Protein Synthesis and DNA
Flipbook
By: Jacob Weaver
A

T

G

A

G

A

G

T

G

T

G

A

T

A

C

T

C

T

C

A

C

A

C

T

Strand 1
Cytoplasm

Cell
Membrane

Nucleus

Mitochondrion
RNA Polymerase

A

T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
AU

T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
AUG

T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
AUGC

T A C G C G A T C C T A C T

A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
T A C G C G A T C C T A C T
A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
Nucleus
pore

Nucleus
Nucleus
Nucleus
Nucleus
Nucleus
Nucleus
Ribosome

Nucleus

Nucleus
Pore
Translation
A

U

G

A

G

A

C

C

mRNA Strand

G

U

A

G

U

G

A
Ribosome

A

U

Start
Codon

G

A

G

A

C

C

mRNA Strand

G

U

A

G

U

Stop
Codon

G

A
tRNA

U

A

C

U

C

U

G

G

C

C

G

A

U

C

A

C

A

G

U

G

U

AntiCodon

A

U G
Ribosome

Start
Codon

A

G

A

C

...
Amino Acid

A

U G
Ribosome

Start
Codon

A

G

A

C

C

mRNA Strand

G

U

A

G

U

Stop
Codon

G

A
U
A

A

C

U G
Ribosome

Start
Codon

A

G

A

C

C

mRNA Strand

G

U

A

G

U

Stop
Codon

G

A
Peptide
Bonds

U
A

A

C

U G
Ribosome

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

C

C

mRNA Strand

G

U

A

G

U

Stop
Codon

G

A
Peptide
Bonds

U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U

C

U

ARibosome
G A

G

G

C

C

C

G

mRNA Strand

U

A

G

U

Stop
Codo...
Peptide
Bonds

U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

Peptide
Bonds

U
A

C
G

U
A

G
C

C

A

U

C

C
G
Ribosome

U

A

G

G

mRN...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G
...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

U
A

C
G

U
A

Peptide
Bonds

G

G

C

A

U

C...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

U
A

C
G

U
A

Peptide
Bonds

G

G

C

A

U

C...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

Peptide
Bonds

U
A

C
G

U
A

Peptide
Bonds

G

G

C

A

U

C...
U

A

A

C
U

Start
Codon

G

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codon
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
U

A

C

A

U

G

Start
Codon

U
A

C
G

U
A

G

G

C

A

U

C

A

C

U

C

C

G

U

A

G

U

G

A

mRNA Strand

Stop
Codo...
Transcription Description
Transcription is the making of a gene sequence.
The mRNA molecule leaves the cell nucleus and
en...
Translation Description
In translation a ribosome attaches onto the
mRNA strand. During this process the tRNA
Molecule com...
Key Words and Things to Identify
•
•
•
•
•
•

Transcription
Ribosomes
Genetic Code
Translation
tRNA
RNA

• Codon
• Peptide...
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Protein synthesis dna rna flipbook_jw

  1. 1. Protein Synthesis and DNA Flipbook By: Jacob Weaver
  2. 2. A T G A G A G T G T G A T A C T C T C A C A C T Strand 1
  3. 3. Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Nucleus Mitochondrion
  4. 4. RNA Polymerase A T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  5. 5. AU T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  6. 6. AUG T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  7. 7. AUGC T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  8. 8. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  9. 9. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  10. 10. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  11. 11. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  12. 12. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  13. 13. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  14. 14. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  15. 15. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  16. 16. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  17. 17. T A C G C G A T C C T A C T A T G C G T A G G A C TG A
  18. 18. Nucleus pore Nucleus
  19. 19. Nucleus
  20. 20. Nucleus
  21. 21. Nucleus
  22. 22. Nucleus
  23. 23. Nucleus
  24. 24. Ribosome Nucleus Nucleus Pore
  25. 25. Translation
  26. 26. A U G A G A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U G A
  27. 27. Ribosome A U Start Codon G A G A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U Stop Codon G A
  28. 28. tRNA U A C U C U G G C C G A U C A C A G U G U AntiCodon A U G Ribosome Start Codon A G A C mRNA Strand U Stop Codon A
  29. 29. Amino Acid A U G Ribosome Start Codon A G A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U Stop Codon G A
  30. 30. U A A C U G Ribosome Start Codon A G A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U Stop Codon G A
  31. 31. Peptide Bonds U A A C U G Ribosome Start Codon U A C G U A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U Stop Codon G A
  32. 32. Peptide Bonds U A C A U G Start Codon U C U ARibosome G A G G C C C G mRNA Strand U A G U Stop Codon G A
  33. 33. Peptide Bonds U A C A U G Start Codon Peptide Bonds U A C G U A G C C A U C C G Ribosome U A G G mRNA Strand U Stop Codon G A
  34. 34. U A C A U G Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A Ribosome Start Codon mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  35. 35. U A C A U G Start Codon Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds U A C G U A Peptide Bonds G G C A U C A C C G U A G Ribosome U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon C U
  36. 36. U A C A U G Start Codon Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds U A C G U A Peptide Bonds G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  37. 37. U A C A U G Start Codon Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds Peptide Bonds U A C G U A Peptide Bonds G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  38. 38. U A A C U Start Codon G U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  39. 39. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  40. 40. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  41. 41. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  42. 42. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  43. 43. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  44. 44. U A C A U G Start Codon U A C G U A G G C A U C A C U C C G U A G U G A mRNA Strand Stop Codon
  45. 45. Transcription Description Transcription is the making of a gene sequence. The mRNA molecule leaves the cell nucleus and enters the cytoplasm. In the cytoplasm the mRNA strand is synthesized and it is encoded. The base pairing is adenine with thymine and cytosine with guanine. The mRNA strand leaves the nucleus and goes into a ribosome.
  46. 46. Translation Description In translation a ribosome attaches onto the mRNA strand. During this process the tRNA Molecule comes in with the anti-codon and places it on the codons in a specific sequence. But unlike transcription where A goes to T and C goes to G, but in translation A goes to U and C goes to G still the same. As the process goes on the anti-codons form amino acids and polypeptide bonds. The amino acids are then formed into a protein.
  47. 47. Key Words and Things to Identify • • • • • • Transcription Ribosomes Genetic Code Translation tRNA RNA • Codon • Peptide • Hydrogen Bonds
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