Tropical andes

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Tropical andes

  1. 1. Tropical andes Brianna Andrekovich period 3 biodiversity hotspots
  2. 2. tropical andesone of the most diverse and rich regions on eartharound 7% of vascular plants are endemic to thetropical andeslargest variety of amphibians in the world-664 speciesplant diversity is greater here than any other hotspotworld leader in plant endemism of species foundnowhere else on earth
  3. 3. tropical andes cont.spans 1,542,664 km2world’s richest florapuna and parámo grasslands go from cloud forests tothe snow line- very diverse and contatinting around800 speciessnowcapped peaks, steep slopes, deep canyons,isolated valleys
  4. 4. tropical andes hotspot0.8 % of earth’s land is represented by this hotspotwest-extends down to an elevation of 1,000 meterseast-reaches down to 500 meters in elevationcontains deepest gorge in the world3,223 meter deep canyon
  5. 5. plants30,000 to 35,000 species of vascular plants (10% of allspecies)unique species is the andean bromeliad-takes 100 yrsto matureandean bromeliladparajubaea- biggest palm on earthpodocarpus
  6. 6. threatened/endangered animalsyellow-eared parrotyellow-tailed woolly monkeyspectacled bearblue-billed curassowgarlepps mousetree boa
  7. 7. threatsmining •growth of cities invasive speciestimber extraction •hydroelectric dams pathogenic chytrid fungus-Boil exploration •dendrobatidies dendrobatidiesnarcotics plantations •dendrobatidies dendrobatidies
  8. 8. animal percentages of endemismplants- 30,000 species, 15,000 endemic (50%)mammals-570 species, 75 endemic (13%)birds-1,724 species, 579 endemic (34)reptiles-610 species, 275 endemic (45%)amphibians-981 species, 673 endemic (69%)freshwater fish-380 species, 131 endemic (35%)
  9. 9. http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/south_america/Tropical-Andes/Pages/default.aspxhttp://www.eoearth.org/article/Biological_diversity_in_the_Tropical_Andeshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_Andeshttp://www.cepf.net/where_we_work/regions/south_america/tropical_andes/Pages/default.aspxhttps://www.google.com/search?um=1&hl=en&safe=strict&client=firefox-a&tbo=d&rls=org.mozilla%3Aen-US%3Aofficial&biw=1280&bih=593&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=tropical+andes&btnG=

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