Rna project_BrubakerK_pd1

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Protein Synthesis

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Rna project_BrubakerK_pd1

  1. 1. Protein Synthesis • By Kamren Brubaker
  2. 2. Cytoplasm
  3. 3. Cytoplasm
  4. 4. Cytoplasm
  5. 5. Cytoplasm 5’ ___________ _____________ 3’ TACTCTGGCATCATT ATGAGACCGTAGTAA 3’ ___________ ___________ 5’
  6. 6. Cytoplasm 5’ ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ________________ _ 3’ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA 3’ ______________________________ ____________________________ 5’
  7. 7. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  8. 8. The promoter region is where RNA Polymerase can start breaking the DNA helix. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________ Promoter Region
  9. 9. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  10. 10. mRNA Strand ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  11. 11. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  12. 12. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  13. 13. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  14. 14. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________ Termination Sequence
  15. 15. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  16. 16. Cytoplasm mRNA Nuclear Pore
  17. 17. mRNA Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  18. 18. mRNA Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  19. 19. Start Codon Large subunit AUGAGACCGUAGUAA Small subunit
  20. 20. Amino Acid tRNA U A C Anti-codon AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  21. 21. U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  22. 22. U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  23. 23. U C U U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  24. 24. U C U U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  25. 25. U A C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  26. 26. U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  27. 27. Peptide Bond U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  28. 28. G G C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  29. 29. G G C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  30. 30. U C UG G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  31. 31. G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  32. 32. G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  33. 33. A U C G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  34. 34. A U C G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  35. 35. A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  36. 36. A U A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  37. 37. A U C A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  38. 38. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  39. 39. End Codon A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  40. 40. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  41. 41. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  42. 42. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  43. 43. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  44. 44. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  45. 45. Protein Synthesis Summary First, during Transcription, RNA polymerase unwinds the DNA double helix. The code for DNA is read and transferred to the mRNA strand. Then, during translation, mRNA comes in contact with ribosomes. The mRNA sequence is converted into an Amino Acid sequence. Every three nucleotides codes for one amino acid, or codons. tRNA is the carrier molecule for the amino acids.

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