Task 1Rearrange the letters below to form TWOWORDS. I AM MALE OR LADOooppssss.. there’s a trick! One letter has to bechanged to have the right word.Then, think of a situation to illustrate the wordsformed.You have 5 minutes to work. Conflicts causing subjects to justify the morality of their choices.
An ambiguous situation thatrequires a person to make a moral decision.
Conflicts causing subjects to justify the morality of their choices.
of or relating toprinciples of right andwrong in behavior. Conforming to a standard of right behavior.
Cheating is a persistent problem inclassrooms. How students think about thisproblem and how teachers should respond to itdepend on students’ levels of moral development.
Scenario 1 The Heinz DilemmaA woman was near death from a unique kind ofcancer. There is a drug that might save her. The drugcosts $4,000 per dosage. The sick womans husband,Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow themoney and tried every legal means, but he couldonly get together about $2,000. He asked the doctorscientist who discovered the drug for a discount orlet him pay later. But the doctor scientist refused.Should Heinz break into the laboratory to steal thedrug for his wife? Why or why not?
Scenario 2 The Heinz DilemmaHeinz broke into the laboratory and stole the drug.The next day, the newspapers reported the break-inand theft. Brown, a police officer and a friend ofHeinz remembered seeing Heinz last evening,behaving suspiciously near the laboratory. Later thatnight, he saw Heinz running away from thelaboratory.Should Brown report what he saw? Why or why not?
Scenario 3 The Heinz DilemmaOfficer Brown reported what he saw. Heinzwas arrested and brought to court. Ifconvicted, he faces up to two years jail. Heinzwas found guilty.Should the judge sentence Heinz to prison?Why or why not?
Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-1987 Born into a wealthy family in New York in 1927. Kohlberg began studying psychology as an undergraduate at the University of Chicago. In one year, Kohlberg had earned his B.A. in psychology and continued his education as a graduate student at the University of Chicago. In 1958, Kohlberg earned his Ph.D.
Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-1987 Kohlberg studied moral reasoning & development with much of his work based on that of Jean Piaget and John Dewey. He had a brief teaching position at Yale University before moving onto Harvard in 1967. While in Central America in 1973, Kohlberg developed a rare and unknown tropical disease which disabled him in many ways and caused him to be severely depressed. In January of 1987, Kohlberg disappeared, his body was later found in a swamp area. There is some suspicion that Kohlberg took his own life.
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development • Stage 1 – Punishment-Obedience OrientationLEVEL I • Stage 2 – Instrumental Relativist Orientation • Stage 3 – Good Boy – Nice Girl OrientationLEVEL II • Stage 4 – Law and Order Orientation • Stage 5 – Social Contract OrientationLEVEL III • Stage 6 – Universal Ethical Principle Orientation
LEVEL I Pre-conventional Morality4 – 10 yrs. old people at this stage do not really understand the conventions / rules of a society.
Possible Stage 1 responses to Heinz Dilemma:Heinz should not Heinz shouldsteal the drug steal the drugbecause he might because if hebe caught and doesnt then hissent to jail. wife might scold him.
STAGE 2 Instrumental Relativist Orientation The ethics of “What’s in it for me?” Obeying rules and exchanging favors are judged in terms of the benefit to the individual.
Possible Stage 2 responses to Heinz Dilemma:It is right for Heinz to steal the drugbecause it can cure his wife and thenshe can cook for him. The doctor scientist had spent lots of money and many years of his life to develop the cure so its not fair to him if Heinz stole the drug.
LEVEL II 10 – 13 yrs. old Conventional MoralityPeople at thisstage conform tothe conventions /rules of a society.
STAGE 3 Good Boy – Nice Girl OrientationEthical decisions arebased on concern foror the opinions ofothers.
Possible Stage 3 responses to Heinz Dilemma:Yes, Heinz should steal thedrug. He probably will go tojail for a short time forstealing but his in-laws willthink he is a good husband.Brown, the police officer should report thathe saw Heinz behaving suspiciously andrunning away from the laboratory because hisboss would be pleased.
Officer Brown should not report whathe saw because his friend Heinz wouldbe pleased. The judge should not sentence Heinz to jail for stealing the drug because he meant well ... he stole it to cure his wife.
STAGE 4 Law and Order OrientationRight behavior consists indoing ones duty, showingrespect for authority andmaintaining the given socialorder for its own sake.
Possible Stage 4 responses to Heinz Dilemma:As her husband, Heinz The judge should sentencehas a duty to save his Heinz to jail. Stealing iswifes life so he should against the law! He shouldsteal the drug. But its not make any exceptionswrong to steal, so even though Heinz wife isHeinz should be dying. If the judge does notprepared to accept the sentence Heinz to jail thenpenalty for breaking others may think its rightthe law. to steal and there will be chaos in the society.
LEVEL III Post-Conventional MoralityThe moral principlesthat underline theconventions of asociety areunderstood.
STAGE 5 Social Contract OrientationRules and laws representagreements among peopleabout behavior that benefitssociety. Rules can be changedwhen they no longer meetsociety’s needs.
Possible Stage 5 responses to Heinz Dilemma:Heinz should steal the drug because everyone hasthe right to life regardless of the law against stealing.Should Heinz be caught and prosecuted for stealingthen the law (against stealing) needs to bereinterpreted because a persons life is at stake.The doctor scientists decision is despicable but hisright to fair compensation (for his discovery) must bemaintained. Therefore, Heinz should not steal thedrug.
STAGE 6 Universal Ethical Principle OrientationRight is defined by the decision ofconscience in accord with self-chosen ethical principles appealingto logical comprehensiveness,universality and consistency.
Possible Stage 6 responseto Heinz Dilemma:Heinz should stealthe drug to save hiswife becausepreserving humanlife is a higher moralobligation thanpreserving property.
Every person’s moral reasoning develops through the same stages in the same order. People pass through the same stages at different rates.Development is gradual and continuous, rather than sudden and discrete. Once a stage is attained, a person continues to reason at that stage and rarely regress to a lower stage.Intervention usually results in moving only to the nest higher stage of moral reasoning.
DO IT NOW! Task 2Using Michael’s story, create responsesas regards to the following stages. STAGE 1 LEVEL I STAGE 2 STAGE 3 LEVEL II STAGE 4 STAGE 5 LEVEL III STAGE 6
Florabel M. BiasongAbuyod National High School Teresa, Rizal