Rna project_BrubakerK_pd1
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  • 1. Protein Synthesis • By Kamren Brubaker
  • 2. Cytoplasm
  • 3. Cytoplasm
  • 4. Cytoplasm
  • 5. Cytoplasm 5’ ___________ _____________ 3’ TACTCTGGCATCATT ATGAGACCGTAGTAA 3’ ___________ ___________ 5’
  • 6. Cytoplasm 5’ ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ________________ _ 3’ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA 3’ ______________________________ ____________________________ 5’
  • 7. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 8. The promoter region is where RNA Polymerase can start breaking the DNA helix. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________ Promoter Region
  • 9. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 10. mRNA Strand ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 11. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 12. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 13. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 14. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________ Termination Sequence
  • 15. ________________ _ TACTCTGGCATCATT ______________________________ ________________ _ ATGAGACCGTAGTAA ____________________________
  • 16. Cytoplasm mRNA Nuclear Pore
  • 17. mRNA Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  • 18. mRNA Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  • 19. Start Codon Large subunit AUGAGACCGUAGUAA Small subunit
  • 20. Amino Acid tRNA U A C Anti-codon AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 21. U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 22. U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 23. U C U U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 24. U C U U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 25. U A C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 26. U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 27. Peptide Bond U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 28. G G C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 29. G G C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 30. U C UG G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 31. G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 32. G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 33. A U C G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 34. A U C G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 35. A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 36. A U A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 37. A U C A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 38. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 39. End Codon A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 40. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 41. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 42. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 43. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 44. A U U AUGAGACCGUAGUAA
  • 45. Protein Synthesis Summary First, during Transcription, RNA polymerase unwinds the DNA double helix. The code for DNA is read and transferred to the mRNA strand. Then, during translation, mRNA comes in contact with ribosomes. The mRNA sequence is converted into an Amino Acid sequence. Every three nucleotides codes for one amino acid, or codons. tRNA is the carrier molecule for the amino acids.