Hardwickia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
525
On Slideshare
524
From Embeds
1
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Welcome
  • 2.
    • Presentation on HARDWICKIA BINATA
    • by
    • G.PUGALENDERAN
    • BSF-09-021
  • 3. Classification
    • Kingdom : Plantae
    • Class : Magnoliopsida
    • Sub class : Rosidae
    • Order : Fabales
    • Family : Ceaselpiniodeae Genus : Hardwickia Specific epithet : binata Botanical name : Hardwickia binata
  • 4. Distribution
    • Native :
    • Philippines , Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iran, Laos, Cambodia.
    • India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan.
  • 5. Habit
    • Hardwickia binata is a moderate-sized to large tree, up to 24-30 m tall, girth 1.8-3 m with a clean cylindrical bole up to 12-15 m.
    • Bark of saplings almost silvery white and smooth, the tree gets older to dark grey
  • 6. Habitat
    • Altitude: 0-300 m,
    • Mean annual temperature: 22-34 deg. C,
    • Mean annual rainfall: 250-1500 mm
    • Soil type: The tree grows best on sandstone, It tolerates acidic to neutral soils.
  • 7. Description
    • Leaves : alternate, stipules small, leaflet sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long
    • Inflorescence : long, slender racemes in terminal panicles, bracts minute, caducous
    • Calyx : 5 mm long, sepals distinct, membranous, sometimes dotted, ovate or orbicular petaloid, yellowish-green.
  • 8. Cont...........
    • Petals absent
    • Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers.
    • Ovary oblong, stigma large, peltate
  • 9. Cont………..
    • Pods : strap-shaped, narrowedat both the ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, compressed, glabrous, veined
    • Seed : 1, near the tip of the pod
  • 10. Functional uses
    • Fodder: Leaves contain about 9% crude protein, but the amount varies with the age of the leaves.
    • Fuel: H. binata provides excellent firewood and good charcoal.
    • Fibre: The bark yields a strong fibre largely employed for making ropes.
  • 11. Cont……
    • Timber: The wood is perhaps the hardest and heaviest in India. The sapwood is small and white, the heartwood dark reddish-brown streaked with purple; used for beams and mine props, bridge and house construction, agricultural implements, carts and wheel work.
  • 12. Reference
    • Plantation Trees by R.K.Luna, IFS.
    • Nursery Manual for Propagation method of tree species by D.M.Bhat, Vidya S Swamy, N.H.Ravindranath
  • 13.
    • Thank U
    Thank U