Ban on gutkka and cigarettes


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If Ban on gutka is justified then why the same should not be imposed on cigarettes

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  • India spends around 300 billion annually.
  • Ban on gutkka and cigarettes

    1. 1. Group 8
    2. 2. 1. If Ban on gutka is justified thenwhy the same should not beimposed on cigarettes2. Novation and alteration interms of contract - Eg. DLF Blair
    3. 3.  Gutka is a preparation of crushed areca nut (alsocalled betel nut), tobacco, catechu, paraffin, slakedlime and sweet or savoury flavourings. Manufactured and Exported A mild stimulant Sold across India Small, individual-sized packets that cost between 2 and 10 rupees per packet. Consumed much like chewing tobacco
    4. 4. Gutkha use can begin at a very young age. Social custom does not Due to its often permit children to flavourful taste, easy smoke so eventually availability and becomes another habit cheapness tough to quit. Exhibit Symptoms of precancerou cancer appear s lesions at a by high school very early or college age as a age. result.In 2008, about 5 million children under 15 were addicted to gutkha. A survey in UttarPradesh and Madhya Pradesh found precursors of mouth cancers in 16% of the children
    5. 5. Highly addictive and a known carcinogen. Lead to loss of appetite, promote unusual sleep patterns, and loss of concentration.Prominently stained teeth ranging fromdirty yellowish-orange to reddish-black. Generally spat onto a wall or at the ground, causing an unsightly red stain that is quite resistant to the elements.More than 2,500 people in our countrydie every day due to diseases caused by tobacco and its related products.Cancer to a person devastates his familyas all savings are spent on the treatment of the disease.
    6. 6. Several states of India have banned the sale, manufacture, distribution andstorage of gutka and all its variants.Banned under centrally enacted Food Safety and Regulation (Prohibition) Act 2011.Pseudo permanent ban.Enforced by the state public health ministry, the state Food and DrugAdministration and the local police.Enforcement of the law is somewhat lax.Provisions of imposing fines up to 25000 on selling of products that are injuriousto health.
    7. 7.  The consumer base of tobacco in India stands at34.6% of all adults (with cigarette share being 5.7%) while 75% of Indian tobacco consumers usenon‐smoking tobacco products such as gutkha andpaan masala. The gutkha market in India is worthINR150bn ‐ INR 200bn. Sachets of several brands aresold through paan shops thus easily accessible toeveryone.
    8. 8. A Supreme Court ruling states that since pan masala, gutkha andGutkha is proved to supari are eaten forcontain carcinogens taste and nourishment, they are all considered food. Rule 2.3.4 of the Food Safety and Subsequently various Standards states have banned (Prohibition and theRestrictions on Sales) sale, manufacture Regulations, 2011. and distribution of under centrally gutkhaenacted FSR act 2011
    9. 9.  India has the highest prevalence of oral cancerglobally, with 75,000 to 80,000 new cases beingreported every year. Nearly 80% of all oral cancer cases are due to theconsumption of tobacco products like gutkha, panmasala, betel quid with tobacco, and khaini. India spends approximately INR300bn annually (inboth public and private health services) on treatmentof tobacco related illness, accounting for roughly onefourth of all health spending. India is known as the world capital of oral cancer
    10. 10. If implemented nationwide via strict monitoring andpunitive actions against offenders.Outcome of the ban: Increase in prices – Sachets, earlier available atINR1, are now being sold at 5‐10x making it unviablefor the poor Availability has decreased significantly, restrictingaccess to vulnerable groups like women and children.
    11. 11. Manufacturers and sellers are resorting to newer tricks to selltheir products. In the North‐East, gutkha factories are found to operate outof trucks In states like Maharashtra and Gujarat, raw materials ofgutkha are being sold in separate pouches to customers (onepouch with supari mix and the other ‘zarda’ pouch containinggutkha) since these do not qualify as food products containingtobacco; the ban can thus be easily evaded. Also, as the ban is not effective pan India, gutkha from states(where it is not banned) is being smuggled to states where it isbanned through private vehicles.
    12. 12. The ban can be effective in Though Maharashtra has A ban in Kerala is proving to practice only if the Union banned gutkha and paan be ineffective as government puts a blanket masala, since it is easily neighbouring state ban on production, sale, available in other (Karnataka) has not yet marketing and storage ofstates, gutkha finds its way enforced the ban tobacco products, paan to the state rather freely. masala and gutkha.
    13. 13. Gutkha or Cigarette
    14. 14.  Invisible form of tobacco consumption
    15. 15. • Gutkha use may lead to throat cancer• 80% of all oral cancer cases are due to the consumption of tobacco products like gutkha, pan masala, betel quid with tobacco, and khaini.
    16. 16. • Statistics show that 26% of adults above the age of 15 years consume oral tobacco as compared to 14% who smoke. Among women, 18% consume oral tobacco as compared to 2% who indulge in smoking. State % of Customers below 15 years of age Odisha 38 Assam 36.6 Chhattisgarh 32.5 Jharkhand 24.1 Bihar 22.5 Uttar Pradesh 21.0 Madhya Pradesh 18.9 Uttarakhand 8.8 Rajasthan 6.9
    17. 17. Against Gutkha Gutkha contains at least 28 known carcinogens andat least 30 metallic compounds comprising of heavymetals. Pycnogenol in cigarette filters scavenges freeradicals and reduces mutagenicity and toxicity oftobacco smoke. This makes gutkha more harmful ascompared to cigarettes.
    18. 18.  Cigarette makers especially, the low endmanufacturers may benefit May not be huge as this is a visible form ofconsumption and there is not much duplication inconsumer base
    19. 19.  1975 ‐ Cigarettes (regulation of production, supplyand distribution) Act came into force 1990 ‐ Central government issued directiveprohibiting smoking in public places, banned tobaccoadvertisements on national radio and TV channels
    20. 20.  1999 ‐ Ministry of Railways banned sale of cigarettesand bidis2001 ‐ Supreme Court of India mandated a ban onsmoking in public places.
    21. 21. History of Cigarette Control in India 2008: Revised smoke‐free rules implemented thatdefined public places and identified peopleresponsible for maintaining smoke‐free work places 2009: Pictorial warnings (scorpion and damagedlungs) were made mandatory for all cigarettepackaging
    22. 22.  It is not classified as a food item:
    23. 23. Why not Feasible Major Source of Revenue:  Non‐cigarette tobacco products account for 85% of the tobacco consumption in India, but contribute only 15% as taxes on tobacco
    24. 24. Why not Feasible Less Harmful than Gutkha Not banned anywhere in the World
    25. 25. Suggested Action Increase net of Tobacco taxes:  Bidis have a maximum tax of only 9%  Taxes based on length
    26. 26. Suggested Action Studies of price elasticities in India find that a 10%increase in tobacco prices is estimated to reduce bidiconsumption by 9.1% and cigarette consumption by2.6%.
    27. 27. Suggested Action Simplify and Strengthen Taxation:  38 different taxes making collection difficult  Adjustment for inflation
    28. 28. Suggested Action Earmarking as a means of supporting additionaltobacco control efforts  To support a comprehensive tobacco control effort and other social and public health programmes.
    29. 29. Suggested Action Plain Cigarette Packaging Law  Impact the desirability of smoking to some extent
    30. 30. Suggested Action Introduce Ad Valorem tax  Plan to introduce ad valorem component of 10 per cent to the existing specific rates
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