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Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller

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Transcript

  • 1. Protein Synthesis By: Laura Keller
  • 2. Transcription • In Transcription, RNA Polymerase unwinds a small portion of the DNA. Then, mRNA matches the bases of the DNA. The mRNA breaks away from the DNA and passes through the nuclear pores to get to the ribosomes.
  • 3. Cell Nucleus
  • 4. Nucleus Chromosome
  • 5. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 6. 3’ 5’ Key = Phosphate RNA Polymerase = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 7. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 8. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 9. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 10. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 11. 5’ 3’ Key RNA Polymerase = mRNA Strand = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 12. 3’ 5’ Key RNA Polymerase = mRNA Strand = = Phosphate = Sugar = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 13. Translation • In Translation, the mRNA comes in contact with the ribosome. The ribosome will then read the mRNA and translate it. Then, tRNA anticodons are created for each codon. Each anticodon codes for a specific amino acid. The tRNA finds the correct amino acid and all the amino acids are strung together to form a protein.
  • 14. Cytoplasm Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine
  • 15. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  • 16. Ribosome Large Subunit Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Small Subunit Codon Codon Stop Codon
  • 17. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  • 18. Start Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon
  • 19. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 20. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 21. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 22. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine = Guanine = Cytosine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 23. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 24. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 25. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 26. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 27. Start Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Ribosome Amino Acid tRNA = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Codon Stop Codon
  • 28. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain Stop Codon
  • 29. Codon Codon art Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 30. on Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 31. n Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 32. Codon Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 33. Codon Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 34. n Stop Codon Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 35. Amino Acid Chain Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 36. Final Protein in Tertiary Structure Key = Uracil = Adenine Amino Acid tRNA Ribosome Peptide Bond = Guanine = Cytosine Anticodon Polypeptide Chain
  • 37. The End