Women empowerment-puneet sharmaPresentation Transcript
WOMENEMPOWERMENT PRESENTED BY – Puneet Sharma
Outlines What is women empowerment? Why it should be? History What are the main problems? How to achieve it? Efforts made to achieve it. Achievements
What is women empowerment? To give certain rights or authority. To invest with power, especially legal power or official authority. To equip or supply with an ability to women .
Why it should be? Because of this..
And on the top of all is Violence against IT IS….. Women The physical, sexual and psychological harm or suffering to a woman Includes threats of such an act, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty whether occurring in public or private life
Gender of Victims Who Suffer Abuse 10% Men Women 90%
A Poem Of Reflection: We had our first argument last night, and he said a lot of cruel things that really hurt me.I know he is sorry and didn’t mean the things he said, because he sent me FLOWERS TODAY I got FLOWERS TODAY. It wasn’t our anniversary or any other special day. Last night he threw me into a wall and started to choke me. It seemed like a nightmare, I couldn’t believe it was real. I woke up this morning sore and bruised all over.I know he must be sorry because he sent me FLOWERS TODAY I GOT flowers today, and it wasn’t Mother’s Day or any other special day. Last night, he beat me up again, it was much worse than all the other timesIf I leave him what will I do? How will I take care of my kids? What about money? I am afraid of him and scared to leave.
They also suffer from…Maternal Mortality Gender Violence Child LaborWomen Trafficking Eve TeasingMalnutrition Sexual HarassmentExploitative Practices Family AbuseChild Marriage & a lot more…Dowry
60 % of the Girls are married before the age of 16Nearly 60% of the married girls bear children before they are 18125,000 women die from pregnancy and related causes every year Maternal mortality in India is the 2nd highest in the world
. Access to Sanitation facilities is a special problem for women and girls Public toilets for females are few
It is well known that women and children workin huge numbers in bidi-rolling, agarbatti-rolling, bangle making, weaving, brassware,leather, crafts and other industries.Yet, only 3 % of these women are recordedas laborers.
Some Global Eye-openerChina: Suicidal rates are higher in case of womenStatus of Japanese working women in dilemmaThe Deafening Silence: Asian American women in the whirlpool of depressionWomen’s life at risk because of acid attacks in Ethiopia37% women victims of domestic violence: NFH surveyAlmost half of Indian women have not heard of AIDSMarried women, children most anaemic in IndiaWomen are killed in China to become brides of dead men
Why it should be? Reflecting into the “Vedas purana” of Indian culture, woman is being worshiped such as LAXMI MAA, goddess of wealth; SARASWATI MAA, for wisdom; DURGA MAA, for power. The status of women in India, particularly in rural areas needs to address the issue of empowering women. Leaving a meager number of urban and suburban women, the Indian women are still crying for simple justice. Which is not even allowed to have been accessed to them Ironically, women have not actively participated in their own emancipation mainly due to low economic independence. With their age, they have been raped, kicked, killed, subdued & humiliated almost daily.
Contd…… About 66% of the female population in rural area is unutilized. This is mainly due to existing social customs. In agriculture & animal care the women contribute 90% of the total work force. Women constitute almost half of the population, perform nearly 2/3rd of its work hours, receive 1/10th of the world’s income & own less than 1/100th of the world property. Among the world’s 900 million illiterate people, women out number men two to one. 70% of people living in poverty are women. Lower sex ratio i.e. 933.
Contd…. The male child perceived as an asset for the landless rural labourer, a dowry earner for a greedy middle class family and a simple matter of pride for the mother. The existing studies show that the women are relatively less healthy than men even though, they belong to same class. They constitute less than 1/7th of the administrators & managers in developing countries. Only 10% seats in world’s parliament & 6% in national cabinets are held by them.
HISTORY It dates back to the 1970s and the beginnings of the international womens movement. Many womens organizations worldwide set up credit and savings components as a way of both enabling women to increase their incomes and come together to address wider gender issues. Not only reaching women but empowering them is the second official goal of the Micro credit summit programme.
Contd….. Womens empowerment is not a Northern concept. Women all over the world, including countries in the South, have been challenging and changing gender inequalities since the beginnings of history. These struggles have also been supported by many men who have been outraged at injustices against women.
What are the main problems? Lack of education, Financial constraint, Family responsibility, Low mobility, Low ability to bear risk, Low need for achievement, Absence of ambition for the achievement, Social status.
They arestrong at•Multi Tasking•Innovation•Closeness with Nature•Synergy•Cooperation•Physical Strength•Untapped Energy
Self Help GroupsAangan BadiGovt. SchemesMicro FinanceSelf Employment
How to achieve it? One of the strategies is “EDUCATION” that builds a positive self-image and boosts self-confidence among them & develops their ability to think critically. Promoting self-employment, through credit & training. Providing lean season wage employment. Addressing minimum needs such as nutrition, health, sanitation, housing & education. Direct involvement of women who are likely to be affected by development programme. Providing saving habit among them.
Efforts Sarva shiksha abhiyan: the flagship programme of elementary education has special focus on girl child. Jawahar Navodays Vidyalayas Pratibha Vikas Vidyalayas In every district of the country with fair representation for girl child would contribute enormously in national level development through women empowerment.
Contd… Kasturba Gandhi Swatantrata Vidyalaya: residential school for girls. National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) Development of women and child in rural areas (DWCRA): Implemented during 1982. Support to training & employment for women (STEP): 1987
Contd…. Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK):1992-93 Mahila Samridhi Yojna (MSY): Oct. 1993 Indira mahila Yojana (IMY): 1995 Women Entrepreneur Development Programme: Given top priority in 1997-98. Mahila samakhya: being implemented in about 9000 villages.
Achievement. Women have more opportunities for education and stronger legal rights in many countries, they are taking leadership roles in local communities, and stand at the forefront of the peace movement Perhaps the greatest change will come when women and men agree to work together for gender equality. International Womens Rights Agreements --Womens rights are well-established by international agreements, notably the international Convention on Eradication of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), which explicitly include women within the definition of human and hence in all International Human Rights Conventions.
Contd….. Trade Related Entrepreneurs Development for Women (TREAD): had revenue capital 0.11 crores in state budget 2006-07. Subsidy for units providing employment for women: 5% on total investment is available to the SSI units providing employment for women at least to the extent of 30% of the total strength. Formation of women self help group: Total women SHG formed as on 31/07/2007 15847 Total SHG members 250319
Contd… Since 1950-51 the total enrolment at the primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary stages increases by 6,14,and 20 times respectively, among them the girl’s enroll. increased by 9, 37 & 60 times resp. during the same period. The scheme of granting capital subsidy for small scale industries has been revived and & Rs.20 crores have been provided for 2007-08 for providing capital subsidy to women entrepreneur. The rate of literacy has gone up from 39.29% in 1991 to 54.16% in 2001.
cross Cultures and over Centuries it has beenroven that Woman can change the world aroun
Remembering some of them today…
Efforts in the fields of…ShikshaSwasthyaSwavlamban
Kasturba Gandhi (Ba)
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi
Conclusion “When women move forward the family moves, the village moves and the nation moves”. It is essential as their thought & their value systems lead the development of a good family, good society & ultimately a good nation”.