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Protein.synthesis.flipbook

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  • 1. Cytoplasm Note: The polypeptide chain then forms into a three-dimensional figure (tertiary structure). AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 2. Protein Synthesis By. Anna Heitzenrater
  • 3. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA
  • 4. Cytoplasm Nucleus
  • 5. Cytoplasm Nucleus
  • 6. Cytoplasm Nucleus
  • 7. Nucleus
  • 8. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 9. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 10. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 11. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Promoter Region Nucleus
  • 12. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase mRNA strand ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 13. Cytoplasm TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 14. Cytoplasm A U G TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 15. Cytoplasm AU G AG A TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 16. Cytoplasm AU G AG AC CG TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 17. Cytoplasm AU G AG AC C GU AG TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 18. Cytoplasm AU G AG AC C GU A G UG A TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 19. Cytoplasm AU G AG AC C GU A G UG A TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Termination Sequence Nucleus
  • 20. Cytoplasm AU G AG AC C GU A G UG A TACTCTGGCATCACT RNA Polymerase ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Termination Sequence Nucleus
  • 21. A Cytoplasm Note: The mRNA must leave the nucleus through the nuclear pores to reach the ribosomes. C C G U A GU G A GCATCACT CGTAGTGA Nuclear Pore Nucleus
  • 22. A G A Cytoplasm C C G U A G U G A GCATCACT CGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 23. Cytoplasm G A G A C C G U A G U G GCATCACT CGTAGTGA Nucleus A
  • 24. Cytoplasm A U G AG GCATCACT AC C GU A GUG A CGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 25. GCATCACT Cytoplasm A U G AG AC C GU A GUG A CGTAGTGA Nucleus
  • 26. Cytoplasm GCATCACT A U G AG CGTAGTGA Nucleus AC C GU A GUG A
  • 27. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 28. Cytoplasm Nucleus mRNA strand Ribosomes
  • 29. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 30. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 31. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 32. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 33. Cytoplasm Nucleus Ribosomes
  • 34. AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 35. Ribosome : large subunit AUGAGACCGUAGUGA Small subunit
  • 36. Cytoplasm Amino acid tRNA U A C Anti-codon AUGAGACCGUAGUGA Codon
  • 37. Cytoplasm U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA Start Codon
  • 38. Cytoplasm U U C U A C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 39. Cytoplasm U A C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 40. Cytoplasm U A C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 41. Cytoplasm U A C U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 42. Cytoplasm Peptide Bond U C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 43. Cytoplasm G U G C C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 44. Cytoplasm U C U G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 45. Cytoplasm U C U G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 46. Cytoplasm U C U G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 47. Cytoplasm A U C G G C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 48. Cytoplasm G G C A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 49. Cytoplasm G G C A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 50. Cytoplasm G G C A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 51. Cytoplasm G G C A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 52. Cytoplasm A U C A U C AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 53. Cytoplasm Note: The stop codon does not make an amino acid. A U C A C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA Stop Codon
  • 54. Cytoplasm A U C A C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 55. Cytoplasm Polypeptide Chain A C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA Stop Codon
  • 56. Cytoplasm A C U AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 57. Cytoplasm Note: The polypeptide chain forms a three-dimensional figure, or its tertiary structure. AUGAGACCGUAGUGA
  • 58. Summary First, the enzyme RNA polymerase comes in. It unwinds the double helix and adds the complementary nucleotides, there is also a complementary mRNA strand that forms. But, since it is RNA, the thymine is replaced with uracil. Then, the double helix closes back up after RNA polymerase goes through. The mRNA exits through the nuclear pores and travels through the cytoplasm to get to the ribosomes. Once in the ribosomes, the large and small subunit of the ribosomes bind with the mRNA. The ribosome begins at the start codon, that is always AUG. As the ribosome moves down the mRNA strand, the tRNA molecule, with the correct anti-codon sequence, then binds onto the codon. As the ribosome keeps on moving, the amino acids from the previous tRNA falls off and attaches to the next amino acid. This forms a peptide bond and the tRNA molecule falls off. This continues until the ribosome reaches the stop codon, the codon either has a sequence of UAA, UAG, or UGA. The polypeptide chain, that was formed from the amino acid, then folds into a three dimensional figure, also known as its tertiary structure.

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