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Psoctweb2012

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  • 1. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012R.N.I. NO. UPPUN/2008/25934 POSTAL REGISTRATION : SSP/LW/NP/353/2012-2014 gzikph ;[wB gz i kph wkf;e ;kb 5 nz e 6 nes{po 2012 BkBeFkjh n;{ $ eZ s e sseok ;z g kde ;z g kdeh 3 ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk nBw b ;[ w B 4 ;zgkdeh ;bkjeko e-mail ;fsr[o{ ~ 5 ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx r[ o { BkBe d/ t L nkgD/ pko/ 5 ;0 joGiB f;zx gkme fbyd/ jB 6 ypoBkwK ns/ ;orowhnK 7 ;zgkdeh dcso 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor pz r kb dk d[ Z X pkdFkj 9 d[rktK byBT{ - 226004 ;/ t k d/ gz [ i pkpk p[ Z Y k ih 11 cB L 91-522-4047893 ;/ t k dk fFyo ;B pkpk p[ Z Y k ih 12 Email : office@punjabisuman.com editor@punjabisuman.com ikbT[ n? ; h ohs 16 advt@punjabisuman.com w f JnK ;kE B ikJ/ 17 punjabisuman_media@rediffmail.com ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp -2 18 http://ww.punjabisuman.com ekft ;[ w B - pkpk pZ [ Y k ih 19 gzikph ;[wB nes{ p o dk Fjhdh e? b z v o 20 gqthB e/;otkBh fgqzNo, gpfbFo s/ r[o-sfj B/ ihtB pdb fdZsk 21 wkbe B/ nkc;/N fJzvhnk, 182$4, bZb{wb ov, wFerzi, byBT{ sI ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu okrK pko/ ikBekoh-4 22 Sgtk e/ dcso gzikph ;[wB 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor d[rktK byBT{ sI f;yK bJh r[ o wfs g/ q o BktK 24 gqekfFs ehsk. ;z g kde ;[wB g[;se ;wheFk 25 ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk ez u B ek:k ;[ w B 26 b/yeK d/ ftukoK Bkb ;zgkde dk eh s[;h ikDd/ j < 27 ;fjws jDk }o{oh BjhI j?. f;Z y Xkowe gq F B I s oh 28 iatkch lqeuLoRokf/kdkjh] izdkkd] eqnzd izohu dsljokuh }kjk nkU gz i kph f;yhJ/ 29vkQlsV bf.M;k] 182@4] yYywey jksM] ekdxat ;[ w B tor gj/ b h - 4 31y[kuÅ ls eqfnzr ,oa 215@295 d] lqHkk"k ekxZ]nqxkok¡] y[kuÅ ls izdkfkr fd;kA gzikph gV, gzikph fby, gzikph pb. lEiknd % l0 ujsUnz flag eksaxk (1)
  • 2. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 BkBeFkjh ;zws - 544 bwrh mwhw mWJ gurpurb pR k wS sR I gurU rwmdws jI 9 AkqU: kiqik krm kmwvxy dosu n kwhuU jogu] gurg`dI sR I gurU hirikR S n swihb jI 20 AkqU:prmysr qy BuilAW ivAwpin sBy rog] vymuK hoey joqI-joiq sR I gurU hirrwie swihb jI 20 AkqU:rwm qy lgin jnm ivjog] iKn mih kauVy hoie geyijqVy mwieAw Bo g ] ivcu n ko e I kir skY iks QY ieiqhwsk idhwVyrovih roj] kIqw ikCU n hoveI iliKAw Duir sMjog] brsI bwbw bu`Fw jI (rmdws) 4 AkqU:vfBwgI myrw pRBu imlY qW auqrih siB ibEg] nwnk joV mylw bIV bwbw bu`Fw jI (T`Tw) 6 AkqU:kau pRB rwiK lyih myry swihb bMdI moc] kiqk hovY ShIdI BweI suKdyv isMG, BweI hrijMdr isMG 9 AkqU:swDsMguibnsih sBy soc]9] jnm bwbw bu`Fw jI (k`QUnMgl) 21 AkqU: swkw pMjw swihb 28 AkqU: Gkt L- gowkswk dh :kd sI y[fz MnK d[Bhnk d/ ;ko/ srkwrI Cu`tIAW qy hor idhwVyd[y-eb/F }o gk b?d/ jB, gowkswk Bkb bzw/ ftSV/ g? bY N k hwlIfy 1 AkqU:iKd/ jB. fiBQK ozr-swkfFnK dh ]kso gowkswk dh :kd jnm mhwqmw gWDI, SR I lwl bhwdr SwsqrI 2 AkqU:G[bkJh dh j? T[j Gh nkyo d[ydkJh j iKd/ jB. sdI d[yh AgrsY n jXMqI 16 AkqU:iht dh nkgDh eJh g/F BjhI iKdh. gowkswk nkg fwjo sR I durgw AStmI, 22 AkqU: eId-aul-zuhw (bkrId) 27 AkqU:eo e/ fi; wB[Zy ~ r[o{ dh ;zrs ftZu fwbKdk j? T[; ~ jnm irSI bwlmIk jI 29 AkqU:wkfJnk d/ pzXBK sI S[vk b?dk j?. I (2)
  • 3. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 pkp/ BkBe d/ ;wkrw ns/ bz r o pkp/ BkBe B/ ug/VK yke/ fijV/ Nhu/ bJh bzro ubkfJnk ;h nZi dk f;Zy T[;Nhu/ s/ fesBk yok j? ftuko eoD dh bV j?. pkpk BkBe G[fZ ynK ~ bzro y[nkT[dk I;h n;h xocB s/ ikDekoh eoe/, fe bzro F[o{ j frnk j? r[od[nko/ iKd/ jK. ;kv/ ’IXkowe dhtkBK dh ekw:kph bzro ftu brhnK nkN/ dhnK pohnK ~ t/y e/ goyh iKdhj? Bk fe J/j t/y e/ fe dhtkB ftu Fkwb jD tkb/ feZB/ beK B/ nkgD/ nkg ~ ifVnk Bfozdo f;zx wIrks/ r[owfs nB[;ko ihtB pshs eoB dk gqD fbnk j?. bzro sI gfjbK dhtkB jkb ftZu 200 sI tX pzd/ BjhI bGd/ go bzro jkb iK w?dkB ftu pj[s tZvhfrBsh ftZu ;zrsk bzro F[o{ jD sI d xzN/ gfjbK jh EK wZb b?fI dnK jD. pkjo p?m e/ ;zrsK xo/b{ rZbkeodhnK jB, tXhnK fpT[Nh gkobo d/ gs/, egfVnK dhnK d[ekBK, fcbw, NhHthH ;hohnb dh yi ypo finkdkio{oh jz{dh j?. dhtkB jkb ftu ehosB, ftfynkB ;[DB ftu fe;/ dh eJh fdbu;gh BjhI. i/ eJh ;[DB dhrZb eo/ s/ itkp fwbdk j? go;I jh ghHNhH;hH u?Bb s/ ;[fDnk ;h. bN e/ nkJh ;zrs ebI g[Sr/ fe gqrokw fej fijk fojk sK BD/Bt/I gqshFs f;ZyK dk itkp fJjhjtrk fe bzro fJ; pko pj{s tZXhnk ;h gBho, yho ns/ ;bkd y[Zbh toskJh rJh, xo tk;s/ th b? nkJ/ /jK. cbkD/ ;/eNo d/ r[od[nko/ dk bzro gfjbK uzrk j[zdk ;h go j[D cbkD/ ;/eNo tkb/ pj{s nZr/ bzxrJ/ B/. gkDh f;o sI T[Zs/ j u[Zek j? ns/ goy dh xVh nk rJh j? fe frnkB bzro dk tosktk fet/I ehskikt/. pkp/ B/ frnkB b?D bJh nkT[Idh d{odokV/ dh ;zrs bJh bzro ubkfJnk ;h, skeh ;zrs, @@G[Zy/ g/NB jJ/ rgkbk## nB[;ko nkswk dh fsqgsh frnkB Bkb eod/ jJ/ Foho dh io{os sI tKMh B ofj ikJ/. nZi fJehjzth ;dh ftu ;zuko ;kXBK dh Gowko j?. ;EkBe f;ZyK ~ bzro d/ pikJ/ frnkB bzroftZu jh o{uh b?Dh io{oh j?. bzro d{oI nkJhnK ;zrsK, iksohnK, GZ[y/ rohpK ns/ ;/tkdkoK bJh soihj d/e/ fsnko ehs/ ikD ns/ ;zrsK ftu frnkB bzro dh sKx g?dk ehsh ikt/. bzro d/ pikJ/ r[oXkwK ~ r[owfs {dh f;yFk dk e/do pBk e/ Xkowe fFyFk fdZsh ikt/ ns/ r[ow[yh ns/ Xkowe ftfdnk dk gqFko jt. bzro I /~ ekBNhB?Nb B pBQK e/ ;kdk ofynk ikt/. ;/tk GktBk d/ Gog{o Xkowe frnksk ns/ gqukoe jh gqpzXe Iew/NhnK d/ finkdk sI finkdk w?Ipo pDB i gquko dk t;hbk fsnko eo ;eD, f;nk;h o{MkD ~ xNehsk ikt/, sd jh Foho ns/ nkswk d/ bzro dk ;zs[bD pB ;e/rk. gzE dk p/VQk roe eo/ oj/ r[owfsns/ ofjs sI jhD/ okiBhse gqpzXek dh gzE ~ bV BjhI j?. rhsk gqF ns/ fJ;kJh fw;Boh} pkJhpb ;[;kfJNh} dh soi s/ w[cs iK xN ehws b?e/ xo-xo ftu /r[owfs dk ;KMhtkbsk ns/ fJB;kBh GkJhuko/ dk ;zd/F d/D tkbk ;kfjZs gj{zukTD dk tZvk B/Ntoe pBke/ n;h frnkB bzro tzv ;ed/ jK, i ;wkrwK s/ fci{b you j oj/ nopK eoVK o{g? d/ w[ekpb/ e/tb gzich;dh XB Bkb th ehsk ik ;edk j?. pZfunK ~ ;jh ;z;eko ns/ ikDekoh d/D bJh w[ekpb/ eotk e/ fJBkwfdZs/ ikD. r[o{n;EkBK ftu jkb ftu gVQh iK rkJh ik ojh r[opkDh ~ noEK ;w/s fvfiNb fv;gb/ ehsk ikt/ns/ uzr/ ;kfjZs ~ t/p;kJhN d/ wkXw Bkb gV/Q fbZy/ BitkBK se gj{ukfJnk ikJ/. jo r[oXkw dh ;p sI gfjbKfJe t/p;kJhN pDkJh ikJ/. ;[oeFk bJh bZr/ ;hH;hHNhHthH e?wo/ d/ thfvn sI ;zrsK dh ;jh o[MkD dk ;ot/ (3)
  • 4. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012th eoke/ pj[frDsh ;zrsK d[nkok FKs fuZs ofje/ sZbhDsk Bkb fdb brke/ ;[D/ iKd/ pbko/ ns/ okrhnKd/ T[fuzs gqrokw jh ehs/ ikD.ftdtkB r[owfs d/ frnksk ns/ T[u f;eFk gqkgs ;wki Fk;soh jh r[o{ xo Zd/ tiho fB:[es ehs/ ikD Gb/, T[; bJh gqcFBb} dh soQK tZvQ/ g?e} nZSh fojkfJF, rZvh nkd dk fJzsikw / /eoBk gt/. nZi gqpXeK dh ;u fJj j? fe gquko jtI/ ik B jt,/ tZV/Q tZV/Q ;wkrw eo, bzro dh fJFfsjkopkih I zeoe/ ;zrsK ~ p[bkt ns/ ;zrsK dk bZyK o[gfJnk you eoe/ tkjtkjh yZN ns/ f;og-feqgkDk tzv tzv e/ oki;h /skes jk;b eo go r[o{ xo d/ tiho tk;s/ d uko jiko o{gJ/ wjhB/ b?D tkbk nkdwh fwb ikJ/.fJj ;u pdbD dh bV j?. fJ;kJh i jo ;kb u?ohNh ns/ gquko dh pdbs nkgDh frBsh brksko tXkoj/ jD T[j BK uouK dhnK wzfibk tXKd/ jB, BK jh T[jBK ~ tZvQ/ bzro jkbK dh bV j? s/ BK jh uouK~ r[od[nkfonk dh soQK fpiB/; ekwgb/e; pDkBk g?dk j?. gzEe B/sk fJj ;p eoe/ gquko dh ;jh fdFk Bk IjD eoe/ nkgD/ pZfunK ~ BF/ ns/ gfss g[D/ tZb Xe/b oj/ jB. nZi pkpk p[Yk ih, GkJh r[odk; ih, GkJh ZwBh f;zx ih, GkJh xBJhnk ih d/ g{ofBnK s/ ubD tkb/ r[of;yK dh bV j? i gqpXe ns/ r[o{ d/ tiho pD ze/ gzE ~ uVdh ebk tb b? ik ied/ jD. nBw b ;[ w B1- i wB[Zy fJzfdqnk dk |[bkw jt/ T[; ~ jw/FK ;Pkd g{osh bJh iB/ yD/ dh |[bkwh ;fjBh g?Idh j?.2- i/jVk wB[Zy gqwkswK d/ doFBK bJh so;/ d[BhnK jw/FK T[; d/ doFB bJh so;dh j?.3- fit/I gZIe/ cb ftZu M[ek s/ o;hbkgB nk iKdk j? fJt/I ewkJh tkb/ p}[or ftu fBZwqsk s/ fwZms.4- i/jVk g[oF ;op ihnK T[Zgo dfJnk eodk j? T[; d/ T[s/ jw/FK tkfjr[o{ dfJnk eodk j?.5- ;z;ko s/ ;[y dh gqkgsh dk ;G s tvk ;kXB fJj j? fe wB[Zy jo d[yh iht ~ jw/FK ;[y d/t/.6- i/jVk wB[Zy rqhpK ns/ d[yhnK s/ eogh eodk j? T[; T[s/ jw/FK gowkswk dh eogh jdh j?. I7- i/jVk g[oF gziK ftekoK TZ[s/ ekp{ gk bt/ T[j j}koK p[okJhnK s/ ekp{ gkB d/ ;zwqZE j iKdk j?.8- T[sw ns/ B/e g[oF T[j j? fijVk ngB/ d; ezw ftrkV e/ th d{i/ d/ ezw ~ ;tko d/dk j?. Z I9- BhtK ns/ xNhnk wB[y T[j j? i/jVk nkgD/ ;[y nEtk ;PkoE bJh d{i/ d/ ezw ~ ftrkV d/t. Z /10- fe;/ GkJhuko/ ftu gkN gkN g?dk eoBh sK pVh nk;kB j? go w/b fwbkg eokBk pj[s emB.11- d[BhnK ftu wB[y bJh Xowh ejkBK fisBk nk;kB j? T[sBk jh T[; bJh Xowh pDBk n"yk j?. Z12- eJh wB[y wkfJnk dk fsnkr FkfJd eo bt/ go wkB dk fsnkr eoBk T[; bJh pj[s n"yk j?. Z13- thuko fJe ni/jh oFBh j? fi; Bkb jo uzr/ wzd/ ezw dk Bshik wB[y ~ g?jbK fd; g?dk j?. Z I14- Fqhoe or dk nzs Fqho d/ Bkb jh j iKdk j? go wB d/ or eJh iBw iht d/ Bkb ofjzd/ jB.15- G/yh T[j j? fi; dk fbpk; T[ib s/ wB w?bk ns/ ;zs T[j j? fi; dk wB gftsq s/ fbpk; ;kdk. Z16- ;qho eo e/ eJh uhi fsnkr d/Bh sK nk;kB j? go wB eo e/ T[; dk fsnkr eoBk pVk n"yk j?.17- fuZeV uI pu e/ bzxB dk sqhek ;wMkBk fJbw j?, s/ T[; sI p/dkx bzx e/ fdykBk nwbh ihtB.18- ;Pk; w[e ikB s/ wB[y dh ifs ebk fJ; soQK nbg j iKdh j? fit/I s/b w[eB s/ dht/ dh oFBh. Z Z19- f}zdrh dk ;wK g{ok j ikB s/ ws ~ fJ; soQK Nkfbnk BjhI ik ;edk fit/I fdB phs ikB s/ oks ~.20- gZsMV sI fgZSI fpoSK s/ sK w[V jfonktb nk iKdh j? go p[VQkg/ sI pkdQ i[nkBh BjhI nk ;edh.21- jZEK g?oK nEtk B/sqK dh ;ko T[jh wBZ[y ikB ;edk j? fi; d/ ngB/ jZE g?o iK B/sq BjhI jB. frnkBh T{Xw f;zx ih e[M be B[eskuhBh bJh gVQd/ jB s/ e[M Ffjd dh wZyh tKr o; b?D bJh. (4)
  • 5. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 e-mail r[o{ BkBe d/t L nkgD/ pko/ ;fsr[ o { ~ 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih d/ FkfJo, eth 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Guru Nanak Dev : The Poet 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321gow g{iBh: pkpk BkBe ih, eo/ eokJ/ , ;G feS[ ikD? , tkfjr[o{ ih ek ykb;k, tkfjr[o{ ih eh csfj.. BkBe ;kfJo fJt efjnk, nk;k, 434 w/oh fgSbh fuZmh fwb rJh jDh j? ih. n?seh o[M/ftnK eoe/ "God Himself does everythingfuZmh fbZyD ftu d/o j rJh, fi; bJh fywk ukj[zdk jK ih. or Causes others to do whatever He wills pkpk ih fgSb/ e[S ;w/I sI eJh f;nkD/ gqukoeK ns/ r[owfs ;kfjs He also knows everything."d/ y/so ftu nkJh u/sBk ;dek, nkg ih dh rZb f;Zy ;zrsK d/ ;Mh g? So Say Nanak, the poet of the Lord.rJh j? fe FokX pko/ f;Zyh ;kfiF d/ nXhB Gbh-Gkbh iBsk ~ pkjwDK Asa, 434B/ p/te{c pDkfJnk j? fe ;kb ftu fJ; wjhB/ fwqse ihn Xosh d/ ;k;[ wk;[ , ;G[ ihT[ s[ w kok,B/V/ jzd/ jB. ; T[BKQ dh bVK w[skpe egV/, fp;so, GKv/ ns/ ykD dk [ s{ w? I yok fgnkok,;wkB dkB eo. i pkjwD B/ nkg jh tosDK j[dK ;h. z BkBe[ ;kfJo[ J/ t ejs[ j? , ;zrsK ~ fJj ;Mh g? rJh j? fe fJj bVK iht nkswk bJh BjhI, ;u/ gotodrkok ! XBk;oh, 660gzi G{se Foho dhnK bVK jB. ; nZi eZb pj[s/ f;Zy fJj G[bK sK BjhI "My breath, flesh and soul-all are Yours.eod/. e[M jB i B sK r[owfs dh ;Mh oyd/ jB ns/ B jh ikBDk ukj[d/ z To me You are extremely dear,jB. p; G/vukb nXhB eoh ik oj/ jB. T[BKQ ~ th ;[wfs pyF ih. O You, the true Povider of All ! jK ;Zu pkpk ih, f;Zy fJj dkB g[B s/ BjhI eod/ go pkjwDk tbI So says Nanak, the poet. Dhanasri,660 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321gkJ/ vo nXhB fJ; wjhB/ ftu F[G ezw BjhI eod/. i/ ;Zu ftu fJj r[ o { BkBe d/ t L ;Z u d/ n? b kBuh, YI v o uh 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321wjhBk wkVk j[zdk j? uzr/ ezw BjhI eohd/ fco sK pkpk ih g[Zso, XhnK Guru Nanak Dev : The proclaimer of Truth 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321g?dk jD dk ezw fJ; wjhB/ e[dosh s"o s/ pzd jDk ukjhdk j? fe fJ; ;u eh pkDh BkBe[ nky? ,wjhB/ S[Nh. wjhBk wkVk j?. Z ;u[ ;[ D kfJ;h ;u eh p/ b k fsbz r , 723 idfe pkpk ih nkg ih tbI fdsh f;ZyhnK w[skpe ;wMkT[D dk Nanak utters the world of the True One.pVk :sB eohdk j? fe pkDh nB[;ko fi; fdB ;k~ gqG{ u/s/ nk ikJ/ And proclaims the Truth at theT[j fdB gftsZo. fi; fdB gqG{ ft;o ikJ/ T[j fdB ngftsZo j?. appointment time. i/ nkg ih dh feogk ;dek ;zrsK ~ fJj ;Mh g? ikJ/ s/ T[j nkgD/ Tilang, 723y[Fh d/ ezw FokXK ftu jh eoB sK ujk gZyI bkG jt/. @@fdB oft ub? , fBf; ;f; ub? FokXK ;w/I ;ko/ poks xo, jbtkJh, p?Iv, Yb ;;sk fwb/rk. skfoek by gb f Jp}ko dh yohdkoh th uzrh j ikt/rh feT[fI e ;ko/ d[ekBdko t/jb/ p?m/ w[ e kw[ Ujh J/ e [ j? # #jDr/ ns/ nkg dh y[Fh th fwb/rh. BkBek ;u p[ r f J f;oh, 64 jK ;Zu pkpk ih, fJe rZb sK dZ;Dh G[b jh frnk nkg ih bJh Z The day and night, sun and mooon,@efb skoD r[o BkBe nkfJnk# rkT[D tkb/ nkg ih dk ish ifs fdt; and the innumerable starsth T[;/ gqGkt nXhB wBkT[d/ jB. j[D ;wM jh btI nodk; eh eod/ I shall all pass away.jDr/. FkfJd eb:[r ~ skoB tkb/ ~ skoB dk gqpX eod/ jB. nkg z Only God is eternalih fJBQK ~ ;[wfs p]F ih. efjzd/ sK jB fe r[o{ ;kfjp dk ish ifs and shall stay for ever,"fdt; wBk oj/ jK, go pkeh g[opK s/ bzro ftu ;p}h, dkb s/ goFd/ Nanak tells the truth. Siri, 64pDkT[Id/ jB. go fJ; g[op s/ g{Vh, yho, eVkj nkfd. ;u[ ej? BkBe[ , p; nkg jh Gbh eo. @@;pfd ;ku?, w/fb fuoh ftS[zfBnk## nk;k, 439 ;fseko :r pkpk ih, wodkBk ih, G?D BkBeh ih ns/ wksk fgsk Nanak utters the truth :ih ~ fBwkD/ g[Zso dh cfsj p[bkT[Dh ih. The long estrangement of the soul and G[bK u[eK p]F d/DhnK. Z the Supreme Soul can end in their reunionw/ok e-mail gsk L- briji.kiram@gmail.com nkg ih dk g[Zso Only through the contemplation @feow# of the True Word. Asa, 439 (5)
  • 6. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 gkme fbyd/ jB HHHHHHHHH fe fJj rbvB N?gb d/ o{g ftZu BjhI pbfe jfowzdo d/ I o{g ftu j?. Gkt fiEI joh dh f;cs ;bkj j[zdh j?. f;Z y h ;o{ g ftu d/ t h g{ i e rkfJe jfowzdo ;kfjp dk Bk rbvB N?Igb fiBK B/ fgSb/ e[M ;w/I sI fJe d/th g{ie rkfJe i fe oZfynk j? T[BKQ B/ e/tb fJ;d/ pkjoh ;o{g ~ jh sZfenk j?d/th-d/tfsnK dh T[;ss ftu rhs ns/ G/Nk rkT[dk j?, I fi; dk noE j? ;B/ dk wzdo. T[BKQ B/ fJ;dh o{jkBhnsekch gqf;ZX jfJnk j? go nc;; dh rZb j? fe T[j f;Zyh ~ BjhI wkfDnK. fejBK tZvk nzso j? joh d/ wzdo s/ ;B/;o{g ftu j?. ;k~ fJ; rZb ftu eJh fJsok} BjhI fe dk wzdo efjD ftZu. fiE/ u"th xzN/ gqG{ dh f;cs ;bkjT[j d/th-g{ie j? go fJ; rZb dk wbkb j? fe f;Zyh ;o{g j ojh jt,/ jo i; rkfJB j[dk jt/ fiEI eJh th nkswk zftu j[fz dnK T[j d/th g{ie j? idfe f;Zy sK fJe nekb gqG{ dh ngko bhbk d/ ;w[dzo ftuI u[Gh bkJ/ pr?o BjhIg[oy dk g[ikoh j? ns/ fe;/ d/th_ d/ts/ ftu nk;Ek BjhI ofj ;edh jt/ T[j ;B/ dk wdzo BjhI e/tb jfowzdo jhoZydk. j ;edk j?. ;B/ dk wzdo nfXnkswtkd dh fBFkBh iK fuzskiBe rZb fJj j? fe T[; ~ rkT[fI dnK d/y gfjukD BjhI j ;edk. go jfowzdo T[; Xow dh ihTIdh [e/ Gb-Gkb/ f;Zy i r[owfs sI g{oh soQK tke BjhI j[zd,/ / ikrdh fw;kb j? i w[odk o{jK ~ ihtkbB dh ;woZEk oydkr[zwokj j[zd/ jB. T[j fJeZbk jh BjhI pbfe jo th j? jfo sI Gkt j? gqG{ gqwkswK i fe ;Zuk j?, ;dk fEo j?.nB/eK f;Zyh ;o{g ftu d/th Grs jB i fe ikD/-nBikD/ ;G e[M pBkT[D tkbk j? s/ fJe o; ftnkge j?, s/ fe;/nfij/ eow eod/ jB fi; Bkb f;Zy Xow d/ fBnko/gB dh Feb sI ojs j?.;ky ~ m/; gj[udh j?. ;k~ nfij/ G[bV thoK ~ ;wMkT[D z Z ; w/oh ;ko/ f;Zy thoK nZr/ th p/Bsh j? fe T[jns/ T[BKQ sI r[wokj j oj/ f;ZyK ~ ;ktXkB ns/ gqGkt w[es z nkg th s/ joBK ~ g/oB fe ;qh dopko ;kfjp ;qh jfowzdo qeoB dh bV j? sK i f;Zy gzE d/ fBnko/gD ~ ekfJw ;kfjp ~ fbyD iK pbD bZfrnK ukj/ T[j fJrzfbF jt/oZfynk ik ;e/. iK eJh jo GkFk ;qh jfowzdo ;kfjp BK jh tofsnk ikt/ -;[oihs f;zx, eg{oEbk Bk fe rbvB N?gb. tkfjr[o{ Bk eo/ fes/ n?;k Bk jt/ fe I ;qh ro{ BkBe d/t ih dk ;kvh }pkB s/ iK ;kv/ bJh e/tb rbvB N?gb jh pD e/ I byBT{ nkrwB dk ;EkB ofj ikJ/. fJj e/tb s/ e/tb jfowzdo ;kfjp jh j?. byBT{ d/ g[okB/ t;BheK nB[;ko r[o{ BkBe -ezto fJzdogkb f;zxd/t ih B/ fdbe[FK d/ B/V/ fggok xkN d/ FwFkB ftuv/ok bkfJnk ;h fiZE/ fJe r[od[nkok ;kfjp dh pj[s @@gkgK pkM B jt/ emh,g[okBh ioio fpbfvzr th j? fi; ftu 20-25 ;kb gfjbK wfJnk ;kE B ikJ/##se ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp dk gqekF th j[dk ;h. fJ; ;EkB z z T[goes gIesh d/ noE nkg ih ;fG ikDd/ jhsI r[od[nkok ;kfjp d/ gqpXe th ikD{ jB ns/ ;EkB d/ z j, fe bV s tX/oh wkfJnk gkgK s fpBk xN jh fJemh j[dh j?. ns/ ofj th fJE/ jh iKdh j?. c/o th zwkfbe :kdt gqtko ns/ e?IN{Bw/IN pov nkd sI gVub nfXeso beh fJ; eow sI pk} BjhI nkT[d. fJj rb I /eoe/ fJfsjk;e ;EkB dh T[;koh ehsh ikDh ukjhdh j?. th gowkDs j? fe fJj fijk eow eoB tkbk ftnesh - ofizdo f;zx, byBT{ sK wkB;e so s/ ewio j? jh go n;h th xN Bjh, rbvB N?Igb iK jfowzdo ;kfjp pikJ/ T[; ~ Discourage eoB d/ T[; dk T[sFkj ;uD s/ wip{o j ikJhdk j? idI fJj bc} ezBh tXkT[D ftu ;jkfJsk eod/ jK.g?d/ jB fe f;ZyK dk e/doh n;EkB rbvB N?gb j?. s[;h I I I fJe gzikph erts Gkt/ fJsBh ;[do sK BjhI go zj?okB j rJ/. ih fJj rZb fpbe[b mhe j?. T[j fJ; bJh fJ; ftF/ s/ ;ekoE pj[s j? fe ozvh sK o/vgk eN b?dh / I (6)
  • 7. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012j? go oz v t/ T[ ; ~ eND BJh d/ I d / . nro e J h XB ~ tkg; fbnkT[D d/ ;ko/ gfonk; n;b jB.ftnesh r[opkDh sI ;/X b?e/ nkgDk ;[Xko eoBk th nkT[ n;h nkgDk nZrk ;tkoB bJh gfonk;ukj[zdk j"t/ sK xgb/ pki T[; ~ c/o ;jh gNVh sI eod/ jJ/ pkDh sI ;/X bJhJ/. nkT[ ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/T[skoe/ nkgD/ Bkb obk b?D dk Go;e isB eod/ t ih d/ gftZso j[ew s/ gfjok d/JhJ/, j[ew j?, BkwjB. eJh ftobk jh fJ; ekby sI pfunk ofj ;edk ig, tzV Se ns/ Xow dh feos eo, fJ; sh;o/ nkd/j?. F bJh ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih nk;k dh tko ftu th pzdk sk pzdk, ;oekoK th fJ; ejV sI nS{shnK pj[s ;jDk cowkB eod/ jB.BjhI jB jo sk jo nkgihFB th Gkt/I GkFD fisB/ i/ wjkek xo w[j? xo w[fj fgsoh d/fJwoih eo/ go fJ; phwkoh ~ rbI bkj[D d/ fJS[e BjhI nr? t;s f;tkDhn? fgsoh uo eo/JjB. feT[ f e T[ j BK ~ ftfds j? nrbh ;oeko tYhnfj jE dbkb e/ w[;ch J/j eo/fJbrGr T[jBk dh jt/rh sK T[jBK B/ th xgb/ jh BkBe nr? ; fwb? i/ yZN/ xkb/ d/fJ.eoB/ jB. jkb dk gqeoD nkg d/ ;kjwD/ j? ;qh nZBk n;h gkg dk XB fJeZmk eoe/ fisB/ woih dkBjiko/ ih fJe ;Fes begkb gk; eotkDk ukj[d/ jB, eohJ/ go ;G fBFcb jB. dkB cbhG{ s sK jhnkgihFB tkb/ Gkt/ T[jBK d/ je ftu Bkjo/ sK pV/ jtrk i/ ;Zu/ s/ ;Zu/ Xow dh feos eoKr/. ;kv/ ;kfonk / [bkT[d/ jB go begkb dk ;woED edkfus BjhI d/ t; sK e/tb ns/ e/tb pkp/ nZr/ nodk; jh j? feeod/. T[j ;k~ ;Zuh s/ ;[uh ;[ws pyFd/ jJ/ Xow dh feos Z fJe ;wf;nk ftd/Fk ftu ekb/ XB dh th j?. eoB dk pb pyFD ns/ ;k~ G[fbnK ~ okj/ gkT[D.T[j J/;/ bJh ;kotiBe BjhI j gk fojk feT[fI e T[; e?gNB joGiB f;zx, i0 ;eZsoftu ;oekoh nwb/ d/ Bkb Bkb nkgihFB d/ B/fsnk byBT{ r[od[nkok gqpzXe ew/Nh,dk th XB ftd/Fk ftu pj[s j?. jwkw ftu ;ko/ byBT{BzrI/ jB eJh fe;/ ~ e[M efjD bkfJe BjhI j?. T[; dq D kukohnk ntkov 2012 gq k gs eosk dk tZy-tZy r[od[nkfonK f;zrko Bro, uzdo Bro, nkFhnkBk, ;BwkB ns/ g[ ; se ftw u B nkbwpkr fty/ ehosB ;wkrw ehs/ rJ/ fi; ftu ;qh byBT{ , fwsh 2 ;sz p o 2012, nkbwpkr nfwqs;o, b[fXnkDk, fdZbh, po/bh, nkrok, ekBg[o nkdr[od[nko/ fty/ ftF/F ;wkrw ftu ;0 fsobuB f;zx @uzB# ;EkBK dhnK ;zrsK B/ th fjZ;k fbnk. ehosB ftZu rkJhdh g[Fse @@feoB-T-nkcskp## dk vk0 ;opihs f;zx B/ ik ojh r[opkDh d/ fvfiNb fv;gb/ s/ th ;zrsk B/ o;ftwuB ehsk ns/ ;0 i0n?;0 GkNhnK ~ @@dqDkukohnK wkfDnk.ntkov## fwbD eoe/ ;BwkBs ehsk frnk. fJ; we/ s/ ;q h r[ o { s/ r pjkdo ;kfjpgzi wzfibk dFw/F ikso{ fBtk; dk BhIj gZEo th ofynk ;ekbofFg gohSk 2012frnk. ;wkrw ftZu dopko ;kfjp, ;qh nzfwqs;o d/ ji{oh byBT{, f;Zy :zrw/B} n?;f;n?;B byBT{ tbIokrh Gk0 Xowtho f;zx B/ wBjo ehosB ehsk ns/ wZB/ ;sthI ebk; sI BthI ebk;, d;thI s/ pkothI ebk;,gotZB/ ethnK B/ eftsk gkm th ehsk. rqiJFB sI T[s/ d/ pfunK bJh fsB r[og ftu ;ekbofFg / { / Z { nyz v ehosBh ;wkrw gohSk fwsh 8 Btzpo 2012 ~ eokJh ik ojh j?. uzdo byBT{, r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ;NZvh ;oeb byBT{ Bro r/N d/ B/V/ nkfc; ftu ckow fwsh 15 neN{po sens/ nyzv ehosBh iZE/ tbI fwsh 14, 15 ns/ 16 ;szpo ~ iZwk ehs/ ik ;ed/ jB. (7)
  • 8. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;kbkBK Xkowe w[ekpb/ byBT{, ;qh ;[ywBh ;kfjp ;/tk ;[;kfJNh tbI nkgD/ 42 t/I ;kbkBk ;wkrw i fwsh 30 ;szpo, 1 ns/ 2 nes{po~ r[od[nkok Bkek fjzvbk fty/ j fojk j? d/ ;zpX ftu fwsh 21, 22 ns/ 23 ;szpo ~ Xkowe w[ekpb/ eokJ/ rJ/ fi; ftZu ezm gkm ns/ F[X nodk;, r[Ne/ sI d/y e/ fBsB/w dk F[X gkm ns/ Xkowe gqFBsoh dk w[ekpbk jfJnk ns/j/m fby/ pZfunk B/ gfjbk, d{ik ns/ shik ;EkB fifsnk. fJjBK pZfunk d/ nbktK eB;bFB fJBkw th 2 nes{po /~ ;wkrw ftu tzv/ ikDr/.1- r[ N e/ s I t/ y e/ fBsB/ w dk F[ X gkm;hBhno r[og ftu - i{Bhno r[og ftu - i;gqhs e"o gqGis e"o gowihs f;zx pqjwis e"o jodhg e"o f;woB e"o2- ig[ i h ;kfjp dk ez m gkm ns/ nodk;;hBhno r[og ftu - i{Bhno r[og ftu - goftzdo e"o wfBzdo f;zx nwBdhg e"o r[of;woB e"o soBis f;zx G[fgzdo f;zx3- Xkofwe gqFBsoh -;hBhno r[og ftu - i{Bhno r[og ftu - gqkuh f;zx i;gqhs e"o fBXh :kdt o/F{ wohnk jogqhs e"o i/Bfz sek e[wkoh (8)
  • 9. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 pzrkb dk @d[ZX pkdFkj# ;H iX f;zx ;0 jouoB f;zx fJ; ftu eJh ~ w[;bwkB pDk e/ oZy fbnknfseEBh BjhI fe gzikph Gkt/ ikt/. fJXoI fJeZm/ jfJnk B/I fe;/ fyZs/ ns/ fe;/ Xzd/ ftu fJj c?;bk fbnk fe jwbkj D , T[ j nkgDh fwjBs, jD dh ;{os ftu FkfJd pubrB, fBFmk ~ w[y oZyd/ jJ/ Z fBebD dh eJh nk; BjhIp/ n z s n" e VK d/ pkti{ d oj/rh s/ n"osK ~ ihId/ ihnekw:kph dh f;yo s/ g[i/ jB. Z fJBQK w[;bwkBK d/ jZE BjhIfJe gz i kph p}[ o r ebeZ s / bZrD d/Dk, Gkt/I fJBQK s/ s/btkb/ jB ;odko iX f;zx, i fcVe e/ fJBQK ~ ;kVBk Bkpzrkb d/ dZX d/ pkdFkj d/ BK [ gt/ sK fe fJj dfozd,/ fJBQKBkb ikD/ iKd/ jB. n" o sK dh p/ g sh Bk eo f}bQK fwzNr[woh, nie/ ;eD. T[BQK jo dfZ;nk fegkfe;skB ftu ;kb 1923 ftu ;odko eow f;zx d/ xo, fgZv d/ e[M dkBFwzd w[;bwkB p}[orK B/ fJBQK rowS/ G?DK s/ d GoktK dk tho, iX f;zx, d/F d/ pNtko/ ;w/ fynkbh w[;bwkBK ~ ;wMkfJnk fe i/ s[;hI fJj Bhu ezwI 22 tfoQnK dk ;h. fJ; gfotko ~ th pkeh gfotkoK tKr, ehsk sK ;koh T[wo fJ; rZb Bkb ebzes ojr/ fe pzde {p/jd sebhcK dk ;kjwDk eoBk fgnk. xo dh ;kXkoB Z dh Be s/ s[;hI fJBQK bkuko s/ p/tZ; n"osK ~ w[;bwkBy/sh jh ;h s/ feXoI ;;sk nBki fJfsnkfd yohd e/ s/ pDkfJnk j?, s/ fJBQK f;nkfDnK dh rZb dk n;o jfJnk.bkrb/ fgzvK ftu EVhQ T[uh ehws s/ t/uDk s/ fJ; soQK T[; Z cb;o{g uko f;nkD/ p}[orK B/ fJ; fJeZm/ jJ/ fjzd{ f;ZyewkJh s/ ;h ;ko/ gfotko dk fBopkj. ekcb/ ~ ;bkj fdZsh fe FKsh Bkb s[jkv/ ikD dk gqpzX d/; dh nk}kdh sI gfjbK, jo B"itkB dk row y{B eod/ jK s/ fJ; soQK fJj ;ko/ nkgD/ tZfvnK d/ pDkJ/ jJ/ybdk ;h, fe n;hI nzro/}K dh r[bkwh ftu feT[ ojhJ/ s/ Q xoK ~ ftdkfJrh dh seDh d/ e/ fjzd;skB bJh uZb gJ/ [fJ; bJh EK EK nz r o/ } ;oeko d/ fto[ Z X gq d oFB, ! fJBQK dk fJj ekcbk fgzvK sI uZb e/ bkj"o se ngfVnkBkno/pk}h dk pbpkbk ;h. iX f;zx th nkgD/ ;kEhnK sK o;s/ ftu eJh EktK s/ c;kdhnK Bkb MVgK jJhnK s/Bkb eJh tkoh g[bh; fjok;s ftu fbnk frnk s/ sFZdd fJ; soQK eohp 38 pzd/ wko/ rJ/ s/ fco g[i/ nzfwqs;o d/ Zth ;fjDk fgnk, go wkch BjhI wzrh. ;Ekgs FoBkoEh e?IgK ftu. d/F d/ pNtko/ t/b/, d j;d/ t;d/ fcofenK ftu fJBQK dh f}zdrh dk fJe BtK ;o fJZEI F[o{ jDk ;h.nkg;h fyuskD s/ p/ftFtk;h dk nkbw s/ fco nctkjK gsk bZrk fe fwzNr[woh d/ fgzvK d/ eJh gfotko b[fXnkD/dk pbpkbk s/ esbrkos. T[BKQ B/ w?~ nkgDh w[bkeks ik g[i/ jB s/ fJj th nkgD/ G?D-GoktK ;w/s b[fXnkD/ ub/ ZftZu dZf;nk fe fJBQK jkbksK ftu fgzv d/ ;ko/ gzikph f;Zy rJ/ s/ fBtk; ehsk, T[BKQ SfNnK SfNnK wekBK ftu, fijV/s/ fjzd{ gfotko seohpB 130 xzN/ fgzv d/ r[od[nko/ ftu w[;bwkB ykbh eoe/ gkfe;skB tZb otkBrh gk rJ/ ;B.fJeZso jJ/ e[M pzdeK s/ n;bk th ;h. fJBQK ~ ]po fwbh { xo d/ fBopkj bJh eJh ezw-eko sK ukjhdk jh ;h s/fe bkrb/ fgzvK d/ yo{dh w[;bwkBK dh Bhns fe fjzd{ f;ZyK pkeh gfjbK ofjzd/ FoBkoEhnK B/ dZf;nk fe y/sK ftu T[r/ Z~ wko fdZsk ikt/, b[N wko eoe/ s/ fJBQK dhnK n"osK XhnK Z jJ/ nkb{ fbnk e/ t/u fdzd/ jK s/ s[;hI th fJjh ezw eo. (9)
  • 10. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012iX f;zx j[oK dZf;nk fe fJjh ;u oZy e/ b[fXnkD/ sI pkjo d[X d/ Gkn pko/ g[fZ Snk fe s[;hI d[X dk o/N fet/I s?n eod/ Z Zo/b bkJhB d/ Bkb-Bkb bZrd/ y/sK ftu gfjb/ fdB idI j sK T[BQK dZf;nK fe ;koh d[ZX dh ;gbkJh ;oeko dhrJ/ sK t/fynk fe fJe w[;bwkB nkgDh wZM b? e/ s[fonk ;Ekgs J/i;h ~ eod/ jK s/ d[X dk o/N wjhB/ dh jo 25 z Zik fojk ;h. g[SD s/ fe i/ fJj wZM t/uDh j? sK eh btr/ Z sohe ~ fBFfus eod/ jK fijVk w[B;o j? ehwsK d/ tkX/sK itkp ;h fe n;hI sK gkfe;skB ik oj/ jK, i d/tr/ b? xkN/ s/ toeoK dhnK T[iosK s/. fJj o/N e/tb ebeZs/btKr/ s/ fJ; soQK gfjbh wZM ukbh o[gJ/ dh yohd ehsh ftu BjhI pbfe ;ko/ pzrkb ftZu gquZfbs j[zdk j?.s/ T[;/ fdB fJe dXh ~ 140 o[gJ/ ftu t/u fdZsh. fco o} w/oh fdbu;gh ;h fJe fe pzrkb ftu sK b/pofJ; soQK bZGd/ ofjDk fe eJh wZM t/uD tkbk fwb ikt/ :{BhnB, toeoK ~ u[e u[e e/ wkbeK Bkb MrVk, fcos/ fJj yohd t/u eJh wjhBk Go ubdh ojh. T[gozs jVskbK s/ ezw mZg eokT[D se th iKd/ jB s/ fJ; dk ehgzikp d/ vzro w/fbnK ftuI wZMk yohd e/ pkehnK tKr, jZb oZfynk j?. fJ; ;odko B/ dZf;nK fe pj[sh b/poebeZs/ G/iDhnK, F[o{ ehshnK s/ fJZEI ;pZp pfDnk, fJ; T[Vh;k dh j?, fco w?I T[BKQ dk pj[s fXnkB oZydk jK, EVhQ;odko d/ ebeZs/ ikD dk s/ fJe ekopko dh nkozGsk dk, cokyfdbh Bkb. fJj yo{dh :{BhnB B/sk e[M GVekT[d/ Ifi; B/ fJ; d/ f;o s/ tfvnkJh, wkD s/ nwhoh fbnkT[Dh sK jB, go ekw:kp BjhI j ;e/ j[D se.;h. fJBQK d/ gfotko ftu fszB bVe/ jB, efjD bZr/ fe ;0 iX f;zx B/ ebeZs/ nk e/ gfjbK nZm wZMK oZy ;ko/ jh pV/ f;nkD/, gVQ-fby/, cowk podko s/ g{o/ r[of;Zy /e/, d[X dk ezw F[o{ ehsk. fJe SNk v/noh ckow pDk e/ Z jB. j[D pZfunK ~ fJj d[X dk ezw g;zd BjhI s/ fdbu;gh Zs/ j"bh-j"bh ezw tXdk frnk. ;kb 1992 ftu fJ; BjhI b?d. gfjbK fJe ;Nhb ofbzr fwZb th bkJh pZfunK I /;odko eb eJh 5200 wZMK ;B s/ ebeZs/ ftu fJ; ~ d[X Z B/, go pknd ftu pzd eo fdZsh. fJ; ubd/ xorh ezwd/ pkdFkj Bkb ifDnk ikD bZrk. pknd ftu fJj frDsh sI bkw/Q j e/ T[BKQ B/ ftZfdne ndkfonK dk fBowkD ehskpkoK j}ko se g[i rJh s/ T[; ;w/I fJj r[o{ dk f;Zy Gkos Z j?, fi; ftu ekb/i, fJziBhnfozr ;z;Ek, ekwo; ekb/i,ftu ;G sI tZv/ v/noh ckow tkbk ;h. w?I g[fZ Snk fe fJzB/ w?vheb ftZfdnk s/ w?Biw?N ekb/i dh ;EkgBk ehsh j? s/ / IvzroK dh ;zGkb bJh pVk efmB ezw jt/rk s/ fJj fJj ;kok pVh ;[uisk Bkb uZb fojk j?.fet/I eod/ oj/ j. f;ZXk itkp fdZsk T[BKQ B/ fejk fe jo fJ; ;odko B/ dZf;nk fe w?I v/noh ckow d/ ezw ~d; wZMk fgZS/ fJe pzdk oZfynk j?, T[j jh f}zwtko j?. dkDk, / j[D tv/oh T[wo jD eoe/ pj[s xNk fbnk j? s/ j[D e/tbgZmk, s{Vh y[nkT[D dk, wZM ~ B[jkT[D dk s/ d[X th un e/ Z fszB j}ko wZMK jh jB s/ e[b seohpB 465 pzd/ ezw eod/ ZfJeZso eoB tkbh EK, s/ gj[ukT[Dk, nkgD/ ;[gotkJh}o z jB, go nkgD/ nkg ~ fe;/ nkjo Bkb sK iVBk jheb. fJBQK 10 ;[gotkJh}oK T[go fJe tZvk ;[gotkJh}o Z ukjhdk j?. idI se pzdk ezw eo ;e/. o} dh d[ZX dhj? s/ fJBQK 10 tZfvnK ;[gotkJh}oK T[Zgo fJe uhc fteoh seohpB 8 bZy o[gJ/ dh j?.;[gotkJh}o j?. jo toeo ~ ;t/o-Fkw nZXk feb d[X / Z rZb-rZb ftu, ;0 iX f;zx tkfjr[o{ dk F[eokBkw[s fdZsk iKdk j?, vzro vkeNo gZe/ oZy/ jJ/ jB sK fe eod/ jB fe fet/I gkfe;skB ftuI T[iV e/ nkJ/ ;h s/s[ozs vkeNoh ;jkfJsk fwb ;e/. nekb g[oy B/ fet/I feogk eoe/ fJZEI se g[juk fdZsk j?. z w/o/ fJe ;tkb d/ itkp ftu iX f;zx joK B/ dZf;nK fJ; dkBh ;[Gkn, f;Zyh ftu gqgesk oZyD tkb/ s/ ikD/ iKd/ Zfe idI pzd/ dh ;kw pD ikt/ sK ;kok ;kwkB, fJZEI se fe pzrkb d/ d[X d/ pkdFkj dh ihtB rKEk, pj[s xNBktK Zjo wZMk th tgkoh, nkg nk e/ d/ iKd/ jB s/ uzrk ftjko Bkb fte;s, go j? fdbu;g s/ f;Zfynk:r.i/ jt/ sK pk}ko BkbI xZN w[b s/ ;kwkB fwb iKdk j?. idI Z (10)
  • 11. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;/ t k d/ g[ z i pkpk pZ [ Y k ih f;Zy gozgok ftu ;/tk dk pVk wjZst j?. ;/tk eoB frnkBh dh nt;Ek ~ gj[u. T[j e"D ;B pqjw frnkBh< z /tkb/ ~ ;/te fejk iKdk j?. ;/tk wB[yh jT{w? ~ wko w[ek Z dk itkp jo f;Zy d/ p[ZbK T[go pkpk p[ZYk ;kfjp ih d/e/ fBowkDsk dh fJzsjk sZe gj[zukT[Idh j?. fiE/ gqG{ o{g BKT[I s/ g{ok j iKdk j?. nZmK gksFkjhnK d/ o{po{ doFBr[o{ ~ gk b?D T[gozs d[BhnK dhnK swkw y[FhnK jk;b gk b?D tkb/, gzi gksFkjhnK sZe r[orZdh fsbe d/ e/eo b? D s I fJbktK ;G s I tZ v h gq k gsh oZ p h y[ F hnK r[fonkJh o;w ;zgoB eoB tkb/, r[opkDh d/ nEkj ;kro {(FeshnK) gqkgs eo b??Dk j?. s/ ;/tk T[jh eo ;edk j? #uI nw[b sI nw[b y}kBk gk b?D tkb/ pqjw frnkBh pkpk Z Zfi; B/ nkgk Gkt fwNk e/ r[o{ dh UN sZeh, T[jdh FoB p[Yk ;kfjp ih jh ;B. fiBQK nkgD/ ihtB ekb ftu wZf;nk ZnkfJnk, dh oks torh e{V dh d[BhnK ftu @nkfd ;Zu,[ i[rkfd ;u[ w/ o k w[ M w/ feS[ BjhI i feS[ j? ; s/ o k.. j? Gh ;Zu# dk gqekF jfJnk sZfenk, soe dbhb Bkb s/ o k s[ M e ;T[ g s/ fenk bkr? w/ o k.. ;w/I d/ Xkofwe, ;wkfie ns/ okiBhse nkr{nK ~ ;Zu d/ ;G e[M r[o{ d[nko/ nogB eoB tkb/, r[o{ d/t dh okj gJ/ sZfenk, T[BKQ ;kjwD/ jh e[opkBh :[r B/ nzrVkJh ZfweBksk;h Sj Bkb g[oy sI wjKg[oy pD iKd/ jB. bJh ns/ }[bw ipo ~ cbD sI oeD bJh whoh-ghoh dhnKfoXhnK-f;XhnK T[BQK d/ d[nko/ yVhnK uoB pf;nK ~ sbtkoK fwnkBK #uI pkjo nkJhnK. nkg d/ ;w/I jh f;Zyhso;dhnK jB. nfij/ wjKg[oy r[of;ZyK uI r[o{ xo d/ w"bh, g;oh s/ wfjeh. fijdh wfje Bkb ;kok pqfjwzvwjkB r[of;Zy fijV/ r[o{ d/ ;/te pD ;/tk bJh jk}o jJ/ wfjfenk, Nfjfenk r[o{ BkBe dk ;/te ;/tk d/ bzw/ g?v/ Ins/ nfijh i/tk fBGkJh fe d[BhnK d/ fJfsjk; #u Bt/ebh sfj eoe/ @@sjh wjh wjh sjh nzso e?;k## S/ gksFkjhnKns/ nB"yh j;sh pD/. ihtB d/ tZy-tZy gVktK ftu r[o{ dhnK pyfFFK jk;b eod/ oj/ s/ S/Ve ;/tk s/ f;woB dkBkBe d/ fBowb wkor dhnK tZy-tZy wzf}bK ;o eod/, ;[wb pD e/ fJe BthI g?V SZv rJ/. /ihtB d/ nkyoh gVkn s/ r[of;Zyh dh ;ot-T[u gdth pqjw Z e[btzs e"o BzBh pkpk p[ZYk ih pkpk p[ZYk ih pqjwfrnkBh SNh T[wo/ gqG{ okj gSkDh.. p{ZYk jD dk to gkfJ;h, S/th gksFkjh se sV fBGkfJnk.. pZfunk ~ r[ow[yh f;ykJh, bekJh ~ ;Zuh okj ftykJh.. gqG{ doFB dh sKx ftu ofjzd/, ;/tk f;woB wBQK ftu God/.. r[o{ uoDK ftu fijVk B{o, t;dk T[BQK fjod/ ji{o.. ;zrs ~ ;dk frnkB j? fdZsk, Bkw pkDh u" jfo o; fbsk.. wksk rzrk ih ~ to j? fbZsk, oZph B{o T[BQK gk fbsk.. uoBihs e"o fBozeko i fBokeko j?, T[; dk BK jh T[Ineko j?. byBT{ gqEw rqzEh rJ/ ;h Ekg/, fBjkb jJ/ Fpd r[o{ gk e/.. BkBe bhB G: rfpzd f;T[I, fiT[I gkBh ;zr gkBh.. pkpk p[ZYk pqjw frnkBh, SNh T[wo/ gqG[ okj gSkDh.. (11)
  • 12. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;/ t k dk fFyo ;B pkpk pZ [ Y k ih -godhg f;zx p;ok gfjb/ gksFkj ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih tbIdo;kJh noE Gog{o ;/tk GktBk ns/ nfXnkswe wB-dFkBkb gqDkJ/ pkpk p[ZYk ih ~ gqwkswk B/ fizBh bzph T[wopyFh T[BKQ T[j ;koh jh r[o{ xo bJh fBSkto eo fdZsh.fBZe/ j[fz dnK sI nkgDh T[wo BkbI tZvohnK s/ gqFBtkue /rZbK ;uD s/ ekoB ;dek jh ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ T[BKQdk BKn p{Vk sI p[Yk oZy fdZsk i fgSI pkpk p[Yk d/ BKn Bkb Z ZJ/Bk gqf;ZX jfJnk fe be fw;kbK d/-d/ e/ rZbK eoB bZrgJ/. fBZfenK j[zfdnK vzro ukofdnK-ukofdnK gfjb/gksFkfj Bkb pkpk p[Yk ih dh fJj fijh ;KM gJh fe T[BKQ ZnkgDh j:ksh d/ nkyoh dw sZe r[o{ xo dh ;/tk ~ jhnkgDk wBoE pDk fbnk. T[BKQ ;fwnK #u be pZfunK ~ fBZeh T[wo/ jh ftnkj fsnkrh ns/ wkfJnk ftu T[dk;h ofj e/ eosko ~ gkT[Dkfdzd/ ;B. fJ;/ dokB idI pkpk pZ[Yk ih B/ ftnkj Bk jh n;bh ihtB j?. fi; #s/ T[j wzB rJ/ ns/ T[BQK dheokT[D dk wzB pDk e/ Grsh s/ ;/tk Gkt ftZu ftuofdnK Fkdh pNkb/ d/ B/V/ g?Id/ fgZv nub dh phph fwo:K Bkbr[o{ xo d/ b/y/ f}zdrh brkT[D dk wzB pDkfJnk sK T[BKQ ehsh rJh.d/ fgsk GkJh ;[xk s/ wksk r"oK r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ eb Z fJfsjk; fpnkB eodk j? fe ;zws 1580 d/ cZrDfJ; w[Feb d/ jZb bJh rJ/. r[o{ ;kfjp B/ pkpk p[Yk ih Z dh 15 skohy ~ n?stko tkb/ fdB T[BKQ dk ftnkj jfJnk.~ f;Zyh ftZu rqfj;E wkor dh nfjwhns dZ;h s/ c[owkfJnk phph fwo:K ;wok gqhtko Bkb ;pzXs ;h. pokshnK d/ ftZufe f;Zyh sK rqfj;E ftu jh ouh rJh j?. rqfj;E ftZu ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih g{o/ gqhtko ;w/s Fkfwb jJ. idI phph / fwo:k gfjbh tkoh ;j[o/ fgzv nkJh sK nkgDh ;Z; sI gfjbK T[BQK wksk ;[byDh ih d/ g?ohI jZE brkJ/. fJ; sI Z gfjbK fe pkpk p[Yk ih dh T[wo Go dh xkb-ewkJh s/ Z ;/tk GktBk pko/ f}eo nZr/ tXkJhJ/ T[BKQ d/ fgSeV pko/ ikBDk th r[of;Zyh d/ tko;K bJh }o{oh j?. gzi r[o{ gksFkj ;kfjpkB ~ r[o-rZdh t/b/ fsbe dh o;w fBGkT[D tkb/ pkpk p[Yk ih dk iBw ;zws 1563 Z #u 7 eZse ~ F[eotko tkb/ fdB nzfwqs t/b/ eZEBrb fty/ { z jfJnk. T[BKQ d/ fgsk GkJh ;[xk ih ozXktK rs d/ ;B ns/ Z nkg ih dh wksk r"oK ih ;B i ;zX{ gqhtko ftuI ;B. nkg (12)
  • 13. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ~ gkT[Dk ns/ fBowkD ;/tk eoBk T[BKQ ftZu Fkfwb ;B. ;zws 1576 ftZu idI ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih irs ihtK d/ T[Xko bJh T[dk;h #s/ rJ/ sK eoskog[o fty/ T[BQK d/ gqhtko wksk ;[byDh ih, pkpk ;qh uzd ih s/ pkpk bywh dk; Z ns/ ;zrsK dh ;/tk dh f}zwtkoh pkpk p[Yk ;kfjp dh brkJh / Z rJh. fJ; ;w/I pkpk p[Yk ih dh T[wo 13 ;kb dh ;h. r[o{ Z BkBe d/t ih idI th ;?o eoB fBebd/ sK pkpk pZYk ih [ T[BKQ d/ Bkb jh jzd/ ;B. pkpk p[Yk ih d/ ftnkj sI ;kb [ Z e[ wroI T[BKQ dh wksk ns/ d e[ ;kb fgSI fgsk ih nekb ubkDk eo rJ/. fJBQK djK jh w"fenK #s/ ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ T[BKQ ~ gZr pyFh s/ nodk; ehsh. pkpk pZYk [ih dk BKn p{Vk oZfynk frnk. pkpk pZYk ih dh pugB ftZu [ ih d/ xo g[so jJ-GkJh ;[Xkoh ih, GkJh fGykoh ih, GkJh Z /wBg;zd y/v @;zs-;zs# y/vDk ;h. fJ; w"e/ T[j ;zs pD e/ wfjwk ih ns/ GkJh GkBk ih. f}eo:r j? fe pkpk p[Yk ZeEk eoB p?md/ ns/ T[BKQ d/ ;zrh ;kEh ;os/ pD e/ T[BKQ ih B/ gzi r[o{ gksFkj ~ fsbe dh o;w fBGkJh ns/ T[BKQdhnK ejkDhnK ;[Dd/. d/ g[so GkJh GkBk ih B/ ;qh r[o{ jfo okJ/ ;kfjp ih ~ r[o{ Z pkpk pZYk ih dh T[wo 12 ;kb jD ftZu ni/ 6 fdB [ rZdh t/b/ fsbe brkT[D dh o;w fBGkJh. pkpk ih dhpkeh ;B fe vzro ukofdnK T[BQK dk w/b ;qh r[o{ BkBe u"Eh ghVQh #uI GkJh Mzvk ih B/ ;qh r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp ihd/t ih d/ Bkb jfJnk. T[BKQ dh fwbDh fgSI GkJh pkb/ B/ ~ gzithI ghVQh #uI GkJh r[ofdZsk ih B/ ;qh r[o{ s/r pjkdor[o{ BkBe d/t ih ~ g[fZ Snk fe nZi s[;hI fJ; pkbe Bkb ih ~ ns/ pkpk ih dh S/thI ghVQh #uI GkJh okw e"o ih (pkpkpj[s gqtuB ehs/ jB < r[o{ ;kfjp efjD bZr/ GkJh pkbk r[opyF f;zx ih) B/ ;qh r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih ~ r[orZdhfJj pkbe ;kvk g{opbk gq/wh j? fJ; d/ eb nzdo{Bh t/b/ fsbe brkT[D dh o;w fBGkJh.frnkB tkbk dhtk, pZsh-s/b fsnko j? f;oc irkT[D dh pkpk p[Yk ih pV/ goT[gekoh ;[Gkn d/ ;B. nkgD/ Zjh bV j?. fJfsjk; dh fJj ftbZyD xNBk ;h fe fi;;EkB #s/ pkpk p[Yk ih dk gfjb/ gks;kfj Bkb gfjbh tkoh Zw/b jfJnk T[;/ ;EkB #s/ pkpk p[Yk ih dk nzfsw ;;eko Zth ehsk frnk. pkpk p[Yk ih dh r[o{ xo Bkb fJzBh B/Vsk Zj rJh fe fJj gsk BjhI ;h bZrdk fe T[j xo edI j[d/ zjB s/ r[o{ ih eb edI gj[u iKd/ jB. gqtuB ~ g{o/ fXnkB zBkb ;[DBk ns/ ;zrsK dh ;/tk eoBh jh T[BKQ ~ jw/Fk GkT[dh I;h. T[BKQ B/ ;koh f}zdrh r[o{ xo #u ftuofdnK 9 gqekodh ;/tk fBGkJh. fw;kb tiI r[o{ uoBK ftu ofj e/ MkV{d/Dk, fbgk-guh, gZyh MZbDk, gkDh YDk, p;so XD,/ bzrodh ;/tk eoBh, y/sh dh feos eoBh, xkj yd e/ vzroK (13)
  • 14. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 iKdh bzro ns/ v/o/ dh ;/tk s/ nzfwqs t/b/ fpnk;k dfonk sI ib fbnk e/ ;qh r[o{ nzrd d/t ih ~ fJFBkB-eokT[D dh ;/tk gfjbK pkpk p[ZYk ih jh fBGkT[Id/ j[zd/ ;B. r[o{ nzrd d/t ih B/ r[ow[yh s/ r[opkDh d/ gquko dk ezw th nkg ~ ;"fI gnk s/ pkpk ih B/ nkgD/ fgzv GkDk sbtzvh fty/ fJe gkmFkbk th yjbh. r[o{ xo tbI ftuko/ rJ/ fBowkD ekoiK ~ B/go/ uVQkT[D ftu i pkpk p[Yk ;kfjp ih B/ f;nkDg s/ f;oV Z fdykfJnk T[j th fJfsjk; dk fJe nfjw nzr pD u[ek Z j?. rfJzdtkb ;kfjp fty/ pkT{bh dh ;/tk, ;zsy;o ;oto dh ;/tk, soB skoB dh BhIj oZyDk, nzfwqs;o dh ;/tk,BkbI tZX e/ T[BQK ~ d{finK dk fceo j[dk ;h. ;/tk bJh z eoskog[o ns/ v/ok pkpk BkBe BroK dh BhIj oZyDk, ;qhT[j jw/FK jh sZsgo ofjzd/ ;B. fJe tkoh r[o{ nzrd nekb pzr/ dh fJZN oZyDh, ;qh jorfpzdg[o ~ t;kT[Dk nkfd [d/t ih d/ wzB ftZu gfjb/ gksFkfj dh ;kyh fsnko eoB fij/ eJh ;/tk ekoi ;B fiBQK bJh r[o{ ;kfjpkBK B/ pkpkdk ftuko nkfJnk feT[Ife pkpk p[ZYk ih r[o{ xo d/ pZ[Yk ih dh jh f}zwtkoh brkJh. /;bkjeko tiI th ;B, ; T[BKQ dh fvT{Nh fJ; ezw bJh bZr f;Zy fJfsjk; ~ whoh-ghoh XkoB eoB ;pzXh nfjwrJh. pkpk ih d/ efjD #s/ GkJh pkbk ih ~ th fJ; wV d/D tkb/ ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ jorfpzd ;kfjp ih ~ r[ow[yhfJfsjk;e ezw bJh iV fbnk frnkA fJ;/ d"okB jh r[o{ s/ r[o fJfsjk; gVQkT[D dh f}zwtkoh th ;qh r[o{ noiB /nzrd d/t ih B/ g?sh nZyoh dk w{j-w[jKdok ;ztkfonk s/ I z d/t ih B/ nkg ih dh brkJh. nkg ih B/ u"ehnK dh o;wfJ; dk BKn oZfynk r[ow[yh fbgh. fJ; T[gqs g?Vk wyk z F[o{ ehsh. 1658 ;zws ftZu idI ;qh r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/i r[o{ xo dk f;Zy ;h s/ GkJh pkb/ B/ fJ; ~ nzfsw o{g ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp dk ;o{g fsnko eokT[D dk ftukofdZsk. GkJh nwodk; i fgSI shi/ gksFkj pD/, tZbI fBGkJh ;zrsK Bkb ;KMk ehsk sK ;qh jfowzdo ;kfjp (nzfwqs;o) dh ;/tk ;w/s r[o{ xo d/ ;ko/ ;/tk ekoiK dh f}zwtkoh th / pkpk p[Yk ih d/ ;g[od eo fdZsh. idI ;koh phV dh fibd Z (14)
  • 15. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012pZM rJh sK r[o{ ih B/ pkpk ih ~ nkfynk fe s[;hI r[o{ ih Bht/I j e/ ikJhdk j?. eJh ftyktk BjhI eohdk, tvZgD r[nkdh pkDh ~ wzih ;kfjp #s/ fpokiwkB eoe/ nkgD/ ;h; s/ e/ ikJhdk j?. fJ; fgZSI idI wksk rzrK ih nfs ;XkoDuZe e/ ;qh jfowzdo ;kfjp ftZu b? ub. nfijk jh jfJnk. [ sohe/ Bkb pkpk ih eb g[i/ sK T[j ;qh jorfpzd ;kfjp Zpkpk ih Bzr/ g?ohI pV/ ;fseko Bkb ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih z tor/ :[rg[oF g[so osB dh n;h; Mbh g[nk e/ nkJ/. z Zdk ;o{g b? e/ s[oB bZr gJ/. ;qh r[o{ noiB d/t ih u"o pkpk p[Yk ih d/ nzfsw doFB eoB ;qh r[o{ BkBe ZeoB bZr/ s/ GkJh r[odk; ih ;zrsK Bkb Fpd gVQB bZr/ d/t ih d/ ;g[so ;qh uzd ih 137 ;kb dh T[wo ftZu th nkJ/ Zns/ ;zws 1661 ftZu pkpk ih B/ gfjbh tkoh ;qh jfowzdo T[BKQ d/ Bkb r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ gso/ GkJh Xow uzd ih;kfjp #u ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp dk gqekF eoe/ j[ewBkwk d/ ;g[so pkpk gktB uzd ns/ pkpk w/jo uzd th ;B. fJ; Zfbnk. w"e/ ;qh r[o{ nzrd d/t ih ns/ ;qh r[o{ nwodk; ih dk pkr r[o{ xo ftZu fJzBh tZvh nfjwhns fwbD d/ pkti{d gqhtko th nkfJnk. fJ; w"e/ pkpk ih B/ nkgD/ ;g[so GkJh Znkg jw/FK nkgD/ nkg ~ r[o{ xo dk xkjhnK jh ;wMd/ GkBk ih dk jZE r[o{ jorfpzd ;kfjp ih ~ cVkfJnk s/;B. T[BKQ B/ r[o{ xo ~ okik nepo tbI fdZs/ 84 fgzvK dh p/Bsh ehsh fe fJ; ~ nkgDk dk; pDk e/ uoBK ftZu oZy. pVh ekpbhns Bkb d/y o/y ehsh ns/ fJE/ jh phV ftZu fJj th f}eo:r j? fe GkJh GkBk ih ~ Bkw-nzfwqs r[o{idI wksk rzrK ih g{o/ Fkjh mkm Bkb G[Mrh dh dks bJh z BkBe ;kfjp B/ fdZsk ;h. pkpk p[Yk ih ;zws 1688 ftZu Zn;h; b?D nkJ/ sK pkpk ih nkyD bZr/ fe wksk ih w?I sK 14 wZxo ~125 ;kb, fJZe wjhBk uko fdB dh T[wo Grr[o{ xo dh xkjhnk jK w?~ sK r[o{ dh phV dk okyk ;kwM e/ r[og[oh fgnkBk eo rJ/. T[BKQ dh ;[nk;jhD d/j ~ GkJhbt s/ dk; ;wM e/ fJj ;/tk fwbdh j?. r[o{ ih B/ s[jkv/ GkBk ih, ;qh r[o{ jorfpzd ih, GkJh fpXh uzd ih ns/ GkJhBkb jk;k mZmk ehsk jtrk, T[j ikDh ikD B/, nkg itkp / r[odk; ih B/ wYk fdZsk. uzdB dh fuyk fuDh rJh. r[o{BjhI fdZsk, w/o/ tZb so fdZsk. fJj FeshnK r[o{ d/ gk; ih B/ nkg bZeVK fuDhnK s/ GkJh GkBk B/ nrBh G/N ehsh.jh jB. T[j jh ;op FeshwkB jB. fJ; w"e/ r[o{ ih B/ fJeZso beK ~ T[gd/F ehsk, @@;[D ! wkJh GkJh ihU, fit/I pkpk ih B/ ;/tk ewkJh j? fJt/I jh nkg ;/tk ewkU.## wksk ih idI fBokF j e/ tkg; r[o{ ih eb g[i/ sK Zr[o{ ih B/ nkfynk fe g{oD g[oy gk; ikDk jt/ sK nfs (15)
  • 16. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ikbT[ n?;h ohs HHHHHH id sI ;z;ko s/ ihtB F[o{ jfJnk j? T[; t/b/ s jh wBwoih dhnK ohsk nk u[ehnKg;{ gzShnK ftu ohs fotki nkozG jJ/ jB gzShnK ftu jB fijBK eoe/ tkfjr[o{ ns/nkgDh u[i ftu dkDk fbnk e/ nkgD/ pfunk ~ y[nkT[D z r[ o { d B k dh p/ - ndph s/ Bk- irihs f;zx @ikue#dh ohs j?, g;{nK ftu fFeko eoe/ nkgD/ pfunk ~ c[owkBh j[zdh j? fJjBK ohsK ~y[nkT[D dh ohs j? xk ykT[D tkb/ gF[nk ftu phwko ns/ ;kVBk (ysw eoBk) io{oh j?.ewio gF{ ~ Sv e/ nZr/ s[o ikD dh ohs j?. po;ksK d/ gfjbh nz;h ohs j? c/fonK s gfjbK @@i? wkbk##fdBk ftu gszfrnk d/ b" T[s/ nke/ woB dh ohs j?. p;zs eoBh . eJhnK ~ ;[B e/ j?okBh jtrh fe i? wkbk fJe /o[s ftu GtfonK d/ c[bK ftu pzd je/ woB dh ohs j? fJzt ;zgoB ftnkj dh ohfs j?. idI g[oksB ;w/I ftu ;tzto (y[d {efj bJhJ/ ;kok ;z;ko fJe ohs ftu pzfBnk jfJnk j? pzd/ to u[DBk) j[d/ ;B T[; ftu i? wkbk s pkd ftnkj g{oB zB/ th eJh gqeko dhnK ohsK pDkJhnK pj[s ;kohnK wzfBnk iKdk ;h, fco i? wkbk gkT[D tkb/ pZu/ gsh gsBh;wkfie ohsK jB ns/ pj[s ;kohnK Xkofwe ohsK jB. pD ikd/ ;B s/ ;kv/ f;nkD/ f;Zy nBzd ekoi sI gfjbK;wkfie ohsK ne;o pDdhnK ns/ ysw j[dhnK ofjzdhnK z i?wkbk eoe/ fco bKtK eokT[d/ jB. fJe ;tkb fJj j? IjB ns/ eJh pdbdhnK ofjzdhnK jB fit/I gzikp ftu gZNh fe idI i? wkbk Bkb ftnkj j jh frnk s/ r[o{ rqE ;kfjp zfonk;s ftu d[bk GZNh tkb/ dk gq;r j? T[; dh fBGkJh Z z eb eh eoB nkT[dI/ jB. d[ik ;tkb L fizdrh Go T[j i?fJe ohs nZi ;z;ko bJh fsT[jko pD rJh. ns/ ;ko/ ;z;ko wkbk ;kE d/ t / r h :k r[ o { ;kfjp dhnK 4 bktK dkB/ bjVh ~ pV/ y[Fh Bkb gqtkB eo fbnk ns/ ;ko/ pVh T[gd/F <y[Fh Bkb bjVh dk fsT[nko wBKT[d/ jB. fJe jo n?;h ohs ;kv/ ftnkjK ftu g? u[eh j? fe Z ohsK fiBhnk woih pD ikD go edh oZp d/ gfjbk sK oks dh poks oy b?d/ jB. coh FkB fdykT[D IfB:w sI tZvhnK BjhI j ;edhnK. nro n?;h eJh ohs d/ uZeo ftu ;koh oks ikrd/ ofjzd/ jB nrb/ fdB bktK;z;ko ftu pD iKdh j? fi; Bkb pzd/ ~ tkfjr[o{ G[b iKdk sI gfjbK BkFsk ofynk j[dk j? s/ bktK s pknd bzu j[dk z zjt/ sK r[o{ wjkoki B/ pkDh ftu n?;h ohs ~ G[bk d/D dk j?. Bshik fJj fe oks ikrD eoe/ ibdh T[md/ BjhI ns/c[owkB ehsk j?. G[bkT[Dk s/ SNh rb pbfe wjkoki B/ BkFsk d/oh Bkb eod/ jB fco d/oh Bkb jh bktK eokT[Ds/ fbfynk j? fe n?;h ohfs ;kV (ibk) d/Dh ukjhdh j?. gj[ud/ jB. pkd ftu oNh NkJhw s/ j ;e/ fJ; tk;s/ rqEh z z:Ek r[otke j? L f;zx ns/ ehosBhnK ~ efjzd/ jB fe @@frnkBh ih p; 15- ikbT[ n? ; h ohfs fis[ w? fgnkok ft;o? . 20 fwzN ftu ftnkj fBgNk fdU## eJh tko n?;k ;[D e/ uzrkBkBe ;kJh Gbh gohs fis[ ;kfjp ;/ s h gs[ oj? . . BjhI brdk fe fiBQK bktK eoe/ pZu/ s/ pZuh dh ;koh dk; ;kohnK ohsh fotkiK d/ fybkc BjhI go ;kv/ fizdrh fBGDh j? T[; ~ fBgNkD bJh nkfynk iKdk j?,;wki ns/ Xow ftu n?;hnK eJh rbs ohshnK g? u[ehnK wip{oh ftu rqzEh - ehosBhn/ sK ftnkj 20 fwzN ftujB fiBQK d/ Bkb tkfjr[o{ G[bdk jh BjhI r[o{ dh Bk- fBgNk d/d/ jB go fJ; dk Bshik fJj fBebdk j? fe 15- Ic[owkBh ns/ p/-ndph j[dh j? fiIt/ f;Zyh ftu nBzd ekoi z 20 fwzN ftu fBgNkJ/ rJ/ ftnkj 15-20 fdBK ftu sbkefJe pj[s nfjzw wfo:kdk j? go fJ; ftZu pj[s ;kohnK dh Bps se gj[zu ikd/ jB ns/ 15-20 fdBK ftu ;kok (16)
  • 17. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012foFsk ns/ d fizdrhnK dk fBgNkok j iKdk j?. B[e;kB jo eoBk ukjzdk j? sK T[; ~ nkgD/ p[bK (jm) Bkb uzwd/ Z [fe; dk j? < < < < jB i fe fJe rbs ohs j? feT[eh uo u[wD Bkb i{mh z jDk fJj ukjhdk j? wjkoki B/ fejk fe ;k~ j iKdh j? ns/ wjkoki d/ fe;/ th ;wkB ~ n;h i{mk eoKr/n?;hnK ;kohnK ohsK pzd eo d/DhnK ukjhdhnk jB fiBQK sK iok ;u wjkoki y[F jDr/ fe Boki < nkgD/ T[Zs/d/ eoe/ foFs/ pDd/ BjhI pbfe fprVd/ jB bktK ftu bkr{ eoe/ d/yDk ukjhdk j? ;k~ ;kvk g/B eJh i{mk eoe/xZN s xN 2H30 xzN/ brB/ ukjhd/ jB. 1 xzNk bkVk ns/ d/t/ sK eh jtrk. ;k~ ;kvk wpkJhb i{mk eoe/ d/t/ sK /bkVh ehsoB ;[De/ wB fJekro eoB T[; sI pknd eh jtrk jo ;G SZv nro fJj fgnko ftu jh ehsk iKdk /T[jBK ~ 4 bktK d/ noE fe;/ uzr/ ftdtkB eEktkue ebI j? sK eb ~ n;h o[wkbk th u[zw e/ uVkT[D br gtKr/;[DtkJ/ ikD. nkyo fJjBK 4 bktK d/ T[gd/F T[s/ jh ;koh fgnko ftu fco be xoI gq;kfd th u[w e/ fbnkT[Dk F[o{ zfizdrh fNeh j[dh j? ns/ i/ fJ; wjkB T[gd/F ~ ibdpkih z eo d/Dr/. eh n;h nkgDh BeokDh i oNh pDk e/ fdzdhd/ ueZo ftu Bionzdki eo fdsk ikt/ fco B[e;kB sK T[; jt/ T[; dk u[fz wnk gq;kdk yk ;ed/ jK. ;k~ wjkoki dh;[Gkr iVh dk j? fi; dk frqj;s ihtB F[o{ jD sI gfjbK ji{oh ftu ;[usk gftZsosk pDk e/ oyDh ukjhdh j? ns/ Zibdpkih ftu c; iKdk j?. fco T[j ftuko/ fiBQk B/ fJ; ohs ~ th.ibdpkih ftu bktK bJhnK T[j ;koh fizdrh Gi BZ; ftu ikbT[ n?;h ohs HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHjh fpsk fdzd/ jB. jo n?;hnK eJh ohsK jB i ;k~ r[o{ xo dh y[Fh fJ; bJh ;k~ fJj eoBk ukjhdk j? i r[o{ ;kfjp s tkMk oydhnK jB.ih B/ nkfynk j?. fe @@ikbT[ n?;h ohs HHHHHHHHHHH jo th nrb/ nze ftu HHHHHHHHHHn?;hnK eJh ohsK jB i ;k~ r[o{ dh y[Fh fdtkT[D dh r[o{ dhnK ;zrsK d/ nFhotkd dh T[vhe ftupikJ/ ;}k fdtk fdzdhnK jB. fit/ nieb fJe ohs pVh nkg ih dks/ih Bkb c?b ojh j? r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih ~ u"o eoBk. irihs f;zx @ikue#fJj eoBk co} s/ skfpnk p?m/ tiho dk j? go nro eJh wfJnK ;kE B ikJ/ e[M to/ gfjbK w? nkgD/ fJe fwZso ~ fwbD frnk. i r[od[nkok ;kfjp fty/ rqEh dh ;/tk fBGkT[dk ;h. z I FokXK d/ fdB ;B fJeftnesh T[BKQ gk; e[M ykD ghD dk ;wkB e[M egV/, wzMk ns/ fp;so b?e/ nkfJnk p?mk ;h. p; fJe fid eoh ikJ/ fe w/o/ fgsk ih i eJh ;kb gfjbK r[}o rJ/ ;B, d/ bJh fJBQK ;wkBk dh nodk; eo/ d/t. w/o/ p?fmnK GkJh ;kfjp B/ ekch ;wMkT[D dk :sB ehsk fe thok fJj bVK fJ; gzi G[se Foho dhnK jB. i fJE/ jh gziK sZsK ftu ftbhB j frnk j? nkswk dk fJBQK ;wkB Bkb eJh tk;sk BjhI. fJj sK pkjwDK dh ekY j? fJ; okjh T[j fpBK feos (w/jBs) ehfsnK nkgDhnK bVK g{ohnK eod/ jB. go T[; tho d/ gZb/ e[M th BjhI fgnk. GkJh ;kfjp B/ gbk fijk w/o/ ezB ftu fejk fJBQK ~ r[owfs okjh ;wM BjhI g?Dh fJj d/;h GkFk ;wM/rk, GkJh ;kfjp T[; ~ pb,/ @@fbnk GoktK i/ s{z BjhI wzBdk s/ fbnk nodk; eohJ/## go jK fJ; ;wkB d/ Bkb xN xN fJe iK d ewo/ dk wekB th d/. wekB sI fpBK s/ok fgT[ fJj ;wkB b?e/ ;Ve s/ p?mrk. / fJj ;[D e/ T[j pzdk ;uh g? frnk s/ e[M fuo pkd ;kok ;wkB u[e e/ w[;e[ok e/ tkg; s[o fgnk. T[; Z dh w[;e[okjN T[; ~ e[M ;Mh g?D dh MbeK d/ ojh ;h. @feow# (17)
  • 18. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp-2 ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp dh ;zgkdBk ;w/I @ig[# pkDh z ;opftnkge, f;oiBjko~ ;psI fgjbk fbsk frnk. @ig[# ih ;kfjp, ;kfjp ns/ fBoGkT[, fBot?o j?.;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih w[y sI T[ukfos @X[o eh pkDh# fJj gzi gfdnK dh ouBk j?j? ! fJj fJe okr ofjs pkDh j? ns/ pkDh ftu eJh fi; ftu T[; nekb g[oyojkT[ BjhI j?. i/ eo fJj efjnk ikJ/ fe ig[ ih pkDh fijVk ezbe ofjs, gzju s [ nihs f;zx,;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp dk ;ko j? sK eJh nfseEBh BjhI z ofjs j? fi;dh d/t, dkBt, byBTjJrh. / ;[o Bo, w[fB, iB, gF{ gSh, gT[D, gkDh jh BjhI gqfeqsh pkDh dk e/doh Gkt nekb g[oy (È), wB[y I ns/ nrB se nokXBk eod/ jB ns/ T[j ;p dkns/ ;wki j?. wB[y ~ T[; ;opftnkge, gowfgsk fgqsgkbe, jo fJe ~ nzB, ib, jtk nkfd fpBK fe;/gowkswk d/ xo dk tk;h pDkT[D nkoEks @@;funko G/d Gkt sI brksko d/ ofjnk j?. feT[eh ;p ihnf;Zy## pDkT[D bJh ;[uih ;/X (jfo ek wkor) fdsh s[wko/ ih, ns/ T[j nekb g[oy ;p ihnK ek dkskokrJh j?, fe fet/I nekb g[oy dh gqkgsh bJh ;[DB wBD j?.ns/ gzu dk wkor df;nk frnk j?, Bkb jh gzik yzvk ;fjbk - ;fjbk dk Fkpfde noE nBzd, y[FhokjhI nfXnkswesk pko/ ukBD gKd/I ;uyzv fty/ ik T[;sfs j? ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu ;fjbk pkDh nzr zgqwkswk dh gqkgsh dZ;h rJh j? ns/ do;kfJnk j? fe 12 (pkoK) s/ nfezs j? ns/ fJ; pkDh ~ fBsB/w o{ggqkgsh r[o gq;kfd (r[o{ feqgk ;dek) jh j ;edh j?. ftu oks ~ ;D sI fgjbK gfVnk ikdk j? fi; ftu T[gozs ;do f;ob/y j/m pkDh nzfes j?. ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih, r[o{ okw dk; ih ns/ ;qh ;do dk Fpd ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu fsB r[o{ noiB ;kfjp ofus Fpd ;zrqfjs jB.tko tZy tZy EktK s/ ns/ EV/ i/j/ pdbkt Bkb nkT[dk I fJ; pkDh dk Gkt iht o{gh fJ;sqh i fej?. ;p sI gfjbK ig[ pkDh dh 27 (;skfJthI) gkT[Vh gowkswk sI ftSVh jJh j?, T[; Bkb fwbkg ns/nzr 6 (S0) s/, d{ih tko ;do f;ob/y j/m nzr 8 fwbkg sI pkd T[sgB y/V/ dk gqrkNktk j?. gow fgsk(nm) s/ (e[M pdbkt Bkb) ns/ shih EK nk;k okr gqwkswk Bkb fet/I w/b jJ/ fJ;dh ;/X fJ; pkDh okjhftu nzr 347 (fsB ; f;zskbh) s/. fdZsh rJh j?. ;do f;ob/y tkbh pkDh, fBsB/w dh pkDh j?ns/ fJ; dk rkfJB ;zfXnk ;w/I ehsk iKdk j?. fJj ;q h r[ o { fiz x ;Gk wkBe BropkDh th ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dh feqsh j?. fJ; pkDh nko0vh0n?;0 n0 byBT{dk w{b Gkt T[; eosk g[oy (gowkswk) d/ xo (do) io{os wzd r[of;Zy gtkoK d/ pZu/ pZuhnK d/dh FGk dk toDB j?. nkBzd ekoi bJh r[od[nkok ;kfjp tbI eJh G/Nk BjhI T[gozs ; g[oy ftu T[; wjkB gow g[oy dk bJh iKdh j? ns/ irQk dh th eJh G/Nk BjhI j?.toDB ehsk frnk j?, T[j gow fgsk jh ;p sI tZvk ;wgoe eoT[sw FeshwkB ns/ ;dhth g[oy j? i g{oh soK F[sso, z w0 9415114663 (18)
  • 19. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012ekft ;[ w B pkpk p[ Y k ih fsqbuB f;zx @uzB# byBT{ BkBe r[ o { s I w/ j oK dh M b Go e/ S/ t / I r[ o K se EK EK b[ N KD tkb/ pkbh T[ w o ftu y/ v K B y/ v e/ s/ , wkb vz r oK d/ skJh uoKD tkb/ . wksk fgsk dh f;fynk pZ B gb/ , e w b jEK ;z r ;/ t k ewKD tkb/ . BkBe r[ o { d/ fi; dw j J / doFB, Bkb FoXk d/ d[ X SeKD tkb/ . shyD p[ X h u I fBeb/ gq F B ;[ D e/ , fBeh T[ w o/ jh p{ V k ejKD tkb/ . ;/ t k f;de f;nKDg ;ukZ J h ;de/ f;y c[btkVh d/ sKJh wfjekD tkb/. BkBe r[ o { s I w/ j oK dh M b Goe/ S/t/I r[oK se EK EK b[NkD HHHHHHHHHHHHHH BkBe r[ o { dk id I ;h dhd gkfJnk, r[ o { xo i r / j e/ ofj rJ/ ;h. ;/tk f;woB dh fijh ;h bkr brh, wj wkfJnk d/ febQ/ ;G Yfj rJ/ ;h. wzB ~ ;dk jh oy fBtKD tb ~, T[uhnK wsK d/ tfjD ;G tfj rJ/ ;h. gfjo/dkoh r[o{ xo dh nfijh ehsh (fe) tKr Mr d/ d"yh ;G pfj rJ/ ;h. ngD/ Bkb b? GkJh r[ o dk; ih ~ o[ e / ekoi ;G f;o/ uVkD tkb/ . BkBe r[ o { s I w/ j oK dh M b Goe/ S/ t / I r[ o K se EK EK b[ N kD HHHHHHHHHH pkd BkBe d/ ;kohnK r[ o { i s K, g{ o k g{ o k ;h wkD ;fseko ehsk. pkpk p[[Yk ih dh jo fJe ;/X sKJh, ;[fBjoh n;{bk d/ ftu ;[wko ehsk. e/ t b nkg BjhI ifgnk Bkw pkp/ , EK EK f;yh dk ik gq u ko ehsk. skfjU[ pKDh d/ gfjb/ gqekF t/b/ gfjb/ rqzEh bJh r[oK thuko ehsk.. r[ o { xo d/ ;/ t e j r[ o { xo bJh whoh ghoh dh i s irKD tkb/ . BkBe r[ o { s I w/ j oK dh M b Goe/ S/t/I r[oK se EK EK b[NkD HHHHHHHHHHH fFeSk dheSk ;koh S/ t / I r[ o { ih dh, pkpk p[ Y k ih jE I ;wgz B j J h. w[rb oki ;zr f;Xk NeoKT[D tkbh, j? ;h ;{M s/ ;wM T[sgzB jJh. uz r / x V / s/ uz r h itkBh gk e/ , Bkb r[ o K ;G ;z r s gq ; z B j J h. pz d h-ykB/ iK u e h b? g[ i / pkpk, jo fJe gkf;U ;h Xz B Xz B j J h. BkBe r[ o { s I S/ t / I gksFkj se y[ F h ;GBk dh @uz B # ih gkD tkb/ BkBe r[ o { s I w/ j oK dh M b Goe/ S/t/I r[oK se EK EK b[NkD HHHHHHHHHHH (19)
  • 20. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 nes{po dk Fjhdh e?bzvo 1 nes{po 1923 JhL ~ pZpo eow f;zx ;w/s 17 nes{po who wz~ B/ febQk okwo"Dh nzfwqs;o9 f;zxK B/ u"sk ;kfjp d/ B/V/ pp/bh fty/ nzro/iK Bkb fty/ 1748 JhL ftZu bZrGr 200 f;Zy Fjhd eo fdZs/bVfdnK Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. ;B. 3 nes{ p o 1621 JhL ~ jorfpzdg[o d/ :[ZX 19 nes{po jtkbdko ;o{g f;zx ih ~ Gkos-ftZu GkJh iZN{ ih, GkJh efbnkDk ih, GkJh gokrK ih uhB dh izr ftZu i{MfdnK 1962 JhL ~ Fjhdh gkJh;w/s eJh f;ZyK B/ FjhdhnK gqkgs ehshnK. ;h. 4 nes{ p o jtkbdko do;B f;zx ih fgzv 20 nes{ p o ;qh r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih d/ ;{ow/IJhoke (b[fXnkDk) ekofrb dh izr ftZu bVQd/ jJ/ GkJh ihtB f;zx B/ ebwN d/ ozrV ns/ r[ioK Bkb1999 JhL ~ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. bVfdnK 1701 ftZu Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh ;h. 7 nes{ p o GkJh ;kfjp f;zx dhtkB s/ GkJh 22 nes{ p o ;0 w/ j o f;z x J/ n o ewKv }nB{g f;zx GkJh ;o{g f;zx (gs-d[Bhuzd d/) 1700 JhL /q gfNnkbk, ;zs pbd/t f;zx, ;0 jikok f;zx ~ 1947~ nBzdg[o ;kfjp fty/ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. ftZu gkfe;skBh epkfJbhnK B/ Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. 8 nes{po GkJh f;zx fSZpo B/ fBowjrVQ fty/ 23 nes{po ;{pdko ifrdo f;zx wfjb ebK /o[;sw ykB s/ gjkVh okfinK Bkb bVfdnK 1700 JhL (wrk) B/ Gkos-uhB dh izr ftZu 200 uhBhnK ~ wkoftZu Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. e/ 36 ;kEhnK ;w/s 1962 ftZu Fjhd jJ/. 10 nes{ p o fwgkjh wbehs f;zx fgzv y[od 24 nes{po ;0 XzBk f;zx pZpo pfjpg[ohJ/ ~(BtK Ffjo) B/ Gkos-uhB dh izr ftZu 1200 uhBhnK nzro/}k B/ p/nzs s;hj/ d/ e/ 1923 JhL ~ Fjhd eoBkb bVd/ jJ/ 1962 JhL ~ Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. fdZsk ;h. 11 nes{po GkJh Bopd f;zx, nkfd 40 f;zxK 25 nes{ p o F/o/ gzikp d/ tkdko :X/ GkJh~ fgzv nkbtkB (bkj"o) fty/ Xosh ftZu rZv e/ pjkdo cfsj f;zx ih B/ BkokfJD rVQ (B/V/ nzpkbk) fty/Fkj B/ 1711 JhL ftZu Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. i{MfdnK 1807 JhL ~ Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. 12 nes{ p o dFw/; fgsk d/ u"opodko GkJh 26 nes{po f;gkjh e/tb f;zx eNbh EkB f;zxokw f;zx eFwhoh rbk bZrD Bkb fBowjrVQ fty/ (ibzXo) Gkos-uhB dh izr ftZu 10 uhBhnK ~ wko1700 JhL ftZu Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. e/ 1962 JhL ~ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. 13 nes{po GkJh fjzws f;zx ih (Gshi/-GkJh 27 nes{po iZEdko GkJh do;B f;zx c/owkB / {pZio f;zx) B/ fBowjrVQ d/ :[ZX ftZu 1700 JhL ~ B/ 74 fdB bzwh G[y jVskb oZy e/ 1969 JhL ~ Fjhdh ZFjhdh gqkgs ehsh. gqkgs ehsh. 14 nes{ p o GkJh wE[ok f;zx ih (g[Zso GkJh 28 nes{ p o GkJh pNkB f;zx ih fgzv wKE{ikfdnkbk ih) B/ fBowjrVQ d/ :[X ftZu bVfdnK 1700 Z (rVFzeo) ~ nzro/iK B/ p/ns s;hj/ d/ e/ 1914 ftZu zJhL ~ 5 f;ZyK ;w/s FjhdhnK gqkgs ehshnK. Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. 15 nes{ p o BkfJe pyskto f;zx B/ gfjb/ 29 nes{ p o BkfJe jogkb f;z x (8 f;Z yftFt :[ZX ftZu bVfdnK 1918 JhL ~ Fjhdh gqkgs o?ihw?N) i/m{tkb (nzfwqs;o) B/ ekofrb dh izr ftZu Iehsh. 1999 JhL ~ Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. 16 nes{ p o 1762 JhL dh dhtkbh tkb/ fdB 30 nes{po GkJh eow f;zx, GkJh gqskg f;zxnpdkbh dh gzikj jiko c"i B/ jwbk eoe/ 33 f;zx ih T[s/ o/brZvh uVQk e/ 1922 JhL ~ gzik ;kfjp fty/Fjhd eo fdZs/ ;B. Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. (20)
  • 21. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 r[ o -sfj B/ ihtB pdb fdZ s k fJj xNBk nZi sI eohp d; ;kb gfjbK dh j?. w?I wikoh Bro fty/ eZgV/ dh d[ekB eodk ;h. ;L joGiB f;zx ih, i dk; d/ uzr/ gqwh ;ZiDK ftuI ;B, nkgD/ Gshi/ ;[ypho f;zx ~ b? e/ nkJ/. T[j 20 e[ ;kbK dk B"inkB / [ ;h, f;o d/ tkb eZN/ jJ,/ g?oK ftu "ihnK tor/ p{N, d/yD ~ f;ZXk-;kdk gqshs jzdk ;h. ;0 joGiB f;zx efjD [ bZr,/ @@fJ; ~ d[ekB s/ oZy bU, sB]kj Gkt/I EVQh d/ fdT[. fJ; dh ;[;kfJNh pj[s ]okp j?, s[jkvh ;zrs ftu FkfJd e[M oe g? ikt/.## w? T[; pZu/ ;[ypho f;zx ~ ezw s/ oZy fbnk. wroI ik e/ gsk bZrk fe ;[ypho f;zx fdB ftu 2-3 vZphnK f;roNK dhnK gh iKdk ;h s/ jo th eJh soQK d/ BF/ eodk ;h. fwFBoh gqukoe jD eoe/ jbek pbku"o ns/ BtK Ffjo d/ fJbke/ ftu jD tkb/ seohpB f}nkdk so r[owfs ;wkrwK ftu dk; dh ;N/i ;eZso dh fvT{Nh j[dh ;h. fJe fdB wfjzdg[o Bro fty/ r[owfs ;wkrw z uZb fojk ;h. dk; r[owfs ;wkrw ftu jk}oh GoB bJh gfotko ;w/s ik fojk ;h ns/ ;[ypho f;zx f;o s/ ghbk goBk ;ikJh, dk; dh eko ubk fojk ;h. T[j d/yD ~ uzrk r[of;Zy brdk ;h, Gkt/I goB/ d/ j/mK e/; th BjhI ;B s/ ihtB ftu th f;ZyK tkbh eJh pks BjhI ;h. dk; dh ;N/i s/ fvT{Nh ;h. ;N/i sI ehosB eo e/ GkJh okw f;zx ih @nDyh# fBjzr f;zxK dk iZEk gzvkb sI pkjo nk fojk ;h. dk; dk gfotko s/ ;[ypho f;zx gzvkb d/ nzdo ik oj/ ;B. ;[ypho f;zx d/ ;[do ;i/ e/;eh-goB/ ~ sZe e/ fBjzr f;zx ih B/ ndp s/ ;fseko ;kfjs z M[e e/ ;[ypho f;zx ~ @csfj# p[bkJh. ;[ypho f;zx B/ csfj dk itkp sK d/ fdZsk go fJ; d/ Bkb jh T[; d/ nzdo ezpDh fSV rJh. j?I ! w?I sK f;roNK ghD tkbk, BFJh s/ gfssl fJj sfj w?~ BjhI w/o/ fJ; ;[do e/;oh pkD/ ~ p[bkJh rJh j?. w?I fJ; csfj z ~ s/ e/;oh d;sko/ ~ dkr BjhI bZrD d/tKrk. T[; fdB sI pknd ;[ypho f;zx B/ BfFnK dk fsnkr eo fdZsk. f;Zyh ;o{g XkoB eoe/, nzfwqsgkB eo e/ fwFBoh ebk;K ftuI ns/ r[owfs ;wkrwK ftuI r[o{ dh wfs rqfjD ehsh. fJ; soQK fJe r[o{ d/ fgnko ftu fGZih o{j B/ fJe wBw[y dk ihtB r[o{ eh csfj okjhI pdb e/ oZy fdZsk. nZieZbQ GkJh ;[ypho f;zx ih eo"o Bro fty/ j?v rqEh dh ;/tk fBGk oj/ jB T[j dk; ~ id fJ; xNBk pko/ dZ;d/ jB Z z sK dk; dk ;h; ;fsr[o{ ih d/ gktB uoBK s/ M[e iKdk j?. Z ;0 r[odhg f;zx @dhg# (21)
  • 22. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekoh-410H okr[ XBk;oh gzBk 660 sI 695 XBk;oh XBtz s h ikDhn? GkJh ik ;fsr[ o eh eko ewkfJ (gz B k 1419) nekbg[oy dh nkosh eoB bJh rkfJnk frnk r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dk ftFt gof;ZXFpd @@rrB w? Ekb[HHHH## okr XBk;oh ftu rkfJnk frnk j?. pkeh GrsK d/ nkosh d/ Fpdth fJ;/ okr ftu jB. fJj XzBtkB okr j? fi; ~ ;[uhnK nkswktK B/ nekbg[oy dh XzBsk vk0 ;o{g f;zx nbZrbJh gq:r ftu fbnKdk j? Gkt/I oki/ wjkokfink bJh fJj n?F, nBzd dk okr j? i Fkwt/b/ rkfJnk iKdk j?.tzBrh fJj[ XB[ ny[N[ B fBy[N? B ikfJ g{o? ;fsr[o dhnk fdykfJ ng[B/ ;fsr[o eT[ ;d pfb ikJh r[o feogk s/ jfo wzfB t;kJh ;/ XBtzs jfoBkfw fbt bkfJ r[fo g{o? jfo XB[ gorkf;nk jfo feogk s/ t;? wfB nkfJ-ojkT[ (gzBk 663) XBk;oh okr dh pDso fJ; goeko j? L- noj L ; r[ w g B[h ;I ntoj L ;I Bh X g w g r[ o ; tkdh L g ;ztkdh ; w[y nzr L B[h ;, r[ w g, B[h X g, w g r[, o, ;11H okr[ i? s ;oh L gzBk - 696 sI 710 GkJh ekjB f;zx BkGk B/ wjkB eF ftu fJ; okr d/ ;z;feqs fbysK ftu i? ;qh, i?sf;oh, i:fs;qh nkfd BktKdk toBD ehsk j?. r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu fJ; okr ~ i?s;oh fbfynk frnk j?. r[o{ ;kfjpkB ftuI r[o{ okwdk; ih zns/ r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/ fJ; ftu pkDh T[ukoh j?. fdB d/ u"E/ gfjo ;w/I rkJ/ ikD tkbk fJj okr ;[ys gqGkt s/FKsh T[ikro eodk j? s/ wB ~ y/Vk gqdkB eodk j?. jfowzdo ;kfjp fty/ gqubs ehosBh u"ehnK ftuI fJe u"ehdk BK fJ; okr s/ j?, Gkt i?s;oh dh u"eh.tzBrh L w/o? jhno? osB[ Bkw[ jfo pf;nk r[fo jkE[ XfoU w/o? wkEk iBw iBw e/ febfpy d[y T[so/ r[fo Bkw[ dhU foB[ bkEk w/o/ wB Gi[ okwBkw[ ;fG noEk r[fo g{o? jfoBkw[ fdqVkfJnk fpB[ Bkt? ihtB[ fpoEk-ojkT[ (gzBk 696) (22)
  • 23. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012okr[ i?s;oh rkT[D dk Yzr fBwB nB[;ko j? L-noj L ; r w/ g Bh ;I.ntoj L ;K Bh X[ g w/ r o[ ; .tkdh L r ;ztkdh L Bhw[y nzr L ;, r g, w/ X[ g w/ r, w/ r o[ ;.12H okr[ N v h gzBk - 711 sI 718 Nvh okr pj[s jh goubs okr j? i oki dopkoK ftu pj[s wep{b j?. rkfJe fJ; okr dh wdd BkbokfinK wjkokfinK dh T[;ss eo d/ pj[s d"bsK gqkgs eod/ ;B. r[o{ rzqE ;kfjp ftu fJ; okr ~ nekb T[;ssftu tofsnk frnk j?. Bkwh g[oF fJ; ~ Bkw[ o; bJh gq:r eod/ jB, fit/I @@jfo fpB[ ofj B ;e? wB[ w/ok## iK@@wkrT[ dkB[ mke[o Bkw## iK fco @@gqG ih e Bkw[ wBfj ;kXko? ihn gqkB ;{y fJ;[ wB eT[ posfB J/j jwko?..##fJ; okr ~ nkw eo e/ fdB d/ d{i/ gfjo ftu rkfJnk iKdk j?.tzBrh L jfo fp;os ;dk y[nkoh sk eT[ Xyk ejk fpnkg? ik eT[ UN s[jkoh-ojkT[ (gzBk-712)Nvh okr rkT[D dh ftXh EZb/ doi j? L-noj L ; o[ r[ w/ g X[ Bh ;I.ntoj L ;I Bh X[ g w/ r[ o[ ;.tkdh L X[ ;ztkdh L o[w[y nzr L X[ HBh ;, o[ r[, o, ;, w/ r[, g w/ r[, o r[, o[ ;13H okr p?okVh gzBk - 719 sI 720 fJj okr pj[s g/uhdk s/ ngqubs j?. r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu fJ; okr dh pj[s xN tosI ehsh rJh j?. r[o{ zokwdk; ih B/ fJ; ftu S/ Fpd ns/ r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/ e/tb fJe Fpd ofunk j?. fdB dh ;wkgsh s/ oksoh d/gqkozG ;w/I fJ; d/ rkfJB dk Y[etK ;wK j?. ZtzBrh L ifg wB jfo fBoziB[ fBozekok ;dk ;dk jfo fXnkJhn? ;[ydksk ik ek nzs[ B gkoktkok-ojkT[ (gzBk-720)okr p?okVh fJt/I rkfJnk iKdk j? L-noj L HBh o[ r g, w/ r, w/ X ;Intoj L ;I Bh X g, w/ r, g r, o[ ;.tkdh L r ;ztkdh L Xw[y nzr L g X r, w/ X, w/ r, w o[ r, o[ ;. (23)
  • 24. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 f;yK bJh r[ o wfs g/ q o BktK1H r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih sI fpBK jo fe;/ d/jXkoh ~ r[o{ z 14H f;Zy tk;s/ ;ko/ fdB jh uzr/ jB. wkV/ uzr/ fdBK BjhI wzBDk s/ Bk jh fe;/ nZr/ wZEk N/eDk j?. dh ftuko BjhI eoBh. ;zroKd, wZf;nk, g{oBwkFh2H fFqFNh dk eosk, gkbD tkbk, wko ;eD tkbk nkfd fdB eJh yk; gftZso BjhI jB, ;rI pkeh d/ e/tb tkfjr[o{ jh j?. pqjwK, ftF~ iK fFt nkfd fdBK tKr jh jB. eJh tZyohnK FeshnK BjhI. 15H f;Zy B/ nkg; ftu fwbD ;w/I, tkfjr[o{ ih ek3H f;Zy B/ fe;/ w{osh dh g{ik BjhI eoBh. cN iK w{osh ykb;k, tkfjr[o{ ih eh csfj jh p[bkT[Dh j?. ~ jko gkT[D,/ X{g d/Dk r[of;Zy bJh wBQk j?. r[o{ 16H r[opkDh dhnK gEhnK r[N-fenK nkfd ~ o[wkb ftu ;kfjp dhnK cNnK iK w{oshnK th BjhI pDkT[DhnK / bg/N e/ ;fseko Bkb oZyDk j?. ukjh-dhnK. gqubs s;thoK r[o{ ;kfjp dhnK 17H r[opkDh dk gkm eoB ;w/I ekjbh BjhI eoBh. n;b s;thoK BjhI jB. fgnko ;fseko Bkb ;wM e/, wB iV e/ gkm eoBk4H f;Zy B/ G[Zb e/ th d/th d/ iroks/ BjhI eokDk. j?.5H f;Zy B/ rzdhnK fgeuoK sI gqj/i eoBk j? feT[Ife 18H f;Zy tk;s/ nzfwqs t/b/ T[mDk }o{oh j?. Z fJjBK ftu rzd/ ;hB ftykJ/ iKd/ jB nkuoD ~ 19H bzro SeD ;w/,I eVkj gqFkd b?D ;w/I ;k~ ekjbh yokp eod/ jD. e[FshnK ;oe; s/ jo y/vK tk;s/ BjhI eoBh ukjhdh. eJh wBkjh BjhI. 20H ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih d/ gzxV/ d/ gkftnK ~ w[mhnK z { Z6H f;Zy B/ nkgDk Bkw f;zx iK e"o Fpd ;w/s g{ok GoBhnK fBob wZBws j?. fJ;/ soQK ezXK iK EfVnK fbyDk j?. s/ BZe orVBk iK wzih ;kfjp j/m gkDh oZyDk7H f;Zy B/ ed/ th, fe;/ fe;w dk BFk, (Fokp, Gzr, wZBws j?. nchw, uo;, szpke{, f;ro/N) nkfd BjhI tosDk. 21H fe;/ wZB[y dk ;fsr[oK d/ gqekF ;w/I ;zrs ftu8H f;Zy Xow d/ ftoXhnK s/ gyzvh d/jXkoh r[onK Bkb { rd/bk bk e/ p?mDk ;ys wZBws j?. eJh ;pzX BjhI oyZD. / 22H ehosB eoB ;w/I r[opkDh sI pkjo dhnK wBxVs9H f;Zy tk;s/ rzrk iK jo fe;/ nBws d/ shoE s/ tkX{ s[eK bk e/ XkoBk bkT[Dh wZBws j?. fJFBkB bJh ikDk wBQk j?. 23H ;zrs ftu fJe tes fJe rZb jDh ukjhdh j?.10H f;Zy bVehnk tk;s/ ezieK b?DhnK wBQk jB. ehosB iK eEk, tfynkB iK gkm.11H f;Zy B/ Bzr/ f;o p}koK ftZu BjhI x[zwDk s/ Bk jh 24H nyzv gkm iK fe;/ jo soQK d/ gkm t/b/ ez[G, is Bzr/ f;o pkjo fBebDk j?. jo ;w/I d;sko iK BkbhJ/o nkfd oZyDk wZBws j?. fJ;/ soQK gkm d/ uz[Bh Bkb e/; YZe e/ oZyD/ jB. Bkb Bkb iK ftu ftu fe;/ jo pkDh dk gkm oZyDk12H f;Zy phphnK B/ fe;/ fe;w dk eJh tos BjhI oZyDk. wZBws j?. eotk o"E, g{oBwkFh, wZf;nk nkfd d/ tos oZyDk 25H ;zrs ftu eVkj gqFkd toskT[D sI gfjbK gzik fBob wZBws j?. fgnkfonK dk rZck eZY e/ toskT[Dk ukjhdk j?.13H f;Zy B/ edh ;okX BjhI eoB/ s/ Bk jh ;okXK ftu fco skfpnk p?m/ f;zx ~ e"b ftu gk e/ d/Dk ukjhdk fjZ;k b?Dk j?. j?. (24)
  • 25. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;[ w B g[ ; se ;wheFk fgSb/ wjhB/ 2 ;szpo 2012 ~ byBT{ d/ gzEe eth p? m k j/ sgsh b j go T{ g o ;/ o/ s k ub ojk.;0 fsqbuB f;zx @uzB# ih dh gzith g[;se @@feoB-T- r : k FwK go y[ d py[ d e J h gfsz r k ib ojk..nkskp O fJfsjk; pbdk j?## dh o;w x[zY u[ekJh fJe gzikph eftsk ftu uzB ih dh wzio eFh t/y-(bekogB) ;qh r[o{ f;zx ;Gk nkbwpkr fty/, ntX fpibh gJh ;h uwedh s/ x{ N jB/ o h oks ;h.ekbfiJ/N d/ w[y gqpXe ;0 ;opihs f;zx ih ns/ T[BKQ dh z pdZ b th j? ;B Sk rJ/ , B uz B gkJh Mks ;h.gsBh ;qhwsh ;fszdo e"o ih d/ ;z:[se eo ewbK Bkb ;kv/ fJ; d"o d/ jo pzd/ dh sVg s/ T[; dh fceo ~ uzB;zgB jJh. ih B/ fJe eftsk ftu fJ; soQK fbfynk j? L- fJ; g[;se pko/ ;odko nkswihs f;zx ih (tfoFm nki nKXh Bos I eh jo soc e SkJh j? .ozr eowh) B/ i ;wheFk ehsh j? ~ EVk ;zfSgs eoe/ Sb egN e/ pkdb e ;kE b/ e o nkJh j? . .g/F ehsk ik fojk j?. ep po; iKJ/ :/ pkdb e J h efj ;esk BjhI . ;zgkde iz r eh fJ; d } y ;/ e J h pZ u e/ ofj ;esk BjhI .nkswihs ih efjzd/ jB HHHHHHHHHHHHH uzB ih dh fJ; fceo ~ T[BKQ dh e[M jo eftsktK ftu th g[okD/ tesK sI jh f;nkfDnk B/ eftsk, okr, t/fynk ik ;edk j?, fit/I L-fusqekoh w{osh s/ wzdo ebk (Architecture) ~ ;{Sw :k nkdwh jh nkdwh e/ y{ B ek fgnk;k :jK,ewb ebktK (Fine Arts) dk Bkw fdsk j?. eftsk ~ fJBQK |? o e:k GkJh ;/ jh GkJh e Bcos nki j? .;kohnk ebktK ftu ;otsw wfBnk frnk j?. i[ b w - f;sw e/ d o w/ dw x[ N ojk fJB;kB ek ekft ;zfrqj @@feoB-T-nskpOfJfsjk; pbdk fJB;kfBns e/ Bkw go fJB;K e dfjFs nki j?..j?## d/ ouBkeko eth fsqbuB f;zx @uzB# w[y o{g ftu fJe fJ; ;z r q f j ftu f;Z y r[ o { ;kfjpkB ns/ f;Z ytkue goz g ok d/ eth jB. tkue fJfsjk; s S[ N e[ M j o ftF/ n Kgozgok d/ ethnK dhnK eftsktK eth (Subjects) T[s/ th eth dh ebw ubhd/ w[y sI ;[DB t/b/ ;s/ ~ i nB[Gsh s/ q { j?, fit/I Fjhd/ nkiw Grs f;zx, wk;NonkBzd gqkgs j[zdk j? T[j nkBzd T[;/ skok f;zx, GkJh tho f;zx, okXk ns/eftsk ~ g[;se ftu gVQB s/ BjhI j[dk, z pz;oh ns/ s[b;h dk; nkfd-e[M jo ekftfeT[Ife wzu sI eth dh eftsk ;[DB o{gK :kBh rhs, r}bK w[ese nkfd tht/b/ eftsk d/ pbK sI S[N eth dh t/y/ ik ;ed/ jB.nkdkJhrh ns/ eftsk g/F eoB dk ni d/ f;yK pko/ fJe fw;ok t/y L-Yzr th ;s/ T[s/ n;o gKd/ jB, idfe q id ;B r[ o d[ n ko/ eZ u / ,g[;se ftu Sgh eftsk, gkme nkgDh FoXk pj[ s gZ e h ;hwz B woih Bkb fJe tkoh eJh j J / j[ D r[ o d[ n ko/ gZ e /eftsktK :k fJe eftsk eJh eJh FoXk w[ e rJh ;koh..Sitting ftu gVdk :k gV ;edk j? g[ ; se feoB-T-nkskp dh fJ;/ns/ nkgDh ;u s/ ;wM nB[;ko T; f;ob/ y j/ m Sgh gfjbh eftsk ns/eftsk ~ ft;sko d/ ;edk j?. fJ; gzikph Gkr ftu fJfsjk; pbdk j? - dt/fbjki Bkb tkue gozgok d/ eth uzB eftsktK gVB tkb/ gkmeK d/ ;w/I dk w[bih dk fJj ;zfrqj T[BQk, dh eftsk d/ T[BQK ~ }o{o fwb/rk - fJj w/oh rkozNh;{yw noEK ~ ;wMkT[D dh wjZstg{oB j?.uzB ih ~ tXkJh.eVh pD ;edk j?. nkswihs f;zx uzB ih ngDh eftsk ftu Fpd fusq pDKd/ jB - (ozr eowh)fit/I Contact : 09335313104 (25)
  • 26. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 vkH dhg fJzdo f;zx bV j? pZfunK dk wB ;wMD dh gqf;ZX wBftfrnkBh Dr. Alfred Adler ~ fe;/ gqkgsh bJh, ;zxoF bJh bVhId/ wBpb tk;s/ ihtBB/ g[fZ Snk fe fJe SN/ pZu/ ~ ;z;ko fe; soQK dk bZrdk d/ gfjb/ fdB sI jh pZu/ d/ nu/sB wB ftu fJjjt/rk < vkeNo ;kfjp B/ itkp fdZsk fe n;hI ;ko/ fBFkBk j[zdk j? fe T[; B/ fJe nfjw, nksw-Gog{onkgDh f}zdrh dh F[onks tZv/ beK d/ ;z;ko ftu pj[s { ns/ skesto ihtB ihT[Dk j?. fJj sK jh j ;edkew}o ns/ SN/ o{g ftu eod/ jK. fJe pZu/ ~ e[dos j? i/ T[; d/ o}kBk d/ nB[Gt T[;~ fjzws ns/ nkswkdk gfjbk ;[B/jk j? L nkgDh ew}oh s/ ekp{ gkU, ftFtk; gqdkB eoB. fJ; bJh }o{oh j? fgnko,nkgDh jd wfj;{; eotkU ns/ T[j pD fiBQK dh jd I I j"I;bk-nikJh ns/ ;dGktBk.;z;ko s/ n;onzdk} jt/. fJj bVK jB fJe pZu/ d/ nksw ftFtk; ~ pZu/ nkgDh wK eb p?m e/ oNh yk oj/ ;B. T[GkoB bJh. go i/ jt/ fJ; sI T[bN sK T[; pZu/ dkfJe pZu/ B/ fejk fe nZi w?I d; oNhnK yktKrk sK d{;ok feodko fe; soQK Bkb gqcbs jtrk. i/ T[; ~ fJj Z[ /pfbnK, go w?I sK nZi thj oNhnK yk fojk jK. T[jBK fejk ikt/ fe s{z fe;/ irk BjhI, s/oh fe;/ ~ bV BjhIdh wK, fi; ~ gsk ;h fe fJj fBZehnK fizdK fJe sI tZX iK s{z e[M th pDB d/ ekpb BjhI sK eh T[j nkswoNh BjhI yk ;ed/, pbh, jK w/o/ pZfuU, fizBhnK wo}h ftFtk; jk;b eo ;e/rk < T[j pZuk iK sK fpbe[boNhnK ykU. Gkt/I T[; wK eb wBftfrnkB dh eJh e[M eoB d/ ekpb BjhI jt/rk ns/ iK fJ; jZd sefvroh BjhI ;h go T[ ; B/ pZ f unK dh wB d Fk ~ jzekfonk pD ikt/rk fe T[; ~ nkgD/ sI T[go eJh;wMfdnK T[jBK ~ T[sFkjs ehsk. BjhI bZr/rk. fJe nfXnkge dk wBftfrnkBh jDk fJ; fjNbo dk pugB th f}nkdk ;[yh BjhI ;h.bJh }o{oh j? fe T[j pZfunK dh ;woZEk ~ ;wMfdnK fJe EVKQ -Gog{o pugB bJh T[; ~ ;ko/ ;z;ko dh fiZsjfJnk T[BKQ d/ wkBf;e ns/ g{oD ftek; bJh ;jkfJe sI xZN e[M th gqtkB BjhI ;h. nkyoh ;w/I idI T[jjD. pugB d/ fdB jo fJB;kB d/ GftZy dh p[fBnkd nkgD/ pzeo ftu ;h sK th T[; ~ nkgD/ ehs/ s/ Fowj[d/ jB. pZfunK d/ wBftfrnkB pko/ t/ot/ eJh gZyK z Bk nkJh ;r I T[ j iowB b e K ~ ;G e[ M bJhsI nfjw jD L e;{otko mfjok fojk ;h.1H pZfunK dhnK wkBf;e bVK ~ ;wMD ns/ e[M be fJj ;ud/ jB fe pZfunK ~ ;G e[MT[jBK dhnK ;wZf;nktK d/ jZb bJh. fdT[ sK i T[j jw/FK y[F ofjD, fe;/ rZb dh E{VQ Bk2H fJe tX u[Ze/ wB[Zy d/ ;[Gkn ns/ ;u Yzr ~ nkt/. go T[j G[bd/ jB fe f}zdrh fJe jZE d/Dk ns/pdbDk pj[s n"yk j?, feT[Ife T[;dk fttjko gZe d{i/ jZE b?D dk BK BjhI ;rI tzvD dk Bkw j?. fJ;u[fenk j[zdk j?. fJj nwb f;oc pugB ftu jh soQK d/ pZu/ f}zdrh dk w[ekpbk eoB d/ ;wZoE BjhIw[wfeB j?. j[zd/. T[j ;wMd/ jB fe d[BhnK dhnK ;G uh}K s/3H fJe uzrh ihtB iku ns/ T[u/ohnK edoK T[jBK dk jZe j? go f}zdrh dhnK ;ys ;ukJhnK dkehwsK ~ f;ykT[D bJh pZu/ d/ fdwkrh o[MkB dk gsk ;kjwDk eofdnK T[j fpyo iKd/ jB, N[N iKd/ jB. ZjDk }o{oh j?. pZfunk ~ Spoon Feeding dh jw/Fk bV BjhI tX/o/4H f}zdrh dk fJe yk; we;d ns/ T[; wzf}b dh bV j? j";bk nikJh dh, uzrh nrtkJh dh, sK i (26)
  • 27. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012T[jBK ftu uzfrnkJh gqcbs jt. pZfunK dh F];hns [ / Fkwb j e/ gfjb/ Bzpo s/ nk fojk j?. fJ;/ soQK ew}odh soZeh ftu eJh tko ;wki dk otZJhnK th o[ektN B}o tkb/, ;z;ko dhnK y[FhnK dk soiwk d/yD tkbhnKgk ;edk j?. eJh tko n;hI ukj[zd/ jK fe pZuk e[M uh}K d/ o{g ftu eoBr/. pZu/ nkgDhnK frnkBw"fenk s/ bVBk f;Zy/ ns/ e[M w"fenK s/ dp ikt/. fJzdohnK d[nkok nkgDk ;z;ko nkg oZu b?Id/ jB. ;G sI wkVh rZb fJj fe n;hI fJj wzr UdI T[jBK d/ wB se gj[uD dk fJj th nk;kB sohek j zeod/ jK idI jkb/ se pZfunK B/ nkgD/ ;ko/ r[D fit/ ;edk j?. fJ; sI fJbktk fJj wjsZtg{oD w[dk fJjZI fe pbDk nkfd se th f;Zfynk BjhI j[dk. fJ; soQk z th j? fe jo pZuk iK tZvk fJe fijhnK jkbksK ftudhnK ;wZf;nktK pZfunk ftu Confusion g?dk eodhnK fJe fijnk nwb BjhI eod/ ns/ ;dk nkgD/ ezwjB ns/ T[jBK d/ GktBkswe soZeh ftu o[ektN g?dk ftuko e/ BjhI eod/. fJjBK d/ ;[GktK ftu eJh o[uhnKeodhnK jB. j[zdhnK jB. ;kvk wkBf;e ;z;ko L wkBf;e soZeh sK jh j n;hI nkw so s/ nkgD/ i}pksK d/ nXko s/;edh j? i/ ;kv/ ;kjwD/ eJh fBFkBk jt. fJe pZuk / ezw eod/ jB. jo wB[y ftu r[D-n"rD j[d/ jB ns/ Z [ zfi; ~ s[oB-fcoB ftu eJh w[Ffeb jt,/ T[j nkgD/ ;ko/ fJe ;[Gkn d/ BjhI j[d,/ eJh fwjBsh j? ns/ eJh zfynkbK ftu n?;k ;z;ko f;oi/rk fi; ftu T[j pj[s nkb;h. pZu/ dk ;[Gkn d/y e/ T[; Bkb tosI ehshs/} d"V fojk j? iK wNo ;kJheb iK eko-d"V ftu ikt/ sK ;cbsk fwbdh j?. eh s[ ; hI ikDd/ j <(1) J/no ewKvo pkpk fwjo f;zx B/ ;zB 1948 d/ (6) w/io iBob e[bdhg f;zx (uKdg[ohnk) B/ ;zB 1971 jtkJh jwb/ ;w/I bZdky dh ;G sI T[uh jtkJh gZNh Z d/ Gkos-gke izr ;w/I bBktkbk (oki;EkB) ;hwk s/ jtkJh ;?Bk d/ ijk} ~ T[skfonk ;h. s/ gkfe;skBh c"i d/ jwb/ ~ oeD ftu wjZstg{oB(2) b?cH iBob jop]F f;zx B/ ;zB 1948 ftu eFwho G{fwek fBGkJh ;h. T[BQK dh pjkdoh ~ fcbw fty/ r[ohfbnK ns/ ;zB 1965 d/ f;nkbeN ns/ pkovo ftu ftykfJnk frnk j?. bkj"o T[go Gkosh "i d/ jwb/ ;w/I pjkdoh d/ ;G Z (7) ;zB 1962 d/ uhBh jwb/ fto[X tkbZr fty/ Gkosh Z sI tZX i"jo ftykJ/ ;B. ;hwK ~ pukT[D tk;s/ f;Zy ;?fBe ;B. bK;BkfJe r[ofdnkb f;zx, iwKdko i;tzs f;zx, iwKdko(3) gow tho uZeo gokgs f;Zy o?ihw?IN d/ ;{p/dko gqhsw f;zx, f;gkjh fgnkok f;zx s/ f;gkjh e/tb ifrzdo f;zx B/ 1962 dh Gkos-uhB izr ;w/,I B/ck f;zx. ftu, uhBh jwb/ ~ pjkdoh Bkb oefdnK Fjhdh (8) ;0 fBowbihs f;z x ~ jh jtkJh ;? B k ftu gkJh ;h. gowtho uZeo fwfbnk j?.(4) iBob irihs f;zx B/ 1971 dh Gkos-gke dh (9) vk0 eztbihs e"o nBNkofNek s/ g[iD tkbh gfjbh Z bVkJh ftu gkfe;skBh ;?Bk ebI nksw;wogD Gkosh fJ;soh j?. eotkfJnk ;h. fJ; izr wroI @pzrbk d/F# jId (10) ;0 noiB f;zx s/ ;0 fdbpkr f;zx Gkosh ;?Bk ftu nkfJnk ;h. d/ d f;Zy J/no uh wkoFb jJ/ jB.(5) ;zB 1948 s/ 1965 ftu gkfe;skB T[go Gkosh ;?Bk Z (11) w/io iBob r[opeF f;zx B/ 1965 dh izr ftu d/ jwfbnK d/ w[y jho w/io iBob okfizdo f;zx Z gkfe;skB dh gfjbh ;?fBe N[eVh T[go Gkosh jwb/ Z ;B. dh nrtkJh ehsh ;h. (27)
  • 28. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 f;Zy Xkowe gqFBIsohgq F B L nk}kdh dh gfjbh iz r fisD dk Fo/ J fe; gq F B L ifbnK tkb/ pkr d/ r b h eKv d/ fiw/ Q d ko ~ iKdk j? < iBob vkfJo ~ T[ ; d/ d/ F fJz r b? v ftuT[Zso L ]kb;k ih d/ wouk bkT[D T[gozs nro/i je{ws fe; B/ r b h wkoh ;h < B/ idI ;qh dopko ;kfjp ;qh nfwqs;o dhnK ukphnK T[Zso L ;0 T{Xw f;zx ih B/. tkg; ehshnK sk wjkswk rkXh ih B/ fejk ;h fe gq F B L Fjhdh e{ e k bfjo d/ pkDh e D ;B < n;h nZi nk}kdh dh gfjbh izr fis bJh j?. T[Zso L BkwXkoh pkpk okw f;zx ih.gq F B L n;bh nk}kdh dk w[Ybk n?bkB fe; B/ ns/ gq F B L nzro/i nc;o ;kfJwB ~ rbh fe; B/ wkoh ed I ehsk ;h < ;h <T[Zso L nk}kdh dk w[Ybk n?bkB ;qh r[o{ jfo rfpzd ih T[Zso L nwo Fjhd Fjhd/ nkiw ;0 Grs f;zx ih B/. B/ whoh ghoh dhnK sbtkoK g?BD ;w/I eofdnk gq F B L nz r o/ } h je{ w s ;z w / gz i kp n;? I p bh ftu jfJnk fejk ;h fe w/ok jo r[o f;y F;soXkoh Xwkek eoe/ fJzBebkph gou/ fe; B/ tzv/ ;B< jtrk. d;sko ;ikJ/rk ns/ xV ;tkoh eo/rk, / T[Zso L nwo Fjhd Fjhd/ nkiw ;0 Grs f;zx ih B/. fi; bJh w[rb je{ws tbI wBkjh ;h. ikpo gq F B L w[ r b je{ w s ;w/ I fe; r[ o f;Z y B/ T[ ; j[ewokBk dk ftoX jh n;bh nikdh dk fpr[b ;w/I dh bekJh ebI iihnK t;{b ehsk ;h < j?. T[Zso L GkJh psk f;zx ns/ ;kEhnK B/.gq F B L 11 wkou 1783 ftu bkb febk fdZbh s/ e/;oh gq F B L ;ojz d dh fJN Bkb fJN yVek e/ S N / Mz v k fe;B/ M[ b kfJnk ;h ns/ fe; ekoD ;kfjpikfdnk dh Fjhdh dk pdbk fe; B/ fdZ b h tky; ehsh. fbnk ;h <T[Zso L 11 wkou 1783 ftu bkb febk fdZbh s/ e/;oh T[Zso L pkpk pzdk f;zx pjkdo B/. Mz v k pkpk px/ b f;z x , iE/ d ko iZ ; k f;z x gq F B L p}[or dVk ftu eJh w?vb fisD tkb/ ftFt nkjb{tkbhnK ns/ TBQK d/ db B/ M[bkfJnk ;h ns/ yvkoh f;Z y dk BK d; < w[rb je{ws eb fdZbh d/ r[o{ n;EkBk ~ nk}kd T[Zso L ;0 cik f;zx i fJ; ;w/I fJrzb?v ftu ofj oj/ eoB dh Fos s/ fdZbh tkg; eo fdsh. fJ; jB. jkb ftu 101 ;kb dh T[wo ftu T[jBK B/ ekoB fdZbh fty/, r[od[nkok ;h; rzi ;kfjp, 2012 T[bge dh p?NB wFkb Bkb dV ftu fj;k z oekp rzi ;kfjp, wiB{ fNbk, wsh pkr ns/ fbnk ;h. pzrbk ;kfjp F[FGs jB. gq F B L cbkJhjK f;Zy fe; d/ Bkw Bkb F[;Gs j? <gq F B L ;q h dopko ;kfjp nfwq s ;o dh p/ j [ o wsh T[Zso L cih f;zx ;0 fwbyk f;zx i T[bzge ftu fJe (d[ o dFk) d/ y e/ wZ ; / oz x V dk f;o fe; B/ ;?ev d/ ;t/ fj;/ dh xkN eoe/ gde sI tKM/ ofj z I ebw ehsk ;h. rJ/.T[Zso L ;0 ;[yk f;zx ns/ ;0 wfjskp f;zx B/. - e?gNB joGiB f;zx (28)
  • 29. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012-4 (29)
  • 30. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 - Harkrishan Singh Puneet, U.K. (30)
  • 31. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 ;[ w B tor gj/ b h - 04! 21 nes{po se fwbD tkb/ ;jh itkp s/ 500 o{0 d/ fJBkw fdZs/ ikDr/. fJe sI finkdk ;jh itkp jD s/ fJBkw pokpo-pokpo tzfvnk ikJ/rk. efNzr ns/ nto okJhfNzr ;theko BjhI ehsh ikJ/rh. ;[ w B tor gj/ b h - 03 dk ;jh T[ Z s o BK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH gskHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHc B $w 0 HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH G/iD dk gsk L gzikph ;[wB, 215$295 e, ;[GkF wkor, d[rktK, byBT{ yZ p / s I ;Z i / L- T[ Z s I fEZ b / L- 1- r[o{ ;kfjp B/ fJ; EK Beoh ehsh. 8 2- Fjhd f;zx fiBQK f;Zyh e/Fk ;tk;K Bkb fBpkjh. 4 5- wksk ih i bzro ftu fxT[ tkbh yho tosKd/ ;B.2 3- nBzdg[o ;kfjp dk fJe febk. 4 6- GkJh HHHHHHH ih fiBQK B/ y{j ftu fvZrD d/ pkd th 4- r[o{ nzF ftu i ;sthI gksFkjh d/ tZv/ Gok ;B.4 bzro dhnK beZVK frZbhnK BjhI jD fdZshnK. 2 11- pkpk pzdk pjkd[o ih d/ fgsk dk BK. 4 7- ;qh jfowzdo ;kfjp d/ gfjb/ rqzEh. 2 12- wksk ih fiBQK d/ gso/ ;ofjzd ftu Fjhd jJ/.3 8- g[oksB ekb ftu ;wK dZ;D bJh tidk ;h. 4 13- GkJh fpXh uzd d/ fgsk dk BK. 3 9- r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ ;g[Zso pkpk HHHHHHHHH ih. 3 14- pkpk p[ZYk ih d/ iBw FEkB dk BK, eZE{HHHHH. 3 15- pkpk p[ZYk ih dh wksk dk BK. 2 10- ykb;/ d/ wksk HHHHHHHHHHH eo ih. 3 17- fdB, izr. 2 16- fgzv fiZE/ wksk Gkr eo B/ d/j fsnkrh. 4 18- g{ok, ;kok. 3 19- pkpkHHHHHH f;zx ih fgzrb tkV/ d/ ;z;Ekge. 3 ;[ w B tor gj/ b h - 02 d/ fti/ s k fBoXkos sohe se gzi F[X jb gqkgs jJ/.Gog{o f;zx nkFhnkBk byBT{, jodhg f;zx nkohnk Bro, byBT{, i;gqhs eo nkFhnkBk byBT{, goBhs eo, wkvb NkT[D b[fXnkBk ns/ BtBhs eo rftzd Bro ekBg[o. ;p ~ 100 o[gJ/ ns/ gqwkD gZso fdZsk ik fojk j?. (31)
  • 32. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nes{po 2012 nghb i[bkJh 2012 sI BthI ;zgkdeh Nhw d[nkok g/F ehsh ik ojh w?r}hB d/ o/N@@gzikph ;[wB## tZb gkmeK, b/yeK, tkgkohnK nZr/ jZE iV p/Bsh fJe ekgh bJh Rs. 15/-j? , ;kvQ h j ; bk ncikJh tk;s/ pj[ f rDsh ftZ u w/ I p o pD I ns/ftfrnkgB d/ e/ nkoEe ;fj: r eo skeh n;h s[ j kvh gz i kph 6 wjhB/;w/bJh Rs. 90/- (vke you s)fto;/ ~ fjod/ ftZu t;kJ/ oyD dh ukjs ~ g{ok eo ;ZehJ/. fJe ;kb bJh Rs.175/- ;zgkde, w0 L 9415561425 (vke you ;w/s) g{o/ :{0gh0 ftZu n?i/IN pDB bJh ;zgkdeh dcso ftZu ;wgoe eo. ;zgkdeh dcso L- gzikph ;[wB 215$295 e, ;[GkF wkor, d[rktK, byBT{ - 226004 c B L 9415561425 (;z g kde) E-mail : punjabisuman_media@rediffmail.com, office@punjabisuman.com visit our website at : www.punjabisuman.com gzikph ;[wB s[jkvk nkgDk w?r}hB j? fJ; ~ ngBkT[ ns/ ;dZ ; sk ns/ ikBekoh bJh ;wgoe eo L- jo soQK Bkb ;fj:r d/Dk w[Ybk coi pDkT[. nkgD/ ekopkoh ndkfonK d/ fJ; ftZu fJFfsjkod/ e/ fiZE/ s[;hI nkgD/ tgko ~ d/FK gqd/FK ftZu tXk oj/ jt/r/, T[ZE/ fJ; @e"wh ndko/# dhnK BhjK thw}p{s eor. /;kv/ fBFekw ;fj:rh L- ;0 wBwjB f;zx ggbh, p;zs o/vhn byBT{ (9452321313), ;0 nihsf;zx, nkbwpkr byBT{ (9651592214), ;0 ;toB f;zx, uzdo Bro ByBT{ (9235704316), ;0 wBwhsf;zx, bkigs Bro, byBT{ (9305623150), GkJh i;tho f;zx, bkigs Bro ByBT{ (9208605086),Gk0 GiB f;zx, ji{oh okrh, r[0 ;do, byBT{ (9807008989), ;qh nfws noVk, wksk e"bK GbkJh e/do byBT{ (9335624728) ;0 ;[oihs f;zx @Bkuhi# r[0 fpbfvzr Bkek byBT{ (9415544705), ;0Ipbpho f;zx, f;zx ;Gk r[od[nko/ d/ B/V/Q, rbk, fibk byhwg[o yhoh (9450255660) MEMBERSHIP FORM Dated .........................Name ..............................................................................................................................................................Address ...........................................................................................................................................................District ..................................................Ph./Mobile No.................................................Pincode........................Email ..............................................................................................................................................................Yearly Rs. 175/-Period from ....................................... to ..............................................Mode of Payment : DD/MO/Deposit in A/c in favour of “PUNJABI SUMAN”, A/c No. CA 30819640926 of StateBank of India, payable at Lucknow. Sign. of Member (32)