A system that helps learners take control of andmanage their own learning. This includes providingsupport for learners toPersonal Learning Environmentmanage theirlearningset their ownlearning goalscommunicatewith othersccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010User Generated Content
Personal Learning EnvironmentsPersonalLearningEnvironmentPersonalLearningNetworkPersonalWeb ToolsSource: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.htmlPLEs are not only personalweb tools and personallearning networks. PLEsare much wider thanthis, taking in experiencesand realia, as well aslearning throughTV, music, paper basedmaterials, radio & moreformal contexts.Learning content is not asimportant now as where(or who) to connect to, tofind it.PWTs are any webtools, (usually Web 2.0)chosen by learners tosupport their lifelonglearning.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
PLE as a counterpoint to theVLEccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://open.salon.com
The VLE“Institutions thatuseVLEs are indanger of turningthe Web backinto a funnel”(Wheeler, 2009)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://www.chemistryland.com
Making connectionsIn connectivism, learning involvescreating connections and developinga network. It is a theory for the digitalage drawing upon chaos, emergentproperties, and self organisedlearning.(It’s not what you know but who youknow)Source: WikipediaccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://www.pestproducts.com
EducationEducere (latin) = to draw out what is within= to bring out potentialImage source: http://laescueladeateanas.files.wordpress.comSocratic discourse isbased on asking andanswering questionsto stimulate criticalthinking and illuminateideas.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
“Education is what remains after onehas forgotten everything he learned inschool” – Albert EinsteinccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010http://gradeproud.com
Transformation…• …to change people or thingscompletely, especially improving theirappearance or usefulness• …to convert one form of energy toanother
Does education need transformation?Source: Chambers English Dictionary"In large statespublic educationwill always bemediocre, for thesame reason that inlarge kitchens thecooking is usuallybad."- Nietzschehttp://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.comSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Young people’s out-of-school experienceswith technology canmean that studentsfind the presentationof school curriculumless challenging, lessrelevant and lessengaging.Source: http://community.learningobjects.comhttp://encefalus.com/SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
“The wish to preserve the past rather thanthe hope of creating the future dominatesthe minds of those who control the teachingof the young" - Bertrand Russellhttp://flickr.com/photos/shu1/6065783/SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011Does education need reform?
Half of teens send 50 ormore text messages aday, or 1,500 texts amonth, and one in threesend more than 100 texts aday, or more than 3,000texts a month. (2009statistics)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Source: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspxhttp://blog.roadandtravel.com
http://i.dailymail.co.ukObjections from educators...they are distracting anddisruptive. The phone becomesthe focus of attention,inappropriate images/videos canbe taken and sent, leading toinvasion of privacy and loss ofteacher control!ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Mobile phones are banned inmost schools because...
Half of teens send 50 ormore text messages aday, or 1,500 texts amonth, and one in threesend more than 100 texts aday, or more than 3,000texts a month. (2009statistics)Source: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspxhttp://blog.roadandtravel.comMobile phones are thenatural communicationtool of choice for youngerusers.Are we preparing thisgeneration for the futureor for the past?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
“For the first timewe are preparingstudents for a futurewe cannot clearlydescribe.”– David WarlickccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/It certainly needs inspiration...
What are the needs of today’slearners?SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
What doesthe ‘NetGeneration’expect?http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.ukccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
They expect life to be easier toget everything they want intheir finger point, to have theaccess of information easy, toavoid the long lines at thelibrary, to have everything atone point for everything to beorganised.
The death of booksThe new generation want to use technology, reading from laptops ortablets
The education should meet the needs of the learners and the community
Learners will need new ‘literacies’• Social networking• Privacy maintenance• Identity management• Creating content• Organising content• Reusing and repurposing• Filtering and selecting• Self presentinghttp://www.mopocket.com/SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Why social media?SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Social media use 2011>200Million95 million tweets/day2 Billion views/day24 hours/minuteSource: http://www.browsermedia.co.ukSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
There are 5billion mobilephoneconnections. 3times as manymobile phonesas computers onthe planet.Source: BBC News 2010Data consumed in2010 for mobiles2.8 exabytesData consumed in2009 1.1 exabytesThe global context...Social media useis on the rise withover 750 millionusers onFacebook and 24hours of videouploaded everyminute onYoutube.SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
http://www.uksmallbusinesswebsites.co.ukWith access to Social Mediaeveryone has a voiceSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
http://www.ischool.berkeley.educcSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Networked learning“Understanding hownetworks work is one ofthe most importantliteracies of the 21stCentury.”- Howard Rheingold
Social Networks...Redefinecommunity, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationshipsEnablelearning, connections, collaboration, sharing, explorationNetworks form around sharedinterests, ideas and objectsAdapted from Couros, A. (2010)http://www.guardian.co.ukhttp://strategicdc.comSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
EXAPMLES OFSOCIALNETWORKS ANDHOW THEY AREUSED TO IMPROVELEARNING
What will be the newteacher roles?
http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.com“Any teacherwho can bereplaced by acomputer........ should be”.- Arthur C. ClarkeSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Content curationCollaborationFacilitationInspiration!SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2760560588/Co-learningLearning support
Top 5 teacher web tools (n=56)46262416141312 12 1205101520253035404550Microblog Blog Social tagging E-mail Social presence Search engine Social network CollaborativewritingImage sharingccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
Digital Content Curationwww.scoop.it/t/future-schoolSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
“We need to trustthe innate abilityof learners to selfassess.”- Derek RobertsonE-Assessment Scotland, 2010SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Multimedia broughtthe world into theclassroom...www.canada.comSmart technologieswill take theclassroom out intothe world.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
Here’s a problemfor teachers:“For the first timewe are preparingstudents for afuture we cannotclearly describe.”- David Warlickhttp://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Formal and Informal learningFormal Learning Informal Learning20%80%Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.Shouldn’t we now start to blend formaland informal learning?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Modes of learningInformalFormalCollaborativeReflectiveE-portfoliosEssay writingGroup workCo-operative learningSocial networkingWikiBloggingMicrobloggingccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
“Its not what youknow that countsanymore. Its whatyou can learn.”– Don Tapscotthttp://www.nationalpost.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011Connections toyour communityof practice
Learners enjoy learning when it’sengaging and fun!SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Engaging and fun!SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Since we cannot experience everything, otherpeople’s experiences, and hence otherpeople, become the surrogate for knowledge.http://bradley.chattablogs.com‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ is anaxiom for collecting knowledge throughcollecting people. - Karen StephensonSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Web 1.0: Anythingcan link to anythingSource: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga www.localseoguide.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Web 3.0:Existing datare-connectedfor other(smarter) usesAdapted from : Sabin-Corneliu Buraga http://farm4.static.flickr.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
The goal of educationccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010http://www.dailymail.co.uk“The goal of education is to enrich the lives of studentswhile producing articulate, expressive thinkers andlifelong learners that are socially responsible, resilient,and active citizens of the world. Education is aboutteaching students, not subjects.”– Dave Truss
“All too often todaywe are givingyoung people cutflowers when weshould be teachingthem to grow theirown plants.”- John W GardnerccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpghttp://www.newcastle.edu.auThe future?
We are already seeing early evidenceof the Smart eXtended Webhttp://chemistscorner.comIntelligent FilteringRecommender systemsSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
Alsagoff, Z. A. (2012, february 09). Empowering perosonal learning environment. Retrieved 0312, 2013, from slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/empowering-personal-learning-environments-v2Wheeler, S. (2 February 2011 , 02 02). The Future of Learning:Web 2.0 and the Smart eXtended Web.Retrieved 03 12, 2013, from slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/timbuckteeth/the-future-of-learning-6809148Wheeler, S. (2009, 10 11). It’s Personal: Learning Spaces, Learning Webs. Retrieved 0312, 2013, from slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/timbuckteeth/its-personal-learning-spaces-learning-websWheeler, S. (2010, 06 24). Lifelong learning in a digital age: Inspiration and Innovation through SocialMedia . Retrieved 03 12, 2013, from slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/timbuckteeth/lifelong-learning-in-a-digital-ageWheeler, S. (2011, 10 06). Learning and teaching in the digital age. Retrieved 03 12, 2013, fromslideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/uocunescochair/learning-and-teaching-in-the-digital-age-by-steve-wheelerBibliography