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learning environment


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  • 1. It’s Personal:LearningSpaces, LearningWebsSteve WheelerUniversity of PlymouthccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 2. Personalisation of learning means ensuringthat individual differences areacknowledgedccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 3. Personalised Learning?ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 4. Personalised Learning?ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 5. A system that helps learners take control of andmanage their own learning. This includes providingsupport for learners toPersonal Learning Environmentmanage theirlearningset their ownlearning goalscommunicatewith othersccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010User Generated Content
  • 6. Personal Learning EnvironmentsPersonalLearningEnvironmentPersonalLearningNetworkPersonalWeb ToolsSource: are not only personalweb tools and personallearning networks. PLEsare much wider thanthis, taking in experiencesand realia, as well aslearning throughTV, music, paper basedmaterials, radio & moreformal contexts.Learning content is not asimportant now as where(or who) to connect to, tofind it.PWTs are any webtools, (usually Web 2.0)chosen by learners tosupport their lifelonglearning.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 7. PLE as a counterpoint to theVLEccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 8. The VLE“Institutions thatuseVLEs are indanger of turningthe Web backinto a funnel”(Wheeler, 2009)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 9. Making connectionsIn connectivism, learning involvescreating connections and developinga network. It is a theory for the digitalage drawing upon chaos, emergentproperties, and self organisedlearning.(It’s not what you know but who youknow)Source: WikipediaccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 10. EducationEducere (latin) = to draw out what is within= to bring out potentialImage source: http://laescueladeateanas.files.wordpress.comSocratic discourse isbased on asking andanswering questionsto stimulate criticalthinking and illuminateideas.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 11. “Education is what remains after onehas forgotten everything he learned inschool” – Albert EinsteinccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 12. Transformation…• …to change people or thingscompletely, especially improving theirappearance or usefulness• …to convert one form of energy toanother
  • 13. Does education need transformation?Source: Chambers English Dictionary"In large statespublic educationwill always bemediocre, for thesame reason that inlarge kitchens thecooking is usuallybad."- Nietzschehttp://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.comSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 14. Young people’s out-of-school experienceswith technology canmean that studentsfind the presentationof school curriculumless challenging, lessrelevant and lessengaging.Source: http://community.learningobjects.com,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 15. “The wish to preserve the past rather thanthe hope of creating the future dominatesthe minds of those who control the teachingof the young" - Bertrand Russell,UniversityofPlymouth,2011Does education need reform?
  • 16. Half of teens send 50 ormore text messages aday, or 1,500 texts amonth, and one in threesend more than 100 texts aday, or more than 3,000texts a month. (2009statistics)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Source:
  • 17. from educators...they are distracting anddisruptive. The phone becomesthe focus of attention,inappropriate images/videos canbe taken and sent, leading toinvasion of privacy and loss ofteacher control!ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Mobile phones are banned inmost schools because...
  • 18. Half of teens send 50 ormore text messages aday, or 1,500 texts amonth, and one in threesend more than 100 texts aday, or more than 3,000texts a month. (2009statistics)Source: phones are thenatural communicationtool of choice for youngerusers.Are we preparing thisgeneration for the futureor for the past?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 19. “For the first timewe are preparingstudents for a futurewe cannot clearlydescribe.”– David WarlickccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 certainly needs inspiration...
  • 20. What are the needs of today’slearners?SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 21. What doesthe ‘NetGeneration’expect?,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 22. They expect life to be easier toget everything they want intheir finger point, to have theaccess of information easy, toavoid the long lines at thelibrary, to have everything atone point for everything to beorganised.
  • 23. The death of booksThe new generation want to use technology, reading from laptops ortablets
  • 24. The education should meet the needs of the learners and the community
  • 25. Personal Web Toolsn = 56 TeachersMicroblogging 46 Twitter, Plurk, TumblrBlogging 26 Wordpress, BloggerCollaborative writing 12 Wikispaces, Etherpad, Google Docs, PBTask Management tool 10 RTM, Ubiquity, EvernoteSearch engine 13 Google, YahooSocial network 12 Facebook, LinkedIn, NingSocial tagging/bookmark 24 Delicious, Diigo, Xmarks, StumbleuponSocial presence 14 Skype, Adobe ConnectImage/Video sharing 12 Flickr, Picassa, YouTubeE-mail 16 Gmail, other e-mail web servicesE-Portfolio 2 MaharaOther organisational tool 3 Dropbox, Coda, ZoteroAggregators (incl. RSS) 7 Feedly, Friendfeed, Netvibes, iGoogleccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 26. http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.comIntroducingtechnologyintoeducationSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 27. http://aproposofnothing.files.wordpress.comIntroducingcomputers intoschools“Any sufficientlyadvancedtechnology isindistinguishablefrom magic”SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 28. Learners will need new ‘literacies’• Social networking• Privacy maintenance• Identity management• Creating content• Organising content• Reusing and repurposing• Filtering and selecting• Self presenting,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 29. anytimepersonalisedanyplacehttp://ithalas.comSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 30. Why social media?SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 31. Social media use 2011>200Million95 million tweets/day2 Billion views/day24 hours/minuteSource:,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 32. There are 5billion mobilephoneconnections. 3times as manymobile phonesas computers onthe planet.Source: BBC News 2010Data consumed in2010 for mobiles2.8 exabytesData consumed in2009 1.1 exabytesThe global context...Social media useis on the rise withover 750 millionusers onFacebook and 24hours of videouploaded everyminute onYoutube.SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 33. access to Social Mediaeveryone has a voiceSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 34. http://www.ischool.berkeley.educcSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Networked learning“Understanding hownetworks work is one ofthe most importantliteracies of the 21stCentury.”- Howard Rheingold
  • 35. Social Networks...Redefinecommunity, friendship, identity, presence, privacy, geography, power relationshipsEnablelearning, connections, collaboration, sharing, explorationNetworks form around sharedinterests, ideas and objectsAdapted from Couros, A. (2010),PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 37. What will be the newteacher roles?
  • 38.“Any teacherwho can bereplaced by acomputer........ should be”.- Arthur C. ClarkeSteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 39. Content curationCollaborationFacilitationInspiration!SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011 support
  • 40. Top 5 teacher web tools (n=56)46262416141312 12 1205101520253035404550Microblog Blog Social tagging E-mail Social presence Search engine Social network CollaborativewritingImage sharingccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  • 41. Digital Content,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 42. “We need to trustthe innate abilityof learners to selfassess.”- Derek RobertsonE-Assessment Scotland, 2010SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 43. Multimedia broughtthe world into theclassroom...www.canada.comSmart technologieswill take theclassroom out intothe world.SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2011
  • 44. Here’s a problemfor teachers:“For the first timewe are preparingstudents for afuture we cannotclearly describe.”- David Warlick,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 45. Formal and Informal learningFormal Learning Informal Learning20%80%Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.Shouldn’t we now start to blend formaland informal learning?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 46. Modes of learningInformalFormalCollaborativeReflectiveE-portfoliosEssay writingGroup workCo-operative learningSocial networkingWikiBloggingMicrobloggingccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 47. “Its not what youknow that countsanymore. Its whatyou can learn.”– Don Tapscotthttp://www.nationalpost.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011Connections toyour communityof practice
  • 48. Learners enjoy learning when it’sengaging and fun!SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 49. Engaging and fun!SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 50. Since we cannot experience everything, otherpeople’s experiences, and hence otherpeople, become the surrogate for knowledge.‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ is anaxiom for collecting knowledge throughcollecting people. - Karen StephensonSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 51. Web 1.0: Anythingcan link to anythingSource: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga www.localseoguide.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 52. Web 3.0:Existing datare-connectedfor other(smarter) usesAdapted from : Sabin-Corneliu Buraga,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 53. CameraColoured capsColoured capsMirrorProjectorPhone blogs.fayobserver.comMIT’s “Sixth Sense” Wearable...SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 54. The goal of educationccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010“The goal of education is to enrich the lives of studentswhile producing articulate, expressive thinkers andlifelong learners that are socially responsible, resilient,and active citizens of the world. Education is aboutteaching students, not subjects.”– Dave Truss
  • 55. “All too often todaywe are givingyoung people cutflowers when weshould be teachingthem to grow theirown plants.”- John W GardnerccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 future?
  • 56. We are already seeing early evidenceof the Smart eXtended Webhttp://chemistscorner.comIntelligent FilteringRecommender systemsSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2011
  • 57. Alsagoff, Z. A. (2012, february 09). Empowering perosonal learning environment. Retrieved 0312, 2013, from slideshare:, S. (2 February 2011 , 02 02). The Future of Learning:Web 2.0 and the Smart eXtended Web.Retrieved 03 12, 2013, from slideshare:, S. (2009, 10 11). It’s Personal: Learning Spaces, Learning Webs. Retrieved 0312, 2013, from slideshare:, S. (2010, 06 24). Lifelong learning in a digital age: Inspiration and Innovation through SocialMedia . Retrieved 03 12, 2013, from slideshare:, S. (2011, 10 06). Learning and teaching in the digital age. Retrieved 03 12, 2013, fromslideshare: