Presentation on HARDWICKIA BINATA
Family : Ceaselpiniodeae Genus : Hardwickia Specific epithet : binata Botanical name : Hardwickia binata
Distribution Philippines , Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iran, Laos, Cambodia.
India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan.
Habit Hardwickia binata is a moderate-sized to large tree, up to 24-30 m tall, girth 1.8-3 m with a clean cylindrical bole up to 12-15 m.
Bark of saplings almost silvery white and smooth, the tree gets older to dark grey
Habitat Mean annual temperature: 22-34 deg. C, Mean annual rainfall: 250-1500 mm
Soil type: The tree grows best on sandstone, It tolerates acidic to neutral soils.
Description Leaves : alternate, stipules small, leaflet sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long Inflorescence : long, slender racemes in terminal panicles, bracts minute, caducous
Calyx : 5 mm long, sepals distinct, membranous, sometimes dotted, ovate or orbicular petaloid, yellowish-green.
Cont........... Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers.
Ovary oblong, stigma large, peltate
Cont……….. Pods : strap-shaped, narrowedat both the ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, compressed, glabrous, veined
Seed : 1, near the tip of the pod
Functional uses Fodder: Leaves contain about 9% crude protein, but the amount varies with the age of the leaves. Fuel: H. binata provides excellent firewood and good charcoal.
Fibre: The bark yields a strong fibre largely employed for making ropes.
Timber: The wood is perhaps the hardest and heaviest in India. The sapwood is small and white, the heartwood dark reddish-brown streaked with purple; used for beams and mine props, bridge and house construction, agricultural implements, carts and wheel work.
Reference Plantation Trees by R.K.Luna, IFS.
Nursery Manual for Propagation method of tree species by D.M.Bhat, Vidya S Swamy, N.H.Ravindranath