General Election, the last all-island election held in Ireland, to the BritishParliament, Republicans won 73 seats out of 105.In January, 1919, the elected members of Sinn Féin who were not still in prisonat the time, including survivors of the Rising, convened the First Dáil andestablished the Irish Republic. The British Government refused to accept thelegitimacy of the newly declared nation, leading to theIrish War of Independence.
THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE• The first shoots of this war were made in Soloheadbeg (Tipperary county). January the first in 1919 by Sean Treacy. McDonell and O´Connell RIC (Royal Irish Constanbulary) agents were died.• The most intense period was from November 1920 to July 1921.
PHASES• FIRST: In 1919, involved the re- organisation of the Irish Volunteers as a guerrilla army. By the end of 1919,four (4) Dublin Metropolitan Plice and 11 RIC men have been killed.• SECOND: 1920, involved attacks to the barracks located in the towns. The birtish declared the martial law. The joining of the Blank and Tans.
• THIRD: 1921, the IRA was re-organised into flying columns.At that moment David Lloyd George, found himself under increasing pressure. An unexpected olive branch came from King George V, who, in a speech in Belfast called for reconciliation on all sides, changed the mood and enabled the British and Irish Republican governments to agree to a truce. The Truce was agreed on 11 July 1921. On 8 July, de Valera met General Macready, the British commander in chief in Ireland and agreed terms.
• The leader of the IRA – had negotiated the Treaty, many IRA officers were against it. Of the General Headquarters (GHQ) staff, nine members were in favour of the Treaty while four opposed it. Many of the IRA rank-and-file were against the Treaty and in January– June 1922, their discontent developed into open defiance of the elected civilian Provisional government of Ireland
The civil war• The pro-treaty IRA soon became the nucleus of the new (regular) Irish National Army created by Collins and Richard Mulcahy. British pressure, and tensions between the pro- and anti-Treaty factions of the IRA, led to a bloody civil war, ending in the defeat of the anti- Treaty faction.