Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller

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Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller

  1. 1. Protein Synthesis By: Laura Keller
  2. 2. Transcription • In Transcription, RNA Polymerase unwinds a small portion of the DNA. Then, mRNA matches the bases of the DNA. The mRNA breaks away from the DNA and passes through the nuclear pores to get to the ribosomes.
  3. 3. Cell Nucleus
  4. 4. Nucleus Chromosome
  5. 5. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  6. 6. 3’ 5’ Key = Phosphate RNA Polymerase = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  7. 7. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  8. 8. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  9. 9. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  10. 10. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  11. 11. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = mRNA Strand = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  12. 12. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = mRNA Strand = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  13. 13. Translation • In Translation, the mRNA comes in contact with the ribosome. The ribosome will then read the mRNA and translate it. Then, tRNA anticodons are created for each codon. Each anticodon codes for a specific amino acid. The tRNA finds the correct amino acid and all the amino acids are strung together to form a protein.
  14. 14. Cytoplasm Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  15. 15. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  16. 16. Ribosome Large Subunit Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Small Subunit Codon Codon Stop Codon
  17. 17. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  18. 18. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  19. 19. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  20. 20. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  21. 21. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  22. 22. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  23. 23. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  24. 24. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  25. 25. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  26. 26. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  27. 27. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  28. 28. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain Stop Codon
  29. 29. Codon Codon art Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  30. 30. on Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  31. 31. n Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  32. 32. Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  33. 33. Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  34. 34. n Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  35. 35. Amino Acid Chain Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  36. 36. Final Protein in Tertiary Structure Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  37. 37. The End

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