Old English


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A power point presentation on Old English by the students of English dept. at Metropolitan University, Sylhet.
Pulak Barua. Ex Lecturer, Dept. of English Metropolitan University, Sylhet, Bangladesh

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Old English

  1. 1. English - A Historical Summary
  2. 2. Old English Period
  3. 3. <ul><li>The languages in England before English: </li></ul><ul><li>-Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>-Bronze Age </li></ul><ul><li>-Iron Age </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Stone Age </li></ul><ul><li>- Paleolithic (Old Stone) Age </li></ul><ul><li>- Neolithic (New Stone) Age </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Romans in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Conquest </li></ul><ul><li>The Romanization of the island </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Latin Language in Britain </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Germanic Conquest <ul><li>Jutes Saxons Angles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Map of Thanet
  9. 9.   Map of Anglo-Saxon England
  10. 10. <ul><li>Anglo-Saxon Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>- Northumbria </li></ul><ul><li>-Mercia </li></ul><ul><li>-East Anglia </li></ul><ul><li>-Kent </li></ul><ul><li>-Essex </li></ul><ul><li>-Sussex </li></ul><ul><li>-Wessex </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The names “England” and “English” </li></ul><ul><li>-Saxones </li></ul><ul><li>-Saxonia </li></ul><ul><li>-Angli </li></ul><ul><li>-Anglia </li></ul><ul><li>-Englisc (English) </li></ul><ul><li>-Angles (Engle) </li></ul><ul><li>-Anglecynn </li></ul>
  12. 12. The origin and position of English
  13. 13. <ul><li>The periods in the history of English </li></ul>Old Middle Modern
  14. 14. <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Strong </li></ul><ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Dialects of Old English </li></ul><ul><li>-Northumbrian </li></ul><ul><li>-Mercian </li></ul><ul><li>-West Saxon </li></ul><ul><li>-Kentish </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Characteristics of Old English: </li></ul><ul><li>- Spelling and pronunciations </li></ul><ul><li>Example. Scip (Ship), Benc (bench) </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>- Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>The vocabulary of old English is almost purely Germanic . A large number of words borrowed from French and Latin. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Grammar </li></ul>Inflectional language Synthetic Analytic
  19. 19. Foreign influence on old English literature <ul><li>Latin through Celtic Transmission (Latin Influence of the first period </li></ul><ul><li>The Earlier Influence of Christianity on the Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>The Scandinavian Invasions of England </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The contact of English with other languages: </li></ul><ul><li>The Celtic influence </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic place-names and Other loanwords </li></ul>The Romans Celts The Scan -dinavian English
  21. 21. <ul><li>Three Latin influences on old English: </li></ul><ul><li>- It was a language of a highly regarded civilization </li></ul><ul><li>- For several hundred years , while the Germanic tribes who later became the English were still occupying their continental homes, they had various relation with the Romans through which they acquired a considerable number of Latin words. </li></ul><ul><li>- And century and half later still, when Roman missionaries reintroduced Christianity into the island, this new culture influence resulted in a quite extensive Latin elements into the language. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Old English Literature <ul><li>Pagan </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul>
  23. 23. Great literary works <ul><li>Beowulf </li></ul><ul><li>Widsith </li></ul><ul><li>Deor </li></ul><ul><li>The Wanderer </li></ul><ul><li>The Seafarer </li></ul><ul><li>The Ruin </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Brunanburh </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Maldon </li></ul>
  24. 24. Beowulf
  25. 25. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>
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