Jimmy Carrier Protein Synthesis

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Jimmy Carrier Protein Synthesis

  1. 1. Cell’s Nucleus Ribosomes
  2. 2. Cell’s Nucleus Ribosomes
  3. 3. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  4. 4. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  5. 5. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  6. 6. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  7. 7. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  8. 8. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  9. 9. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  10. 10. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  11. 11. Start Codon Codon Codon Codon Stop Codon T A C G T G C G C A G T A C T A T G C A C G C G T C A T G A Codon Codon Codon Codon Codon
  12. 12. Cell’s Nucleus Nuclear Pore mRNA Ribosomes
  13. 13. Cell’s Nucleus mRNA Ribosomes
  14. 14. mRNA
  15. 15. mRNA
  16. 16. T A C A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  17. 17. T A C A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  18. 18. Amino Acids T A C G T G C G C A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  19. 19. T A C G T G C G C A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  20. 20. C G C A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  21. 21. C G C A G T A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  22. 22. A G T A C T A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  23. 23. Peptide bond T A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  24. 24. A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  25. 25. T A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  26. 26. T A U G C A C G C G U C A U G A
  27. 27. Cell’s Nucleus Ribosomes
  28. 28. Cell’s Nucleus Ribosomes
  29. 29. Cell’s Nucleus Tertiary Structure Ribosomes
  30. 30. RNA polymerase breaks the hydrogen bonds (temporarily) of a DNA molecule at the TATA box, which is a chain of TA bonds in DNA. From there, the RNA polymerase begins reading and synthesizing nucleotides complementary to the template strand of DNA. Once RNA polymerase finishes, the nucleotides that were synthesized become mRNA (messenger RNA). This mRNA travels out of the nucleus of the cell into the ribosomes, where tRNA matches the anti-codon (complementary nucleotides to the codons) and releases an amino acid when joined. Whenever an amino acid is released, it forms a peptide bond with the next amino acid, and so on. Whenever the ribosome reaches the stop codon on the mRNA, the polypeptide chain releases, and folds in on itself. This folding results in the tertiary structure of proteins, which gives the protein its function.

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