Insurgency 1 st Phase/Stage 2 nd phase/Stage Subversion Armed Struggle
Cause and ideology
Creation of the party
Creation of united front
GW Stage Mobile Stage
Strategic defensive Strategic Offensive
Activities are carried out with utmost secrecy.
Some activities are conducted openly.
Compared with iceberg.
Not temporary change but overthrow of existing social and political order.
Time to enter into 2nd phase depend upon country to country and situation.
Insurgency starts from cause and grows to strength
Organizing dissident to oppose Govt. policies.
Win over minds of people towards cause
SUBVERT :- U ndermine the morals, allegiance or faith of any group. It involves two actions. Negative Action (ideas flushed out) & Positive Action (filled with own ideas)
Subversion can be defined as a psychological process carried out through a variety of methods (Persuasion, Reward, coercion) to detach the minds of the people, their loyalty to the established authority.
It is also called invisible aggression
BASIS OF SUBVERSION
Anti colonialism or anti imperialism.
Political equality for immigrants races with indigenous races.
Religious autonomy for ethnic
Religious freedom, seeds of conflict between different religion and races
Retention of culture heritage.
FACTOR RESPONCIBLE FOR RISE OF SUBVERSION :- Changing attitude of people towards authority. Development of techniques. It fits to the condition of the modern age /war.
It is a process of reactivating the already filled ideas, which might have gone inactive
HOW SUBVERSION IS CARRIED OUT
By political party.
By ideological attack.
Meant for intellectuals
Attract and convert teachers, students and others learned personals by reasoning. Social services, human rights, freedom of thoughts, students union, cultural club, sports club.
3. CAUSE:- It is an ideological appeal carefully tuned to justice, honour, pride and emotion. Capture of human mind .
NATURE OF CAUSE:-
Appealing and lasting.
To give bright vision.
Keep it alive.
Tactical manipulation of cause.
FOR--- (change of govt.) AGAINST--- (govt.action) ----FOR (own people)
4. Character assassination of important leaders and govt. functionaries.
METHODS OF SUVERSION
Contact people and study their customs, traditions, languages, demographic pattern, and social set up, literacy
Study their wishes and difficulties.
Pinpointing weakness and drawbacks of govt.
Attempt to attract people towards their thoughts.
Create anger against govt.
OBJECTIVE OF SUBVERSION
Discord and disunity among population
Industrial dispute and economic imbalance
Creating law and order problems.
Demoralize armed forces.
Instigate border people to rise against govt.
MEANS OF SUBVERSION
Trade and economic treaties.
Diplomatic mission abroad.
Celebration of important events and days.
Supporting the claim of ethnic or minority groups.
Establishing claims in border areas.
Cultural exchange teams.
Commercial associations /delegations.
STAGES OF SUBVERSION
Training of cadres.
Winning over masses
Establishment of puppet govt.
Spreading of ideology .
COUNTER SUBVERSION 1) The party or front & its cell &committee 2) The armed groups 3) The population
Campaign to destroy the subversive movement
Fact to be known to the people
Govt.programme should rectify genuine grievance
Population &resources control measures
Govt. can introduce new legislations
Strong intelligence net work
Carefully and coordinated campaign of psychological Operations.
Monitoring and jamming of black radio broadcasting
Civic action programme
Clean and honest administration
Free and compulsory education
To improve economic condition
Special attention towards border
Check exploitation of people
Surveillance on suspected members
Screening of new recruits tightening of security system.
Check infiltration across the border and in the organization