Problem Set 3, No. 7
Name : Punithemalar Hariaratnam
Matrick No. : GP01285
Date : 4 August 2012 (Saturday)
Lecturers : Pro...
One of the mega trends is that, future urbanization will drive
integration of core city centres or downtowns with suburbs ...
Mega Trends
Mega Trends are global, sustained and
macroeconomic forces of development that impact
business, economy, socie...
Urbanization major sub trends :
• Developing of mega cities, mega regions and mega corridors
• Next level of social networ...
What causes Urbanisation
Push factor
• Unemployment
• Poverty
• Crop failure
• Drought
• Floods
• Mechanization in farms r...
Rise of the “new” super economies in Asia
East Asia Economic Area
- Southern China (Ghuangzhau)
Asia
- Metro Manila, Tokyo...
Implications
Mega Trend in the Malaysian Perspective
Second Finance Minister
Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah,
Megatrends Forum 2012
Bu...
Economic Development
Emergence of Super Cities & Regional Economic Corridor
Legoland Malaysia
is a theme park that
has opened in
Nusajaya, Johor
THE opening of several new attractions in the
state h...
Impact of Demographic Changing
Positive Aspects:
• Aging society, many new type of industries and products will be
develop...
Managing Megacities
Institutional Dimensions
Decentralization -
in Indonesia, which is carefully managing the shifts in th...
Transportation Management
Urban transportation management –
Singapore's Central Area traffic control scheme, which has hel...
Private Sector Development
Privatization of toll roads in Jakarta –
helped accelerate construction of badly needed infrast...
Wherein the vast vacancies
will be filled not only by
returning Malaysians, but
also by Americans and
Europeans seeking be...
This trend examines a world of:
• zero emissions
• zero accidents
• zero fatalities
• zero defects
• zero breaches of secu...
Over 40 million electric vehicles, including electric pedal cycles,
scooters, four-wheelers and buses will be sold annuall...
The next level of social networking will focus on geographic services
and capabilities such as geocoding and geotagging to...
In future, competition will be
between corridors, not cities and
countries. What this means, is that a
country like Malays...
Challenges in implementing and enforcing environmental protection
measures in Malaysia
Issues affecting the implementation...
• The government must be prepared to promote active public participation to
assure successful implementation of environmen...
Malaysian government's agenda in moving towards emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at  Mega-corridors
Malaysian government's agenda in moving towards emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at  Mega-corridors
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Malaysian government's agenda in moving towards emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at Mega-corridors

435 views
307 views

Published on

Malaysian government's agenda in moving towards emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at Mega-corridors

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
435
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Malaysian government's agenda in moving towards emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at Mega-corridors

  1. 1. Problem Set 3, No. 7 Name : Punithemalar Hariaratnam Matrick No. : GP01285 Date : 4 August 2012 (Saturday) Lecturers : Prof Madya Dr Hasani Mohd Ali Prof Dr Aishah Bidin UK6043 Undang-Undang dan Amalan Syarikat Question No. 1 Name : Punithemalar Hariaratnam Matrick No. : GP01285 Date : 2 February 2013 (Saturday) Lecturers : Prof. Dr. Rohimi Shapiee UK6073 Undang-Undang Perniagaan Antarabangsa
  2. 2. One of the mega trends is that, future urbanization will drive integration of core city centres or downtowns with suburbs and satellite cities, resulting in expanding boundaries from the current average of 25 miles (40 km) to around 40 miles (64 km). We will witness the emergence of Mega-cities, Mega-regions and at Mega-corridors. How to balance between economic development, human development and environmental legal protection in the Malaysian government agenda in moving towards this trend?
  3. 3. Mega Trends Mega Trends are global, sustained and macroeconomic forces of development that impact business, economy, society, cultures and personal lives, thereby defining our future world and its increasing pace of change (urbanization) Global and Asia Pacific Mega Trends Mega Trend 2020 - Frost & Sullivan
  4. 4. Urbanization major sub trends : • Developing of mega cities, mega regions and mega corridors • Next level of social networking • New business models • Innovating to zero – examining a world of zero emissions, zero accidents, zero fatalities, zero defect, zero breaches of security and carbon neutral factories • Health, wellness and aging • e-Mobility • Infrastructure • Beyond BRIC – the next emerging economies
  5. 5. What causes Urbanisation Push factor • Unemployment • Poverty • Crop failure • Drought • Floods • Mechanization in farms reducing need for farm workers • Lack of services, like healthcare and education • Lack of Safety • Civil unrest Pull factor • Potential for employment • Promise of a better lifestyle • Higher labor wages • Better services • Safer environment • Education and career opportunities for women • Political Stability • Less risk of natural hazards There are various Push and Pull factors responsible for rural to urban migrations. These factors are social, economical, political and environmental in nature
  6. 6. Rise of the “new” super economies in Asia East Asia Economic Area - Southern China (Ghuangzhau) Asia - Metro Manila, Tokyo, Bangkok Indonesia, Vietnam, The Philippines & Bangladesh are expected to be the ―new super economies driving the Asian growth story in 2020 BMIGT - Brunei Malaysia Indonesia Growth Triangle
  7. 7. Implications
  8. 8. Mega Trend in the Malaysian Perspective Second Finance Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah, Megatrends Forum 2012 Business Times, 2nd Oct 2012 “emerging trend that will have deep and wide-ranging consequence on our country - economically, socially and politically”
  9. 9. Economic Development Emergence of Super Cities & Regional Economic Corridor
  10. 10. Legoland Malaysia is a theme park that has opened in Nusajaya, Johor THE opening of several new attractions in the state has increased tourism arrivals in Johor significantly. Tourism arrivals since last August have increased by 35 per cent, from 11.1 million in 2011 to 15 million last year. NST - 28 January 2013
  11. 11. Impact of Demographic Changing Positive Aspects: • Aging society, many new type of industries and products will be developed, robotic, healthcare, or self measurement • Increase in aged care facilities • Tap women and aged population • Beyond BRIC Negative Aspects: • Increase in high pension and medical costs • Lower supply of labor for industry • Lower budget, reduced tax income • Motivation or energy (decrease) Human Development
  12. 12. Managing Megacities Institutional Dimensions Decentralization - in Indonesia, which is carefully managing the shifts in the roles of sector agencies and strengthening its local governments; in the Philippines, which has decentralized not only responsibilities, but also financial resources to local governments; and in Thailand, which has established efficient water supply agencies and is developing public-private partnerships for provision of water supplies. Environmental Management Urban environmental management - use of natural gas-powered vehicles to help control air pollution in Bangkok and the installation of sewage treatment facilities to help clean up the Han River in the Republic of Korea.
  13. 13. Transportation Management Urban transportation management – Singapore's Central Area traffic control scheme, which has helped reduce congestion; and Hong Kong's MRT, Bangkok s bus lanes and Kuala Lumpur's special lanes for motorcycles, all of which help create viable alternatives to the use of private cars Land Management Use of fiscal policies to encourage utilization of vacant lots – in Seoul, the creation of land-sharing methods for redeveloping already occupied lands in Bangkok, and the development of community mortgage programs to provide land and infrastructure for the poor in the Philippines.
  14. 14. Private Sector Development Privatization of toll roads in Jakarta – helped accelerate construction of badly needed infrastructure while helping reduce congestion Water supplies in Malaysia – which has enhanced the efficiency of water supply operations Financing and Resource Mobilization Development of strong local government - Financial management systems in Malaysia, rapid development of financial management capabilities in local governments such as Naga City and Mandaluyong in the Philippines, and the use of prices to influence the demand for transportation facilities in Hong Kong and Singapore
  15. 15. Wherein the vast vacancies will be filled not only by returning Malaysians, but also by Americans and Europeans seeking better prospects Reverse brain drain
  16. 16. This trend examines a world of: • zero emissions • zero accidents • zero fatalities • zero defects • zero breaches of security • and carbon-neutral factories
  17. 17. Over 40 million electric vehicles, including electric pedal cycles, scooters, four-wheelers and buses will be sold annually around the globe in 2020. The opportunity in the e-Mobility market is not in making cars but in its value chain, batteries (including second life and recycling), charging stations and packaging innovative mobility solutions such as 'pay by electrons.' e-Mobility will redefine personal mobility in the future
  18. 18. The next level of social networking will focus on geographic services and capabilities such as geocoding and geotagging to enable additional social dynamics. User-submitted data with profiles and interests will be matched with location-based services to connect and co-ordinate with surrounding people or events. This type of geo-networking will drive markets, businesses and individuals to interact, advertise and promote in real time.
  19. 19. In future, competition will be between corridors, not cities and countries. What this means, is that a country like Malaysia will be working with Singapore and vice versa (Greater Singapore) Being in a high-growth region in the world, having great infrastructure, multilingual workforce, geopolitical stability, etc Greater Singapore is a classic city-state, whose population of 6 million (nearly 2 million of whom are actually across the border in Malaysia) generates a GDP of more than $100 billion.
  20. 20. Challenges in implementing and enforcing environmental protection measures in Malaysia Issues affecting the implementation of environmental laws and the problems faced by the decision makers: • Adoption of policies which gives preference to economic development rather than a sustainable approach to balanced economic development and environmental protection; • Lack of coordination between various government agencies endowed with decision making in planning and economic development; • Characteristics of the civil society • Lack of resources such as manpower and expert professional and finance
  21. 21. • The government must be prepared to promote active public participation to assure successful implementation of environmental policies and legislation. Most countries realize the importance of public participation in development planning since this will instill a sense of belonging and ensure adherence by the general public. • The law can only be effective if there is concurrence at all the strategic levels of the government i.e. the local, state and federal government in prevention of pollution and restoration of the environment. • The Federal government must be given more powers in dealing with environmental problems rather than leaving it to the discretion of the states in order not to encroach the powers of the powers in dealing with land and natural resources as enshrined in the Federal Constitution.

×