Transcription and Translation Flipbook

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Transcription and Translation Flipbook

  1. 1. Nucleus
  2. 2. Nucleus
  3. 3. Nucleus
  4. 4. Key: A: Adenine DNA Strand 1. RNA polymerase binds to DNA and C: Cytosine unwinds it G: Guanine T: ThynineATGCGC G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCTACGC G C C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  5. 5. GC G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC G C C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  6. 6. G G C A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC C G T T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  7. 7. A A T C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TC T A G A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  8. 8. C T T A G C G T A A C G G C A T TCG A A T C G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  9. 9. G C G T A A C G G C A T TCC G C A T T G C C G T A A G
  10. 10. T A A C G G C A T TCA T T G C C G T A A G
  11. 11. 2. RNA polymerase binds to Promoter promoter region of DNA region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  12. 12. Promoter region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  13. 13. Promoter region RNA polymeraseG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  14. 14. Promoter regionG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  15. 15. Promoter regionG G C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A C G T A A G Coding Region
  16. 16. omotergion C A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AG T A A G
  17. 17. oter A T TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AT A A G
  18. 18. TC ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T T TGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A AA G
  19. 19. ACGCC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T TTGCGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A
  20. 20. CC A G T T A C G G A C G T A T C G G C A T A G C T TGG T C A A T G C C T G C A T A G C C G T A T C G A A
  21. 21. C GGCATA G CT TG CCGTAT C GA A
  22. 22. CT TGA A
  23. 23. mRNA Strand Cytoplasm NucleusAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U A A G RNA polymerase reads DNA and creates mRNA
  24. 24. mRNA Strand Cytoplasm NucleusAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U A A G
  25. 25. mRNA StrandAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U UA G Termination sequence
  26. 26. 4.RNA polymerase hits a stop codon and releases mRNA Strand mRNAAUGGCG C C G U U A G A A U C G C A U U G C C G U UA GStart codon Termination sequence
  27. 27. TRANSLATION CYTOPLASM
  28. 28. TRANSLATION CYTOPLASM
  29. 29. TRANSLATION
  30. 30. TRANSLATION
  31. 31. TRANSLATION
  32. 32. TRANSLATION mRNA StrandA U G C C A G C U U G
  33. 33. TRANSLATION mRNA StrandA U G C C A G C U U G
  34. 34. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  35. 35. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  36. 36. TRANSLATION RibosomeA U G C C A G C U U G 1.Ribosome assembles and starts to reads the mRNA.
  37. 37. TRANSLATION RibosomeA U G C C A G C U U G 1.Ribosome assembles and starts to reads the mRNA.
  38. 38. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C U U G
  39. 39. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  40. 40. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Starting Codon
  41. 41. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Starting Codon
  42. 42. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  43. 43. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  44. 44. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  45. 45. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 2. tRNA reads Anti-Codon the mRNA tRNA strand and starts to make the amino Acids. Amino Acid (Tyrosine)
  46. 46. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 2. tRNA reads Anti-Codon the mRNA tRNA strand and starts to make the amino Acids. Amino Acid (Tyrosine)
  47. 47. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  48. 48. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  49. 49. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  50. 50. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  51. 51. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  52. 52. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  53. 53. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G
  54. 54. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 3. Peptide bonds bind the Amino acids together. Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  55. 55. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G 3. Peptide bonds bind the Amino acids together. Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  56. 56. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  57. 57. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  58. 58. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  59. 59. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  60. 60. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  61. 61. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  62. 62. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  63. 63. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine
  64. 64. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  65. 65. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  66. 66. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  67. 67. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  68. 68. TRANSLATIONA U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Tyrosine Glycine Arginine
  69. 69. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  70. 70. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  71. 71. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  72. 72. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  73. 73. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  74. 74. TRANSLATION U G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine
  75. 75. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  76. 76. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  77. 77. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  78. 78. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  79. 79. TRANSLATIONU G C C A G C A C G C Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide BondTyrosine Glycine Arginine Alanine
  80. 80. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine
  81. 81. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine Lysine
  82. 82. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide Bond Peptide BondGlycine Arginine Alanine Lysine
  83. 83. TRANSLATIONC A G C A C G C U U C Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine
  84. 84. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine
  85. 85. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  86. 86. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  87. 87. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  88. 88. TRANSLATIONC A C G C U U C C A G Peptide BondArginine Alanine Lysine Valine
  89. 89. TRANSLATIONA C G C U U C C A G C U Alanine Lysine Valine
  90. 90. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine
  91. 91. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  92. 92. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  93. 93. TRANSLATIONG C U U C C A G U C CAlanine Lysine Valine Arginine
  94. 94. TRANSLATIONU U C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine
  95. 95. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine
  96. 96. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  97. 97. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  98. 98. TRANSLATIONU C C A G U C C G U U Lysine Valine Arginine Glutamine
  99. 99. TRANSLATIONC C A G U C C G U U A G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  100. 100. TRANSLATIONC A G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  101. 101. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine
  102. 102. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  103. 103. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  104. 104. TRANSLATIONA G U C C G U U A G G Valine Arginine Glutamine Serine
  105. 105. TRANSLATIONU C C G U U A G G A G Arginine Glutamine Serine
  106. 106. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine
  107. 107. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  108. 108. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  109. 109. TRANSLATIONC C G U U A G G G A UArginine Glutamine Serine Leucine
  110. 110. TRANSLATION U U A G G G A U U A A 4. Ribosome hits the stop codon and the amino acids become a Stop Codon protein.Glutamine Serine Leucine
  111. 111. TRANSLATION U U A G G G A U U A A 4. Ribosome hits the stop codon and the amino acids become a Stop Codon protein.Glutamine Serine Leucine
  112. 112. TRANSLATIONProtein End Product
  113. 113. TRANSLATIONProtein End Product
  114. 114. Transcription and Translation SummaryFirst, there is Transcription. First in transcription, RNAPolymerase binds to and unwinds the DNA molecule. RNAPolymerase finds the promoter region of the DNA. RNAPolymerase reads DNA and creates mRNA. RNA Polymerasehits the stop codon and let goes of the mRNA. mRNA leavesthe nucleus through a nucleus pore. Second, is Translation.First in translation, the mRNA strand is in the cytoplasm.Then, a ribosome comes and reads the mRNA strand incodons. The ribosome finds the start codon. tRNA proofreads the mRNA and begins to make proteins. Peptide bondforms between the amino acids. Then the amino acids willturn into a protein.
  115. 115. Transcription and Translation SummaryFirst, there is Transcription. First in transcription, RNAPolymerase binds to and unwinds the DNA molecule. RNAPolymerase finds the promoter region of the DNA. RNAPolymerase reads DNA and creates mRNA. RNA Polymerasehits the stop codon and let goes of the mRNA. mRNA leavesthe nucleus through a nucleus pore. Second, is Translation.First in translation, the mRNA strand is in the cytoplasm.Then, a ribosome comes and reads the mRNA strand incodons. The ribosome finds the start codon. tRNA proofreads the mRNA and begins to make proteins. Peptide bondforms between the amino acids. Then the amino acids willturn into a protein.

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