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Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
Hardwickia
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Hardwickia

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Transcript

  • 1. Welcome
  • 2.
    • Presentation on HARDWICKIA BINATA
    • by
    • G.PUGALENDERAN
    • BSF-09-021
  • 3. Classification
    • Kingdom : Plantae
    • Class : Magnoliopsida
    • Sub class : Rosidae
    • Order : Fabales
    • Family : Ceaselpiniodeae Genus : Hardwickia Specific epithet : binata Botanical name : Hardwickia binata
  • 4. Distribution
    • Native :
    • Philippines , Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iran, Laos, Cambodia.
    • India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan.
  • 5. Habit
    • Hardwickia binata is a moderate-sized to large tree, up to 24-30 m tall, girth 1.8-3 m with a clean cylindrical bole up to 12-15 m.
    • Bark of saplings almost silvery white and smooth, the tree gets older to dark grey
  • 6. Habitat
    • Altitude: 0-300 m,
    • Mean annual temperature: 22-34 deg. C,
    • Mean annual rainfall: 250-1500 mm
    • Soil type: The tree grows best on sandstone, It tolerates acidic to neutral soils.
  • 7. Description
    • Leaves : alternate, stipules small, leaflet sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long
    • Inflorescence : long, slender racemes in terminal panicles, bracts minute, caducous
    • Calyx : 5 mm long, sepals distinct, membranous, sometimes dotted, ovate or orbicular petaloid, yellowish-green.
  • 8. Cont...........
    • Petals absent
    • Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers.
    • Ovary oblong, stigma large, peltate
  • 9. Cont………..
    • Pods : strap-shaped, narrowedat both the ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, compressed, glabrous, veined
    • Seed : 1, near the tip of the pod
  • 10. Functional uses
    • Fodder: Leaves contain about 9% crude protein, but the amount varies with the age of the leaves.
    • Fuel: H. binata provides excellent firewood and good charcoal.
    • Fibre: The bark yields a strong fibre largely employed for making ropes.
  • 11. Cont……
    • Timber: The wood is perhaps the hardest and heaviest in India. The sapwood is small and white, the heartwood dark reddish-brown streaked with purple; used for beams and mine props, bridge and house construction, agricultural implements, carts and wheel work.
  • 12. Reference
    • Plantation Trees by R.K.Luna, IFS.
    • Nursery Manual for Propagation method of tree species by D.M.Bhat, Vidya S Swamy, N.H.Ravindranath
  • 13.
    • Thank U
    Thank U

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