Welcome
<ul><li>Presentation on  HARDWICKIA   BINATA </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>G.PUGALENDERAN </li></ul><ul><li>BSF-0...
Classification <ul><li>Kingdom  : Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Class  :   Magnoliopsida   </li></ul><ul><li>Sub class  :  Ros...
Distribution <ul><li>Native : </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines , Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan,  Iran, Laos, Cambodia. </li>...
Habit <ul><li>Hardwickia binata is a moderate-sized to large tree, up to 24-30 m tall, girth 1.8-3 m with a clean cylindri...
Habitat <ul><li>Altitude: 0-300 m,  </li></ul><ul><li>Mean annual temperature: 22-34 deg. C, </li></ul><ul><li>Mean annual...
Description <ul><li>Leaves : alternate, stipules small, leaflet  sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long  </li></ul><ul><li>Inflo...
Cont........... <ul><li>Petals absent  </li></ul><ul><li>Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers. </li>...
Cont……….. <ul><li>Pods : strap-shaped, narrowedat both the  ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, co...
Functional uses <ul><li>Fodder:  Leaves contain about 9% crude protein, but the amount varies with the age of the leaves. ...
Cont…… <ul><li>Timber:  The wood is perhaps the hardest and heaviest in India. The sapwood is small and white, the heartwo...
Reference <ul><li>Plantation Trees by R.K.Luna, IFS. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery Manual for Propagation method of tree speci...
<ul><li>Thank U </li></ul>Thank  U
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Hardwickia

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Hardwickia

  1. 1. Welcome
  2. 2. <ul><li>Presentation on HARDWICKIA BINATA </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>G.PUGALENDERAN </li></ul><ul><li>BSF-09-021 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classification <ul><li>Kingdom : Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Magnoliopsida </li></ul><ul><li>Sub class : Rosidae </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Fabales </li></ul><ul><li>Family : Ceaselpiniodeae Genus : Hardwickia Specific epithet : binata Botanical name : Hardwickia binata </li></ul>
  4. 4. Distribution <ul><li>Native : </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines , Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iran, Laos, Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Habit <ul><li>Hardwickia binata is a moderate-sized to large tree, up to 24-30 m tall, girth 1.8-3 m with a clean cylindrical bole up to 12-15 m. </li></ul><ul><li>Bark of saplings almost silvery white and smooth, the tree gets older to dark grey </li></ul>
  6. 6. Habitat <ul><li>Altitude: 0-300 m, </li></ul><ul><li>Mean annual temperature: 22-34 deg. C, </li></ul><ul><li>Mean annual rainfall: 250-1500 mm </li></ul><ul><li>Soil type: The tree grows best on sandstone, It tolerates acidic to neutral soils. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Description <ul><li>Leaves : alternate, stipules small, leaflet sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long </li></ul><ul><li>Inflorescence : long, slender racemes in terminal panicles, bracts minute, caducous </li></ul><ul><li>Calyx : 5 mm long, sepals distinct, membranous, sometimes dotted, ovate or orbicular petaloid, yellowish-green. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cont........... <ul><li>Petals absent </li></ul><ul><li>Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers. </li></ul><ul><li>Ovary oblong, stigma large, peltate </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cont……….. <ul><li>Pods : strap-shaped, narrowedat both the ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, compressed, glabrous, veined </li></ul><ul><li>Seed : 1, near the tip of the pod </li></ul>
  10. 10. Functional uses <ul><li>Fodder: Leaves contain about 9% crude protein, but the amount varies with the age of the leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel: H. binata provides excellent firewood and good charcoal. </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre: The bark yields a strong fibre largely employed for making ropes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cont…… <ul><li>Timber: The wood is perhaps the hardest and heaviest in India. The sapwood is small and white, the heartwood dark reddish-brown streaked with purple; used for beams and mine props, bridge and house construction, agricultural implements, carts and wheel work. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reference <ul><li>Plantation Trees by R.K.Luna, IFS. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery Manual for Propagation method of tree species by D.M.Bhat, Vidya S Swamy, N.H.Ravindranath </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Thank U </li></ul>Thank U

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