Translation and Transcription Flipbook

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  • 1. Nucleus
  • 2. Nucleus
  • 3. Nucleus
  • 4. Key: A: Adenine DNA Strand 1. RNA polymerase binds to DNA and C: Cytosine unwinds it G: Guanine T: ThynineATGCGC G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCTACGC G C C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 5. GC G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC G C C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 6. G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 7. A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TC T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 8. C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCG A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 9. G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  • 10. T A A C G G C A T TCA T T G C C G T A A G
  • 11. 2. RNA polymerase binds to Promoter promoter region of DNA region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  • 12. Promoter region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  • 13. Promoter region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  • 14. Promoter regionG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  • 15. Promoter regionG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  • 16. omotergion C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AG T A A G
  • 17. oter A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AT A A G
  • 18. TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AA G
  • 19. ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T TTGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A
  • 20. CC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T TGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A
  • 21. C GGCATA G CT TG CCGTAT C GA A
  • 22. CT TGA A
  • 23. mRNA Strand Cytoplasm NucleusAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U A A G RNA polymerase reads DNA and creates mRNA
  • 24. mRNA Strand Cytoplasm NucleusAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U A A G
  • 25. mRNA StrandAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U UA G Termination sequence
  • 26. 4.RNA polymerase hits a stop codon and releases mRNA Strand mRNAAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U UA GStart codon Termination sequence
  • 27. TRANSLATION CYTOPLASM
  • 28. TRANSLATION CYTOPLASM
  • 29. TRANSLATION
  • 30. TRANSLATION
  • 31. TRANSLATION
  • 32. TRANSLATION mRNA StrandA U G C C A G C U U G
  • 33. TRANSLATION mRNA StrandA U G C C A G C U U G
  • 34. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  • 35. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  • 36. TRANSLATION RibosomeA U G C C A G C U U G 1.Ribosome assembles and starts to reads the mRNA.
  • 37. TRANSLATION RibosomeA U G C C A G C U U G 1.Ribosome assembles and starts to reads the mRNA.
  • 38. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  • 39. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 40. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Starting Codon
  • 41. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Starting Codon
  • 42. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 43. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 44. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 45. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 1. tRNA reads Anti-Codon the mRNA tRNA strand and starts to make the amino Acids. Amino Acid (Tyrosine)
  • 46. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 2. tRNA reads Anti-Codon the mRNA tRNA strand and starts to make the amino Acids. Amino Acid (Tyrosine)
  • 47. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 48. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 49. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 50. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 51. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 52. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 53. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  • 54. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 3. Peptide bonds bind the Amino acids together. Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 55. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 3. Peptide bonds bind the Amino acids together. Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 56. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 57. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 58. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 59. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 60. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 61. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 62. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 63. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  • 64. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 65. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 66. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 67. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 68. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 69. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 70. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 71. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 72. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 73. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 74. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  • 75. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  • 76. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  • 77. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  • 78. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  • 79. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  • 80. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine
  • 81. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine Lysine
  • 82. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine Lysine
  • 83. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine
  • 84. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine
  • 85. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  • 86. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  • 87. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  • 88. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  • 89. TRANSLATIONA C G C U U C C A G C U Alanine Lysine Valine
  • 90. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine
  • 91. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  • 92. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  • 93. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  • 94. TRANSLATIONU U C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine
  • 95. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine
  • 96. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 97. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 98. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 99. TRANSLATIONC C A G U C C G U U A G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 100. TRANSLATIONC A G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 101. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  • 102. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  • 103. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  • 104. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  • 105. TRANSLATIONU C C G U U A G G A G Arginine Glutamine Serine
  • 106. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine
  • 107. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  • 108. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  • 109. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  • 110. TRANSLATION U U A G G G A U U A A 4. Ribosome hits the stop codon and the amino acids become a Stop Codon protein.Glutamine Serine Leucine
  • 111. TRANSLATION U U A G G G A U U A A 4. Ribosome hits the stop codon and the amino acids become a Stop Codon protein.Glutamine Serine Leucine
  • 112. TRANSLATIONProtein End Product
  • 113. TRANSLATIONProtein End Product
  • 114. Transcription and Translation SummarySecond, is Translation. First in translation, the mRNAstrand is in the cytoplasm. Then, a ribosome comesand reads the mRNA strand in codons. The ribosomefinds the start codon. tRNA proof reads the mRNA andbegins to make proteins. Peptide bond forms betweenthe amino acids.