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kidneys ppt

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If you need any help with the treatment of kidney/renal failure you can contact to …

If you need any help with the treatment of kidney/renal failure you can contact to
Puneet gupta
09899362131
fresenius medical care

Published in Health & Medicine
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  • 1. -PRESENTED BY PUNEET GUPTA
  • 2. FUNCTIONS OF KIDNEY- Fluid balance. Removal of waste products from the blood. Maintaining normal blood pressure by balancing electrolyte such as Na & K. Regulating bone mineralization. Production of RBC’s.
  • 3. FILTERATION MEMBRANE-Nephrons The functional unit of the kidney is the nephrons. Each kidney consist of thousands of nephrons. Nephrons contains a filtration membrane which removes excess body water and waste products.
  • 4. HOW DOES KIDNEY FAIL? When the kidney not able to clean waste product from the blood. Production of hormones go abnormal resulting in anaemia. The capacity of kidney also decline with the age. FAILURE ARE OF TWO TYPES: Acute Kidney failure -patient treated with dialysis for certain period until their kidney recovers. ESRD – loss of kidney function is permanent.
  • 5. SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY FAILURE NAUSEA AND VOMMITING LOSS OF APPETITE ITCHINESS HIGH B.P TIREDNESS SWOLLEN ANKLES BAD TASTE IN THE MOUTH
  • 6. COMMON CAUSES FOR KIDNEYFAILURE- DIABETES MELLITUS HYPERTENSION GLOMERULONEPHRITIS VASCULAR DISEASE POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
  • 7. WHAT HAPPEN IF KIDNEY FAILUREOCCURS?End Stage Renal Disease These are the successful treatment which can be done:- PERITONEAL DIALYSIS HAEMODIALYIS TRANSPLANTATIONThese treatments can help you to stay healthy and continue your daily activities.
  • 8. HOW DOES DIALYSIS WORK?1. DIFFUSION: MOVEMENT OF SOLUTES FROM HIGHER CONC. TO LOWER UNTIL THE EQUILIBRIUM STAGE MAINLY SMALL MOLECULES ARE REMOVED BY DIALYSIS. BOTH PD AND HAEMODIALYSIS BASED ON THIS.
  • 9. 2.OSMOSIS:-Movement of solute from low conc. to higher until equilibrium is achieved.-Solute- osmotic agenet normally glucose.3.ULTRAFILTRATION:-Done by using dialysis fluid with an increased conc. Of glucose or sugar.-higher the glucose content the more excess fluid will b removed.4.CONVECTION:- Concomitant of ultrafiltration- In this the fluid drags the solute with it.
  • 10. TREATMENTS
  • 11. 1.HAEMODIALYSIS(HD)
  • 12. 2.TRANPLANTATION(TX)
  • 13. 3.PERITONEAL DIALYSIS(PD)
  • 14. P.D CARRIED OUT IN TWO WAYS Manually(CAPD) Automatically(APD)Three steps for manual treatment:- INFLOW(fresh pd fluid) CYCLER- DWELL(dialysis takes place)- OUTFLOW (Effluent)
  • 15. PRECAUTIONS: STERILE-(equipment free of micro-organism) CLEAN-(hand wash for 60 secs) Do not perform bag exchange where there is lot of movement. Pets should not be in the room. Avoid distraction. Proper medication. Visit regularly to the dialysis centre.
  • 16. SUGGESTIONS Hydrate yourself. Avoid unnecessary medication. Avoid overloading of a kidney with protein(only 2 ounces) Keep cholesterol in good level. Keep blood pressure in good control.
  • 17. The kidney plays a vital role in sustaining life.