National Institute ofBusinessDepartment of English VERBS Lectured by Heam Meou Group 8 1. KEN THEARITH 2.SIEM SAMEANG 3.HONG CHANDRA 4.MERN SREYMOM
Verb Definition of Verb A word or group of word that is used to describe an action, a state, a process, and experience . In English verb is divided in to three types. There are the main verbs ,the Auxiliaries and Modal Auxiliaries. But enable easy to understand I divided eight verbs .1. Regular verb and Irregular verb2. Transitive and Intransitive verb3. Special verb4. State verb5. Linking verb6. Phrasal verb7. Verb tenses8. Gerund and Infinitive verb
1. Regular verb and Irregular verb Regular verb Irregular verb Walk Be Note Go Stop Speak Relax See Visit Run Plan Drive Kill Do Kiss Have Sound Buy Need Irregular verbs are verbs that dont take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple (V2) or past participle (V3). Many of the irregular V2 and V3 forms are the same, such as: cut - cut, had - had, let - let, sold-sold, fed- fed…
2. Transitive and Intransitive Verb2.1. Transitive Transitive verb or Object Verb is a verb that needs to be followed by an object, often a noun ,pronoun, or a noun phrase. Example take , smoke , kill , teach , catch, eat,… Transitive verb Direct Object what? Thearith throws the football.
2.2. Intransitive verb An Intransitive verbs is one that has a complete meaningBy itself.Example: I talk, I understand, She sleep, We work. Intransitive verb She sleep alone ? She cries.
3. Special verbSpecial verbs are helping verb that can be add to make asingle verb phrase to express the certain tense of meaning.There are two kinds of special verb: Auxiliary verb Modal Auxiliary verb
3.1. Auxiliary verb Auxiliary verbs are verbs which are use in forming tenses in affirmative negative and in question of the present simple and simple past tense. Be , do ,and haveTo Be To Do HaveAm , Is , Are Do , Does Have hasUsage to create Usage to make question Usage to create perfectprogressive tense and the or negative form for main tense form.passive voice. verb I have live in CambodiaEX. We are studying Part EX. I don’t go to school. for 5 years.of speech. Do you go to school? He has visit the Angkor The room is cleaned by Wat for several times.Tom.
3.2. Modal Auxiliary verb• Modal Auxiliary verb belongs to the larger category a auxiliary verb . There are use as conjunction with another verb(before the base form of the main verb).• There are can, could, may, might , shout , ought to, had better , must , have to , will , shall , should , may /might have , could have , would have , must have , should have , ought to have.
4. State verb State verbs are verb that give an expression in the condition of life , want, mental ,state , senses ,and opinion. It is not used in progressive tenses.EX. I believe that you are very cleaver. I don’t think that he is telling the truth. Do you remember me? I am knowing you..
State verb haveBelieve ThinkFeel RememberKnow LikeSee Wantappear suspectbelieve understandbelong wantconsider wishconsist owecontain own prefer
5. Linking verbLinking verb is a verb that need to be follow by acomplement often and adjective or adjective phrase.Such as: feel , look , To Be ,get , come …….Ex.I feel sick.Nita look beautiful.You are clever.
6. Phrasal verbA phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb whichcreates a meaning different from the original verb.I talked my mother into letting me borrow the car.She looked the phone number up.
Phrasal verb haveCome Back Pack up Come on Make upCome down Take up Get up Take on Go on Turn on Keep on Turn offKeep Out Pick up Look For Use up
7. Verb TensesThe tense of a verb tells when an action takes place. A present tense of a verb names an action that happens regularly. It can also express a general truth. Present Tense Forms Singular Plural I race. We race. You race. You race. He, she, or it races. They race.
The tense of a verb tells when an action takes place. A past tense of a verb names an action already happened. The past tense of many verbs is formed by adding –ed to the base form of the verb. Past Tense Forms Singular Plural I raced. We raced. You raced. You raced. He, she, or it raced. They raced.
A future tense of a verb names an action that will take place in the future.In the future tense the word will is usedwith the verb. Sometimes shall is usedwhen the pronoun I or we is the subject. Future Tense Forms Singular Plural I will (shall) go. We will (shall) go. You will go. You will go. He, she, or it will go. They will go.
8. Gerund and InfinitiveGerund is verb that use as a noun. Gerund can be used as subject or object. Example:Jogging is a hobby of mine.Daniel quit smoking a year ago.I look forward to helping you paint the house.
Infinitive verbA verb that appears with a to before it. An infinitive isusually used as an object following the verb but can also beused at the beginning of a sentence as a subject.Ex: to buy, to hear, to travel…. You promised to buy me a diamond ring. To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money.
Referenceswww.google.comParts of speech book. NTSBasic Grammar book. IDE