Bauhinia

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Bauhinia

  1. 1. Welcome
  2. 2. Bauhinia racemosa by G.PUGALENDERAN BSF-09-021
  3. 3. Scientific Classification <ul><li>Kingdom : Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Division : Magnoliophyta </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Magnoliopsida </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Fabales </li></ul><ul><li>Family : Fabaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Sub family : Caesalpinioideae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus : Bauhinia </li></ul><ul><li>Species : B . racemosa </li></ul>
  4. 5. Common name <ul><li>English Name : Mountain ebony </li></ul><ul><li>Hindi Name : Sirhatta, </li></ul><ul><li>Asimlous, </li></ul><ul><li>Chomel </li></ul><ul><li>Sanskrit Name : Asmantak </li></ul>
  5. 6. Distribution <ul><li>Bauhinia racemosa is common in India It is found in many parts of Asia like Myanmar, Srilanka, Thailand, Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also found in W. Pakistan; Ceylon; Burma; China. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Habit <ul><li>This plant is a member of Caelpiniaceae plant family. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a deciduous, 3 to 5 meters tall tree. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Description <ul><li>Bark: </li></ul><ul><li>The bark is dark brown, rough and longitudinally fissured. </li></ul><ul><li>Young twigs hairy . </li></ul>
  8. 9. Cont…… <ul><li>Leaves: </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are sub orbicular, bilobed (i.e. divided half way down into two lobes) </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves 2-5 cm long, 2.5-7.5 cm broad,, glabrous above, hairy below, base usually cordate, 7-9 nerved, petiole 7.0-18 mm long. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Flower: </li></ul><ul><li>Inflorescence terminal or leaf opposed raceme 7.5-12.5 cm long. </li></ul><ul><li>The flowers are creamy yellow in colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers pedicellate, pedicel 5-10 mm long, hairy, jointed near the middle; bracts short, linear, acute; hypanthium very short. </li></ul><ul><li>Calyx 6.0-8.0 mm long, spathaceous, reflexed. Petals narrow, oblanceolate, acute, white. </li></ul><ul><li>Stamens 10, all fertile, filaments hairy at the base. </li></ul><ul><li>Ovary hairy, stigma sessile. </li></ul><ul><li>The flowering season is January to June. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Cont….. <ul><li>Pods: </li></ul><ul><li>Pods 12.5-25 cm long, 1.7-2.5 cm wide; turgid, rigid, falcate. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds 12-20, oblong, compressed, </li></ul><ul><li>black 7-8 mm long. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Uses <ul><li>In Ayurveda the bark is useful for the treatment of malaria, dysentery and diarrhea. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also useful as astigent. </li></ul><ul><li>The inner bark gives a fibre used for ropes. </li></ul><ul><li>Green leaves are eaten by cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>Gum and leaves are used medicinally </li></ul><ul><li>Bauhinia racemosa ; antineoplastic agents; malondialdehyde; antioxidants </li></ul>
  12. 14. References <ul><li>Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607; OED : &quot;Bauhinia&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhinia_racemosa </li></ul>
  13. 15. Thank u Thank U

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