A PRESENTATION BY:RANA MOHAMMED 2 ND M.A MASS COMMUNICATION
Queer is by definition whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant. There is nothing in particular to which it necessarily refers. It is an identity without an essence.
Queer theory is a part of the field ofqueer studies whose roots can be foundin womens studies, feminist theory, andgay and lesbian studies, as well as inpostmodern and post-structuralisttheories.
The term "queer theory" was introducedin 1990, with Eve KosofskySedgwick, Judith Butler, Adrienne Richand Diana Fuss (all largely following thework of Michel Foucault) being among itsfoundational proponents.
• Queer theorys main project is exploring the contesting of the categorisation of gender and sexuality; identities are not fixed – they cannot be categorised and labeled – because identities consist of many varied components and that to categorise by one characteristic is wrong.
• Queer theory is grounded in gender and sexuality. Due to this association, a debate emerges as to whether sexual orientation is natural or essential to the person, as an essentialist believes, or if sexuality is a social construction and subject to change.• The queer theory has two predominant strains:• Radical deconstructionism: interrogates categories of sexual orientations.• Radical rebellion: disrupts the normalizing tendencies of the sexual order.
• Queer theory developed out of an examination of perceived limitations in the traditional identity politics of recognition and self-identity. In particular, queer theorists identified processes of consolidation or stabilization around some other identity labels (e.g. gay and lesbian); and construed queerness so as to resist this. Queer theory attempts to maintain a critique more than define a specific identity.
• Queer theory is likened to language because it is never static, but is ever-evolving.
• In later years there was an explosion of discourse on sexuality and sexual orientations with the coming-of-age of the Internet.
• Queer theorists analyze texts and challenge the cultural notions of "straight" ideology; that is, does "straight" imply heterosexuality as normal or is everyone potentially gay?
QUEER THEORY AND INTERNET• New Media artists have a long history of queer theory inspired works, including cyberfeminism works using social software to explore queer sexualities beyond the male/female binary.• http://queerocracy.tumblr.com/post/75541422 52/help-push-facebook-to-recognize-trans- identities• http://plone.ladyfestwien.org/
QUEER IDENTITY AND FACEBOOK• Another labeling war that still continues—and, one could argue, is being lost by those seeking more freedom in self-identification—is the sex/gender/orientation war. Here Facebook’s reliance on discrete quantities is unyieldingly absolute: one is strongly encouraged to select one’s “Sex” as “male” or “female,” to check either or both of the “men” and “women” boxes under “Interested in,” and to thus publicly shape one’s sexual identity as a totally binary one. This is not at all surprising, in a society that reinforces the strict absolutes of male and female or gay and straight, but it’s as constricting—if not more so—than the limited political options ever were.
DELEUZE• “Accordingly queer is always ready in response to a dominant heterosexual matrix: solely reactive force of re-signification, mockery, disrespect to the dominance of heterosexuality, to the power of the norms, a force that denies all that it is not and makes negation its own essence and the principle of its existence.”
REFERENCES• worthlessdrivel.net/category/essays/• books.google.com › Literary Criticism› Asian› General